My former ambassador to India to avoid insulting the other side national character: the printed reports
Policy Research, director of the former Department of State, former Chinese Ambassador to India, the Polish Ambassador Pei Yuanying
Editor’s Note: Recently, with the fourth BRIC summit held in New Delhi, India wearing a headscarf Singh again put India into the people’s attention. Recently, there are many topics on India, as India has become the world to buy the most weapons, was proposed, why the West enthusiastically participated in the “China threat theory” rather than “India threat theory” is a partiality for India ? Iran, India why another “normal” anti-close to the West, despite the threat of “sanctions”, continue to insist on oil imports from Iran, and opposed the U.S. sanctions against China? … This will not only close to each other with the West against Western diplomatic posture, in fact, behind the reflected India’s Foreign characteristics.
India’s foreign person as a “best of both worlds, smooth and slick, it can at the same time deal with Russia, Iran and Western countries, a good relationship. This is indeed regarded as “difficult” diplomatic routine. So, how to understand it this diplomatic strategy? India’s diplomacy is how to do “smooth and slick” and time-tested? Recently, the World Wide Web Comments Channel reporter an exclusive interview with the former Department of State Policy Research, director, former Chinese Ambassador to India, the Polish Ambassador Pei Yuanying his detailed analysis of the whole of India’s domestic and foreign affairs. Is launching a “Sino-Indian relations” part of the follow-up content will be published, so stay tuned!
India is still very serious distrust in China
World Wide Web: China and India are emerging powers, and the “BRIC” members of the the relationship gives the feeling is that most of the time, relatively stable, but also because a number of special factors arising from friction. It is said that the Sino-Indian border war had in the 1960s, and India have not been out of the shadow of defeat by the Chinese, how do you think this statement? Today, India’s foreign policy and attitudes is also being affected by the defeated then?
Pei Yuanying: Sino-Indian border conflict in the 1960s, we generally do not “war” word. The impact of that conflict, it should not dissipate it comes to today. Why? Due to different cognitive history, many Indians believe that caused by the border conflict, not India but China invaded and occupied the territory of India. My time in India, at a press conference, they asked, why China accounted reclaim back our territory?
now, prevent psychological India is still very prominent. What move they considered to be waging a war against India, China wants to take it back to southern Tibet. Even some military has nothing to do, he has such association, such as the Qinghai-Tibet railway extension to Nepal, they thought that this was preparation for war, another example, we repair the dam on the Yarlung Zangbo River, they thought that this could be used to blackmail India. They also believe that to engage in a “string of pearls” in its surrounding, is the so-called surrounded. Of course, it is such a mental state is bound to be reflected in the attitude towards China. Heavily on China worries, the distrust is very serious.
but at the same time, India’s lofty ideals, including some politicians, but also put forward some constructive views. 1988 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s visit to China, said, “a thing of the past, has passed, our generation has nothing to do with the war,” he was referring to the border conflict. We should start from scratch, a good development of relations. Knowledgeable Indian politician, regardless of the Sino-Indian what differences exist, the border issue and more difficult to resolve, and relations with China to maintain.
between China and India many problems, but there is no solution or prospects
World Wide Web: in India, in addition to territorial issues In addition, there is the issue of Tibet, Pakistan factors have long plagued the two countries, Moreover, the recent past, India in the South China Sea issue, often show some unfriendly move. How do you look at today’s Sino-Indian relations?
Pei Yuanying: between the Sino-Indian relations, the territorial issue, the issue of Tibet and Pakistan factors do exist, but it is not no solution or prospects. The territorial issue has already been said. Tibet, India has officially said that is part of Chinese territory. Now there is the Dalai Lama, the Indian government promised to not allow the Dalai clique to engage in anti-China activities on the territory of India, the problem is that the Indian side is not always able to fulfill this commitment, as long as India to seriously implement the promise, the problem is not difficult to resolve. Factors of Pakistan, China to develop friendly relations with Pakistan has always been a matter between China and Pakistan, India hard for it, makes little sense. India stressed that this is nothing more than the pressure in the Bashi Jia. In fact India all these years relations with Pakistan and also to gradually improve the situation in South Asia, Sino-Indian relations are favorable. As for the South China Sea, I think mainly the issue of China and relevant countries of the South China Sea, India ran over there to Vietnam, to drilling for oil, the economy is dynamic. It can get oil, Also, you can highlight the attitude of the great powers, and is not afraid of China. This would also help to pull the voters in the country. In fact, in India there is no substantive conflict in the region.
In general, all these years, you do not see a lot of problems of Sino-Indian relations, but the general trend is to move forward. Trade between China and India turn the well repeatedly, more high-level visits between the two countries, we also are members of the BRIC countries, climate change, similar views on many international issues such as the United Nations. In my opinion, the three consensus reached between China and India today to see Sino-Indian relations, should always remember that in recent years: First, China and India do not pose a threat; Second, both sides have in common far beyond the differences; Third, the border issue through consultation on an equal footing to seek a fair and reasonable solution acceptable to both sides. Pending a final settlement of the border issue and should not hinder the development of bilateral relations.
do not have too much emphasis on the Indian media’s anti-China remarks
World Wide Web: the attitude of the Government of India and the media, seems to be found, the Indian government anti-China voices relatively rare, but is more in the media. How do you view this phenomenon? Does this provide a new perspective for understanding India’s China policy? What advice would you have reported the Indian side?
Pei Yuanying: Indian media is anti-China voices, I analyzed articles unfriendly to China or India relations to the formation of the noise of the media, I consider the following situation:
first is the continuation of the Cold War mentality. That is, they think an incompatible relationship between China and India, can be used to “titans plot” state relations up, I have not you the status of India to improve and that China should be demoted down This is in fact a kind of Cold War thinking.
second, they are subject to the influence of Western media. India’s mainstream newspapers are in English, should be said that the Indian newspaper by Western newspaper industry is still relatively large, their newspaper article will intentionally or unintentionally to the author of the newspaper.
third, some people with ulterior motives. They intend to sow discord between the relationship between China and India, the reform package. However, there are a large number of people out to China do not understand, do not understand China’s policy, there are some people due to the historical complex, resulting in distrust of China, such as the border conflict. Of course there are purely commercial speculation.
The Government of India, the status of which it is different. The government does not need commercial speculation, do not blindly adhere to the Cold War mentality, not necessarily followed by the Western media to run it to consider, first of all diplomatic pattern, how to do beneficial to India. Even if China has views through the appropriate diplomatic language to express. Of course, the Government of India, sometimes intentionally through the media to put pressure on China to obtain the sympathy of the international community. More strategy than personally.
for the Indian media is keen to stir up the issue of Sino-Indian relations, I think, first, do not have too much attention, so as not to increase their price; in accordance with the principles of rational favorable, some of the outstanding remarks appropriate refuted, but at the same time, should also be some component article fine study, which found that the movements of India’s China policy; Third, it should strengthen exchanges and cooperation between the two media in order to deepen mutual understanding.
I think we should strengthen India reported, relatively few reports now, and there is eye for eye, tooth for a tooth is suspected. We reported to stand high, far-sighted, attention to objective, comprehensive, focusing on bilateral relations and the interests of both peoples, to avoid insulting each other’s national dignity and personality. (Interviews, organize Wang Jingtao)