China to introduce the Sovremenny insider: Russia and the two shipyards compete for orders
Data Figure: Chinese navy Sovremenny-class “Ningbo” missile destroyer
of: Zama Youth Reference “(April 25, 2012 19 Edition)
China The Navy program lasted more than 10 years the introduction of Russian-made “modern” class destroyers, the parties have to achieve Buddhahood.
Editor’s Note: At present, Sino-Russian joint military exercise at sea is in full swing. China participating ships in the sequence, re-discovered the figure of the Russian-made introduction in the late 1990s to the beginning of this century “modern”-class destroyers. Perhaps a coincidence, the latest one published in the Asia-Pacific defense magazine published an article signed “Zama”, disclosed after the Chinese side before and after the introduction of this type of warship. Now the text in this part of the excerpts are as follows, does not mean that to prove the view.
Taiwan Strait crisis spawned huge arms purchase
the 1990s, the number of Chinese naval ranks third in the world, vessels performance, and the United States and Russia and neighboring countries and region there is a huge gap, not even a worthy new surface ships with the Taiwan navy equal confrontation. Obviously, in order to change the passive situation, China must ensure that quickly has an advanced performance, with a strong sea, empty and anti-submarine warfare capabilities of the new destroyers, to act as a “fist” of the surface fleet. At that time, a new generation of main battle ships of the Chinese mainland is still in the early design stage, unable to meet the requirements for military struggle, only in order to meet their urgent needs through imports in the short term.
At the same time, Russia inherited most of the Soviet armed forces suffered the torture of “shock therapy”, in exchange for much-needed foreign exchange, are willing to more advanced weapons and equipment to the international market. The tacit agreement of both sides, the Chinese navy began to consciously Russian fleet of ships to make contact, especially in April 1993, the Russian Pacific Fleet, a “modern” class destroyers to China, the Chinese took the opportunity to right the ship has a more intuitive understanding. After some comparison, the focus of the Chinese military began to focus on “modern”-class ship, and to discuss the possibility of the introduction of the following year began with the Russian side.
1996 Taiwan Strait crisis, accelerated the process of the introduction of Russian-made destroyers. Many of his colleagues of the Russian State arms export Director General of the Cato Beijing Major General when he was recalled, intensive visit to Russia from the second half of 1996, the Chinese delegation, “around the clock negotiations with the guided tour, the General Administration of suffering from a lumbar . ” In August the following year, Russian media first came news, saying that China and Russia signed a $ 800 million worth of warship procurement contracts, China has decided to purchase two “modern” class destroyers and associated weapons systems (including ship-based helicopters), Project No. “956E”, which the letter “E” stands for “export.”
Russia staged a “Jiehuaxianfo”
after the signing of the
warship procurement contract, the ability to schedule completion and delivery to become China’s most concerned about factors. To this end, the Russian state arms export Administration eyeing St. Petersburg Northern Shipyard in construction “Yekaterinburg” and “Alexander Nevsky” destroyer, intended Jiehuaxianfo “, saving time for more than two years. In time, the cash-strapped Russian Navy high payment of arrears of Northern Shipyard is no longer possible to receive two new battleship. Within the Russian government Zhechong November 21, 1997, Northern Shipyard and the Russian state arms and equipment exports Administration signed a contract to these two ships resale.As the funds credited into account in a timely manner, the two ships of the construction progress rapidly. July 19 1999, Sarkozy installed Readiness of Yekaterinburg “left St. Petersburg, into the Baltic sea trials. December 25 the same year, the ship lowered the flag of the Russian Navy, renamed “Hangzhou”, and leave for China to join the East China Sea Fleet, and in January the following year. Changed its name to the “Fuzhou”, “Alexander Nevsky” navigation test on July 2000, delivered in December, also joined the East China Sea Fleet.
head and two “modern” class destroyers in service performance, to secure new orders for the Russian military-industrial enterprises. January 3, 2002, has completed the restructuring of the Russian battalion arms export company chairman Sergei Chemezov, signed with the Chinese side on behalf of the second tranche sale of two improved destroyer contract, the total value of up to $ 1.4 billion , project code-named “956EM.” The 956EM engineering changes is very large, say Russia may not be able to build the outside world prior to the signing of the agreement spread this, Chief Engineer of the Northern Shipyard Vladimir 斯波里多普罗 guarantee that they are confident that the successful completion of the task.
the two shipyards infighting
happened next scene dramatic. In mid-January 2002, the Russian camp arms export company suddenly announced, “open tender” approach to re-recruit manufacturers, the results with a lower offer at the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg to get the business to shipbuilding. Previously, all the “modern” class from the Northern Shipyard, the factory pre-invest large sums of money to buy the steel and equipment, advanced “the 956EM engineering design changes to the design unit costs. Two shipyards conflict intensified, the flames of war burn Moscow from St. Petersburg, the nature of the conflict into a political struggle. Ultimately, the order to return to Northern Shipyard, responsible for sales to favor of the Baltic shipyard Russian Deputy Prime Minister Ilya Klebanov resigned.
thing this did not end, the support of the Baltic shipyard part of Russia’s State Duma Members, Northern Shipyard to pay $ 600 million in loans in arrears through legal channels. Under pressure, Northern Shipyard substantial shareholder of the new scheme and a new theory of the Group (NPK) to find the help of Russia International Industrial Bank President Sergei Pugachev, in order to obtain the support of the financial oligarchy, NPK commitment will The shipyard handing over control to the International Industrial Bank’s Joint Industry Group (OPK).
for a new owner, north, wave two plants of the war is still continuing, the Baltic shipyard accused the Northern Shipyard attempt to use the old parts to build the ships, threatened to no longer provide the latter with the necessary equipment. It is said that until then-President Vladimir Putin to intervene, release the Baltic shipyard handed over to others to manage the ruthless, the plant was forced to compromise with the OPK.
agreement between the parties. Formal monopoly of the Northern Shipyard orders Baltic shipyards do not have to take the prime contractor’s risk and still be profitable, the biggest winner of the behind the scenes is the president of the International Industrial Bank of Pugachev.
bid farewell to the Baltic Sea to sail the Pacific
June 27, 2002 and November 15, two improved “modern”-class destroyers were launched. According to tradition, the Northern Shipyard to both from the temporary name of the ship, are “violent” and “permanent”.
According to the chief architect of the Northern Design Bureau Vladimir You Hening revealed that the All-Russian 1800 a number of military enterprises to participate in the construction of two new ship, including the Baltic shipyard is responsible for providing power systems . The 956EM project “the biggest change is to install 3M80MBE supersonic anti-ship missiles capable of hitting 240 kilometers outside of the ships, and range increase over the previous two doubled; the same time, the ship carrying the 9M317 ship-to-air missiles with 45 km of interceptor distance. You Hening also stressed that, if necessary, the Chinese Navy will ship sailing to the world sea long-term duty to complete the cross-border disaster relief or peacekeeping and other paramilitary task.
December 28, 2005, the Russian camp arms export company, Northern Shipyard representatives and hundreds of naval officers and men in the Northern Shipyard Pier, held a brief but solemn ceremony of delivery of the ship. “Violent” No. renamed as “Taizhou” sign, then along the Baltic Sea – Atlantic Ocean – Indian Ocean – South China Sea route to return home. September 28, 2006, the last one “Ningbo”, the smooth delivery of China. At this point, the four “modern” class destroyers all in place, since the service of the PLA East China Sea Fleet.share: related topics: Sino-Russian joint military exercise of the Yellow Sea