U.S. media attention to China to build an underground nuclear arsenal, said a considerable number and size
U.S. media said that China’s Second Artillery built up to 5000 km of underground tunnels used for storage and transport of nuclear warheads. Data Figure: China’s 816 underground nuclear engineering.
Recently, the United States, “Wall Street Journal” published the article said, China is conducting large-scale modernization of nuclear weapons, including the introduction to the delivery of a new generation of multiple warhead intercontinental ballistic missile. Meanwhile, in order to protect strategic weapons, and to have the elusive, surprise-strike capability, China has built up to 5000 km of underground tunnels, used to store and transport nuclear warheads.
remark, immediately attracted worldwide media attention, the U.S. think tank the International Strategy and Assessment Center and the Institute had also introduced the 2049 program report, is devoted to China’s strategic nuclear forces of the status quo. WASHINGTON text, a reference work.
hundreds of missiles pointed to the U.S.
after many years, the reason why the Pentagon on China’s “underground nuclear Wall” project again to pay attention, mainly because After the May 12 earthquake in Sichuan, in addition to ordinary rescue forces, the Beijing dispatched to the disaster areas in thousands of experts belonging to the Second Artillery Force of the radiation. PLA Second Artillery Corps is responsible for the strategic nuclear forces, including most nuclear weapons. In fact, the Second Artillery Corps participation is not entirely unexpected, after all nuclear facilities in Sichuan is China’s important base. Even more interesting is that there are reports that after the collapse of the hillside, a large number of huge pieces of concrete are exposed. This rumor makes people speculated that the earthquake may have lost some of the Chinese underground tunnels or hidden in the warehouse of a nuclear bomb.
After this, some U.S. military information specialists began to focus on the Chinese military official media reports, then you can find plenty of information pieced together to form a the “Chinese how to store and maintain their most powerful and destructive weapons, “the general outline. By authoritative information and reliable data correlation analysis and integration, before the formation of the Chinese “Great Wall of underground nuclear” model.
U.S. Agency for International Strategy and Assessment Center reports that, early in the summer of 1995, “Liberation Army Daily,” a not prominent mention on the news, tens of thousands of officers and men of the Second Artillery Corps after 10 years of bloody fighting, and finally completion of a major defense projects. March 24, 2008, China Central Television broadcast of “military documentary” program to counter the engineering part of the underground nuclear exposure, outsiders called the “Great Wall project.” Analysts believe that strong and hidden “underground Great Wall” of China to save the “second nuclear strike” capability of the important means. As China pursues a “no first use of nuclear weapons” policy, how to ensure a minimum number of ICBMs deter enemy attack, survived even after the successful launch and successfully penetrate the enemy’s missile defense system, projected onto the target nuclear warheads, has become China’s Second Artillery’s most important task.
2009 In December, the International Strategy and Assessment Center, deputy director Richard Fisher speculated that China’s Second Artillery Corps of the most important underground missile sites may be located in a mountainous area in North China, a total length of 5,000 within the tunnel km, strategic ballistic missiles in this “underground maze” in the mobile deployment, and from hundreds of true and false mixed group in the underground launch silo.
Philip Kappa believes that China has always been regarded as a “responsible” nuclear state model, but the “underground nuclear Wall” shows that the scale of China’s nuclear arsenal is far greater than people expected, the Chinese intercontinental ballistic missile arsenal assessment appears to be mainly based on each corresponding to a missile launch platform (or silos) on the basis of the general speculation. October 1, 2009, in Beijing on the 60th anniversary of National Day parade in the PLA showed DF-31A may be used to launch missile transportation – erect – launch vehicles, but this launcher was unveiled in 1999, Dongfeng -31 missile transport – erect – launcher similar. It is unclear how much China plans to deploy missiles DF-31A, but the U.S. intelligence agencies predicted that in 2001, 2015, China will deploy 75 to 100 in the United States as the main target of the missile, which is very dependent on the next five years, dozens of pieces of DF-31A missile deployment.
Currently, each costing “Dongfeng-31A” can only carry a nuclear warhead missile, the missile’s effectiveness is limited, but China has been studying the sub-guided multiple warhead technology. For the U.S., China R & D sub-guided multiple-warhead will be a “real game-changer.”
Liberation Army “Second Artillery” mysterious
publicly announced the “no first use of nuclear weapons” principle, China’s nuclear deterrent has been dependent on the number of the mysterious and mystical on the deployment location. Former U.S. defense officials, arms control in Asia is now at Georgetown University project leader Philip Kappa in 2008 by the Pentagon was “lower defense threat” Office commissioned the study of Chinese “Underground Great Wall” project. The study led to the scale of China’s nuclear arsenal Kappa for suspicion. He pointed out that China Daxing tunnel construction and the scale of China’s nuclear arsenal is known far and thus suspect that the Chinese have maintained a large-scale nuclear arsenal.
July 10 this year, led by the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff 席迈克马伦 senior U.S. military delegation arrived in China, to China a few days visit. He became the first to visit China’s Second Artillery weapons of the U.S. senior generals.
China’s Second Artillery Corps, the U.S. military has been the focus of the object, and mystery is very strong, any visit to China’s senior U.S. military officials are eager to visit China’s Second Artillery Corps. This shows that the Second Artillery Force, as the representative of China’s nuclear deterrent, has been established in the hearts of a huge U.S. military influence.
U.S. Agency for International Strategy and Assessment Center reports that in April 2010 in the United States and Russia reached a new version of “treaty reducing strategic nuclear weapons” at the request of the United States will have deployed nuclear warheads to reduce the number from 2200 to 1550, and will deploy nuclear power to reduce the projection system from 851 to 700. All land-based “militia-III” intercontinental ballistic missile warheads reduced from three to carry a single warhead. As the U.S. government is considering a further reduction in the number of warheads, it is necessary to consider the two People’s Liberation Army is deploying a new mobile land-based nuclear warheads capable of firing intercontinental ballistic missile-style, and may soon deploy a new submarine-launched ballistic missile particular concern is that China has a larger self-propelled land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles.
although in 2000, the PLA Second Artillery Force is only about 30-40 intercontinental ballistic missiles (DF-4, DF-5) to hit targets in the United States, but by 2011, capable of reaching the number of intercontinental ballistic missiles, the United States has more than 60 (DF-4, DF-5, DF-31 and DF-31A). In addition, the assessment said, when 5 094 strategic nuclear submarines in service, the PLA Navy will deploy 60 “waves” – 2 submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Thus, in this decade, can hit targets within the United States to rise to the total number of Chinese ICBMs 120. Meanwhile, the PLA has also been effort to develop multiple warhead carrying capacity, the Asian military sources said, some of the wind emitted by the silo-5B may have been equipped with intercontinental ballistic missile with multiple warheads. The source also revealed that DF-31A intercontinental ballistic missiles could carry three warheads up, and a model of the unknown heavy mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles (most likely outside called Dongfeng -41 missiles) up to carry 10 warheads . Has several sets of this new heavy intercontinental ballistic missiles, the PLA has the ability to quickly make the projected hundred warheads. PLA has more warheads, which means that the Chinese leadership may limit U.S. nuclear weapons on their own smaller, thereby increasing the possibility of China using military means.
Baoji-Chengdu Railway strung “underground nuclear Wall”
According to the U.S. Agency for International Strategy and Assessment Center’s report revealed that China’s Second Artillery Corps has devoted a move to deal with the U.S. nuclear deterrent – “underground nuclear Wall.” On the “underground nuclear Great Wall”, recently organized by the PLA, “China National Defense News,” revealed the Second Artillery missile construction of underground caverns of the situation. U.S. Agency for International Strategy and Assessment Center, said the Chinese media dare to publish these are called “Underground Great Wall” of strategic facilities that China has its nuclear combat system with unprecedented confidence and courage. Western experts had estimated that China’s Second Artillery missile positions are very strong, “if used ground-penetrating nuclear warheads to China’s missile attack positions, it will take a few tens of megaton nuclear warhead missiles hit the same point before the continuous breakdown, and to its complete destruction, the need for more nuclear warheads. ”
reason for China’s construction of “underground nuclear Great Wall”, one of the most important purpose is in being launched against the enemy, under the first, still fighting to save their own, and there is enough nuclear capability into Among the enemy counterattack.
the United States 2049 report by the Institute program on China’s “underground nuclear wall” construction, but also dates back to the late 1950s. In 1958, Mao Zedong ordered a few people know of the Infantry School (located in Shangqiu City) for testing missiles and nuclear warheads and store survey and pick a location. Dry business Qiubu Bing Jia Rui School and Student Service Director Major General is responsible for warhead storage location Hung Ethics investigation, and Jia Rui dry eventually become China’s “father of safe nuclear warheads.” In related news, China’s first storage tunnel was completed in 1964 (China’s first nuclear test is completed in that year), attributable to the 1965 Defense Science Board. Declassified U.S. Intelligence Committee report in 1971 showed that a nuclear warhead storage facility located in the focus “distance Koko12 sea ridge, and that this is not a weapons production base.”
1969, China’s political and military leaders began to prepare the main warhead storage and manipulation functions transferred to the Qinling Mountains in the Taibai. In the 1958 survey, the Taibai reportedly has been used as the candidate of the warhead storage sites, and this is the early 1960s the construction of Taibai an important factor.
at the time, the details of the construction of Bai tunnel can not be obtained. In three of China’s most western province/autonomous regions – Tibet, Qinghai and Xinjiang to the east of Taebaek mountain is the highest peak. Taebaek mountain height of 3767 meters above sea level, from the huge granite mountain pose. Perhaps in order to promote the logistics and transport of nuclear warheads and missiles, the 1960s, the PLA troops began the construction of railway corps connected Baoji and Chengdu, Mianyang City, near the railway line and three lines of nuclear material production facilities. Baoji – Chengdu railway line is considered one of China’s great achievements, not only because China Baoji-Chengdu line was first electrified railway, but also because it crossed the mountains south of the tunnel in Baoji. One of the most important is a 2.3 through the Qinling Mountains kilometers of tunnels, as well as a series of south-west of Baoji winding tunnel. This railway also supports a major ballistic missile engines and components research, development, production units, known as the first 67 bases, the base was established in 1965, located on the Taibai among adjacent mountain.
alleged Taibaishan nuclear transfer tunnel underground facilities equipped with advanced body protection system. Security measures include real-time video surveillance, infrared security system, computerized statistical verification of warhead systems, temperature and humidity control, firefighting equipment, fingerprints and other access control systems and underground facilities, advanced communications connectivity within the facility. Bai base seems to consist of at least two specific areas, namely, known as Red River and Hongling. In addition, the base of the missile also the role of the electromagnetic pulse effects, electronic equipment and missile tests. (Newspaper special compilation Xiao research)
(edit: SN015) share: