Qiao Liang, Major General: China can not afford to engage in an aircraft carrier catapult is ignorance
<span class=img_descr Data Figure: U.S. military and technical personnel overhaul of steam catapults.
April 11, the Philippines attempted arrest of two Chinese fishermen caused confrontation between the Huangyan Island, the fermentation has been nearly a month. Confrontation during Defense Minister Liang went to the southern coastal provinces, “Research” of border and coastal defense and defense mobilization work in the Chinese military the most talked about action. Such as people can see, impermeable waited for opportunities in China’s neighboring countries, almost every year of sea power dispute with China, the Chinese army is not in direct contact and collision dispute and provocation country. Foreign Affairs at the head, the military bring up the rear, both soft and hard, is consistent techniques.
a lot of things since there are alternative, not necessarily hard to run into the line. “National Security Policy Research Council Deputy Secretary-General Major General Qiao Liang quoted Japanese rushed the reefs become a small island in the international criticized the case said, “Reclamation terminals, international law does not allow it, is not a good way to actually have a better way, as far as I know our country was designed floating island, which is a semi-sports building can pier is not built, but there can be pier damage to the local topography and sea conditions. “
Qiao Liang is a well-known military theorists, has published caused a big stir,” Unrestricted Warfare “a book. As a soldier, he declared inherently an order advocates, advocating everything orderly. A year ago, he points out that the issue of sea power, China should make some practical ideas, practical design, and then talk arising from either country negotiations; the use of force does not solve the problem once and for all, specific to an island reef dispute, in fact, is beyond geopolitical boundaries. As for in the end how to defend those who do not contiguous territorial waters, when in an interview with your correspondent, Qiao Liang believes that China should jump on the sea on the sea, thinking, in the face of some countries at the same time through the capital and resources for all of China’s containment strategy, learn the smart power, playing the active player, the next upper hand moves, usually take sea power prepared with the critical moment, the trouble for license renewal.
“South Wind”: Everyone in the legendary Chinese aircraft carrier may be in service date, why people look forward to the carrier so?
Qiao Liang: people of such expectations, is derived from a memory of glory on the aircraft carrier history, or a kind of recognition. For now each countries have aircraft carriers, the carrier always occupy the position of the Navy first, which is based on the powerful combat capability relative to other ships.
aircraft carrier as a giant weapon, no doubt is a strategic tool. It is an active airport in the sea when you need transoceanic combat air forces sufficient to support you to reach that place, the aircraft carrier is the activities of the Naval Aviation platform, so you can get the sea air supremacy. In this regard, the carrier is the weapon of Naval Operations.
aircraft carrier is to all those who desire to become a great nation, eager to have a common dream of a large navy people. But most people for the role of carrier can not understand. For the United States, the aircraft carrier is a real strength, but mainly a symbol of China or Russia, the aircraft carrier. Although the carrier of these countries have a certain degree of operational capability, even without the support of big powers behind a small country can play a deterrent, but as long as they are standing behind the United States, your carrier is only a symbol of national military strength. rather than a practical tool. Unless the day of your carrier really can compete with the world’s strongest carrier cluster development to, then it becomes a real strength.
“South Wind”: we are the carrier platform can be called a real aircraft carrier.? Repeatedly groundwater trials, technical difficulty a great what?
Qiao Liang: We are now the carrier is of course a true aircraft carrier, it is not furnished, it is a nascent Tiger. It has the water column has been compiled, but that it has if the combat is a process.
we all know, we buy comes in is a light ship, the ship’s weapons systems, communication lines, almost all of the facilities are not just a shell. We turn it into an effective fighting platform in this shell. Russia aboard the aircraft carrier itself is the level of the seventies and eighties of the last century, and today they move forward 30 years, the need of the modern aircraft carrier to its original less have to mention also the infrastructure are removed. We use modern methods to transform it, such as the ejection system, some people say China does not have the ability to solve, in fact, this is the ignorance of China. Technically, this type of technology can hardly live the Chinese people. There are carrier-based aircraft, these things are not insurmountable technical obstacles for China. When the aircraft carrier technology is mature in the United States, other countries will soon follow the mature, but slower than in the United States. For China, this is basically belong to the manufacturing technology, the Chinese people are or should have confidence.
