U.S. media said the Chinese ship-borne air power surge in demand for the success of management decisions
2011 年 12 月 29 at the Geneva good picture frame to return to port (for the stubborn figure of the Chinese people)
According to the U.S.,” Jamestown Foundation “Web site on January 6 Journal article said that China’s naval modernization is the most significant sign of the aircraft carrier project development. China aircraft carrier project development process has gone through several decades of years, but due to financial, technological, political and strategic constraints, the development of China’s aircraft carrier project has been slow.
2005 April, 1998, China purchased the “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier to be dragged into a dry dock in Dalian, after it received a full conversion. The next few years, a large number of circulating the Internet about the carrier’s photos. August 2011, “Varyag” was for the first sea trial, at the same time, the Chinese government more open to talking about the interest of the carrier. Navy Commander Wu Shengli, Defense Minister Liang and both have issued a statement on the development of aircraft carriers. According to the article, carrier-based aircraft carrier project has in itself of equal importance with the carrier, so this carrier-based air forces of China’s development and the problems faced by in-depth analysis.
fixed-wing carrier-based aircraft development
U.S. media said China’s first aircraft carrier converted upgrade, while also developing the corresponding carrier-based aircraft J -15. The carrier-based aircraft independently developed by China and learn from Russia’s Su-33D’s many technologies. Currently, Russia’s only aircraft carrier on deployment of Su-33D aircraft carrier, the Chinese Navy will have at least one regiment of Su-30MK2 and a group of F-11B.
2006 In October, Russian media reported that China and Russia in talks to buy 12-50 Su-33D carrier-based aircraft things. However, Russian media again in March 2009 said that as the number of countries there are differences in the purchase, negotiations stalled. In addition, Moscow is also concerned that China might imitate the fighters, because China is only guaranteed to buy 2-14 Su-33 fighters. Before that, China has been without Russian permission, to manufacture “Flanker” fighter variant J-11B fighter, which further aggravated Moscow’s concerns. As the Su-33 fighter purchase negotiations failed, China is using the J-11B production experience to produce their own carrier “Flanker.” Online It is said that this aircraft (J-15) of the first prototype on August 31, 2009 for the first flight, and in the May 6, 2010 Ski Jump successful take-off on land; but These messages have not been confirmed.
recently, the Internet spread in flight photos of J-15, including at least one painting a popular Chinese Navy Navy gray. In addition, there are on-line J-15 flight video. Although the J-15 is the Su-33 may be generic, but it is believed it, and J-11B uses the same radar, avionics and weapons systems.
the development of ship-borne helicopters
U.S. media said, in addition to carrier-based fighter, the Chinese navy also needs to develop carrier-based helicopters. Chinese aircraft carrier may be used to perform anti-submarine equipment, search and rescue and airborne early warning helicopters, and other tasks, but also equipped with general-purpose helicopter. China’s current helicopter force is difficult to meet the needs of the Chinese navy, so the helicopter will be the Chinese navy strong enough short-term face a major challenge.
The Chinese Navy has 35 distribution of organic libraries, and can take off and land the helicopter frigates and destroyers. In addition, the “Sai” was training ship, two amphibious landing ship 071, 920 clinics and three of the most modern offshore supply ship also built a helicopter landing facilities. Chinese navy has about 35-40 helicopters, of which 20-25 for the Russian-made Z-9 and Ka-28, which are mainly implementation of early warning and search and rescue mission. These aircraft can take off and land on the frigates and destroyers. In addition, the Chinese navy may have about 15 Z-8 medium helicopter, the helicopter landing ship from the 071 and 920 medical ships and other large ships take off and land.
with the Chinese navy ships to the increasing number of helicopters taking off and landing, the helicopter shortage will become more prominent. In addition to 071-type landing craft, the media said that China is planning to build 081 helicopter assault ship, the ship’s size and capacity similar to the French Mistral class (Mistral) amphibious assault ship, about the U.S. Navy “wasp” class assault ship the half. China’s most advanced frigates and destroyers (“Jiang Kai-II” missile frigate “Ocean Journey-II” missile destroyers) are equipped with helicopter landing facilities, and China is not using them to replace those helicopters taking off and landing ships.
U.S. media said, due to the insufficient number of helicopters, the Chinese Navy needs to introduce a large number of helicopters. The short term, China could through the purchase of Russian Ka-28 helicopters and self-made Z-9 and Z-8 helicopters to solve the problem. But this is not the final solution. Z-9 as small and limited physical ability, and Z-8 engine used by another problem. One possible solution is the production of Z-15 military models. This is a co-production between China and Eurocopter’s EC-175 variant. However, commercial aircraft models until 2012 is expected to achieve production. Therefore, the military model in recent years is unlikely. Moreover, in addition to obtain a new helicopter, the organization, training and equipment also requires a considerable amount of time.
U.S. media said, in addition to direct early warning and search and rescue helicopters, China’s first aircraft carrier may also be required to carry out electronic warfare helicopters. Because of large fixed-wing electronic warfare aircraft (such as the U.S. Navy E-2C) is difficult to hop from sliding off the deck. British Royal Navy, Indian Navy and Russian Navy aircraft carrier (use the Ski Jump deck) are equipped with electronic warfare helicopters to replace the fixed-wing electronic warfare aircraft. According to Russian media reports on the network, China is receiving nine Russian Ka-31 helicopters, electronic warfare, and online photo restrictions, China has deployed to carry out electronic warfare Z-8 prototype. Currently, it is unclear what the helicopter will become China’s main electronic warfare helicopter carrier, but is likely to be made such as Z-15 helicopter. However, the ability of electronic warfare helicopters, far less than the E-2C “Hawkeye” and other fixed-wing electronic warfare aircraft.
U.S. media said China aircraft carrier project final challenge is to train pilots. The information in this regard is very little, thus triggering a large number of people guessing. Among them, the biggest question with the Dalian Naval Academy recruit the carrier-based pilots. September 5, 2005 issue of the “Liberation Army Daily” published a paper entitled “Flight Dalian Naval Academy for the first time to recruit students,” the report, the report said, the college recruited 50 pilots, these pilots will receive four years of carrier-based flight education. Since then, people think this is the first carrier to train Chinese pilots.
U.S. media said, although this report exciting, but it is unlikely that the fixed-wing pilot training. First, the Chinese media often referred to as carrier-based aircraft carrier-based helicopters, so sure that this report is not carrier-based aircraft pilot training. Second, the Dalian Naval Academy, and not have a pilot training program. The initial stage of China’s naval pilot training are generally located in Yantai aeronautical engineering college or university is located in Jilin, Jilin air borne. After the pilots will be flying at Huludao Naval Academy or the Air Force Academy for further training. Dalian Naval Academy is to train officers in surface ships, naval officers and marine engineers politics. The college student may receive the pilot is to enhance pilot training. There is no evidence that China is engaged in aircraft carrier-based pilot training. Third, China is unlikely to allow pilots just fly out of college to play the important task of the first carrier-based pilots. In contrast, China’s first carrier-based pilots on active duty may be from experienced pilots to choose, and after the selection may also be in accordance with this standard.
U.S. media said, although do not know the existence of the Dalian Naval Academy pilot training program, but it does in the training of shipboard helicopter operations management. In March 2002, the “People’s Navy,” published on the College held the ship’s flight training program management reports. Before participating in the training of these officers have little knowledge about aviation knowledge. The first training officer in July 2003 graduation. Based on these facts, one can see the pilot training program in 2008 may be the perfect project for 2002. The “Liberation Army Daily” reported that the training related to the “ship-borne helicopters, command.” This is also the one hand that in 2008 the project is unlikely to be carrier-based pilot training. Of course, the training will also be extended to activities on the carrier flight management training. But now all this is uncertain.
U.S. media said, as China is building aircraft carriers, amphibious assault ships and large naval surface ships and other advanced equipment, the equipment can be equipped with aircraft . Therefore, the Chinese Navy carrier-based air power requirements are increasing dramatically. The most significant is that China is the J-15 flight test aircraft carrier. In addition to fixed-wing aircraft carrier, China’s ship-borne helicopters and personnel training, there is also no small problem. J-15 project with China’s first aircraft carrier will lead to more attention and speculation. However, the final decision combat effectiveness of China’s carrier-based air forces of some other very interesting aspects.
also need to develop the Chinese Navy carrier-based pilots and ship-based flight training activities, good management mechanism, which may take a long time, it also determines whether the carrier-based air forces of China Navy important part. In addition, if the Navy wants to develop a world of modern Chinese navy, it must improve their organization, training, and equipment of large capacity of ship-borne helicopters. Maritime air power is complex and dynamic nature of the Chinese Navy to manage the equipment will ultimately determine its success in this field. (Sri Lanka years) ★