Chinese comic meter lure the Big Four technology
Germany, France, and Japan has more mature wheel-rail technology technical strengths and weaknesses are similar in construction costs, operating costs, traffic and speed; braking systems, power systems, compartments technology, automatic control system for the four core technology nearly as much. Generally accepted: the French TGV technology is more advanced; German ICE technology drive some of the more advanced; operational experience and management of Japan’s Shinkansen is more mature.
from the Chinese perspective, the most critical is the transfer of technology, who can be more effective and thorough transfer of technology will come to more market share.
China display a chain of dollars to lure the four giant transfer of key technologies
in September 2009, the second tender of the Ministry of Railways, the 350 km speed class EMU, a total of 110 billion, CSR Group more than 70% of the orders. Six months ago, the first tender, CNR, alone received 39.2 billion in orders.
one of only two motorcycle manufacturing enterprises in China is the CSR and CNR, specific to the EMU manufacturing enterprises only four family, namely, the Changchun Passenger’s CNR Tangshan bus and Southern car’s four locomotives, as well as CSR and Bombardier’s joint venture company BSP.
in the Chinese market, Alstom was the first big piece of cake tasted the high-speed rail multinational companies. In 2004, the first 200 kilometers per hour in high-speed wheel-rail train procurement tenders, the biggest winner is the Alstom, which won 620 million euros single. Bombardier, Kawasaki Heavy Industries has also enjoyed some success, Siemens and gain some advantages, though technically, but because of the prototype car prices, and technology transfer costs are too high and crop failure.
the Ministry of Railways, deputy chief engineer of the Secretary for Transport Zhang Shuguang has publicly said then the dynamic ‘three must be’ EMU in the tender documents: First, the foreign key technologies must transfer price must be preferential, must use a Chinese brand.
technology transfer is one of the most critical factor, Alstom was to make the right interpretation, the key of the seven high-speed train technology transfer to the Chinese manufacturers. “This is a very simple business decision,” Chen Chien, president of Alstom Transport, told reporters that since the Government said that technology transfer is a prerequisite to enter the market, foreign companies naturally need to comply with it.the
that 200 km EMU tenders, Alstom and CNR Group under the CNR (Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd.) jointly for the Chinese and with the construction of 60 EMUs. Under the contract, Alstom provides three complete prototype vehicle (Italy assembly) and six removable kind of car (as a loose delivery by the Chinese side is responsible for assembly), the remaining 51 assembled in China, the domestic parts to 65%.
so the outcome of the negotiations, although Alstom only spent two months with long-off to reach, but since the actual operation came very easy. This is the first contact both sides to the negotiating table sat three call people in France, Italy, China, Alstom and the long-off of two different corporate culture, coupled with a lot of goods from Europe to China, period of time Pur think of the logistics, like a nightmare.
in December 2006, the first production by Alstom C RH5 (five type EMU) from Italy on board destined for China, the spring of 2007, the first group CRH5 production by Chinese factory. In July 2009, Changchun Railway Vehicles orders of the Ministry of Railways 30 8 grouping CRH5A type EMU.the
Düsseldorf’s Business Daily said, although the Shinkansen’s finalists , but it faces competition in the French TGV and German ICE, winner of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail is hard to say, the Shinkansen also has a long way to go. “Daily” reported that China is a rapidly developing country, they are most willing to fierce competition by Western and Japanese manufacturers, with the least time and least cost to get the world’s most advanced technology. Therefore, since the Chinese people in the five railway Shinkansen, TGV and ICE is more hope to win the Beijing-Shanghai line.The
Hamburg, Financial Times, described in the flock to the Chinese market when Siemens CEO von Pierre lost very. Feng Pierre had just been to China three months ago, when he promised that any business will not miss the rapid growth of China, the scale of the Siemens Group in China is expected to double by 2009. Siemens The drop marked the first time in the Siemens expansion process. Not the ICE, but Japan’s Shinkansen has made an important breakthrough. This is not just the loss of von Pierre, Germany’s largest “general manager” Schroeder may be even more disappointed. This is already a blow to the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail to give up the maglev. Beijing also did not explain why the denial of German technology. Maglev in Germany Dusseldorf airport, the German railway company executives are using III-generation ICE plum winter will be very angry. Maybe Simons should work harder.
last Siemens is excluded. Subsequently, Siemens shares plunged, the president resign, a member of the negotiating team in China have all been dismissed. In 2005, Siemens miscues and return to China to participate in EMU in the Ministry of Railways, the second round of 300 kilometers per hour or more bids. China given the more stringent conditions, and finally Siemens fully accepted China’s technology transfer programs and the price of the program, and Tangshan Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. to cooperate.
and Siemens took a plunge after that high-speed railway bidding quickly adjust the strategy through the transfer to China for the assembly, body, bogie, traction, traction transformers, traction motors, traction control, train networks and the braking system of nine key technologies, access to 60 high-speed trains to China , the value of the order of 669 million euros.
the past 60 trains only three produced by Siemens, the other from the north Tangshan Rolling Stock Plant in the Group of car manufacturing.
2003 years, Alstom had trouble even apply to the court for bankruptcy protection A year later, China’s high-speed rail order to help it back to life; able to fulfill the given task, a few years ago for the transport sector of Siemens not unusual, high-speed railway construction boom now set off it fame.
compared with its competitors, Alstom, without reservation, the transfer of core technology. Siemens is more conservative in this regard. China’s high-speed rail on the market nearly two years of development of Siemens is the most powerful, the fact is all of 350 kilometers per hour of the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail EMU are CNR and Siemens to develop CRH3 type.
, according to the news of Japan’s Kyodo, the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Minister is a visit to China, but official The message displays the main topic of travel. Previously, Siemens won a huge order of 60 300 km per hour high-speed trains for China. Japan’s Kyodo news agency in this regard that the export of Japanese Shinkansen vehicles, signaling systems, operation and management the opportunity to completely increasingly slim, but still spoke highly of Japan’s Shinkansen technology, may require further technology transfer.
in October 2004, Kawasaki Heavy Industries on behalf of the Japanese companies of the Commonwealth “and the Chinese Ministry of Railways signed export of railway vehicles, transfer of technology contract. Japan’s Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the Chinese side order of $ 60 200 kilometers per hour level, high-speed EMU, the total value of 9.3 billion yuan. In accordance with the contract required a number of key technology transfer to China. Of these, three completed in Japan, and complete delivery; another six delivered by the Chinese side is responsible for assembly of parts in the form; the remaining 51 will be through technology transfer, built by the Sifang Rolling Stock Plant, some high-tech components are still used imported products.
China plans 45 billion yuan to purchase 140 high-speed rail locomotive allegedly
China Economic Net, October 27 (Wang), Japan’s Kyodo News reported that the Chinese Ministry of Railways has decided to buy from Japan’s Kawasaki Heavy Industries (Kawasaki, HeavyIndustriesLtd.) to provide technical support 140 high-speed locomotives, high-speed locomotives run up to 350 kilometers per hour, will be used for the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway and Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed railway line.
Kyodo News reports said the Chinese Ministry of Railways and China South Locomotive (4.68, -0.09, -1.89%) Quartet Locomotive Corporation (Nanche SifangLocomotive) to finalize the amount of the contract, the total amount of up to 45 billion yuan (604 billion yen). CSR Sifang Locomotive Co., Ltd. is Japan’s Kawasaki Heavy Industries in China partner, is also the only company authorized by the Kawasaki Heavy Industries production company of the KHI high-speed locomotive.
Kyodo News reported that China Ministry of Railways procurement of this part of the High Speed ??Rail Train Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Hayate high-speed locomotive technology, This locomotive is currently running on the Tohoku Shinkansen Line in Shinjuku to clear Sen (at Tohoku-Shinkansen,). This part of the high-speed locomotive, some parts such as engines, brakes, etc. from imported from Japan, some Japanese companies will also benefit because of the amount of the contract.
introduction of technology
Railway EMU since 2004, open tender, the localization of the path of the high-speed rail reflected more fully. June 17, 2004, the “People’s Railway and the China Procurement and Bidding at the same time issued a tender notice: the People’s Republic of China Ministry of Railways to be purchased 200 kilometers per hour rail EMUs, for a total of 10 bags of 200. The announcement clearly Bidding Company and the qualifications of bidders, the tender subject of domestic enterprises, but it must obtain the support of advanced foreign technology.
the world to master design and manufacturing technologies in mature high-speed EMU business is Siemens, Germany French Alstom, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Japan and Canada, Bombardier, etc., a few have a joint venture company in China, so all hope that the joint venture as the main tender. The Ministry of Railways has expressly rejected this, insisting that the Chinese enterprises in the direction of a comprehensive transfer of technology, domestic enterprises to master the core technology, and ultimately localization.the
originally Chinese Ministry of Railways 700 Series and 800 Series technology vehicle manufacturing (day vehicles), and Hitachi to negotiate, but Japanese cars and Hitachi that refusal to the sale of vehicles and technology transfer to China. China subsequently offered to the Kawasaki Heavy Industries to negotiate, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, sales are not as expected, they sell three groups E2 lines and their vehicles to China. Kawasaki Heavy Industries Shinkansen technology sales to China initially still opposed by the JR East Japan, Japanese cars and Hitachi after round of negotiations, Kawasaki Heavy Industries in the case of Japanese companies have no objection to sell E2 Department vehicles and transfer of technology to China. At that time, the voice of a boycott of Japanese EMU on domestic websites. If the exclusion of Japanese suppliers, the bidding will be significantly weakened, is not conducive to safeguarding national interests. The guidance of the Ministry of Railways and the national authorities have done a lot of work to ensure a tender according to plan.
the German company Siemens, “Wei Laluo 350 kilometers per hour EMU is the world’s railway business operations the highest speed, the power of a mature high-speed train, Siemens seems to over-emphasis on non-economic factors, Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., to open a “high price”: 350 million yuan of each column of a prototype car prices technology transfer fee of up to 390 million euros, equivalent to 3.9 billion yuan. In addition, they do not respond to the bids at up to 50.
last Siemens is excluded. Subsequently, Siemens shares plunged, the president resign, a member of the negotiating team in China have all been dismissed. In 2005, Siemens miscues back to China to participate in the bidding of the EMU in the Ministry of Railways, the second round of more than 300 kilometers per hour. China given the more stringent conditions, and finally Siemens fully accepted China’s technology transfer programs and the price of the program, and Tangshan Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. to cooperate.
the tender, high-speed rail train at the same time the introduction of four advanced technology, which laid the foundation for future domestic road.
in October 2004, Kawasaki Heavy Industries on behalf of the Japanese companies of the Commonwealth “and the Chinese Ministry of Railways signed the export of railway vehicles, transfer of technology contract. Japan’s Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the Chinese side order of $ 60 200 kilometers per hour level, high-speed EMU, the total value of 9.3 billion yuan. In accordance with the contract required a number of key technology transfer to China. Of these, three completed in Japan, and complete delivery; another six delivered by the Chinese side is responsible for assembly of parts in the form; the remaining 51 will be through technology transfer, built by the Sifang Rolling Stock Plant, some high-tech components are still used imported products.the
in August 2005, the Ministry of Railways south car Quartet, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Electric Zhuzhou by Zhuzhou CSR Electrical and Shijiazhuang Derek transport equipment, the six-party signed a technology transfer contract for 51 CRH2A type EMU mechanical and electrical products. The first column of EMU, March 1, 2006 shipment from the Port of Kobe arrived in Qingdao, China, March 8. In Jiaoji put into trial operation since January 24, 2007. Exports to China train and did not hold factory ceremony, received reports of vehicles is very low key.
earliest localization of the EMU is based on the introduction of 200 kilometers per hour train to further build their own platform, Qingdao Quartet – Bombardier – Bauer rail transport Equipment Co., Ltd. (referred to as BSP Company) production of CRH1 in Beijing, Shenyang, Beijing to Jinan on the old railway.
based on publicly available information, Chinese high-speed rail locomotives are mainly four kinds of models: CRH1, CRH2 , CRH3 and CRH5. CRH2 is the joint manufacturing of CSR quadrilateral Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Foundation, Japan’s Shinkansen technology. CRH3 from the joint Siemens, Tangshan Locomotive Works produced using German technology. CRH5 by the Changchun Passenger Car Plant France ALSTOM production. CRH1, CRH2, CRH5 the design speed of 200 km or more, while CRH3 design speed of 300 km or more.
China’s high-speed train now has three platforms. First-class platform for the speed of 200 km, the platform includes a series of high-speed train model of the speed of 200-250 km; second-class platform for the speed of 300 km, which covers a speed of 300-350 km series models of high-speed train, Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway to belong to this platform segment; third-class platform in more than 350 kilometers per hour, the maximum operating speed of this platform for the train reached 380 km, from continuing operations reached 350 kilometers per hour. First, two kinds of platforms in the introduction, digestion, absorption and re-innovation on the basis of the formation. The third platform is the Chinese are building. Various types of train three platforms can be used for export of specific export of which a platform which trains, depending on customer needs.