Analysis of strategic planning, said the Ministry of People’s Liberation Army set up a new round of institutional changes brewing
11 25, PLA Navy ceremony held in Ngong Shuen Chau Barracks. Our reporter Huang Xiaoyong/photo 11 25, People’s Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison helicopter took off. Xinhua News Agency
“International Herald Tribune ‘Fujian freelance writer Lvzheng Tao Chinese military’s every move from the bottom usually a field of international public opinion” in short supply goods. ” Since November 22, the PLA General Staff Department of the newly formed Strategic Planning has been trying to put aside the veil of the new commander in chief authority, United States and Japan to explore the speculation that China’s national security strategy and new trends in the direction of the PLA would be no curiosity calm too.
Singapore’s “Lianhe Zaobao” in the November 25 report, the PLA’s new strategic planning through the Sea of ??Japan with the Chinese Navy training in the western Pacific Ocean linked, analysts said these actions are Recently, the United States is China’s aggressive in the Asia Pacific region layout of the actual response.
11 30, American think tank, “Jamestown Foundation,” commented that the establishment of strategic planning that senior PLA is strengthening the assessment of complex military affairs, but the article is also shown to the newly formed Strategic Planning can really improve China’s response to new security threats and challenges remain doubts.
regardless of the outside world to do what interpretation can be sure of is that the PLA commander in chief authority in the newly created Department of Strategic Planning is certainly not to make gestures, or simply a single strategic direction for the occasional, but rather China to adapt to the new security situation, focus on a comprehensive plan to enhance military capabilities within the step.
a new round of institutional reform, or People’s Liberation Army has started
the early 1990s Gulf War set off a worldwide wave of a new revolution in military affairs. In the following two decades, the PLA with particular emphasis on information technology local wars under conditions of the study, in its own building development has been the “reform” as an important keywords.
institutional reforms the PLA as a “meet the demands of modern warfare, to improve combat capability of the modern breakthrough.” The establishment of strategic planning should be said that the PLA institutional reforms and adjustments in a full game of chess program steps, in line with twenty years of institutional reform of the overall context of the PLA. Therefore, the establishment of strategic planning is likely to mean changes in the PLA developed a new idea.
People’s Liberation Army in the late 1990s and the beginning of this century, two decades conducted two large institutional reform, in large part to optimize the PLA’s operational structure.
1998, the Central Military Commission, the National Defense, General Staff Equipment Department, General Logistics Department, relevant units of the merger and reorganization of the General Armament Department, responsible for the management of military weapons and equipment and construction work. PLA continues to change the 40-year-old system of three headquarters, under the leadership of the reference implementation of the Central Military Commission, the government, after loading four general headquarters, commander of the PLA’s major institutional adjustment and reform.
in the first decade of the new century, the PLA and to streamline the army within a large number of organs and units directly under the Navy, Air Force and Second Artillery Force put on a more important development agenda, in military aspects of the design of the mechanism for integrated tri-service joint logistics, the logistics department was renamed the Military Joint Logistics Department.
Some analysts pointed out that the internal reform of the PLA from the recent series of moves, the new century’s second decade may have started institutional reforms, the establishment of strategic planning is one of the steps.
Strategic Planning Department is the think tank is the executive body
It is reported that the newly established Strategic Planning sub-department, but a similar institution in the General Staff of the original made on the basis of integration and improved level of breakthrough.
PLA official in accordance with the present information, strategic planning department has five main functions, namely the study of major strategic issues, organizational development plan drawing up army building plans and reform programs, make the overall military strategic resource allocation and macro- proposed regulation, coordinate and solve cross-cutting issues related to headquarters to check assess the implementation of the military construction program and other programs. It can be seen, both strategic planning role of the PLA’s decision-making think tank, is the executing agency, and the harmonization of the various departments, unified configuration defense resources more prominent and important features.
observers here pointed out that the establishment of the strategic planning department, there may be two aspects to consider:
the one hand, military strategy and weaponry has always been inter-relationship between the traction Only focusing on the major security strategy and military strategy in order to better study the application of new equipment, while driving the research and development equipment. As early as in the last century, General Liu Huaqing, China put forward the development strategy of dark blue navy, and a Chinese aircraft carrier construction for design and planning, it now appears, it has a strong forward-looking.
the other hand, is far from the modern meaning of national security, military and war can cover, in particular, the security between the great powers embodied in the war game less often than military competition as the main body to a variety of areas and form of the battle for the performance. This requires not only national military forces across the military services to improve in-house, interdisciplinary co-ordination, but also with the country’s foreign, economic, cultural, business and other departments to fully communicate the strategy and strategic coordination, maintenance and expansion of the formation of national three-dimensional force security situation. Therefore, the establishment of strategic planning is likely to take in the future coordination of security forces throughout the country-level executive functions.
universal attention of Western military strategic planning
In fact, since the founding of New China, the state attaches great importance to the military leadership on strategic planning, put forward many important ideas, but also all departments , within the military services have established a strategic planning unit.
as early as the 1970s, CMC Chairman Deng Xiaoping when he was specifically instructed troops, “to do a good job planning, long-term planning can have an overview of global and targeted.” He has set up a take on the overall vision the army’s strategic planning department, proposed under the Central Military Commission, drawn by the headquarters set up the backbone of strategic leadership and planning functions of the Commission, designed and led the army’s training, strategy and technology work.
from a historical point of view, the 1970s, the Central has set up a “strategic committee” office in the General Staff. The 1980s under the name of the General Staff had also set up the “international situation the team.” These are responsible for military strategic planning with the prototype, but not in the form of administrative preparation fixed.
from a global perspective, the world’s major countries are more concerned about military strategy, planning, basically have a special strategic planning agency.
the United States, the U.S. military’s strategic management and planning is central to the national defense construction in the content, in the institutional and organizational aspects of implementation are very well developed and refined. U.S. strategic planning are generally divided into strategic assessment, strategic guidance, strategic planning and implementation of several aspects of supervision and inspection, in the corresponding areas, respectively, generated every few years, “National Security Strategy”, “National Military Strategy,” “Emergency Planning Guide “and” joint strategic capability plan, “Strategic Planning of the program.
Joint Chiefs of Staff under the Joint Staff, is responsible for strategic planning and management of the U.S. central departments. The main duties of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in addition to handling routine affairs, in particular, to be responsible for drawing up a unified military strategic planning and strategic actions, based deputy director of the Joint Staff, the staff officers from the armed excellent officer and Marine Corps composition.
the U.S. military responsible for the strategic planning department is not only the Joint Staff that one, but from top to bottom through to the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs and the armed services, three levels. There are four levels in the Department of Defense, “Strategic planning and governance institutions”, armed services, some do not have a business Bureau is responsible for the implementation of the sectoral planning and initial design. Joint Chiefs of Staff actually played a linking role, and take concrete military strategic planning matters.(edit: SN049) share: