Dismantling scaffolding: 13 054 new nursing completion of shock debut
from 07 began, the Chinese Navy building called the Type 054A frigate, the ship is developed on a 054-type hull, the most prominent is equipped with 32 units of vertical launch air defense missiles, the ship speed construction speed in Hudong Shipyard and Guangzhou shipyard construction, many people think this type of frigate has great significance for the development of the Chinese Navy, and some even think that this will mark the era of China Navy. On the above points I talk about my personal views.the
a. Type 054 frigate construction background performance
054A-type frigate developed its own generation guided missile frigate, the displacement of the class frigates between 3500-4000 tons, but also that the full load may reach 4500 tons. The class frigates with stealth design philosophy hull than the 053-class escort before a major breakthrough in the use of advanced Western popular integrated design, focusing on simplicity and overall sense. Ship of the class still inherit the style of a Russian ship manufacturing, there is reason to believe that ship Development of the Russian technical assistance. Stealth, more in line with Western design philosophy. The level of the ship’s construction did not like the Type 052C built only two stagnation, showing the ship’s technology and manufacturing processes are mature. Thus be a large-scale construction, but also illustrates the construction of the frigate, not a major breakthrough, the frigate replacement is imminent. At the same time low cost, cost is also rapidly built. The 21st century, the world’s navies have been major changes, mainly due to the service of the four generations of machines, making people pay more attention to the ship’s air defense requirements. The world commonly used by the Aegis system is equipped with the frigate, in a medium-sized frigate medium Unai anti-aircraft missiles. The equipment on the Type 054A frigate HHQ16 medium-range air defense missile vertical launching system naturally became the focus of attention of the outside world. The level of the ship is equipped with 32 air defense missile unit. For specific performance of the missile did not know, but there are reports that it may be an effective range of 1.5-19 km, the effective shooting 10-6000 m, the maximum flight speed of up to 2.8M (850 m/s) missiles. It is responsible for fleet air defense system in the short-range air defense mission. Another study suggests that 054A on HHQ16 is a medium-range air defense missiles, but more recent low-altitude missile interception. Power plant using high-speed diesel engine, maximum speed of 27. Life is estimated at about 5000 sea miles. 76 guns and a nearly 730 Artillery two, four even installed C802/C803 two main weapons are available, and even installed two anti-submarine torpedoes, the card 28 helicopters a. HQ16 can intercept four aerial targets to provide an excellent self-defense air defense capability for the ship, change the old face of low frigate air defense capability of China. Undeniably, 054A on equipment similar to 052C as large phased array radar, thus 054A electronic systems and operational command system is not advanced, and therefore, 054A while Unai, but do not have the regional air defense capability, the time needed to perform combat missions and frigate with high and low before they have a certain area air defense capability. At the same time limit due to the hull itself, the anti-wave to be improved.the
two. Asian country’s naval planning
some studies show that the first half of the 21st century, Asia will replace Europe as the world development of the Navy’s fastest places. To the mid-21st century, the region will be printed on Japan and South Korea four naval power. These countries have put forward their ambitious naval planning.
South Korean KDX-2 destroyer
South Korea in 2020, the Navy planning proposed aircraft carrier (KCVX) program Dokdo level (DODKOCLASS), the LP-X amphibious assault ship (light carrier) King Sejong-class KDX-III (the AHN YONG-BOKCLASS) guided missile destroyer Yi Sun-sin class (Chungmugong Yi, the Sun-shinCLASS) KDX- II missile destroyer FFX frigates program SSX Korean nuclear-powered attack submarine program of KSS-III class submarines Sun Yuan a (Sohn, Won-ilclass the HDW Type214) conventionally powered submarines of the KSS-II program. The planning in Asian countries is the most systemic. Once the plan is completed, the South Korean Navy is likely to surpass Japan in the world.
Japan plan accordingly, including the carrier program, amphibious assault ships to the level scheme, four love Aegis program, universal destroyer plan, made the AIP submarine program. Can be predicted that in 2020, the Japanese Navy will be more powerful, may be out of Asia, and cruising the waters in the world.
Indian Navy plans to include three medium aircraft carrier program, as well as the Aegis destroyer program, and Taer Wa-class frigate program, also including the attack submarine program, and conventional AIP ships plan. In these countries, India’s plan is the most ambitious, and it is clear to their positioning, is the third in the world, but his defense industry makes this newspaper have great doubts.the
three. 054A comparison with the same type of ship in Asia
more than three countries, we can find considerable ships and 054A. Including the high wave-class destroyers in Japan, South Korea’s KDX-II destroyer, and India Taer Wa-class frigates.
Japanese high wave level
The first is the high wave level, the class frigates among these types of service the first construction of a maximum displacement of the highest, reaching more than 6000 tons. However, due to the class frigates built earlier, so I did not give much thought to stealth, air and missile defense for the Sea Sparrow, belonging to the process of anti-aircraft missiles. As the ship displacement, stability and endurance are considered best. The ship can launch Tomahawk missiles, with considerable land attack capability. Ship operational parameters are first-class, relatively sound.
followed KDX-II missile destroyer class ship displacement of 5000 tons, equipped with 32 and the keeper of the standard two anti-aircraft missiles near defense systems, air defense capability is first class, are better than any other class ships. Life is 4000 nautical miles is not very far, it is difficult for offshore operations. The ship is also more emphasis on anti-submarine capability, stealth ability is first-class combat capability should be in the high wave level above. Has been the construction of six.
again Taer Wa-class frigate, the ship just to service a displacement of 4500 tons, less than type 2, the ship developed by the assistance of Russia, has a strong Russian style. The ship also uses stealth design, but not more obvious, while anti-ship missile in the ship’s vertical launch, which is the most potential, but his anti-aircraft missiles did not Unai, makes it difficult to act as a carrier escort vessels . The ship’s life is these types of ship weak, in short, the ship’s developed some trade-off, top-heavy.
India Taer Wa-class frigate
comprehensive comparison of the overall combat capability on the KDX-II missile destroyer combat capability of the strongest, of course, is the most expensive, high wave and 054A have their own strengths, Ta Erwa level abated a little. However, due to the Type 054A is purely domestic, technically own intellectual property rights and low cost (less than $ 200,000,000). Thus is the highest price.the
four. 54A for the significance of China’s Navy
no doubt that the Type 054A frigate in the development of the Chinese Navy has a milestone significance, he is breakthrough of China’s naval escort vessels, would make the upgrading of our frigates to accelerate China’s navy to enter the stealth era, is also very fight extent stimulated the naval defense industry, he has a strong air defense and anti-submarine capability in the very fight the degree of change in China’s naval air defense and anti-submarine capability deficiencies. China’s coastal defense more solid. We also should see the Type 054A frigate, after all, belong to the escort ships in the very fight extent is not a substitute destroyer implementation of ocean-going operational tasks. The positioning of the frigate is used for Fleet escort offshore defense, and counterattack, he does not have long-range interception, ground attack and long-range anti-ship capacity, so this is we want a clear understanding of.
054A-type frigate for the development of the Chinese Navy has great significance for the development of ocean-going navy or the development of large destroyers, cruisers, amphibious assault ships and even aircraft carriers. Of course, the Chinese Navy in the path of development of ocean-going navy, first solve the problem of offshore defense, we are a peaceful country, but also not eager to seek hegemony. I believe the successful development of the 054A frigate will certainly stimulate the development of other naval vessels to a large extent, its success technology is also bound to play an active role in the construction of large main ships.
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