China need to improve with the aircraft carrier combat and other weapons platforms, such as collusion between the data link system of the entire command, can not allow access to information sharing, so order up and down smooth, different platform with each other with the combat effectiveness in order to maximize efficiency, which is the crux of the problem. Must understand that the carrier is not a fight on their own weapons in itself is a joint operations weapons.
“South Wind”: The idea that Chinese naval equipment, aircraft carriers, will be even more powerful is this?
Qiao Liang: This is a wish. Countries, especially the large country’s military capability today is a comprehensive embodiment of strength, can not rely on any single weapon. On the aircraft carrier, so worship, because of a lack of understanding of modern weapon systems and their level of development. For example today of why the United States proposed the establishment of rapid global strike systems, because the carriers have been behind the profit and demand in the United States. The profit of the United States today is to make it through the output dollars to become a global capital (monetary base), and then return to the U.S. through the global flow of capital to profit from this process. What things in rapid capital flows? Computer technology. Become things of the moment thanks to the support of network technology, global capital flows, the speed of the aircraft carrier has been far behind the speed of capital flows, and you say Americans can put all their hopes in the carrier body.? So he now requires the development of global fast attack system, to hot topic worldwide from 6 hours to 3 hours to 1 hour to 28 minutes hot topic worldwide, because this is the only speed in order to keep up with the flow rate of the capital in order to change the world investment environment, the direction and pace of investment. Carrier how to do this? Aircraft carrier from Yokosuka, reach the Red Sea will take two weeks, this time the capital may be in that place already completed the process of a delivery and income.
So when you understand the relationship between weapons and the capital, weapons, and economic interests, you will know what kind of weapons the United States is more important. Americans have rapid global strike systems is more important than the carrier, we still remain on the aircraft carrier is the most important level of awareness is still only see the U.S. aircraft carrier to which the State played badly beaten dilapidated thought that the aircraft carrier more power and prestige. Is not that one kind of understanding of behind the times?
“South Wind”: China to become a large aircraft carrier Congress is an inevitable trend.?
Qiao Liang: Not necessarily, it may not be waiting for you to become a carrier of a large country, alternative weapons has emerged, which means you do not need to be a carrier big country, you need something else. Big country to become an aircraft carrier, the day from now on the ground to build at least two or three decades. Three decades later, new weapons platform for human beings or even to replace the aircraft carrier weapons platform, or failure of the aircraft carrier combat capability, may have appeared. Actually able to restrict the aircraft carrier weapons more and more, the aircraft carrier have been sunk in the scene not only did not happen, as World War II world war, so it is full of the memory of the past and future expectations, but really, the future is already no longer appear carrier to dominate every scene.
modern aircraft carrier is an active airport, it has no other role. Attacks on shore targets, it can only be cruise missiles and carrier-based aircraft can not use its guns – this is the carrier’s firepower is not as good as the strategic ship. If you have enough land-based airport, then the carrier does not mean that there is no strength. The United States in the past over the world deployment, built a lot of Air Force Base to an alternative carrier. Only when out of reach of land-based aircraft, or not enough, the only aircraft carrier. Former Soviet Union for a long time no aircraft carriers, it is also still a military power.
properly Jin Qiao
“South Wind”: sea power dispute repeatedly occurred in recent years, our approach is sometimes interpreted as not enough to force the moment so, how do you see?
Qiao Liang: China is a growing country, from the modern national sense, it can be said is still in childhood, need to pay a lot of cost, including eating a lot of loss, in order to learn how to do modern big country. Look at this for 30 years, in fact, we almost everything they have to suffer in order to learn to fight to the interests. The economic model is export-dependent, you do not lose it? Accumulated so much foreign reserve have to buy large amounts of U.S. debt, you do not lose it? In this case, some things do not satisfactory is normal. But this is not satisfactory, a bit to keep up with the mentality of people’s anxiety. People think you have is a big country, how can you so useless? Because people are also growing, he was not quite understand the rules of the game of today’s world is what he thought as long as you have the strength, hard power is relatively strong, or stronger than the original, you should have changed the corresponding strong. But you think about it, you then can strong than in the United States strong it? Powerful to such an extent, the United States, but also to consider how the use of smart power, do the Chinese people will only use hard power.? You have to learn to use the Jin Qiao, or even to consider how he is more clever.
in the international community lose fooled, most notably the United States do not understand. Sea Power Why a problem? Financial crisis, fewer and fewer cards of the hands of the Americans, he always have a can restrict your cards, the South China Sea is an American brand. Obviously, this is to drag you back, so you do not have more energy to challenge his hegemony. When this card inserted into the Board, the sign face had been altered, you completely ignore it (South China Sea) has to die, and how to solve? Protest, people ignore invalid. The use of force is a last option can not be other way not try one up on the war. How to do? In fact, a lot of gray areas in between can make a fuss. The strategy is also action, and even opened fire on the action, but the same fire, how to score, which depends on the wisdom.
super cottage in the manufacturing sector, why can not the international issues to match wits came back to the cottage? Learn Well, Americans blowing up the embassy said it was accidental bombing, let your little temper. In this respect Americans are not only powerful, but also enough intelligence. I have repeatedly said that we can learn to Americans, many people Ironically, I think you want to solve the problem with a fluff. In fact, can be tactical means to resolve the strategic issues, that is a great accomplishment. Do not think to go the cottage path can only copy or imitate, you gotta little change. You see we cottage out of the phone, how can there be exactly the same with others? Chinese people to solve the problem is not lack of strength, lack of ideas. For example, these provocative our country, it is the soft underbelly of what? It is most worried about? It is really not afraid to fight? These are figured out, you know how to do, how do pretty.
“South Wind”: other countries, frequently coming to the house, this time in my sovereignty, putting aside disputes and seeking common development “this one line is not feasible?
Qiao Liang: “sovereign I” is a declaration Originally, we had a very long time wish to avoid this problem, “putting aside disputes” is trying to avoid it, you set aside can not those people in your the door more and more rampant, your interests are taken away. Faced with this group of neighbors, you can choose the way much. One way is to fight the neighbors get on the ground, to recapture what belongs to me; Another approach is a negotiated settlement, I conditional part of the benefit to you, you have the corresponding none other to me. In general, the solution of international disputes, no none other is impossible. Deng Xiaoping’s idea is not wrong, sovereignty belongs to me, this thing is nothing to dispute, none other but I can give you is putting aside disputes and seeking common development. This is my greatest patience is the bottom line. If you want to break the bottom line, then I add one more word: common “no” to development. International exchanges in fact the transaction, the transaction is not admitting none other. But let, let make sense beneficial to have the section can not be so unprincipled. Since the transaction, it is a swap, I have none other to you, will you give me? So be sure to win-win mutual win, not only lose not win.
the extent to which force these people the ones who enjoy it? The most fundamental is to force the United States let, you do not force the United States, these people are not let. How the United States to retire? Your hand is not a card to play, Americans can draw a South China Sea brand thrown out of play, why can not you paint it a few do? You always matter-Americans in which the issue of strong words with you, you deal with him in which the issue every time a stimulus, you react, how is this OK? Sometimes you have to play the active player, the next upper hand chess. The United States in this world is not no trouble, it also needs China in trouble ah, you took the problem of sea power to change when the license with him, not just need you when you talk to him. You put all the cards clutched in his hand, and let it continue to be a problem on where the fermentation, at any time to prepare you to use. The truth is, the opponent in what trouble, what is your brand. His trouble is your brand, your troubles is his card, and then a solution to the trouble to each other for license renewal.
