Expert: China’s nuclear safety level of 50, lost more than 1 gram of material
<span class="img_descr Figure: China's first atomic bomb explosion scene
“I did 50 years of nuclear research and management, we have never Diuguo one gram of nuclear material, otherwise it is subject to legal sanctions This one alone, you know that China’s nuclear security is a level! “
Text/Outlook” Newsweek reporter Wen Quan
intern the Tingting
With the second session of the global nuclear security summit approaching, the issue of nuclear safety has become a hot topic in the international media attention.
will be March 26 to the theme of the summit held on the 27th in Seoul, South Korea, “the security of nuclear materials and facilities”. Former Secretary-General of the China National Nuclear Corporation CST Guobin pointed out that the summit theme will be the same strain with the first nuclear summit held in Washington two years ago, just more focused on the security of nuclear material and nuclear facilities, which is the nuclear safety the core problem.
Chinese President Hu Jintao and the leaders or representatives of more than 50 countries, as well as the leaders of the United Nations, the International Atomic Energy Agency and other international institutions attended the summit in Seoul. Qu Xing, director of China Institute of International commented that in contemporary diplomacy is more and more the master of the nuclear safety issues in international affairs. The
, one gram is not lost, a lot of “
March 22, Guobin told” Outlook “Newsweek reporter, as early as 1987 The State Council, which released the People’s Republic of China on Nuclear Material Control Ordinance “, and later developed the” implementation details “, explicitly provides for implementing a licensing system for nuclear materials.
Guobin stressed almost to the degree of “step license” China’s nuclear materials and facilities management. He has systematically analyze the current involved in nuclear administrative license up to 73.
China Institute of Atomic Energy release of the deputy director Liu Daming explained that the regulations enacted in the 1980s, the nuclear material, because prior to China’s nuclear industry system to the military, to the reform and opening up, The nuclear industry, especially in the field of nuclear power with international standards, the absorption of foreign advanced management experience, especially in the advanced experience of the IAEA in nuclear materials management.
“It also makes the laws and regulations of China’s nuclear safety system has the ‘advantage’. Researcher at the China National Nuclear Corporation Zhu Xu Hui further pointed out that the Chinese nuclear safety regulations to develop later in the United States, many the standard more stringent than U.S..
specific measures in the security of nuclear material and nuclear facilities, Zhu Xu Hui told the correspondents: “The main purpose of the three: physical protection, accounting and control, development of new technologies.”
the physical protection of nuclear material security implementation by the armed police, Zhu Xu-hui said that such a high level of security in the world is also a minority. “I’ve done for so many years of research and management, nuclear material on which did not know it.”accountancy and control, the China special nuclear material control office, responsible for the national the management of nuclear material, nuclear material balance, the establishment of a national facility-level nuclear material accountancy and control system.
Click here system, all nuclear facilities in the production process is divided into a number of material balance areas, nuclear material went to a certain period, the establishment of the necessary monitoring points, to account for detection data from the previous process to The next process delivery, oversight reports, and integrate the inventory of nuclear material change report, should be regularly reported to the appropriate department in charge of. If the errors to the generation of error evaluation, analysis.
count after such a balance and control of nuclear material details of the accounts is very clear. “Guobin said.
He pointed out that the development of nuclear industry for over 50 years of China’s major nuclear material can be “one gram lost a lot of” From the point of view, it can be said.
face the question of the number of foreign counterparts on security, nuclear materials and nuclear facilities, Zhu Xu Hui often say one sentence: “I did 50 years of nuclear research and management, we never Diuguo to a g nuclear material, or be subject to legal sanctions alone this one, you know China’s nuclear security is a level! “
in the development of new technologies, have established national Nuclear Security Technology Center. Zhu Xu Hui said that China already has the technical capabilities of highly enriched uranium research reactors to low enriched transformation, and the future construction and export of all reactor are low enriched. This is one of the most important contribution to our country on the world nuclear safety.
Zhu Xu Hui recently visited the Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, security system, multiple authentication, identification and other advanced technology and equipment used there, left a very deep impression.
expert describes the outside, with the exception of Radioactive Pollution Prevention Act, the Chinese government has unveiled a series of administrative rules and regulations of the civilian nuclear facilities safety supervision and management regulations “Nuclear Material Control Ordinance, to regulate The security of nuclear materials storage, transport and use.
lay a solid legal basis for
experts interviewed pointed out that China is a permanent member of the UN Security Council, an important responsibility in promoting international nuclear safety. As a responsible big country, China has always strictly fulfill its international obligations, in close coordination with national and international organizations to jointly promote the safe development of nuclear energy.
since the Washington Summit, China to strengthen its nuclear security capacity-building in a lot of work to further reinforce the legal basis of the nuclear security, and promote the construction of domestic and international nuclear security regulations and standards system.
Liu Daming, China is a party to the Nuclear Safety Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention in the nuclear safety aspects of basic safety standards published by the International Atomic Energy Agency to do with international standards. “As long as the international implementation of the new regulations and standards of nuclear safety regulations and standards will be adaptive changes accordingly.”
He said the Chinese government explicitly proposed to ensure safety on the basis of efficient development of nuclear power. ” Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan occurred last year, China is not only a systematic review to assess the safe operation of nuclear power, but also a comprehensive assessment of the security status of nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities.
Liu Daming, China has established a relatively complete nuclear safety regulations and the regulatory system, to take effective measures to ensure the safety of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities, the implementation of strict export controls and cracking down on illegal trafficking of nuclear materials.
He said China supports and strictly fulfilled the International Convention of the existing field of nuclear safety and the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council.
