Experts said China’s response to the Philippines to take economic and military means
since April, Huangyan Island incident and the South China Sea dispute, causing widespread concern at home and abroad. China’s diplomatic strategy is therefore to change? Maritime rights and interests protection, the need for legislation and the establishment of the Marine Guard “? Exclusive interview the Chinese People’s University of International Relations Jin, Liu Nan, Fellow of the International Law Research Centre of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researcher at the Chinese Naval Military Academic Research Li Jie.
asked: whether the diplomatic strategy should change?
diplomatic priority, but never give up interest
Jin Canrong Renmin University of China International Relations, vice president of the China Institute of International Relations, Vice
Beijing News: dealing with Huangyan Island, a test of China’s strategic wisdom, there are voices that change coping strategies, how do you see?
Jin Canrong: For now, the general direction of China has not changed, still hope to resolve the dispute through diplomatic channels. The entire country or to go the road of peaceful development, adhere to the diplomatic priority in dealing with problems. Before the Huangyan Island, China’s law enforcement boat, and they went away; Chinese law enforcement ships go, they come back. This time, however, encountered an imaginary thing, the hard-line stance of the Philippines to stay do not intend to go.
Beijing News: the face of the tough stance of the Philippines, the Chinese how to do?
Jin Canrong: peaceful development, diplomatic priority, does not mean that China give up the rights and interests on this point, outside of some misunderstanding, but are not contradictory. If you do infringe on China’s core interests and, when necessary, China is also will be spending some means.
Beijing News: Which means?Jin Canrong:
such as economic instruments, may resist the banana exports from the Philippines, which is one of the main source of income in the Philippines. Of course, it does not rule out the military to prepare tactical counterattack look.
Beijing News: “fight” or “talk”, the critical point?
Jin Canrong: In view of the “wrong judgment” of the Philippines, China subjectively, will not attack, the key to see the process of interaction of both sides, the Philippines is timely convergence, in moderation, or misjudge the situation and continue to tough.
Beijing News: known as the “seven political-third of the military”?
Jin Canrong: in that sense, even military means, but also serve a political strategy. Why this time the South China Sea dispute will be upgraded, rooted in a miscarriage of justice in the Philippines. First, the intervention of the United States, let the illusions in the Philippines; Second, the domestic economy is relatively bad, the Philippines want attention to abroad; Third, despite China’s position in the South China Sea issue has not changed, but the overall national strength and international status has changed, especially the self-designed “Offshore Oil 981″ in the South China Sea drilling success, successful sea trial of the Chinese aircraft carrier platform, especially in the South China Sea, with more three-dimensional protection, these have changed the relationship between the two .
Beijing News: the issue of territorial sovereignty, China is not just and the Philippines, a country that a dispute exists, as well as Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia and other countries, the solution of the Huangyan Island event for alternative dispute provide what draw?
Jin: the national strategic level, we can stick to their position, but do not cause misunderstanding to the outside world, the “peaceful development” as “renounce the use of force”, the “diplomatic priority” as “maintenance of stability first. ” We have to give their own policies and proposals leave some fuzzy space, and not let each other see through the cards at once, this will avoid each other little things.
Q: protection of sea power should be any special legislation?
laws need legislation in the future
Liu Nan to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Research Center, in international law, a former national marine resources research and development to protect members of the Group, the Chinese Society of International Law, vice president.Beijing News:
before have always been scholars and deputies called for the introduction of the Basic Law of the “Ocean”, “South China Sea dispute” if and to the lack of maritime legislation?to
Liu Nan: In fact, China is no shortage of domestic law to provide effective legal basis for the South China Sea islands are Chinese territory, the existing law in this regard has been clearly defined, in September 1958 on the 4th, the Chinese government announced that the government decree on the Territorial Sea; 1992, the NPC Standing Committee adopted the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone Act, these two laws are very sure to announce that the South Sea Islands, China’s land part of the territory, and around these islands 12 nautical miles of territorial waters, the Huangyan Island is an island in the South China Sea islands, in accordance with the provisions of these laws, it is the legal status of China’s territory, is beyond doubt. After the promulgation of these laws, the international community, including neighboring countries, including South China Sea, for these laws, the South China Sea Islands are part of the provisions of China’s territory, and has raised no objections, in accordance with international practice, mean that they have been tacitly they are also obliged to respect this position.
from the point of view of the Philippines, the 1898 Mei Xi Bali Treaty “,” 1900 Spanish-American Washington Treaty, the 1930 Anglo-American Treaty of three international treaties to define the territorial scope of the Philippines, Huangyan Island is not among them, the Philippines, the Huangyan Island as its own territory, and interfere with the activities of Chinese fishermen in the waters of the Huangyan Island is not only a violation of the sovereignty of China, also lost international law.
The Beijing News: The Philippines proposes To Huangyan Island dispute to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to deal with this What do you think?
Liu Nan: In general, the international community to resolve the territorial dispute between the two legal methods first, submitted to the International Court of Justice of the United Nations, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and other international judicial bodies, one submitted to international arbitration, but regardless of the method, there is a premise of the parties to reach a consensual, that the consent of China, regardless of the wishes of China, Huangyan Island dispute to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea does not respect China’s sovereignty and a performance, in violation of international law principle of equality, respect for national sovereignty will not be accepted by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Should be noted that, In fact, 2006 has been in accordance with the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, to the United Nations submitted a formal statement clearly shows that involve major territorial sovereignty and maritime delimitation disputes, do not accept binding international referee. That is, unless a consensus is reached between China and countries concerned, such disputes can not be submitted to an international judicial body. According to China’s consistent position, all involved in the sovereignty dispute through diplomatic channels to resolve, do not agree with the internationalization of the issue of sovereignty. Not only the Huangyan Island, in other similar problems, China is also adhere to this long-standing position, the parties to resolve the issue through diplomatic negotiations.
Beijing News: In other words, even in the absence of the Basic Law of the “Ocean”, in the Huangyan Island, the maintenance of maritime rights and interests is the problem?to
LiuNan: the existing legal provisions to the Huangyan Island is part of Chinese territory’s position provides a sufficient legal basis, and not because there is no marine Basic Law, China’s position on will be affected. Of course, this is not to say that the enactment of the Basic Law of the “Ocean” and the development of the Basic Law of the “Ocean” China’s maritime strategy and oceans policy of legalization, to further clarify China’s maritime claims, and our basic principles in ocean affairs, conducive to further improve China’s marine legal system and marine management system, its formulation, to better safeguard China’s maritime rights and interests, there is definitely a great deal.
Q: the power to safeguard maritime rights and interests should step up?
should consider setting up “The Coast Guard
Li Jie, the Chinese Navy Military Academic Research Fellow
new Beijing News: the settlement of maritime disputes, China need to like the United States, Japan, as the establishment of the Coast Guard?
Li Jie: from the perspective of development, China needs to have such a Marine guard force. Of course, what is like the United States called the “Coast Guard”, or called other names are not important, the key is the power to safeguard maritime rights and interests to enhance marine orientation.
Beijing News: Before some scholars make such a suggestion, why has not been established?
Li: This problem is more complex, in simple terms, an ideological issues, can overcome the erroneous understanding, and full attention to the maritime rights and interests; a vesting belong to different departments, power sizes, government out of the door, their own way, maritime law enforcement forces are relatively scattered, and the establishment of a marine guard force, there is also how the integration and effective coordination problems. Nevertheless, the integration of these forces, the formation of a unified, integrated and efficient team and agencies in order to effectively safeguard maritime rights and interests should be the development trend. After all, many marine Foreign Affairs of disputes, if diplomatic channels can not be solved, but once the army, the event will upgrade the nature of change, the Marine guard force as the role of the coastal police.
Beijing News: United States Coast Guard, “is how it works?
Li Jie: the United States was founded 200 years of history, offshore guard force is gradually developed from the outset to maintain the lighthouse, beacon, the gradual expansion of mature, extended to the maritime rights and interests, the development of fisheries and maritime disputes, maritime law enforcement , anti-smuggling pirates adjusted several times, is now vested in local government jurisdiction, included in the government affairs areas at the same time, this paramilitary forces, but also rank the highest office will be five or six million personnel, the aircraft has more than 200 aircraft. medium-sized vessels are also hundreds of ships, the scale is still very large, east and west coasts of the United States, especially the maintenance of maritime rights and interests of the 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone, it is very efficient. This unified jurisdiction, and will not appear on the circumstances of those policies. Even if a dispute arises, generally does not appear that staff shortages, equipment whether enough and so on.
Beijing News: Japan’s “Coast Guard”, is how the operation?
Li Jie: one of Japan after World War II, the first recovery, the Guard at sea in 1954 on the basis of the establishment of Maritime Self Defense Force, and then divided into two branches of the maritime rights and interests of the offshore maintenance are basically performed by the Coast Guard. Although Japan’s “Coast Guard” the scale is far from a large scale in the United States, but not small, they have a common characteristic, that is, unified management, norms, rather than concerted efforts. Including South Korea, and their maritime rights and interests of defense forces, they called the “Maritime Police Agency, functions much the same. Current affairs interviewers clever Yong
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Chinese Ambassador to ASEAN: Philippines conspiracy will not succeed comments that Do not underestimate the deterioration of the cost of events in Huangyan Island in the Philippines (edit: SN015) , share: related topics: Chinese ocean surveillance ship in the South China Sea and Philippine warships confrontation
comments that Do not underestimate the deterioration of the cost of events in Huangyan Island in the Philippines
(edit: SN015) , share: related topics: Chinese ocean surveillance ship in the South China Sea and Philippine warships confrontation