The United States broke the news: hide a kill than our carrier
U.S. think tank: China as much as the importance of large-scale amphibious the carrier
for practical considerations, the Chinese navy concern for large amphibious ships, and may not be lower than for the attention of the modified “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier; their timely service , to ensure the rapid deployment of military power in order to in the disputed area.
the Philippines Huangyan Island confrontation Redu disappeared, Vietnam to build “Nansha Fleet” of news has surfaced. A time of delivery, the Naval forces, especially amphibious warfare amphibious warfare capability building topic of much military enthusiast concern – the face of the reefs scattered in the vast South China Sea, there is no reliable platform and therefore is unable to carry out the true meaning of tactical action.
Data Figure: China’s third-ships 071 amphibious dock landing ship
Data Figure: China’s second aircraft 071 amphibious dock landing ship Jinggangshan
Chinese Navy a new generation of amphibious warfare equipment performance and use of the same interest in recent years of international military observers. Foreign media, 071-based dock landing ship combat platforms, as the representative of the “blue water” will become the core of the PLA amphibious forces, it is not only the maintenance of maritime rights and interests of the weapon, but also in times of peace, non-traditional security tasks, play role.
new ship battle strong like a floating base
Earlier this year, some domestic media said the Chinese navy four 071-based dock landing craft to the water in Shanghai. United States, “Global strategic networks in the reviews of this message, suggesting that the Chinese shipbuilding enterprises and personnel, to design and construction of advanced amphibious warfare ships. In accordance with the description of the site’s 071 landing captain 210 meters, a displacement of about 20,000 tons, the hull rear of the flight deck can accommodate up to four helicopters taking off and landing, large internal compartments can park four air cushion landing craft, carrying 800 Marine Corps officers and at least 20 tanks and armored vehicles.
reported that 071 of the type similar to the United States “San Antonio” class and the French “Northwest Wind” class amphibious capabilities. At present, a 071 “Kunlun Mountains” was delivered in 2006 the South China Sea Fleet of People’s Liberation Army, and participated in convoy operations in Somalia, second ship Jinggangshan service, third and fourth ship construction and sea trials is accelerating the start.
data for: Chinese Navy’s South Sea Fleet two Kunlun class amphibious dock landing ship
data for the South China Sea Fleet: Kunlun Mountains ship ship
” large-scale amphibious landing ship clear demonstrates the desire of a country’s power projection capabilities, the London International Institute for Strategic Studies, Christian Le Mier believe that there is no landing ship in the South China Sea and the Western Pacific, China can not effectively carry out amphibious operations; especially in recent years, The fierce debate around the sovereignty of the East China Sea islands and Japan, Vietnam, the Philippines also frequently requested by the South China Sea islands and reefs, the amphibious landing ship in service in a timely manner to ensure that China can be rapid deployment of military power in the disputed area.
Other analysts believe that the Pentagon, under the guidance of new national defense strategy, active involvement in the affairs of the South China Sea littoral combat ship is in Singapore to deploy, and prepare the troops in the Philippines has caused worries. Therefore, the “China 071 landing craft into the water, is a response to the action of the United States. However, China and the United States warship still not face to face conflict in the region, on the one hand, the Chinese navy is not yet the opponents of the United States, at the same time, these two big countries do not want to exclude a diplomatic option.
“Blue Water Navy” building start-ups
years after 2008, as the situation in the Taiwan Strait is easing, the issues of concern of the Chinese Navy had a greater adjustments, including peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and even fight against Somali pirates and other tasks, almost all remote forces delivery can not relations. Stressed the remote delivery of capacity-building in the main go far older equipment with insufficient number of the moment, why the Chinese navy “ahead”? Opinion in Taiwan, “Asia-Pacific defense magazine, the following two points may be persistent factors of the Chinese Navy:
First of all, looking for the opportunity of learning and verification techniques. Chinese Navy escort mission in Gulf of Aden to bring more to visit his country, and opportunities for joint exercises with foreign counterparts, but also more specific and more efficient protection of overseas citizens’ safety, including the 2011 evacuation from Libya. Public information, the Chinese navy fleet to the South China Sea Fleet and the East China Sea Fleet warships attendance, the North Sea Fleet, while sending helicopters took part in the main convoy, only to send warships to the implementation of the 11 batches of the Gulf of Aden to escort until February 2012 task, thus, outside of the Chinese navy “vessels” and “lack of capacity,” guess basically deny.
Secondly, to provide a theoretical basis for the shipbuilding rights”. From the first a 071 amphibious landing ship serving water to the rumors of just four, becoming shorter and shorter intervals, the actual utilization of the follow-up ship also become more skilled. Asia-Pacific defense “that the 071-type fusion of stealth design, the helicopter deck, the ship amidships vehicles springboard and internal dock space can be found in the” American style “, shows that the Chinese navy is not only interested in the shipbuilding craft and troops prepared to emulate their U.S. counterparts, but also efforts to learn from the successful precedent of the U.S. military’s emergency rescue skills, and strive to strengthen the ability of the defense of the “Blue Land” in the traditional and non-traditional security fields, synchronization.
For China, the so-called “blue water navy” Construction has just started. Chinese ships, foreign media noted that all these years through the “first island chain”, the Western Pacific exercises are conventional combat ships and general logistical ships with a small number of submarines, along with no joint amphibious task force with mode, but this situation will not remain unchanged. The inference just got confirmed in the recent – Japan’s defense ministry said in a news release on May 8, confirmed by the Maritime Self Defense Force, five Chinese warships, led by a 071 amphibious ship, in the southwest of Okinawa Island on May 6 heading south, heading directly at the Pacific Ocean, about 650 km sea. 071 ship fleet in the form deep into the Western Pacific, or to carry out amphibious training activities.
attention as much as the aircraft carrier
in the process of modernization, the Chinese army to take the “leapfrog development” and “tracking imitate a combination of line . To amphibious operations, for example, the U.S. Rand Corporation, declared in a report submitted to Congress Although it is not the top priority of the Chinese Navy amphibious operations, but for practical reasons, the Chinese side’s concern for large amphibious ships, may not be lower than modified “Varyag” aircraft carrier’s attention, not even rule out the marshalling joint amphibious task force, part of the carrier function may play in amphibious.
to the U.S. as a reference, a joint amphibious task force at least amphibious assault ship, the dock landing ship transport dock ship one, coupled with the other surface, underwater and air guard troops. In other words, when the outside world have predicted that China will build 3-4 carriers, or according to such a push: If a carrier strike group to protect an amphibious task force, a total of 12-16 large-scale amphibious ship. Type 071 landing ship technology maturity in 2020 to complete this goal.
With the large amphibious ship after another service, the People’s Liberation Army maritime power projection capabilities significantly improve light, the platform is not sufficient to perform high-intensity combat missions, the Chinese navy will use what opportunities for their own gain combat experience? Observation, participation in international non-traditional security tasks from the existing signs is the best choice. Lot 6 of 2011 anti-piracy task, “Kunlun Mountains” escort fleet the main, during which the printed the Neenah soil satisfied archipelagic waters in the South China Sea near the implementation of amphibious subject training.
In addition, the United States, “Jamestown Foundation” in its presentation earlier this year published an article titled “China 2012: the changing perspective” article, noting that “With the 071 type increase in the number of landing craft, sea transportation capacity of the People’s Liberation Army is increasingly impressive, and will also need to have the battlefield control ability of amphibious warfare ships. Taking into account the modern amphibious need to spend vertical takeoff and landing aircraft and heavy-lift helicopters to transcend enemy coast defense front, its depth strike, the Chinese navy next step might be to develop the “quasi-carrier nature of the all-pass deck amphibious helicopter assault ship ( LHA), continue to accelerate the rhythm of amphibious operations.
6, held in Singapore in early Shangri-La meeting, U.S. Secretary of Defense, Panetta announced that the United States in 2020 60 percent of the naval forces deployed in the Pacific. Magazine editor-in-chief of “small wars Log Robert? Ha Dike, a recent U.S. foreign policy,” the author said Panetta’s position is not news, Secretary of the Navy Mabo Si back in March had revealed that over this intent.
data for: Varyag aircraft carrier close-ups.
Data Figure: Chinese aircraft carrier sea trials satellite images.
Ha Dike think Panetta is likely to want their own position to be able to strengthen the level of confidence of the allies of the U.S. Strategic However, U.S. Navy intelligence officials are expected in the next decade, the Chinese navy’s military power will be significantly enhanced, in particular China’s submarine force. The United States should not expect to win an arms race with China in the Western Pacific, if the U.S. wants to retain a sustainable strategy, we need to find the advantages of more persistent in the region.
Ha Dike pointed out, Panetta claimed that the U.S. Navy in the Pacific and Atlantic military power distribution ratio is approximately 50% to 50%, but not at all clear. The data show that of the U.S. Department of Defense Web site, in 186 large U.S. warships (aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, amphibious ships and attack and cruise missile submarines), 101 deployed in the Pacific Ocean port, this proportion is about 54% . According to the U.S. Navy’s shipbuilding plan in the next 30 years, to 2020 the United States will retain the 181 large warships, Panetta said 60 percent of Navy ships of 109, just eight more than the current deployment.
Ha Dike reference to the data of the Office of Naval Intelligence said in 2020 China will have 106 large warships, this figure than the 2009 level of more than 86. 72 will attack submarines, compared with the United States in 2020 deployed attack submarines in the Pacific 29. 20 years after 2020, the U.S. Navy did not build more large warships plan, long-term shipbuilding plan is not yet clear, but the trend does not occur according to China’s defense budget in the past two years, an increase of judgment, to build large warships any changes.
data for: the North Sea Fleet, “Xining” missile destroyer quick launch anti-ship missile
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