2008, the National People’s Congress approved the amendment of the Convention on the Physical Protection of “nuclear material, China is the second of the five nuclear-weapon States to ratify the amendment. In 2011, China has actively participated in the International Atomic Energy Agency nuclear security action plan consultations and published their views.
In addition, China has built a comprehensive nuclear-related laws and regulations system, yet the absence of the Atomic Energy Act has also been included in the legislation plan of the State Council. The security of nuclear materials and facilities is one of the legislative work has already started a year and is still in continuing to investigate the research stage. “Guobin is one of the experts to the drafting group.the
the past two years, Qu Xing also observed to China’s tremendous progress in nuclear safety, he told them familiar: “nuclear safety standards improve, the only approved three generations of nuclear power plant, the second generation of enhanced is not granted; Second, nuclear safety regulators expanded from 300 to 1000; Third, the National Nuclear Security Administration to expand by one division into three divisions; start the legislative work of the Atomic Energy Act and other laws and regulations; Fifth, the Nuclear Safety cultural construction progress. “
nuclear safety” global governance “
experts said, China to strengthen international cooperation in nuclear safety, as well as on a global scale to improve nuclear level of safety has always held a positive attitude.
in October 2011, China National Atomic Energy Agency International Atomic Energy Agency signed a co-operative arrangements for the construction of nuclear power plant safety, intends to rely on China’s first nuclear power plant construction international training center “in China in the past decades accumulated in the field of nuclear power construction experience and knowledge with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) member states share.
Liu Daming, the areas of bilateral cooperation, cooperation between China and the United States is actively implementing the established Sino-US summit in Washington nuclear safety demonstration center project. At present, the center of the building in an orderly way. The center mainly for developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region to carry out personnel training.
to him, China and the United States in terms of “low enriched research reactor fuel also carried out active cooperation. China and the United States has signed a cooperation agreement, implementation of the “low concentration” of the transformation of one of China’s scientific research using a micro-reactor.
According to reports, in response to the rising loss of nuclear material worldwide and the illegal trafficking of risk, China and the United States also carried out in cooperation of a very large port projects, import and export of container to detect, prevent nuclear materials to non- normal export declaration channels are exported to foreign countries.
in the physical protection of nuclear materials and facilities, China vigorously carry out bilateral and multilateral international cooperation. The peaceful use of nuclear energy cooperation agreement signed by China with other countries, without exception, require the transfer of nuclear material under the appropriate physical protection as a necessary condition for nuclear cooperation between the countries.
In addition, China also cooperate with the United States and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), nuclear security aspects of the training courses held in China. Since April 2010, organized a total of nearly 20 training courses and seminars of various levels of training nuclear security of more than 500 employees, including training for more than a dozen countries in the Asia-Pacific region and nearly 100 nuclear security practitioners.
Liu Daming told reporters: “We have carried out a lot of cooperation and exchange, the topic covers how to establish the atmosphere of nuclear An Baowen, analysis of threats to which the social reality, and what measures should be taken in order to guard against the threat of.”
“nuclear safety culture,” a new title
in February this year, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of nuclear and radiation safety regulatory Secretary, Nuclear Security Administration to monitor the II Division Wang Zhongtang published articles in the media “to strengthen nuclear safety supervision to ensure the safety of nuclear power development,” mentioned in the text will adhere to and the development of a “serious, rigorous, questioned the conservative” nuclear safety culture, this song star has left a very deep impression.
Liu Daming said, comes from nuclear An Baowen of nuclear safety culture, nuclear An Baowen is the practice of nuclear security in recent years a new concept. Its meaning is to make people fully aware of the real threat of nuclear terrorism, and recognize the importance of nuclear security work on economic development, national security, social stability of, thereby enhancing awareness of the public to consciously support and maintenance of the nuclear security system.
According to reports, the nuclear An Baowen of general education and publicity on a level, its elements, including legislative and regulatory system, information and intelligence analysis, understanding and assessment of the threat to the maintenance of nuclear material and nuclear physical protection of investment in the necessary human and financial support, content review and regular training of employees and the establishment of information security system and the development of quality control plan. Therefore, to build a nuclear An Baowen is the maintenance of effective measures of national and corporate nuclear safety assurance system.
experts pointed out that nuclear An Baowen of the past, but did not put forward this concept. In the 1990s, the East-West Cold War ended, the collapse of the Soviet Union, more powerful, the loss of nuclear material and nuclear An Baowen, to improve nuclear security awareness, and gradually become the consensus of the international community.
Zhu Xu Hui told the correspondents, on the security of radioactive sources, nuclear safety culture is very prominent. “This is closely related to the relatively closed and the nuclear industry and the contradictions in recent years, the media information fluency.”
He pointed out that sometimes, the impact of this information asymmetry is very large. July 17, 2009, Kaifeng City, Henan Province Qi County of occurrence of a million people in The Great Escape “, causes rumors Qixian the event of a nuclear leak. In fact, only a nuclear irradiation facility has been irradiated items high temperature smoke will not have a living impact.
Zhu Xu Hui said: “We should learn from such incidents, strengthen the propaganda of the nuclear safety culture.”
Liu Daming further pointed out that the majority of the public feel the mysterious nuclear field . In the past when it comes to radioactive substances, nuclear, and hook to hang with the atomic bomb. In fact, application of nuclear technology, the application of radioactive everywhere in our real life, including medical, food irradiation, nuclear applications, everything with our close ties. Only sometimes we did not realize this.
(this) should be accurate public opinion to guide some accident we do not want to happen, but the event is not no way, is there a way to do emergency work, “he said,” should be popularity of public knowledge, eliminate misunderstanding and fear. some of the problems of the transparent to the public and transparent, but should be well. “