Peking by Japanese surrounded on three sides
since the Fengtai more troops, the Japanese will often in the vicinity of the exercise, when he Wanping County Magistrate Wang cold Lent recalls: “daytime exercise gradually to night to the live firing exercises, gradually by the imaginary bullet shooting.” China has several times protest. After several negotiations, the Japanese promised if the live-fire exercises, the Chinese side informed.
Since Peking is already in the Japanese surrounded on three sides: east, Japan to foster the “the Jidong anti-self-government and Japan Tianjin the Zhu Zhunjun, north Kwantung Army stationed in Jehol heavily coordinate Northwest pseudo-armed under Japanese control the Li Shouxin, Wang Ying, etc., only the southwest of Peking there are 29 Army stationed. Wanping city has become the only portal in Peiping, Wanping Ping-Han lines to be cut off once the fall of Peking has become an isolated city, the Japanese will be able to easily control the Beiping-Tianjin region. At that time, Bac Ninh along the railway for the Japanese army under the control of Peiping latch on to this portal in the Ping-Han road of Marco Polo Bridge became the guardian of the Marco Polo Bridge is not to defend the capital but to hold Beiping and the Central Plains channel. Familiar with this meaning of the Japanese made no secret in the exercise around the Marco Polo Bridge commence.
in July, the Japanese soldiers appeared in the north of the Marco Polo Bridge. According to the water festival Lang record: before the exercise, he explained that the main content of this exercise are: to the east Wayao, “from the vicinity of the Dragon King Temple to the main front of the enemy advance, the use of night close to the enemy, and then at dawn to conduct surprise.” 19 30 pm, the water festival Lang ordered the troops began the night exercise. Part of the officers and an imaginary enemy immediately to the east. Days dark water rate of 600 officers and men of the Orient where the imaginary enemy movement.
water section Lang records: 22:40, a burst of gunshots coming from somewhere the water festival Lang nervous, he immediately ordered the collection, inventory number. Then he found less a soldier, and have claimed to see the soldier into the Wanping county. He immediately to captain Muqing straight report, a wood clear straight report to the joint captain Mutaguchi also. , Wood clear and forthright, a squadron of soldiers Zhifu site.
July 7, at 23:40, late-night calls
Gang and Hu Shih, Fu, who bid farewell to the back QIN pure yet had time to rest, will be scared by the phone on. This is at 23:40 on July 7th.
phone call from director of Wei Zonghan of the Hopei-Chahar Government Affairs Committee of Foreign Relations Committee and is responsible for Japanese Negotiation Commissioner Lin Keng-yu. They told the QIN pure, Japan lost a soldier found in a military exercise in the evening, the Japanese side as a pretext to search the city. The QIN pure answered: The Lugouqiao is Chinese territory, the Japanese army agreed to in advance without our exercises in the land have been contrary to public international law, not the city check. However, in order to avoid intensifying the QIN pure or ease a little proposal: after dawn, local military and police on behalf looking for. If you find that the Japanese soldiers, that is OK to return.
put down the phone, the QIN pure and immediately called to find Wanping Magistrate Wang cold vegetarian accountable. The 45-year-old king cold vegetarian and QIN pure Baoding Military School students, he has worked as a reporter in 1935 was invited to Peking to do things. King cold vegetarian who is also the Beiping censorship, director of the Institute, a night in the Beiping censorship office, so usually do not live Wanping county. Received a phone QIN pure cold vegetarian immediately leave the home of the South Long Street, was ordered to come to the Japanese Ministry of secret Matsui long Lang representations. Prior to this, he ordered Wanping city garrison battalion commander Kim to query the matter, and also allows the police throughout the search, did not find the so-called missing soldiers.
see Matsui, king cold fasting first inform the Chinese findings: gunfire direction in Wanping east of the city outside the Chinese side there is no garrison here, we know that is not China issued the city Shoubing also identified no shot, each Shoubing brought bullets also a lot of. But Matsui is still stressed that, indeed a soldier missing, outside search, must be the city search. The unreasonable demands of course, was the king of cold vegetarian refused. Seeing no less controversial, and later agreement between the parties, decided to start with the first step in two sent the same to Wanping City survey and investigation to understand and then to discuss the approach. China, Japan and from each of three men traveling in two vehicles, sail in the night and its Wanping direction of the city. At this time, the king cold Lent reported that: about 500 more than the Japanese one brigade stationed in Fengtai and gun 6, led by captain a wooden straight departure to the Marco Polo Bridge, the situation is quite serious.
later proved that the “missing” soldiers Jiaozhi Village Kikujiro, in fact, soon returned to the team. Yonhap News Agency of Japan Memoirs of a person in charge of Matsumoto Juji’s Shanghai Branch, Shanghai Times, “Marco Polo Bridge River gunfire,” a description: “In fact, about three hours (Note: another said 20 minutes) after missing soldiers return to the team not been kidnapped by the Chinese side to this new recruits as a messenger, and go in the opposite direction to the return of the leave relieve themselves in the dark, delays rejoin. “
but has been The Wanping directly deal with the matter is that discusses the eighth brigade captain a wooden straight, he explicitly admitted: “It was received a report of soldiers have come back on June 30, 1938, the Tokyo Asahi Shimbun interview, did not differ like, but my thoughts associated captain let me make representations on the matter, let it go, the Chinese side will publicity not know how. previous ‘the Fengtai event’ is the example, might allow them to produce – as long as dare to live ammunition against the Japanese army, can make the exercise of the Japanese army to escape this concept. If so, Japan is a very regrettable, shameful thing. So, we decided to occupation of the mountain of a text ( Marco Polo Bridge between Peking and the Chinese position) and then to negotiate ……
was asked after the war the day led the squadron leader of the water festival Lang, why do not immediately report the matter of the Shimura rejoin? Shimizu said evasively: “This is an unthinkable accident, my missteps, and now can not remember exactly.” And said: “When I received the report of the wrongful act (of gunfire), was very urgent, ranging from fully The search results ordered the messenger Shimura Kikujiro “Subsequently, the” missing “soon be discharged from active service, repatriation. But he did not escape the clutches of the war, after the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941, he was again summoned to the army in October 1944 killed by the Sun was the Ministry of New First Army in Burma.
perhaps aware of the missing soldiers of the reasons is untenable, the memories of many parties after the war the Japanese, in turn spearhead transferred to his Department. Takeo Imai said the king cold vegetarian with the Japanese side to the field survey Wanping county, prior to the arrival learned that the Chinese army from Changxindian the troops reinforcements to the Dragon King Temple, and again to the Japanese fire. Cold vegetarian, according to Wang recalls: “When the car arrived from the (the Wanping) City about two years, see the road right side and along the railway culvert was occupied by Japanese troops, guns and set them in” the Japanese side apparently began to do battle. At this time, the Japanese secret service in the same car his assistant, Officer Temple level suddenly Please Wang cold vegetarian to get off, said the survey was too late, let him speed to make the city garrison withdrew to Simon, the Japanese army to the East Gate of the city of about tens of meters zone, and then discuss solution, in order to avoid conflict “. King cold vegetarian rejected this proposal, and insist on investigation, a pedestrian then into Wanping county.
7 8 at 2:00 tense
2:00, the phone once again sounded. Telephone or Beiping Foreign Relations Committee, called. Each other to tell QIN pure: the Japanese side is not satisfied with his answer, to send teams into the city to check, otherwise surrounded Wanping. No. 29 Army, a total of four divisions, which is distributed in Peking West South Garden, Fengtai, Baoding area is Fengzhi An the 37th Division, in charge of guarding the Marco Polo Bridge 219 Mission, head of Jixing Wen. So the QIN pure Getting this information quickly telephone Fengzhi An teachers and Jixing Wen, head to the tight security of them, good fight ready. Being the the Baoding Ping Zhian teachers, immediately leave back to Peking.
strategic position because of the Marco Polo Bridge is very important, Sung Che-yuan of the 29 Army, in addition to the main force of 37 divisions deployed in the Marco Polo Bridge outside the region, also military located in the South Garden, 10 km from the Marco Polo Bridge. 29 Jun, although as many as 100,000 people, but take on the the garrison task of the Beiping-Tianjin cities and Chahar and Hebei provinces, this area is vast, and stationed more dispersed.
look back 70 years ago in North China, the political structure in the complex and subtle, is indeed easy. After the end of the Qing dynasty, north once belonged to the sphere of influence of the northern warlords. Agent by the Central Department of Yingqin Peking military branch after the September 18 Incident “, Zhang’s troops once the North China; and March 1933, because the Jehol quickly defeat by the domestic parties to public opinion condemned Zhang resign chairman positions.
has been in North China plot to Japan and later through a series of episodic events, the expulsion of the Kuomintang forces. Japan under pressure, in July 1935, Ying-chin China Zhutun Jun commander Umezu, Yoshijiro signed an agreement. In this file known as the “Ho-Umezu Agreement, the core of the Japanese side demanded the National Government troops and military police to withdraw from Peking and Hebei Province. After the Treaty of the 25th Division of the Central Military Guan Lingwei Ministry moved to Luoyang, Huang Jie Ministry moved to Anhui.
Chiang Kai-shek direct descendant of the Central Army after the withdrawal, come forward to fill in the blanks, the 29th Army commander Sung Che-yuan. Sung Che-yuan originally part of the Northwest Army of Feng Yuxiang, 1930 after the failure of the Chiang Kai-shek’s Central Plains War, some of the Northwest Army scattered forces retreated from the Shanxi by Zhang reorganization, composition of the No. 29 Army. It is said that Chang Hsueh-liang to 29 Jun 50 million relocation after wash their hands. Southeastern Shanxi Yan Xishan operated for many years, sites, 29 Army, stationed in this depend on others, without military spending, destitute, soldiers in rags, like beggars. More than a year after the Article 29 military its forces Chahar had to march at night is the fear of being treated as bandits. Particularly strong desire to experience this hardship and humiliation of the Cross of Sung Che-yuan to get an own site.
the other hand, the Japanese know that the local strength of the faction with the Central Government in Nanking contradiction, nor oppose Sung Che-yuan to preside over the situation. So as the local factions, on the one hand, Sung Che-yuan and Chiang Kai-shek each other wants to maintain the strength of their own place, and sometimes have to ask the Japanese; the other hand, the ethnic conflicts in front of the “Chinese” identity became a Song Zheyuan decision-making first consideration. So the Song Zheyuan between Japan and the Central Government in Nanking has been painstakingly built, active in the Chinese Communist underground organization, he also relatively moderate attitude.
from Chiang Kai-shek in terms of the signing of the “Ho-Umezu Agreement” also refused to concede defeat, but he would like to: Central Army to withdraw, but still returned to the Chinese people, after all, than to give back to the Japanese in 1935 not to compete with the Japanese when they are able to withdraw opinions on withdrawal to go, withdraw to to Song Zheyuan also does not matter. “Zang-hu commented.
1935, the National Government appointed the first 29 Corps Song Zheyuan Pingjin garrison commander in chief, the next day, the abolition of the Peking government organize the Committee has already existed in name only, so that the North China only remnants of 29 Army. Soon after expressly Hebei Foreign Affairs are the property of the Hebei provincial government handled. In this way, the North China re-emerged in the Great Wall of war before local power to send the soldier dead weight situation.
North China facing the crisis, Chiang Kai-shek in fact, know only too well. In October, he went to Yingqin electricity, said: “in (Jiang himself), this time Japanese will not have a pseudo-organization, as long as the North China Economy and Finance and the central sever to the system of central Doom”, the unified face of the North China generals preservation of central withhold all taxes, will be pleased to whom, this potential inevitable. Chiang Kai-shek will focus more on the hunt for the Red Army has no intention to withdraw north Gu.
humiliation, carefully maintaining the situation in North China, Sung Che-yuan is not the same as ordinary soldiers of the Army 29 are nothing but looking forward to early happy with the enemy to kill a. Year in xifengkou battle, 29 soldiers with machetes and grenades against the Japanese advanced weapons, and annihilating 5000, xifengkou line of defense has experienced many times the fierce fighting always stand firm. Record 29 military news movie theater in the country’s major cities released, the film often Sung Che-yuan lens, the audience should be standing ovation. Postwar Sung Che-yuan, Zhang Zhizhong, Fengzhi An Zhaodengyu, Liu Ruming was awarded the Medal of the Kuomintang. 29 military sword team War Great Wall, the legendary composer Jimmy new creation for the sword march has been sung is not bad.
According to some veterans of the 29 military memories, at the extreme repression of the Chinese soldiers have a strong desire to combat, whether to eat or sleep, we must sing military songs to remind ourselves not forget the national humiliation. Tense situation, according to the North China before Marco Polo Bridge Incident, 29 military also began to carry out targeted training. Every soldier back a gun with a 3 feet long, seven pounds weight of the sword, are also invited to Hebei folk martial artists came to teach martial arts. Later, in the Marco Polo Bridge battle, the sword also make the Japanese tremble with fear.the
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