Major General Luo Yuan Tan island dispute: the fundamental way to improve their strength
Major General Luo Yuan
correspondents | Zhang Yi Geng
trigger our islands dispute whether? Where is the fundamental way to solve our island dispute? With these questions, the Global People magazine reporter an exclusive interview with Major General Luo Yuan, deputy secretary general of the Chinese Military Science Research Council.
Philippines provoking multinational stirred up
Global People magazine: Huangyan Island in the Philippines Why so arrogant?
Luo Yuan: First, there is the United States behind its backing. Second, near Huangyan Island has a lot of oil and gas resources in the Philippines to further the economic development reserve energy. Third, in order to ease the domestic nationalist sentiment, the Philippine internal contradictions should be transferred to the South China Sea dispute. Fourth, the Philippines would like to pull the U.S. into the water, tying themselves to the chariot of the United States, to provide cheap safety policy by the United States, for example, it is now from the United States eliminated by a Coast Guard “Hamilton The “destroyer, still apply for a second aircraft, the third ship, would like to buy the U.S. out of the F-16 fighter. Fifth, the intent of the Philippines compete in the ASEAN region “leader,” it several times provoked ASEAN Summit ASEAN countries and China “gang war” is in competition for ASEAN’s right to speak.
Global People magazine: Philippine confrontation in the Huangyan Island in the future, China has taken the lead in withdrawal of fishery boat, it was considered a sign of weakness, how do you think?
Luo Yuan: This is the performance of the restraint and patience, for stability of the overall consideration of the South China Sea. There a fishery boats in the confrontation with the Philippines, not all withdrawn completely weakness. Can say that this is a diplomatic strategy, step back two steps forward.
but I personally think that this is probably not a best choice, this time should not be removed, but should increase. Huangyan Island is likely to be Chinese to break the South China Sea, the predicament of a focal point, and show our sovereignty exists, change the neighboring countries on the miscarriage of justice in the South China Sea issue.
Global People magazine: You just said that neighboring countries, the Philippines, South Korea, Japan, Vietnam this year, alternately in the island on the issue to launch an attack on China, if they have some kind of understanding? –
Luo: they tried to “gang war” and China, but the interests of each of intention. Social conditions in these countries vary, some of which are U.S. allies, others are not. The United States has five allies in the Asia-Pacific region, and these allies are also divided into three 69, such as Japan, Australia is a first-class alliance, South Korea is a second-class alliance, the Philippines and Thailand, even if the third-alliance. Vietnam is not the U.S. military allies, on the contrary, the United States in Vietnam have tried to implement the “color revolution” to overthrow the existing regime, the United States, the more wary of each other, of course, they are also of interest to the meeting point.
Global People magazine: Island dispute for a long time, why they chose to launch an attack in the near future with China?
Luo Yuan: First of all, China is peaceful rise, but in the rise of but have not played a critical moment. World power status of the United States will find ways to suppress the rise of China, to prevent the leading position with its contention. To correspond with some of Ersan Liu countries are trying to catch up with or contain China’s rise speed.
Second, individual countries would like to test China’s bottom line, to see the sincerity of China’s “peaceful rise” in the end how much, whether all conflicts by peaceful methods to solve? Whether a “peaceful rise” is equivalent to hang up the war-free card?
Finally, the world’s financial crisis, competition for resources further exacerbate all countries in the energy strategy on the agenda for the future sustainable development savings resources. For example, the South China Sea is rich in resources, “treasure” is the sustainable development of the Asia-Pacific region, the South China Sea dispute in the recent focus on the highlights.
the United States want the South China Sea muddy the waters
Global People magazine: recent behavior of the neighboring countries and the United States to “return to Asia-Pacific” strategy?
Luo Yuan: a great relationship. The world where there is trouble, the United States where; Where have the United States, the trouble becomes greater. From the Middle East, North Africa, the Asia-Pacific, the United States to stir up trouble everywhere. After all, America is in the redistribution of the world’s pattern of interests, to maintain the global dominance to suppress the rise of emerging countries. The United States said the emerging countries, mainly refers to China. And the United States believes that it is of interest in the Asia-Pacific region. Skip to the Asia-Pacific countries in the South China Sea contradiction, is trying to muddy the waters, and took the opportunity to goof off, others take it singing, the last to benefit from it.
Global People magazine: international law of national acts at sea, there are no norms and constraints?
Luo Yuan: There is the traditional international law and adopted in 1982, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea “. But the U.S. has always been the hegemonic attitude to international law to comply with their own interests, but also for other countries to comply with; not refuse to meet their own interests. Clinton said the United States its national interests in the South China Sea. I would like to ask the Americans, which the South China Sea islands and reefs, which one the waters belonging to the United States? She said “national interest” refers to the actual sea lanes security, the problem is the problem of sea power (control and use rights on the ocean), the neighboring countries and China dispute the sovereignty, the United States the issue of sovereignty and the sea and the right mix.
sea power is an important normative documents is a 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea “. The United States has not been signed, refused to implement. For example, the United States in China’s exclusive economic zone frequently engage in strategic reconnaissance, which is totally contrary to the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea exclusive economic zone. Proposed, based on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, certain islands and reefs of the South China Sea are another example, the Philippines, which is any misinterpretation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea “is” water management regardless of soil, is tube territorial waters, continental shelf, the contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone of the division of the ownership of islands and reefs are still the traditional international law.
Global People magazine: traditional international law, the ordinances which can resolve island dispute in accordance with?
Luo Yuan: a traditional international law the principle of preemption, “Who first discovered, who first named it is the first under the jurisdiction of and continued under the jurisdiction, will have the sovereignty of the islands and reefs. This is a principle generally recognized by the international community and build consensus. China’s possession of a sufficient legal basis in this regard, so to lift the legal banner. Huangyan Island, for example, in 1279, the Yuan astronomer Guo Shou-jing “universally test, the choice of astronomical measurement basis points in the Huangyan Island, which proved at least in the Yuan dynasty have been discovered in its jurisdiction. In 1935, the Chinese government named Scarborough Barrow reef, 1947, again changed its name to “democracy reef” and announced. In 1983, the Committee on Geographical Names named Huangyan Island.maritime sovereignty
should highlight the existence of 6
Global People magazine: the next few years, the island dispute will intensify?
Luo Yuan: would certainly have been intensified. The entire South China Sea, the pattern of change, especially the intervention of the United States to make the South China Sea issue is more complex, the South China Sea countries is also a reserve force for their own development, competition for resources, which will make the contradiction more intensified.
Global People magazine: the face of such a complex international situation, what is the focus of China’s coastal defense?
Luo Yuan: the problem of territorial seas to the comprehensive management of political, economic, military, multi-pronged approach, focusing on highlighting the sovereignty, embodied the principle of “sovereignty belongs to me”. Specifically, to highlight the existence of 6: First, the administrative presence. In the South China Sea to establish special administrative regions, reflecting its administrative jurisdiction. Second, the legal existence. As clear, which is to allow the prevailing international waterway, which is not allowed to go beyond our territorial waters. Third, the military presence. The place must be able to garrison to garrison can not garrison the place to set up military installations, at least to the establishment of a sovereign flag, hoisted the national flag, set the sovereignty monument. Military aircraft, warships to the territorial seas patrol from time to time, if necessary, conducting military exercises in the East China Sea, South China Sea, and the establishment of a military exercise area. Fourth, law enforcement presence. The early establishment of the National Marine Guard, the current fishery, maritime surveillance and enforcement efforts on the strategic integration, and left the room for maneuver and for space for our military and foreign affairs. Fifth, the economy. Fishing base established in the South China Sea, CNOOC, the oil in the South China Sea and offshore oil exploration operations, exploration platforms is our flow of the land. The tourism sector can also develop the tourism resources of the Nansha and Xisha. Sixth, the public opinion there. Promulgation of the South China Sea, the White Paper as soon as possible, our country has adequate laws in the South China Sea, the historical basis, we should make them public, to occupy the commanding heights of public opinion, to compete for the right to speak in the South China Sea.
Global People magazine: People are very concerned to achieve our country in the military of the sea, the navy is not strong enough?
Luo Yuan: Our navy has the determination, will also have the ability to defend national sovereignty. Compared with the naval strength of the neighboring countries, we take advantage of.
At present, in order to reflect the good-neighborly and friendly policy of peace, China has adopted the attitude of restraint and patience, but patience is the bottom line. Individual countries can never expect our restraint and patience as a sign of weakness. If necessary, we have to show the tough side. Both have peace and sincerity of the negotiations, but also at all costs, the firm will to defend national sovereignty, and only to combine the two in order to effectively safeguard China’s maritime rights and interests.
Global People magazine: In the future, our country but also from which to strengthen coastal defense?
Luo Yuan: three-pronged approach: to strengthen and enhance the ability of coastal defense, strengthen and protect the safety of China’s sea lanes, to strengthen the Navy’s own modernization.
Global People magazine: there will be a day, we were able to completely resolve island dispute?
Luo Yuan: complete the fundamental way to resolve island dispute is to enhance China’s own strength, including the construction of hard power and soft power building, as long as our overall national strength has improved, we will remain invincible. Who is regrettable that we must not.
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