Reputation of China would account for Gwadar to monitor the whereabouts of U.S. troops in the Persian Gulf
Pakistan’s Gwadar port a project has been completed, the port facilities have been put into operation.
the face of Pakistan released the “invitation to China to build the Gwadar naval base,” the rumors, the United States seems to never last straw. Pakistani media have said the United States hopes the first to “win” Gwadar port to prevent the success of China “wins Hong Kong.” A few weeks, the rumors surrounding the Gwadar port, China-US game close combat. Curiously, two rumors is a source of the same: Pakistan. US-Pakistan tensions in the moment, Gwadar’s “Three Kingdoms”, what kind of hidden mystery? Newspaper Zhuangao Zhengyang
1999, the Musharraf administration decided launched Gwadar deep-water port project, and request Chinese government for its assistance. In 2001, China decided to make a reconstruction, after four years of nearly 200 million dollars investment in 2005, the Gwadar port a project is completed.
Some analysts believe that China-aided Gwadar Port has been able to successfully shape, on the one hand the traditional friendship with Pakistan and China in the capital, infrastructure advantages on the other hand, the region The political environment is not without relevance. In addition to India against the outside, closer to the Gwadar from Iran holds a positive attitude, rather than occupied by the United States as a bridgehead to attack Iran, not as the friendly relations with Iran to operate in China.
after the completion of Gwadar Port, will be Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and other Central Asian landlocked countries nearest the sea, take these countries to connect Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Oman, UAE, Iran and Iraq country and even the western provinces of Xinjiang and China’s maritime mission. In Russia, the United States a huge influence in the region, no doubt a third party to join forces in these countries between the major powers to have a more strategic choice.
For China, Gwadar’s significance is self-evident. In the United States for the Western Pacific, the Strait of Malacca has the overwhelming advantage of the situation, 60% of the energy supply relies heavily dependent on the Middle East China sea routes in the region. In the event of an emergency, the route is blocked, it will threaten China’s energy security.
However, the United States, India, how can we let go? Reconstruction from China began around the Chinese army in the Gwadar port rumors prevalent. The United States had been speculation the so-called “string of pearls” strategy, in 2005, the U.S. Department of Defense will provoke internal documents, said China will Gwadar port with Kyaukpyu Burma, Chittagong in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Hambantota port connection together, and this would constitute India’s “encirclement.”
to Henry L. Stimson Center United States Department of Defense reported that China will get there a “listening station”: “If China with the Gwadar port will be able to monitor every move the U.S. military in the Persian Gulf, and the Indian Navy in the Arabian Sea on the action and the US-India military exercises in the Indian Ocean well known. ” In this context, in 2005, a project is completed, China has not received the right to operate Gwadar port, Singapore received by U.S. allies.
recently, Pakistan’s defense minister said the Chinese army in Pakistan Hong Kong news hurt US-India is a sensitive nerve. Although the Chinese Foreign Ministry denied participating in the Tenth, “Shangri-La Dialogue” meeting Defense Minister Liang said, “and knowledge”, but India still refuses to believe that China-aided Gwadar is not a commercial port and naval base, India has been accused of Gwadar port “function with a naval base.” Japan’s “Economic News” or even that this may cause the US-India and Pakistan confrontation.
However, some analysts believe that Pakistan’s move is just to tell the United States if the United States to reduce the support of Pakistan, Pakistan there are other options. Bin Laden killed in the attack on the United States, the United States asked to cut aid to Pakistan the voice heard. Centre for the Study of Globalization in Canada Web site article, former U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, senior fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University Paul Craig Roberts Rock even said the U.S. killing of bin Laden’s real purpose is to send a signal to Pakistan: the United States invaded the country under consideration, it is hiding bin Laden pay the price.
Japan, “Daily News” said that bin Laden was killed in Pakistan on the issue of dissatisfaction with the United States, please build a naval base China is intended to contain the United States. However, “So far, China has maintained the position not to establish military bases overseas.”
U.S. “Foreign Policy” magazine June 3 article said that in theory, have a naval base in Pakistan for China would be a strategic asset. But the fact is Beijing is cautiously, because “Beijing Sino-US relations to guard against adding new tensions.” The article points out that at present, boldly declared that China will build Pakistan’s Gwadar Port’s commitment to Beijing’s foreign policy ambitions and not so much, “Islamabad to Washington to do so is to demonstrate that they have other strong partners.”
6 7, Pakistani Prime Minister Gilani said publicly that Pakistan has not signed any transfer of the Gwadar Port to China’s agreement, any relevant resolutions of the Gwadar port go through where the government consultative . At the same time, the outgoing United States hopes to “sneak preview” to establish military bases in Gwadar to say, from one side of the display, surrounding the Gwadar power game may be just beginning.
want to eat the mouth of the “big fat”
6 7, Pakistan Observer network, said, as India’s strategic alliance, the United States has been keep a close eye Gwadar district, very much like to establish military bases in the region, so that in time of war against Iran, while China will prevent the port of Gwadar as a gateway to the Arab channel and naval posts.
from the end of May after Pakistani Prime Minister Gilani’s visit to China, Pakistan’s request for China to build military bases in Gwadar Rumors of the Western media turned a day of speculation. “We ask our brothers in China to build a naval base in Gwadar,” British “Financial Times” on May 23 quoted Pakistani Defense Minister as saying that Muslim co-Rosenthal, the newspaper said, Moody’s co-Rosenthal confirmed that Pakistani Prime Minister Gilani during his visit to China has expressed the request.
reported that shocking is that Pakistan not only to ask the Chinese to build a naval base there, but “I hope the Chinese Navy to maintain a regular presence there”, “Financial Times” said, “This is India and the United States may cause panic. ”
United States, “Los Angeles Times” pointed out that the global oil supply from the main channel – the Strait of Hormuz is only about 400 kilometers, is located in Gwadar is clearly able to clutch the throat of the U.S. strategic position.
