To the Chinese fishermen a safe harbor
data for : Liangshai fish
management system needs reform
power when fishermen seek, in the first step on the ladder should be seeking for the coastal fishermen question of survival. Survival of coastal fishermen, is a major change in China’s economic and social structure is an integral part. Coastal fisheries resources of predatory fishing, pollution of coastal waters, the extensive development of non-sustainable outcomes presented earlier. Open routes, the construction of the harbor, transport communications and other marine development pipeline construction in full swing, but the fishermen in the process who has been as passive avoidance, but did not receive adequate and fair compensation. Shrinking resources and make the transfer, become fishermen out of no choice, but because of the special nature of fisheries, the fishermen ashore is much larger than the difficulty of the difficulty of farmers into the city.
above all the chaos of governance, the national and government level of the force, especially in the system, the supply side. And land contract rights, forest rights reform than up, the concept of the right to use waters is much more to strangers. However, for the protection of the interests of coastal fishermen, the establishment and protection of property rights is a more fundamental nature of the measures. Fishermen have the right to use the sea, marine development means they need to acquire property from the transfer. Thus, the results of ocean development possible naturally allow fishermen to share. And coastal pollution shocking compared to the loss of fishermen may be actionable basically no legal basis to stay in the state of no example to follow. Made by ConocoPhillips oil spill in the Bohai Sea, for example, the most optimistic view is only coastal farmers seek compensation, after all, their loss is well documented. However, by fishermen fishing for a living how to do? And who will say their losses? Code of Civil Procedure have been modified by adding one of public interest litigation system, but how to ensure that marine pollution incident in compensation for fishermen still need more detailed definition.
force integration services
power when fishermen seek, in the second stage, it should be for the benefit of coastal fishermen. In the East China Sea, Yellow Sea, South China Sea, Chinese fishermen fishing the waters in recent years are being squeezed. Which of course there are some fishing line designated reasons, but in the South China Sea region is more neighbors to attempt to harass me with some fishermen in the normal operation of the facts. It seems that our fishermen have suffered injustice, some economic disputes, but some contain more complex territorial interests and other ingredients.
treat normal fishing disputes, China’s government departments should promptly intervene to ensure that both parties agree that the dispute in accordance with the principles of solution as soon as possible, so that the economic interests of our fishermen, personal rights and interests. At the same time, can enhance the offshore fishermen engaged in fishing operations training to equip them with knowledge of the law of self-protection and related skills.
for normal operation of our fishermen suffer harassment, the relevant functional departments should be integrated strength, to avoid the “rule of Kowloon sea” the shortcomings of their own way, set up to provide rapid response and effective protection of fishing protection specialist team to ensure that China fishermen can freely on their own labor and harvest blue territory. To some extent, the fishermen in the sea territory on the existence and activities, is to prove ownership of the territory of the most powerful symbol of national reason for their fishermen to provide adequate protection.
to the Chinese fishermen a safe harbor
when fishermen seek big country, and the third step should look at the world for offshore fishermen seek safety. Since it is a maritime country, it must have the courage to go out, the courage behind the lung, can only come from a massive national commitment. One responsibility of the State is to protect the security of every citizen. When the Chinese fishermen across the oceans in the storm took a big country dreams of the ocean, not the absence of security protection. Regardless of any place on Earth, including China, Chinese citizens, including fishermen, as long as subjected to criminal violations, the state should use diplomatic, legal, until, like Somalia, the military escort, as a means for offenders to give stick. Should let everyone understand the principle, designated a restricted area, “against the Chinese citizens who, though far from reserved.”
state for the care and relief groups, fishermen, from near and far, shaped like a wave , recognition of the rights of such a process, but also the maritime awareness of the recovery process. Fertile land, the vast ocean, our country should not have Jesus Christ as the great weather and broad mind. Care for our blue territory, may wish to pay attention to this territory from the long-term has not been enough attention on the fishermen began.
deep-sea fishing are: for a living, want to take the ship farther
as high risk, self-limited ocean-going vessels, Qiu Guru are not specialized in Hainan companies engaged in offshore fishing, went to the South Pacific can breath
“International Herald Tribune” correspondent from Beijing gold micro-born and raised in Hainan fishermen Qiu Guru, sea fishing began in 1986, has drifting in the sea more than 20 years. In his own words, all these years has experienced ups and downs of the sea, “What is not seen ?!”
the 1980s, the Qiu Guru often go to the Nansha sea fishing companion,” just out of the sea is a few hundred pounds of fish, and no one harassed us. ” The only thing we worry about is the weather. In Nansha, often encounter a typhoon, Qiu Guru most of their fishing equipment behind, easily knocked over by a typhoon.
“Our tonnage of all vessels of 50 tons, wind resistance, less than 12 when they have no natural haven, so once we encounter a major typhoon, fishing boats have to go home, but also at least two days. “Qiu Guru can not remember how many times a typhoon experience, he had personally seen some fishermen have been knocked out in the sea.
for offshore fishing, Qiu Guru are most worried about is sick, “We have to help the fishery department or navy, and then use the nearest boat or rental boat fishery, water transport to the Xisha District Hospital or Hainan Island treatment to at least two days and nights before the patient returned to Hainan Island, until the people on the island not long ago, and now conditions are better, the fisheries sector is also being integrated supply base for the construction of Xisha fisheries. “
of Qiu Guru these “old” fishermen, fishing in different ways, the most common is fishing nets, fishing, there is a diving operation, which last most at risk. Diving fishing simply is wearing a pair of goggles and breathing tube, or the potential to ten meters underwater reef 30 meters on the adsorption on the rock lobster, crab and other seafood caught up. As the water pressure changes, were floating on the surface, the original dissolved nitrogen in human body fluids will become bubbles, prone to eye bleeding, ruptured eardrum; If air bubbles enter the blood vessels blocking the formation of cerebral blood vessels, can cause stroke, and even lead to death. Qiu Guru and his companions without oxygen bottles, no diving suit, and no decompression chamber, and sometimes not even dive watches, did not know they have to dive deep.
“To catch a abalone, may never had to lie on the bed in my home, and now lying in bed can not come down to earth, and there twenty-three fishermen.” Qiu Guru said.
as high risk, self-limited ocean-going vessels, Qiu Guru who unlike some of Hainan businesses specializing in deep-sea fishing, went to the South Pacific can breath.
he looked around for offshore fishermen, “earn some money, only about 30%, 40% of people will lose.” Now, his greatest wish is to build a new ship, built the ship, so that you can travel to more distant waters, finding more of their livelihood.
“but at least more than 100 million and we can not afford that they are made from bank loans and very difficult.” Qiu Guru side to his mouth, he was still waiting for the Government to introduce some policy circles his dream ship.
different sea fishermen “trouble”
Yellow Sea: environmental pollution caused by the degradation of water fisheries function, the impact of offshore aquaculture operations;
the East China Sea, Yellow Sea exclusive economic zone: a traditional fishing ground down, the state management system and between the different law enforcement measures, as well as the impact of the traditional work habits; individual fishermen to venture in Japan, South Korea waters under the jurisdiction of the illegal production , resulting in foreign fishing events;
waters around the Diaoyu Islands: Japan unlawful interference;
the South China Sea: the Philippines, Vietnam and other countries illegally interfered with. In addition, typhoons and other natural disasters affecting large.
Previous 12 3 Next