Foreign media attention to China’s People’s Liberation Army, said anti-missile capability escalating trial
foreign media attention to China’s missile tests, said the PLA capabilities escalating.
□ newspaper Zhuangao Guo Xuan
Recently, some foreign media that the Chinese military fans on the Internet some of the military channel discovery CCTV program appeared in the ABM forces Taiyuan lens, but the time is very short, fleeting.
the West has been concerned about Chinese missile technology, the ability of the progress, the latest U.S. experts concluded that China has become the middle of the U.S. anti-missile interception technology, after a second country.
ABM “second power”?
2010 year for the Chinese anti-missile technology development and the construction of anti-missile system is a crucial year. According to the U.S. “Washington Times” reported that in 2010 half of China early this year, and held two anti-missile intercept test, make the United States by surprise.
reported that in January 11, 2010 in the middle of missile interception technology, China’s use of an SC-19 anti-satellite missile shot down a target missile, and it is this anti-satellite weapons Chinese secret missile defense system component.
U.S. intelligence sources said at the ground-based midcourse missile interception technology, China Xinjiang Korla from the SC-19 missile launch, successfully intercepted almost simultaneously at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center CSS-X-11 medium-range ballistic missiles.
2010 年 9 25, a U.S. official confirmed that the Chinese military from about 320 miles southwest of Beijing, Taiyuan Missile Center at about 1800 miles to the west of Korla test-fired a missile . Chinese officials did not provide details, saying the test data is confidential.
Asia and the U.S. military expert on China September 23, 2010 noted the test event, the Chinese government issued the “Notice flight” warning aircraft away from Sept. 25 Taiyuan Korla’s airspace to the channel.
9 月 after 25, a Chinese military website reports that this test involving an anti-missile interceptors. There is a perception that the test process, including target missile launched from Taiyuan, the interceptor missile launched from Korla, the test is conducted in secret China as part of anti-missile system.
“Washington Times,” the analyst said, the two tests shows that China’s growing missile forces, in particular, is based on the improved DF-21 medium-range anti-ship ballistic missile technology. U.S. defense officials believe that the Chinese military build-up test is a significant strategic progress, anti-missile systems not only for China to play satellites, but also a larger strategic missile defense system in part.
2049 American Institute of Chinese military experts project Mark Stokes said the missile defense system is very important. He said: “The two tests further evidence of China’s space in the track and hit the target – whether satellite or ballistic missile – in the ability of the progress.”
American Heritage Foundation, former U.S. senior State Department official John Tkacik that the Pentagon failed to find anti-satellite missile defense system test and links between China, which is surprising. He said: “We need to start a very serious discussion of China’s space capabilities, China has a large room full of world-class research institute and missile scientists, they know what they are doing, and they have enough money.”
David Akers U.S. military experts believe that this is a remarkable achievement, the Western countries of bricks. Prior to this, only the United States to intercept missiles outside the atmosphere. However, this is the United States after only about two decades of research achievements. Today, Mito spend ten billion U.S. dollars every year around, and procurement of missile defense R & D facilities, but the interceptor missile test for the atmosphere outside the capital are rare. China missile test success so weakened the United States in the lead has taken a big step.
beyond the U.S. “Patriot” -3
However, the reality of Chinese missile tests and its missile defense technology’s true capabilities, the outside world unknown. Similarly, the Chinese interceptor missile objects is unknown. These uncertainties are not unusual. In fact, the entire field of missiles and missile defense as good as a political tool. Although there are technical problems, and the operation is up and sometimes unrealistic, but the world will be funded, or just planning to introduce the development of ballistic missiles and ballistic missile defense capability, and all this just for political posturing. As the missiles and missile defense experts Phil Coyle said: “These things tend to become an international political tool.”
1991 during the Gulf War, Iraq fired several ballistic missiles only, it almost children of Israel dragged into the water, breaking the West – Arab anti-Iraq coalition. As the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Foundation, said analyst Michael Maxwell for people concerned about China’s ability to develop anti-missile key problem is that people do not know the purpose of Chinese missile tests. However, think about the U.S. actions in the field of missile defense, China’s answer to Why develop anti-missile system in the next few years will soon emerge. To be sure of is this: regardless of the actual operating performance of Chinese anti-missile system on how to develop anti-missile system reasons, the missile defense system will become increasingly attracted worldwide attention, especially in Asia.
China’s national defense construction every step of the necessary background on the Taiwan issue under consideration. Some observers pointed out that mainland China’s development of anti-missile capabilities, mainly for Washington announced U.S. $ 1 billion sale to Taiwan PAC-3 anti-missile system. One theory is that, if not beyond the PAC-3 anti-missile system, the mainland and Taiwan must have the same military capabilities. Because the United States to sell Taiwan’s PAC-3 is a point defense system, only for flights within the atmosphere of the smaller missiles, military capabilities, so in this contest, the Chinese mainland can be displayed outside the atmosphere of anti-missile interceptor missiles system is undoubtedly superior.
However, some experts skeptical of this statement deep. They believe that the development of missile defense capabilities in China, and the United States to sell Taiwan PAC-3 missile is not relationships. In the field of cross-strait missile generous action was just a coincidence. China to build anti-missile system has been brewing for some time. Moreover, Beijing does not actually need to intercept the missile deal with Taiwan. Taiwan is not used for ballistic missiles against land targets. In the current cross-strait military strength, the mainland has hundreds of ballistic missiles and ground attack, and deployment of these missiles in its southern coastal areas, and all Taiwan military bases are within the range of missiles in the mainland. Taiwan’s military posture was defensive rather than offensive posture. For Taiwan, the procurement of PAC-3 anti-missile system significance: need anti-missile system to protect the island airport and its fortress. However, Beijing has no need for Taiwan to resist the system, because Taiwan and mainland China not to attack weapons systems.
PLA’s existing missile systems
present, China’s ballistic missile defense capability depends on its purchase from Russia of the S-300 to air missile system. Currently, the People’s Liberation Army S-300 system has four models in service: PMU-based, PMU1 type, PMU2 type, and the Navy version of the S-300FMRif.
S-300PMU basic type, can intercept short-range ballistic missiles. S-300PMU1, PMU2 system to intercept short-range ballistic missiles, the best chance, because the system is equipped with updated 48N6E2 missile, the missile can destroy ballistic missiles carrying warheads best, and better movement than the 48N6 missile installations. China all land-based missile systems using S-300P/PM several versions of the S-band 64N6 “Big Bird” (BigBird) phased-array target designation radar, the radar can capture and track ballistic missiles. In addition, China has deployed anti-aircraft missiles to the launch of the mechanical manipulation of the S-band 36D6 “Tin Shield” target indication radar, it will be a ballistic missile defense mode instead of a more powerful 64N6 “Big Bird” radar.
to S-300PMU1-based S-300FMRif system was installed in the PLA Navy’s Type 051C air defense destroyers, two on the formation of the Chinese version of the Aegis system to protect China’s coastal areas are not nearly so range ballistic missile attacks.
news that China also hopes to introduce the production of newer Russian missile systems, such as the S-300V and S-400 “triumph.” Both missile systems capable of intercepting medium-range ballistic missiles of all the many attacks. Production S-300VM/VMK be able to intercept a range of 2,500 km, re-entry speed of 4.5 km/s ballistic missile; S-400 can reportedly intercept range of 3,500 km, re-entry speed of 4.8 to 5 km/sec ballistic missiles. Designed to intercept 5 km/sec the system can be used as a bullet point systems to cope with simple intercontinental ballistic missile warheads. Intercontinental ballistic missile warhead re-entry speeds of up to a general 7 km/sec.
U.S. arms sale PAC-3 is a point defense system, only for flights within the atmosphere of the smaller missiles, military capabilities, so in this contest, the Chinese mainland can out display atmospheric interceptor missile anti-missile system is undoubtedly superior.
Chinese missile intent is not clear
Although the United States currently does not maintain a non-nuclear ballistic missiles, but it is developing such missiles. New century, the United States launched a conventional attack missiles, the missile may be equipped with long-range bombers in the United States above. By Iraq, Afghanistan war and the beginning of 2009 U.S. presidential general impact of the project was once suspended. However, Obama is again for the long-range ballistic missiles with conventional warheads idea. Once the conflict across the Taiwan Strait, this missile system would be used to attack Chinese targets.
since 2004, the United States to deploy heavy Pianxiang Alaska to intercept ballistic system’s outer atmosphere, and is intended to intercept missiles launched against North Korea. Similarly, China may also deploy their own missile defense system efforts to deal with the U.S. conventional attack missiles.
In addition, China’s development of anti-missile system is also possible that in order to adjust the balance of power between China and India. China and India have nuclear ballistic missiles. Although there is no hostility between the two countries on the surface, but both sides are to grow into global power, so the Beijing and New Delhi are warily watching each other.
However, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Foundation analysts by Michael Maxwell presented their doubts. “If the Chinese anti-missile system is designed to deal with strategic threats such as India, then China’s investment in the field on too small.” After all, India has 80 nuclear warheads, and to achieve the same time launch, you can easily break through any defense . Maxwell because, said: “missile defense deal with a potential strategic threat to the opponent is not very cost-effective. The use of retaliatory force to more effectively deal with threat in India.” It is worth noting that China already has that power.
Coyle missiles and missile defense experts said, when he specific details about the development of China after anti-missile technology, I was “shocked.” However, from the Global Security think tank military analyst John Pike does not think so. He said China’s test is purely “bluff.” Parker said: “In my opinion, much like anti-missile test in accordance with Chinese script and clearly, clearly anti-missile missile target launch time and location you may argue that this is an initial test, but Chinese anti-missile missile system is not suitable for performing the task.
China, however, can be used to combat anti-missile system flying slower targets, such as the U.S. satellites. by Michael Maxwell said, Over the years, China has been exploring the United States as “asymmetrical” military capacities, which is intended to strike at U.S. communications and monitoring infrastructure Achilles heel.
missiles and missile defense experts Coyle that as a legitimate missile defense system, China will become the interceptor missile high-value export commodities of Chinese anti-missile test purpose or motive is not known, and it is this uncertainty that’s an advantage in the competition position, while Michael Maxwell said because, even if the Chinese themselves are likely to develop new missile defense system is not very clear purpose. “This may be a long-term technology development part of the project, as its use is also did not make a clear decision “.