If in the future “and become a Chinese warships and submarines of the parking base in China where the use of the west, then east coast to the Middle East and Africa, and throughout the Indian Ocean ‘expansion’ of its economic and military influence,” it is undoubtedly will become America’s nightmare.
For India, the Gwadar port if completed will not only threaten India’s dominance of the Indian Ocean, but also to make India less a piece of Pakistan’s killer.
Karachi is Pakistan’s largest port in the country’s major foreign trade throughput in (Pakistan in this for the vast majority of maritime trade), and is an important naval port in Pakistan, however, close to Karachi from India, emergency situation, it is easy to be the Indian naval blockade. In 1971, war between India and Pakistan, the Indian army and the heavy bombing of Karachi strict blockade, which seriously affected Pakistan’s economy. In 1999, during the Kargil conflict, India, old tricks again, threatening to blockade the port of Karachi. Weakness was a knife wore, Pakistan urgently felt a little further away from the port the need for India and 725 km west of Karachi at the Gwadar, Pakistan will undoubtedly become an important extension of the coastal strategic depth selection.
early 1958 to buy back the hands of Gwadar from Oman, Pakistan realized its strategic importance. In addition to this close away from the Indian port of the main channels of global oil Strait of Hormuz, but also closely guards from Africa, Europe through the Red Sea, Strait of Hormuz, the Persian Gulf to East Asia, the Pacific several important sea routes throat. In 1964, Pakistan hopes in this remote fishing village was built to share the risk of heavy deep-water harbor country, but for various reasons, have not been able to do so.
In fact, as if the beginning of a long Xiaojiabiyu, Gwadar this beautiful girl has long been waited for opportunities around the “diamond bachelor” are eyeing. The 1980s, the Soviet occupation of neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan, Gwadar on the very promising. Of the former Soviet Union, if the occupation of Gwadar, it means you can get in Central Asia such as Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan’s rich oil and natural gas sold to the foreign port of export, but the collapse the Soviet Union a few years, things are not the of.
U.S. “Foreign Policy” magazine said that Pakistan has a naval base for China is a kind of strategic assets. But “Beijing Sino-US relations to guard against adding new tensions.” Pakistan boldly declared that China will build Gwadar with Beijing’s commitment to ambitious foreign policy is not much between Islamabad to do another purpose.
U.S. secret deal aborted
the United States twice on this girl “to marry him.” In the 1990s, the Gwadar port coveted United States a huge pipeline project. To this end, the United States and Russia from the Soviet Union had just had some battle of wits. At that time, the famous American Uncol company intends to bid for pipeline project in Pakistan. This pipeline planned to invest $ 1.7 billion to Turkmenistan’s oil fields as a starting point Art Abad, through the middle of Afghanistan, and ultimately arrived in Ahmedabad within Martan, a total length of 1440 km per day of oil and gas transportation project 1500000000-20 billion cubic feet. At the time of the plan intended to put the pipeline on the extension to the Gwadar port. Once the port infrastructure construction is completed, the Central Asian oil and gas can pass through the Indian Ocean by the giant oil tankers to Japan, Korea and other Far East, the economic outlook is very attractive.
However, this concern caused by Russia. Russian sphere of influence in Central Asia as the fear of the United States to intervene in the Central Asian affairs, so hurry to buy 80% of the Turkmen oil and gas reserves within the mining rights. In this way, Turkmenistan annual production of 820 billion cubic feet of gas in the 62 billion cubic feet away by the Russian purchase.
to build port in the United States, the message apparently is not from Gwadar only 70 kilometers of Iran welcomed the addition of Russia which is a fire, the remaining oil and gas reserves in Turkmenistan buying .
oil and gas is gone, what oil pipeline also was built? Face of the necessary fuel for embarrassment, the U.S. plan was stillborn, and coupled with the variety of complex political reasons, the U.S. company was forced to withdraw after the bid, also made the U.S. look to the Gwadar port sigh.
1998 years, the government of Pakistan to avoid the international community, there is no rush to hold an international tender and Forbes in Karachi and the United States signed a joint development of Gwadar investment memorandum, the Americans with melon hit the local government in Hong Kong set up a $ 460 million in development investment agreement. Under the agreement, Forbes in the operation of Gwadar Port is not only a variety of basic facilities, and almost made a sovereign country can have all the rights.
Forbes Company’s control include not only deep sea port, also includes an extension of the land: the United States enjoy the right of the police patrol, you can decide to take a variety of security and defense measures, in short, this operation and the United States in the world military bases in other parts of no difference. To ensure safety and ease of base security personnel on patrol, the company can build walls in the base of four weeks and lighting systems, in order to ensure the company’s headquarters and the rest of the world with the U.S. branch of the smooth flow of communication links, Forbes also set up independent of the Government of Pakistan with armed with high-tech electronic communications network, including its main facilities, satellite ground stations, microwave towers, etc., the company can build their own airports and runways. In this way, just like Gwadar will become a “state within a state.”
leaked this program, the Pakistani media and military are extremely dissatisfied with the whole country immediately began a “who betrayed the country’s sovereignty,” the great debate. In the strong pressure of public opinion, the place where Gwadar Parliament adopted a resolution against the company signed an agreement with the United States, the United States this fall short of this ambitious project.(edit: SN015)