“South Wind”: It should be said that the deal with these matters continues to mature?
Qiao Liang: In fact China has a little bit to understand the existing international rules of the game, in order to understand this point, we use 30 years, especially in the last 10 years, from the bombing today, we have learn a lot, but not enough. In response to sea power dispute, it should be said or passive. If more active, many problems should not have deteriorated to this point today. We always thought to be less trouble, less succeed, in fact, few succeed only less carry the flag, not to say that you want to avoid conflict.
sea power, I think the most important is that you want out of the “crowding out” approach can produce. Want all unsolicited Chinese license involved the national enterprises of benefit to feel unsafe. Let them be safe in here profit will have a crowding-out effect. If the profit is safe, it will not go out.
We also see that for all the world’s venture capitalists, and possible threats to the temptations greater impact. China’s neighboring country is far recent attack, do not do business with China at the expense of who? Of course it is. China has become the Asia-Pacific economic development Goose Touyan, the Chinese economy is able to pull all the countries of the periphery. Interests is a reality, so we want to take full advantage of China’s economic energy, so that those countries that see profitable to give up and against China; country dare to go against the Chinese, it lost the opportunity to profit from China. These countries are not stupid, they understand, the U.S. economy is still difficult recovery from the United States who gets what? Hit the white bars on the safety of commitment? Even if they are aimed, such as the United States expel Chinese get off, when the surrogate country, when the United States processing plants, such as Vietnam, India will think, but they do it? Even if they do, Americans can not afford to wait. Afford to wait, like China, the development of 30 years, built the entire infrastructure and a full range of manufacturing, and again when the United States under the house and processing plants. Steve Jobs to know this truth, to know his apples can not be separated from China, can not be separated from Foxconn. Why? Because Foxconn around twelve kilometers around a set of industry chain have formed. Obama Jobs said you can put your factory moved back to the United States. Jobs said, that you please give me the same a chain, which is possible? Impossible. But all this Chinese all.
China must Kangzhu
“South Wind”: You mentioned above, the United States launched the global forces of containment of China is worried about China on his The hegemony generate challenges, the question is, can not be two strong side by side?
Qiao Liang: the United States thought to the development can not be so fast, experts first predicted in 2050 China’s GDP will exceed the United States, and later predicted in 2030 is now projected to 2016. Even if this prediction is only one possible, but also enough to make Americans feel panic. So be sure to slow the pace of progress, because the slow pace of progress is to slow the pace of his decline. In its view, this is a seesaw relationship. Americans believe that a two side by side is not possible, it do not play to win the game with the world. Hegemony there is a win-win?
With the rise of China, China will face a very long pressure bottleneck, during which we must face more and more trouble was in fact unexpected, can not seek temporary fast, just Figure happy away to solve the problems you face. Sometimes not happy and you have to pay the price. Do not expect a country in the rise of the process will be smooth sailing. The history of the United States it is not happy when the United States in GDP in the 1880s has been the first in the world, but is hamstrung by the British, the Americans are not. The United States before the rise of more than 100 years, their own history of the rise of fresh, fully aware of how to deal with an emerging-market countries. Americans was filled with the rise of strategic patience, is not puffed up, and even to solve the problem with isolationism. The United States in the rise of the most important experience is to never let their own direct confrontation with the British Empire, but encouraged other countries against him, and then let the smooth ascent. These are the historical experience and lessons learned, we need to savor.
“South Wind”: viewpoint on Chinese military power has lagged far behind the expansion of our maritime interests overseas interests overseas demand, military security needs, require the Navy’s military power with up . How do you look at this issue? Needs and the needs of the military security of the overseas interests of specific Ho mean?
