Carrier as a weapon of war play an important role in the disaster area while
data for: arrived in Japan’s northeast coast,” Ronald Reagan “aircraft carrier, the carrier’s flight deck with wide, easy to rescue helicopters in transit and parking. Data Figure: Russian Air Force Il-76 transport planes 3 18, Japan’s largest destroyer “day to” deliver and ship in Yokohama flag flag ceremony. This marks the formal completion of the ship and joined the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force in service. “Day to” long 197 meters wide and 33 meters, the standard displacement of 13,500 tons. Ship deck capable of landing the Japanese land, sea and air self-defense in all big helicopters, the hangar can accommodate up to 11 helicopters. Xinhua News Agency/Agence France French Navy” Northwest Wind “-class amphibious assault ship bow” Northwest Wind “was
U.S.: the concept of advanced aircraft advantage
today’s U.S. military is undoubtedly a mighty Tyrannosaurus rex on the planet. As early as 1993, the U.S. proposed a “non-war military action” concept, pointing out that the U.S. military’s mission in addition to the war, but also includes a disaster (natural and manmade disasters) the implementation of humanitarian relief, peacekeeping missions, sanctions show of force.
carrier as a weapon of war, but frequently played in the disaster area, “Angel” because it has a number of disaster relief benefits.
First, the carrier battle group can independently perform complex tasks. In the earthquake, tsunami hit, transportation, communications, medical, supplies and other facilities is almost completely paralyzed, and only aircraft carrier battle groups have the ability in such extreme cases, do not rely on the ground support to continue to perform various tasks.
Second, the carrier’s air transport capacity is strong. U.S. active-duty aircraft carriers are nuclear-powered aircraft carrier large, can carry a lot of relief needed helicopters. Wide flight deck for helicopters while landing more, but also C-2 transport aircraft taking off and landing, transport efficiency.
third carrier battle group has a good radar, communication and command systems for other aircraft involved in the rescue, ship navigation, communications relay and other key services.
fourth nuclear-powered aircraft carrier storage space is very large, can carry a lot of fuel, food, drinking water and other relief equipment spare parts. Aviation fuel and its fleet to carry the supply ship, but also for other rescue helicopters were, ship refueling.
Finally, the carrier’s medical care, better living facilities can provide for the sick and wounded, including major surgery, including disaster medical services, the necessary database for a large number of victims the opportunity to provide asylum. Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier sufficient power can be a large number of desalination, providing almost endless stream of fresh water used in daily life.
2005 August, hurricane “Katrina” hit the United States from the southern Atlantic, swept the coastal areas. Bear the brunt of the most costly city of New Orleans. Well-equipped military in the relief, showing a strong fighting force: 82 Airborne Division took only six hours from the base to reach the disaster area. Including the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman more than 20 vessels, including large vessels into disaster relief, disaster relief headquarters is located in the Port of New Orleans warship. Sent hundreds of helicopters airlifted the victims were 6.5 million package. Army Corps of Engineers in less than seven days, basically to make up for the 50 multiple dikes burst … …
Russian: well-trained attention exercises
Since the founding of Russia set up a Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters Division (the Ministry of Emergency Situations). Russia’s Emergencies Ministry has compiled a well-trained civil defense force, equipped with specialized rescue equipment. CDF is also equipped with other transport aircraft Il-76. When the Russian territory and natural disasters, major accidents, these forces will take the first disaster relief mission.
2006, Russia held more than 10,000 people participate in joint disaster relief exercise. All the major force in the exercise training institutions in disaster conditions, actions, and training in emergency conditions, the strong inter-departmental collaboration.
Japan Self-Defense: Central Disaster Command Center
6434 Kobe earthquake caused the deaths, but this painful lesson, but also to the Japanese government for the earthquake had a lot of reform. One of the most important measures is to establish a central disaster command system, once the disaster occurs, you can quickly co-ordinate self-defense and police forces into the rescue. Self-Defense Force also adjust the emergency dispatch system, and launched a breakthrough technology in some of the development.
Japan earthquakes tend to cause a serious fire. Kobe earthquake, collapse of the whole road and water pipes, fire engines have become scrap metal. Although there are hundreds of Self-Defense Force helicopter, but the technology of the helicopter can not face the densely populated residential fire. Because the flame will affect the flight and the helicopter can not aim, can not control the pressure of water, it is easy to accidentally injure the ground staff. As a result, they can only watch the fire from spreading.
earthquake, the SDF hard to begin large-scale fire drill test the air, and achieved remarkable results. Allegedly, the Japanese Self-Defense Force is now ready to use 15 large CH-47 helicopter fleet, the “carpet bombing” approach to specific neighborhoods for accurate fire. Means of its well-developed fire, amazing. Again and again in this combat, the level of SDF disaster relief, are also increasingly being tempered too lean up.
the French army: professional rescue force
in the French Army in a professional rescue force, this force is not responsible for operational tasks, the main implementation of domestic and foreign major rescue and relief missions. It is equipped with helicopters and all kinds of construction vehicles and other advanced rescue equipment, usually high-strength relief professional training, so no matter where the disaster in France, the force can always arrive in time to rescue the first place. As the disaster relief mission well done over the years, the force recipient countries by domestic people and people loved, and won universal acclaim from the international community. Singapore: the establishment of Civil Defence Force
Singapore Civil Defence Force as part of national civil defense program, established in 1982, is the vanguard of national emergency plans for dealing with, bear to provide fire, ambulance, rescue, enforcement Fire safety regulations and a series of functions. It consists of a formal official, full-time state civil service, civil servants and civil defense volunteers, is part of Singapore’s Ministry of the Interior of the independent sector. In 2002, the Civil Defence Force the addition of command and control headquarters in an accident, can handle about six large accidents.
Singapore government regulations in the event of major emergencies, will be the first director of civil defense forces commander. This position often held by experts, government departments should fully cooperate with its work to comply with his command, to provide military support to the national mobilization, deployment of goods, information dissemination, medical aid and other support. Singapore government departments have established a complete network system, to ensure that emergency information sharing and flow.
Indonesia: Military budget support
Indonesia attaches great importance to military involvement in disaster relief work, the Government of Indonesia revising the national disaster management agencies of government regulations, clearly defined The body by the Vice President. And to give the Indonesian armed forces in disaster management and humanitarian tasks, according to disaster management, disaster management needs to establish a rapid reaction force, while the Government has also allocated 75% of military budget for the purchase, including ships and aircraft and other transportation equipment, in order to improve the military ability to respond to various disasters.