Russian media said that China has started construction of four strategic nuclear submarines 094
data for: the Jiangnan Shipyard foreign websites posted a new site Changxing Island aerial vertical view, foreign here that China will build aircraft carriers.
According to Russia’s “Foreign Military Review” magazine June 2011 issue of electronic version of the report, China’s shipbuilding industry has developed rapidly in recent years, increased their strength. Are now in a rapid strength build all types of modern combat ships, high-quality modern equipment, effective protection of the Navy needs an update, and promote maritime power goals.
Russia Journal that the Chinese military and political leadership attaches great importance to the construction of ocean-going power problems. To achieve this goal, in particular, the importance of improving the strength of national shipbuilding industry and enterprise modernization, construction of new ships, integrated shipbuilding enterprise, to create shipbuilding base, further narrowing the field and the world in shipbuilding technology gap between the major powers to protect the rapidly changing Chinese Navy install high-quality ships, and promote modernization of the Navy. At present, China has been ranked the world’s shipbuilding industry forefront. According to the 2009 Yearbook of China’s shipbuilding industry, China is now a total of 1242 shipyard, with a total staff of about 46 million people. In 2008, China built a total of 2385 vessels of various types. China has the ability to independently design and build all types of ships, including supertankers. Equipment used in the construction of ships of 30-40% has been achieved domestically. Since the output value of China’s shipbuilding industry since the 1990s, rapid growth, particularly since 2000, growth is obvious. Currently China’s modern shipbuilding industry in the greater degree of export orientation on the scale of production, second only to South Korea, ranked second in the world. China’s modern shipbuilding industry is based on July 1999 formed the basis of geographical characteristics of the two state-owned group, which in the northeast and central regions of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), in the eastern and southeastern regions of China Shipbuilding Industry Group Corporation (CSSC).
Russian Journal said, CSIC unites 96 enterprises of all types, including Dalian, Tianjin, Wuhan, Chongqing, and Kunming Huludao shipbuilding enterprises, and 28 research institutes and six laboratories, Total employees 170,000 people. China Shipbuilding Group unites more than 60 shipbuilding enterprises, nine research institutes and design institutes, with a total staff of about 9.5 million people. As China’s ship production of the typical features of the overall scale of production, the civilian ships holds an important position, the military orders in the secondary position. Although the production of military products to the large shipbuilding enterprises are many, including the Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard, Hudong Shipyard, Guangzhou Huangpu Shipyard, Wuhu Shipyard, Dalian Shipyard, Bohai Shipyard in Huludao, Wuchang Shipyard.
Russia Journal that China Shanghai Jiangnan Shipbuilding Group was established in 1999, the integration of the Jiangnan Shipyard and Changxing shipyard, more than 10,000 employees. The company can design, construction and maintenance of modern 80,000-ton ship, involved in the construction of Chinese naval ships of various large-scale construction projects, including 033 type R and 039G/G1 type “Song” class conventional submarines, 052, 052B-type , 052C destroyers, 053H1G, 053H frigate, 022 ,037-IG-type, 021 type missile boats, minesweepers and other 082-type. Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group and Zhonghua Shipyard integrated Hudong employees 1.5 million people, to construction and maintenance of 120,000 t-class vessels, Chinese navy frigate is the main production base. The company mainly built for the Chinese Navy combat ships, including 051, 051D type, 051ZKJ missile destroyer, 053H1 type, 053H2 type, 053HT-H type, 053H2G type, 053H3-type, 054, 054A frigate, 071-ship dock , 072 type, 072II model, 072III-type large landing ship, 073III-type medium-sized landing craft, 081, 082 type minesweepers and so on. Guangzhou Huangpu Shipyard employees 15,000 people, is China’s main production base of Navy high speed vessels, able to build million-ton ships, the main type of military products including 053H3, 054, 054A frigate, 520T-type ,037-IG-type high-speed missile gunboats. Guangzhou Shipyard for Guangzhou Shipyard International Group, the core of more than 12,000 employees, to build 60,000-ton ship, built mainly for the Chinese navy ships including several vessels 033 conventional submarines, 051, 051D destroyers, 079 type medium-sized landing craft, minesweepers T43 type 6610, 946 type, 922 type of support vessels.
Russian Journal said, is the Ninth Plan Wuhu shipyard built new plants, more than 2,500 employees, to construct and repair 30,000-ton ship, built mainly for the Chinese navy missile boats, minesweepers, light destroyer, patrol boats, landing craft, hovercraft, small auxiliary vessels, including 074 type have been delivered and 024 medium landing ship missile boats. Bohai Shipbuilding Heavy Industries Ltd., aided by the Soviet experts Bohai Shipyard, 1953-1957, based on more than 27,000 employees, able to build 170,000 t-class vessels, mainly the Chinese Navy nuclear submarine production base. To the Chinese navy in 2007 delivered the first 093, “Business” class and 094 “Gem” class strategic missile submarines. According to the Yearbook 2010-2011 Jane’s warship, the company has started the construction of four 094 strategic missile submarine, is expected to be delivered one every two years, plans to build a total of six. 093 nuclear submarines being built at the same time, to replace 091/091G type “Han” class submarines. Chinese navy currently has delivered two new nuclear submarines. Integration of old and new Dalian Shipyard, Dalian Shipbuilding Corporation has more than 10,000 employees, can build and maintain 30-ton vessel, which had been built for the Chinese Navy, 051, 051B type, 051C type, 051DT-type, 051G destroyers, 072III-type large landing ship, 918-based mining ship, “Taicang” No. Auxiliary ship. In addition, there is also China’s first aircraft carrier converted the “Varyag” was. Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Company in central China is the most modern shipbuilding enterprise, can civil construction and maintenance of 8000 ton and 3000 ton warship vessels, mainly used for the Chinese naval construction, maintenance, improvement and destruction of diesel submarines, landing craft, minesweepers and auxiliary vessels, the main products include 031 type, 033 type R-class conventional submarines, 035ES5E type “that” class submarines, 039, 039G/G1 type “Song” class submarines, 041-type “element” class submarines, 072 type, 072III Large landing ship type, 6610 type, 6605 type, 081 type minesweepers.
Russia Journal that the Chinese shipbuilding industry is the main goal is to become the world’s number one in the 2020 shipbuilding country by actively enhance R & D and production capacity, improve staff skills, and expand export network, to attract foreign capital and technology. Construction for the Chinese Navy combat ships and auxiliary vessels, in addition to the two major shipbuilding groups, there are six directly under the command of the Chinese Navy shipbuilding and ship repair businesses. According to the Yearbook 2010-2011 Jane’s warship said, the Chinese enterprises to actively participate in the Navy directly under the new naval construction projects, such as Qingdao, and Port Arthur shipyard built two 074-type and three 074A-type medium landing ship, currently in the construction of 022 missile boats. In short, China’s shipbuilding industry are strong and fully capable of ensuring high-quality Chinese Navy combat ships quickly update the demand for ocean-going fleet and naval modernization program goals. (Compiled: Shu-shan)