Chiang Kai-shek’s why the failure was so fast?
not speak Why Chiang Kai-shek will fail, they talk about so fast he lost one of the reasons, pay attention to is the one.
in March 1947, the occupation of Yan’an, it seems the situation is excellent, so, Chiang Kai-shek decided in the following year, the founding president, it seems full of confidence. The 1949 defeat to retreat to Taiwan. Lost so quickly, contrary to all expectations, even the Communists victory was caught unprepared. Among them, 1948 is a critical turning point year.
in August 1948, not fully prepared for the gold situation, the reform of currency, resulting in financial collapse; three battles began in September 1948. Militarily, economically, Chiang Kai-shek have completely failed. But this is only the phenomenon, is what caused this change? One reason is that the United States suddenly weakened support for Chiang Kai-shek.
This November, the Chiang Kai-shek looked to die, and quickly sent to Kai-shek to the United States, but to eat Truman’s cold shoulder, in addition to the previously promised not to Chiang Kai-shek to any new assistance. Previously, the United States stipulates that U.S. aid must be used under the supervision of the United States advisers to support Li Tsung-jen, vice president in the country freshman force is ready when necessary, to replace Lee Chiang. These are evident on the Chiang Kai-shek and his snub. Chiang Kai-shek and his almost give up attitude, seems that even do not care, until the occurrence of the Korean War in June 1950, to send troops to Taiwan. (Note that the Korean Volunteers in the United States sent the Seventh Fleet to the Taiwan four months later, but not before the United States entry into the unrelated troops stationed in Taiwan and the Chinese army.)
Why is it so ? Some people say that because the United States found that Chiang Kai-shek and his regime corruption impotent, no longer willing to support him. This regard, but not really. The United States, Roosevelt, Marshall, Stilwell, and other executives already recognize and publicly said Chiang Kai-shek and his regime of corruption and incompetence, but the United States has still fully support him. After the war finished, sent military advisory group, logistics, training, and even battle plans to help Chiang Kai-shek and his engage; expansion of military equipment to a large number of arms for the Chiang Kai-shek and his armed more than 40 Division; spend a lot of money for the Chiang Kai-shek more than five hundred thousand troops by air to the northeast of North China. Chiang Kai-shek have confidence in the intensity of such aid within a few months to wipe out the Communist Party. Assistance efforts, is it thought that Chiang Kai-shek and his regime corruption impotent suddenly disappear overnight?
In this process, one we all less mentioned: This is the 1948 U.S. presidential election, Chiang Kai-shek the full support of Truman’s opponent Dewey. Dewey was the Republican mouth the head of the Communist Party’s tough stance, and declared to be of great assistance to Chiang Kai-shek and his regime. So, Chiang Kai-shek sent Chen Li-fu to the U.S. support to the Dewey campaign cash; make the United States Ambassador Wellington Koo to Dewey awarded Jixing Xun Zhang; let Kung Ling Jie and his son to help the Dewey campaign …
Unfortunately, Chiang Kai-shek’s betting on the wrong, although the U.S. poll said Dewey wins, but Truman won.
Truman is not so extreme anger, it is odd.
election year, the pre-selection in the beginning of the year. Chiang Kai-shek to support Dewey against Truman’s attitude should be early on came to light in 1948 Truman no longer supported Chiang Kai-shek is not surprising.
Truman was born in Missouri, a farmer, and its narrow unpopular is well known. Moreover, candidates for U.S. politicians, pulled votes bully event. Unpopular it would be strange. Truman, in its oral autobiography bitterly: “Jiang and his gang, I have not changed their views, these bastards are the jailed.” That being the case, you before 1948, why then the strong support of them?
In fact, Democratic Party, Truman opposed the Communist Party, the absolute poor than Republican politicians. World War II the United States and the socialist countries have two hot wars: the Korean War was a fight in Truman’s hands, when Republican Dwight Eisenhower as president armistice; Democratic President John F. Kennedy special warfare in Vietnam, in the hands of President Johnson expanded, he is also a Democrat, while the truce is when Republican Richard Nixon as president.
seems to Chiang Kai-shek only like not only bones anti-communist, and mouth head they have nothing to take into account the politicians.
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