Experts say the lack of Chinese fishermen caught frequency of self-protection awareness
data for : Liangshai fish
farming their land and who is blue, the sea is the source of their livelihood; they run around in the forefront of China’s marine territory, sea fishing, the objective is to protect the personally territorial waters of the motherland; their own way forbear or subjected to various controversies, and then continue to walk in the neighboring countries of containment.
With the recent kidnapping and pirate fishing experience an increase in diplomatic storm frequency, as if they suddenly become a point of blasting around the diplomacy. When the other law enforcement officers more emotional, more brutal brutal when dealing with the situation, the Chinese fishermen, they can in this walk on the blue waters far?
whirlpool of Chinese fishermen
marine resources are limited and in the context of other complex, deep-sea fishing is becoming more and more frequently around the diplomacy of the fuel critical point
“International Herald Tribune” reporter intern reporter Wu Li Deng Yajun from Beijing seems to be the open fishing season, seasonal, the first anniversary of the collision on the Diaoyu Islands, the Chinese fishermen of the “troubled times” come again.
11 6, Nagasaki, Japan Coast Guard’s Office said a hull number, “Dai Zhejiang fishing 04188″ (displacement of 135 tons) of Chinese fishing boats suspected of illegal fishing in the waters near Nagasaki, China fishermen immediately detained. Three days later, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, said Chinese officials detained after the payment of fines has been released and direct return.
on the previous two weeks, South Korean Coast Guard as “illegal fishing” in the name of detained three Chinese fishing boats and 31 crew members.
Although the two cases now have been fishing from the ends, but behind the refraction, but Chinese fishermen to survive the storm in safety with overseas operations in a true portrayal of the pain.
cause the development of offshore non-predatory fish
China’s mainland coastline stretches 18,000 km, “Lake Waves” in the lyrics, “early in the morning twain off to to the net, at least back to the fish tank … “, was considered to be a vivid description of the older generation of Chinese fishermen’s lifestyle. Today, however, from Liaoning to Shandong, Guangdong and Guangxi to the coastal parts of it have a “no fish offshore can play the” embarrassment.
this year at 0:00 on August 31 after the end of the Bohai Sea fishing moratorium, a number of one hundred fishing boats into the Bohai Sea, but is waiting for their catch by half compared with last year’s harsh reality.
years, ConocoPhillips as the impact of oil spills, the Bohai Sea in the outside world the situation seems to be expected. Even in early November, from the time of the incident have been in the past five months, but in the Bohai Bay near the beach, oil traces are still visible. According to local fishermen, introduced in mid-July, the Bohai Sea has also appeared about 2 nautical miles with a huge red tide. This is all kinds of fish living in the Bohai Sea is undoubtedly a disaster.
ConocoPhillips oil spill as early as before the petrochemical industry have been scholars issued a dense arrangement of the Bohai Sea, “Dead Sea, the Bohai Sea change” warning, but the pace of marine development can not be due to local demand for employment and tax revenue weakened, the fishermen – as the destruction of the marine environment directly after the victim.
now, the Bohai Sea area, some fishermen out of business altogether, while others began to consider fought in other fisheries. However, the Bohai Sea fisheries par with the other three offshore fisheries: Zhoushan fishing grounds, fishing grounds along the South China Sea, Beibu Gulf fisheries, the situation is not optimistic.
in Zhoushan, fishermen fishing moving further and further away, the traditional fishing grounds have been difficult to create a fishing season; in Hainan, coastal fishery resources almost exhausted, the local fishermen as “defensive line until the fish” to describe the difficult life; In Guangxi, the traditional fishing grounds to withdraw from the Gulf up to 5,000 fishing vessels, the Guangxi region directly affects the livelihood of 46,700 fishermen … …
from a survey of the domestic media, offshore environment. ” fall “is a Chinese coastal development in general over the” bitter. ” Among them, only the heavy industrialization in terms of layout, from the southwest to the sea north of North Bay has been “big pier, big chemical, big steel, big power” full of fire. Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai and other places everyone in the target area to the petrochemical industry a big step forward.
In addition, the local short-term profit-driven, are blind to seize the formation of shoreline, low use of the situation, the coastal port development and port industry are basically surrounded by reclaimed.
multiple predatory development, so that fishermen “lose the sea,” a growing problem. The face of shrinking living space offshore, Chinese fishermen go deep-sea fishing as a breakthrough in one direction.