Qiao Liang: Navy is the largest investment of resources to develop a military services, it has ships, the surface and underwater, as well as aircraft, Marine Corps tanks and armored vehicles, equal to the land, Air Force what it all and take it to build a very strong need enormous resources into. This is not a country can withstand below the middle. A relatively land-based countries, certainly more attention to land, air force, naval construction will be on the agenda only when the maritime rights and interests has become urgent. Maritime rights and interests and development of the Navy, destined for China, only after the hair, because we are late we have asked the armed forces in the economy has been developed also to be patient. To judge the development of the army but hysteresis is not lagging behind, mainly to see whether it can meet the needs of the national interest. For example, in offshore operations, China’s current military capability actually is basic enough, it is not really lagging behind; but up to escort to the Indian Ocean, it may be delayed.
China’s maritime interests, mainly refers to the patency of the fairway, overseas interests refers to the availability of resources and the safe transport of At this point, China’s economic development has only just begun on the military power to this demand, is the need to rely on the army to escort in order to get back part of the resource security. For example, oil is transported, shipped iron ore. To participate in the Asia Ding Wanhai on escort before, do not send warships out escort, because the sea lanes are safe, which to some extent can be said that Americans are guaranteed. But we also left to the United States, “money”. To the United States, we pay “tax” – price low for even the government to subsidize exports, coupled with the purchase huge amounts of U.S. Treasury bonds, these can be regarded as Americans, “tax” so that China is not a free ride.
now, when the public safety products, including the United States are not enough, China to be responsible for their own safety. Similar needs of the army to provide security for the national economic interest, a military security. Should be said that this issue has now been more urgent.
“South Wind”: For China, a traditional within Luda Guo, marine rights and interests is not a new direction or concept?
Qiao Liang: Definitely. China has increasingly become a major importer of a resource and energy, it was decided a key element that will eventually rise. Maritime rights and interests, we began to seriously address this problem, and is really serious, and then found that not only is the ability of incompetent, and the ability to think incompetent. For example, we really make it clear that no, we have to ocean doing? Some people it comes down to the sea lanes, and some people due to move towards the ocean, there are several to make it clear why should we go oceanic? Ocean mean to you? Safety! The ocean is a barrier, a thousand miles is better than none, is not to say how important this place, but that can not let this place become the ant hole. 200 nautical miles, including the equivalent of the exclusive economic zone, you see a foreign warships cruising? There will be, at most, a visiting warship, which is a large country of their own physical security boundary as extended.
In addition, a major maritime power in today are even more influence and control the world. Maritime country in the past, the main channel of the profitable maritime trade, maritime power in today’s longer when the maritime country, is not the issue of maritime trade, but the founding capital. U.S. control of the global dollar hegemony to fully play its role is to ensure the patency of the capital in the world, in which the obstruction.
When you know these, you will be able to understand that America has the strategic focus moving to the east to suppress Chinese, the Americans, you are not willing to become a wolf, you have become a tiger’s potential. This decision is not only the geo-strategic considerations, as well as the coins edge considerations. When the Americans in the South China Sea issue frequently to the Philippines and Vietnam and other countries backing, how can we prove that this is not a diversion? Not playing a cover-up? When a portfolio of Americans to fight with you, you is to deal with not only a left uppercut, to deal with the combination of boxing, the way only another set of combination punches.
“South Wind”: This fact also requires China’s maritime rights and interests concept, the sense of maritime power and maritime strategy at three levels build.
Qiao Liang: When you integrate into the globalization, the traditional way of life will be forced to change. Today we will be forced toward the ocean, resulting in the awareness of maritime rights and interests, that is because fewer and fewer resources, increasing population, growing demand for overseas. China has to enhance maritime awareness, but also to produce the design of the a pokeweed sea,. The main advantages of China’s mainland is the face of Central Asia, from Central Asia to Europe, this direction is very difficult for the United States to completely encircling. So China should give more consideration to how to get through the Eurasia, China and Europe, the two economies to generate better interaction. To pokeweed sea or west into the response to the eastward, the direction of China is concerned, this is definitely one for the.share: