Strengthen the Trinity nuclear strike force, China built 096 nuclear submarines
U.S. national interests online website on the 9th published an article saying that China is to strengthen the sea-, land-based and space-based nuclear strike capability of the Trinity, which refers to China’s 094 new strategic nuclear submarines have been deployed two to three, and another twenty-three ships under construction, which can carry a range of over 4000 miles of the JL-2 missiles. The article also revealed that China is building another 096 new ballistic missile submarine, the submarine is expected to carry 24 intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Chinese sub-guided missile with multiple warheads to double within 15 years
The article said that although the United States and Russia over the past few months a new strategic arms reduction treaty led to a lot of discussion, but There is a very important issue not been given sufficient attention, namely, China’s nuclear force modernization programs vibrant. According to the new US-Russian strategic arms reduction treaty, the United States will cut about 20-30% of strategic nuclear forces at the same time, China is actively building its own strategic nuclear forces, the U.S. government or the legislators ever thought about the fact that impact on the composition of the United States is still unknown.
In this regard, the article pointed out, because the U.S. Congress will in the next few days or weeks to vote on whether to approve the treaty, so now is the crux of the matter careful consideration of the time, especially as long as the military control treaties are adopted, the United States alone in the next decade to comply with treaty obligations.
While China may be no specific ambitions clear, but there is no doubt that China’s aspirations are ambitious. In congressional testimony last year, then-National Intelligence Director Dennis Blair said, to some extent in terms of Beijing’s behavior on the international stage by the “China in East Asia, China and the world to play a big role in the ambitious” drive .
In order to achieve this goal, China has always been committed to developing comprehensive national strength: political, economic and military areas of most concern. China’s military modernization is to start a feverish progress; in the past two decades, the average annual defense budget increased by 10%.
the nuclear field, China is relying on its strategic rocket forces, that the Second Artillery Corps. Second Artillery Corps has long fielded a small number of similar CSS-3 and CSS-4′s can carry three to five megatons of nuclear warheads heat liquid fuel, silo-based intercontinental ballistic missile system. However, in recent years, it has fielded a number of solid fuel, road mobile missile, such as DF-31A missiles, compared with the silo-based missiles, road mobile missile reduces reaction time, but also improve the ability to survive.
In addition, the article points out, most of the new U.S. Congress submitted to the Pentagon’s annual China military power report, the Pentagon warned that China has “the world’s most active land-based ballistic and cruise missile projects.” it may also “develop a new road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile, the new sub-guided missile could carry multiple warheads” – although the sub-guided multiple-warhead intercontinental ballistic missile from the one to carry, but it can attack multiple targets .
The article said that according to the Pentagon said China’s sub-guided missiles with multiple warheads also means that the number of nuclear warheads “There may be more than double the next 15 years.” Pentagon further pointed out that the PLA R & D for its strategic nuclear forces propelled 弾 head, bait, interference and thermal protective layer devices, and improve the strategic nuclear forces the ability to reach targets.
In addition, there are reports that the Chinese Second Artillery Force has built in northern China more than 3,000 miles of tunnels, these tunnels are called “underground Great Wall.” Some people believe that the tunnel system is intended to hide the increasing China’s nuclear arsenal, and for the Beijing government can attack the enemy survived the first land-based nuclear forces.
Also, is gradually improving its own is not the Second Artillery Corps. Beijing government is also developing a variety of nuclear arsenal: the long-term land-based nuclear weapons from the “single one”, to have been the other major nuclear powers Russia and the U.S. accepted more traditional land, sea and air, “Trinity” nuclear power. Among them, the more significant change was undoubtedly the sea-based nuclear forces. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union and the U.S. nuclear submarine force be considered as the Trinity, the stealth and survivability most equipment, especially in the ability to provide a second attack. Clearly understand this, the Chinese sea, under the current forward deployment of nuclear deterrence.
China has built 096 nuclear submarines can carry 24 intercontinental
Currently, China’s new-level strategic submarine – Type 094 submarine has replaced its long-term problems of 092 first-generation ballistic missile submarine. Moreover, the 094 submarines may have to carry 12 JL-2 missile, which is China’s first intercontinental and sea-launched ballistic missiles with a range over 4000 miles. Now, China may have been deployed two or three Type 094 submarines, and another two to three under construction. In addition, China is building a ballistic missile submarines also –096 type, the submarine is expected to be able to carry up to 24 intercontinental ballistic missiles.
The article said that China is also developing its space-based nuclear force, which is among the most prominent upgraded B-6 “Badger” type of nuclear bombers. In addition, analysts believe, already have the ability to throw the Chinese nuclear gravity bombs for their fighters are ground attack cruise missile, the missile may carry both conventional warheads, and can carry nuclear warheads.
However, although these weapons have caused great concern, but one must also focus on these strategic weapons systems dependent on the policy environment. Currently, the U.S. security is on how to adapt to China’s new strategic nuclear weapons, the Beijing government on issues of nuclear policy debate – it is a pressing issue, because the PLA will be U.S. scholars often regarded as the most likely adversary.
article pointed out that China adhere to long-term policy of no first use of nuclear weapons, which means that the first nuclear weapons, China promised not to attack non-nuclear countries, nuclear-free zone, or China will not launch a nuclear war. However, the Beijing government is also pursuing a minimum nuclear deterrence policy, that is, if deterrence fails, then China will bear the other side of the first planned attack, and target “high-value target” (eg, population centers) rather than “military targets” (such as enemy nuclear forces) to retaliate.
The article said that China will continue to publicly support these policies, but foreign observers have questioned. Some observers believe the PLA, China has been secretly discussing nuclear policy, especially the new generation of security strategy scholars, they want to determine whether the failure to adapt to its predecessors is not the power level in China in the international status of the upgrade. Others speculated that China may be considering a new nuclear strategy to shift, and this new strategy, including pre-emptive first-strike capability – goal is to launch nuclear weapons at the enemy before destroying its nuclear forces.
lack of transparency in China’s nuclear force, and refused to discuss its nuclear forces, which makes the situation even more complex. Strategy tend to deny the People’s Liberation Army, the Pentagon and its reluctance to discuss the nuclear issue, is a manifestation of this. The article points out, the U.S. intelligence and policy community, China’s small nuclear force, the lack of transparency and lack of bilateral nuclear talks is a serious challenge. This is because China’s strategic theory, capabilities and intentions and other issues is still uncertain.
article pointed out that with the number of Chinese strategic nuclear forces, and other aspects of diversity and ability to enhance the U.S. nuclear forces are also in urgent need of modernization. Some experts said that if any country eager to achieve the U.S. “nuclear balance of power”, then this country is undoubtedly the world’s third largest nuclear powers – China. In fact, according to some independent body that, in view of the United States need to follow the new “Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty,” reduction of nuclear weapons, so if Beijing wants to, then it will in the near future as Washington’s nuclear rivals.
article concludes that the problem is that in the new “Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty,” the period of validity, whether the U.S. really consider China’s nuclear forces? If not, it is best to take some action immediately. Therefore, in considering the new “Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty,” the case, the Senate and the government must not ignore the development path of China’s nuclear forces and strategic policy direction to ensure that US-Russian arms control treaty will not undermine U.S. security.
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