Shandong Weihai City, for example, the local state and also encourage qualified enterprises to foreign private fishing ocean fishing establishing a comprehensive base. With the development of enterprises, the Chinese fishermen’s trail gradually penetrated into the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian Ocean and other places.
disputed waters of the besieged
same time, however, the surrounding Asian countries fishermen will turn their attention away from the coast. In the competition for limited marine resources in the context of deep-sea fishing from time to time as a result of blasting around the diplomatic point. This situation in China and neighboring countries dispute, is particularly significant.
October this year, Chinese fishing vessels in the South China Sea, Philippine military have been hit. After that, China demanded the unconditional return of the Philippine fishermen boats, but explicitly rejected the Philippines, its foreign minister even told the media that the incident “Philippine domain”, the Philippine government apologize to China without this, nor has an apology.
the same month, the Philippine media have also published a paper entitled “Nansha Chinese fishermen on edge,” the editorial of the Philippine Chinese fishermen to see the big warships of panic plus ridicule.
the arrogance of the Philippines led to angry Chinese netizens, but also to relations between the Chinese fishing boat was hit by casting a shadow on the issue.
similar events in China often occur between fishermen and police in Vietnam. Media has revealed that the video display, the Chinese have experienced fishermen to catch up with the Vietnamese ships, and even other Chinese fishing boats with machine-gun fire crazy, sometimes forced to kneel fishermen on board dozens of hours.
According to one scholar of anonymity introduced by Chinese fishermen in disputed waters of unlawful interference with his country, the other law enforcement officers often use the “sovereignty” issue “emotional” way to express their dissatisfaction. Not only in the Philippines, Vietnam, and Japan over the Diaoyu Islands last year’s collision is the Japanese side expressed “emotion” of the consequences. Other law enforcement officers rude and arrogant, has become a threat to the safety of Chinese fishermen, one of the reasons.
East China Sea, Yellow Sea Fisheries frequent disputes
contrast, the Chinese fishermen in the East, and South Korea and Japan Yellow Sea exclusive economic zone system generated foreign fishing events, many involving the economic interests of fishermen.
under “United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea”, a State may on its coastline, 200 sea miles away from (about 370 km) exclusive economic rights with the sea. South Korea and other countries do the same “convention” for negotiations, and other countries in the fisheries waters of the middle line of demarcation line.
However, China has thus lost the fishermen and the Korea Strait Korean coastal traditional fishing areas and other places. In the “no fish offshore,” the crisis of survival, there is a fisherman has been designated from time to time went to South Korea and the Korean waters fisheries poaching, making the common fisheries disputes between nationals of events sometimes become the “bickering.”
Korea in late October after the release of detained Chinese fishermen, South Korean media is still rampant speculation “should be hard to treat cross-border Chinese fishermen fishing,” adding that China’s handling of the “Chinese fishermen were detained when Japan and South Korea respectively, “” tough on Japan cautious on South Korea. ” Tremendous pressure of public opinion, Han Guohai Police Department Director, had claimed that on November 13, next to forcefully combat illegal fishing within the Exclusive Economic Zone in Korea Chinese fishing boats.
In fact, a long time, since South Korea’s police detained Chinese fishing boats became a common occurrence, the Korean media consistent with the “pirates” to describe the Chinese fishermen, even though each of the last one hundred South Korean detained Chinese fishing boats, most of the South Korean authorities have issued fishing license.
the blind self-security
China Fishery Mutual Insurance Association who had the “International Herald Tribune”, currently in South Korea and Japan’s exclusive economic District fisheries disputes arising, occasional cases of illegal fishing without a license, in most cases is a “technical violation.”
“technical violations” generally include, fishing with mesh, fish, fishing logs, or non-compliance and so on.
Ocean University of China Professor Yang Lin told the “International Herald Tribune”, during the operation of Chinese fishermen often self-protection is not enough. “Most of them in a ‘ignorance’ of the state, basically never had any education, jobs are less passive, more blind.”
“passive” and “blind” is particularly reflected in the foreign law enforcement officers found in the exclusive economic zone “illegal” operations.
2008 in September, according to Korean media reports, South Korean Coast Guard vessel, the inventory of “illegal fishing” Chinese fishing boats, the Coast Guard ships were four Chinese crew imprisoned, and beaten injury as being “hostages” approach released.
another in the recent Japanese release of the Chinese fishing boat after the first seizure in the case, allegedly was the Japanese fishing boat with Chinese instructions to stop, but the boat did not obey, patrol chasing about four and a half hours, Both sides in a collision in western islands, finally stopping a Chinese fishing boat was compelled to.
“The more resistance, the other party may use the more brutal the way from the other side, also shows that the weak legal awareness of Chinese fishermen.” Fishery for many years engaged in a research career, Professor.
It was a foreign maritime police detained Chinese fishermen introduction, conflict, they are often asked to read in their own legal documents to sign, “do not understand, let alone to protect their interests the. ”
present, China’s coastal provinces have been carried out on the fishermen’s knowledge of laws and regulations training. In the Zhoushan, the fishermen need to participate in deep-sea fishing before local organizations on foreign laws and regulations examination. However, in some villages and towns, due to greater mobility of fishermen to participate in literacy training is often not the sea fishing village of fishermen, which makes a lot of fishermen are still in the blind spot on the self-security.
catch the sea road misery
[Editor's note] in different waters, the fishermen face different troubles. This reporter heard several common experience of the fishermen catch the sea, they talk, or for us to understand the real situation of Chinese fishermen to open a window.
the South China Sea fishermen: under foreign warships chasing adventure
and foreign warships to “grips” the results, often means a fishing families from falling into extreme poverty off the moment
“International Herald Tribune” reporter Zhao Ye Ping, men from the bottom of Lake Summer crown door a slight chill in early November of Hainan, in order to be a rewarding experience in the Chinese New Year, Chen Zebo Jingan slow to catch up to his fishing boat “Qionghai 03026″ was prepared to fishing gear, diesel fuel, and food and fresh water. Everything is ready, he will have to lead the more than 20 fishermen brothers, launching towards the blue sea – Lake disciple of the “ancestral land” Nansha.
looking dark Chen Zebo prime of life, but the door in the town of Lake, 45 years old, he can be considered an “old” fishermen: the 13-year-old fishing with father and brother, a 22-year-old captain, who repeated visits to the fishing waters near Huangyan Island. In the 30 years of sea life, he rain or shine, foreign ships, police … … how many times in the sea in danger himself remember. But no matter how much risk he always four year voyage to the Nansha fishing.
have called Chen Zebo them as “farming the Sea”, which means these fishermen to the sea like a farmer plowing, good care of and never abandoned an inch of land.
twice been arrested
As a native of Lake disciple, Chen Zebo’s ancestral fishing is to Nansha, “no one can understand better than we the South China Sea, The fishermen here on the ocean since childhood. “Chen Zebo said ancestors have left a wealth of sailing experience, teach them how to manage to escape the wind waves, but there is a risk that ancestors never encountered before, and this is due to fishing friction with neighboring countries.
Tanmen catch fishermen are generally more love Star spot, grouper, Napoleon Wrasse, lobster and other fish, quantity of better quality, the market can be sold for a hundred dollars a pound, sometimes a voyage on to earn several hundred thousand dollars. However, only the reefs of these rare species can be caught in the lagoon, and the Nansha Islands and 45 occupied by neighboring countries, so the production greatly increases the risk.
Chen Zebo from the 1980s on fishing, he said, “ships from the Philippines in 1990 near the Huangyan Island infested, once they found that Chinese fishing boats on the implementation of the robbery, we put up rushed to the bow, and then grab something, who hit who resist, Tanmen many fishermen are driven by foreign vessels, snatch, custody over. “
” I had two out of the country, are was taken away to the. “was first arrested, in 1997 the waters north of the Huangyan Island, was arrested with him was a total of 4 boats, 60 people,” have all been brought to the Philippines, off more than five months. the first two months in prison, it was always sick, and later took care of in our own boat. until the release, we ship tools worth hundreds of thousands of fishing, navigation systems are all gone. “
Then, after more than a year, in 1999, still in the area, Chen Zebo fishing vessels found in the Philippines again. The thought of jail days in the Philippines, Chen Zebo turned tail and ran, but speed is only “78 Day (nautical miles),” Where is the other side of the small fishing vessels opponent? Soon, he was to catch up, armored warships rushed to the 60-ton fishing boat sank Chen Zebo, a boat full of people fell into the sea, was later arrested and the Philippine Navy pulled off a few months.
snatch whether the ship was still being sank, fishing possessions are “doomed.” Therefore, and foreign warships “grips” the result often means a fishing families fall into poverty from the well-off moment.
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