Sino-US relations after the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan 54 times the total amount of $ 72.5 billion
1997 March, the United States to sell the AGM-84A type” Harpoon “air-ship missiles 1992, the United States to sell the C-130 transport aircraft 1991, the United States to sell the M60A3 main battle tanks US-made Apache attack helicopter
Yangcheng Evening News reporter Zhu Shaojie
● 9 21, The U.S. government announced up to $ 5.852 billion in total arms sales plan, the Chinese Foreign Ministry made this three times within one day protest;
● 1979 China-US diplomatic relations, U.S. arms sales to Taiwan 54 times many, for a total of more than 72.5 billion U.S. dollars, serious damage to China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity … …
moment arms sales to Taiwan across the Taiwan Strait touched nerves
became U.S. ambassador to China, less than two months of Locke, received China’s first official “strong protest.”
9 21, the U.S. government announced up to $ 5.852 billion in total arms sales plan. According to Taiwan media reports revealed that sales include 176 sets of active electronically scanned array radar, 176 sets of built-in global positioning inertial navigation system, 176 sets of ALQ-213 electronic warfare management system, these devices are mainly active in Taiwan’s F16A/B fighters to upgrade.
the same time, sales list also includes a 140 AIM-9X Sidewinder heat-seeking missile and the Joint Strike bombs. Military observers have pointed out that these weapons will make Taiwan’s air force has the ability to attack the southeast coast.
This immediately triggered a rebound of China’s diplomacy, the Foreign Ministry protested three times within a day.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu said China’s position clear, “expressed strong indignation”; Chinese Ambassador Zhang in the United States lodged a strong protest to Washington; and Locke summoned China’s Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Zhijun, stressed Taiwan arms “seriously endanger China’s national security.”
“In 1982 the two countries jointly issued the” Shanghai Communique “, the U.S. does not seek to make the implementation of long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan, and is ready to gradually reduce arms sales to Taiwan until the final settlement a clear commitment, but the fact that the U.S. does not practice these commitments, but all kinds of excuses repeatedly sell weapons. “
Zhang Zhijun to Locke stressed that China has been the official positions and views.
thirty years, U.S. arms sales to Taiwan has been a major diplomatic issues, always able to touch a sensitive nerve in the Taiwan Strait. After the 1979 Sino-US relations, U.S. arms sales to about 54 times. In every diplomatic response, published in 1982, the “Shanghai Communique” Chinese diplomats are one of the terms most frequently mentioned.
Reagan arms sales to Taiwan,
Sino-US relations caused by a serious crisis
1979 establishment of diplomatic relations, the Chinese government immediately issued a statement saying: “The U.S. arms sales to Taiwan does not meet the principle of normalization of bilateral relations.” The two countries the opportunity to talk about arms sales to Taiwan, then in the second year.
1980 U.S. presidential election years, the U.S. Republican presidential candidate Ronald Reagan conservative, talk nonsense in the presidential campaign, Carter criticized the Democratic administration “abandoned old friends” and even said to restore and Taiwan official relations with the region.
1981 年初 came to power, although Reagan did not dare to defy world opinion, to restore diplomatic relations with Taiwan, but decided to strengthen the arms sales to Taiwan. This approach led to a serious crisis in Sino-US relations.
1980 In November, the Dutch made the decision to sell two submarines. May the following year, China will not hesitate to downgrade diplomatic relations, the agency downgraded the Embassy in the Netherlands, the United States will be informed about this decision.
to ease the crisis, to solve the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan issue, China and the U.S. for as long as ten months (October 1981 -1982 August 2006) negotiations. When he was appointed Vice Premier and Foreign Minister Huang Hua in his memoirs, “experience and knowledge”, the special account of this major historical event in the process.
1981 In June, U.S. Secretary of State Haig’s visit to China, but did not bring any substantive interaction. China has delayed the Assistant Chief of Staff Liu Huaqing visit to the U.S., control groups and led people to the U.S. level, increased media criticism of the United States, the leaders of the United States through third countries express extreme dissatisfaction.
9 months, has been revealed that the United States will end or early 1982 sale of FX aircraft to Taiwan, (X that has not been established). Central Committee’s decision, by G-22 summit in October in Cancun, Mexico to discuss North-South problem of the machine, directly to President Reagan proposed arms sales to Taiwan, suggested the two sides held formal talks on this.
up to ten months of negotiations,
“Shanghai Communique” of the release
in the negotiating process, China has repeatedly asked the U.S. to clear the end of a timetable for Taiwan arms sales; the United States to reduce arms sales to Taiwan and try to turn China’s policy of peaceful reunification of Taiwan linked. Negotiations bogged down.
until May 1982, Deng Xiaoping met with U.S. Vice President George W. Bush, President Ronald Reagan to Bush to tell U.S. leaders should pledge, but in time gradually reduce and stop arms sales to Taiwan. Promise ways to discuss the wording of communiques can be studied.
as a result of a compromise, in stressing that Taiwan issue is China’s internal affairs, and force the U.S. to support each other’s internal affairs is the “guiding principle in all aspects of bilateral relations,” the premise, China reiterated the “peaceful reunification “motherland” major policies. ”
the same time, the United States said that “to understand and appreciate” the policy, stated that it “does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan,” “intends gradually to reduce arms sales to Taiwan, and after period of time to a final resolution. “
1982 年 8 17 morning, Deng Xiaoping met with the U.S. ambassador, said the Chinese government agreed to the agreement of the joint communique, will begin at 7:00 pm Beijing released this communiqué. And that the U.S. commitment in the communiqué to gradually reduce arms sales to Taiwan, of course, can not only reduce one U.S. dollar a year.
statement said, “After a period of time to a final resolution,” we understand the so-called period of time should be limited and should not be into the distant future, and the final solution can only be discontinued. And once again stressed that the peaceful solution of Taiwan question, not a commitment to anyone, not misinterpreted as a prerequisite for the U.S. to stop arms sales to Taiwan.
17 issued a statement the evening of the Chinese, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman also issued a statement, means the “Shanghai Communique” and “Establishment of Diplomatic Relations” principle, the United States should completely stop selling weapons to Taiwan, because Given that this is a historical legacy, the Chinese government on the basis of adhering to the principle, agreed to step by step to be addressed.
U.S. commitment after a period of final settlement arms sales to Taiwan, meaning of course that the United States arms sales to Taiwan over a period of time must be completely stopped.
Reagan trying to undermine the “Shanghai Communique” of the United States of constraints
“” Shanghai Communique “is to solve the issue of U.S. arms sales communiqué, but the bulletin is not just to solve this problem.” Huang in his memoirs that it was not just because of arms sales to Taiwan into the sky, it’s significance and role is not limited to arms sales to Taiwan.
in the communique, the U.S. government made it clear that “no intention of infringing China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, or interfering in China’s internal affairs, the implementation of ‘two China’ or ‘one China, one Taiwan’ policy.” “The three ‘no intention’ are compared to the” Shanghai Communique “and” Establishment of Diplomatic Relations, “a more explicit commitment.”
however, has been revealed that Reagan was in the “Shanghai Communique” issued made in Taiwan before the Six Assurances, trying to undermine the “Shanghai Communique” binding on the United States:
arms sales to Taiwan and China without prior consultation; end arms sales to Taiwan does not set time limit; not play a mediator between the two sides; United States will not agree to amend the “Taiwan Relations Act”; does not change Taiwan’s “sovereignty” of cognition; the United States will not pressure Taiwan to negotiate with China and so on.
later, a former U.S. ambassador to China James Lilley has said in his memoirs, “Shanghai Communique” was published, President Ronald Reagan and to prepare a memorandum, said: any reduction in arms sales to Taiwan will as the Taiwan Strait peace and China claimed continue to seek peaceful settlement of the Taiwan issue may be the major policies.
the quality of arms sales to Taiwan, the People’s Republic of threat must be based on conditions. Taiwan’s defense capability must be maintained at a corresponding level of the PRC on. Direct the drafting of the memorandum of senior officials also explained that:
if China becomes belligerent or military buildup leading to unrest and instability in the region, then the U.S. will increase arms sales to Taiwan, and Whether communique on arms sales to the quality and quantity is required.
U.S. authorities often to technology transfer, design, equipment and services, to help improve Taiwan’s weapons production capacity.
George HW Bush and Bill Clinton,
intensified arms sales to Taiwan plan
some time in 1991 years ago, the United States to sell weapons to Taiwan is more cautious. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, U.S. arms sales policy has also undergone a fundamental change. Bush Administration’s project is not only a huge amount of arms sales, also sells a lot of offensive weapons.
during his tenure, the U.S. government sold large quantities of weapons: E-2c Hawkeye airborne early warning aircraft, 24 AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters, 10 S-70C anti-submarine helicopter, 12 SH-2F pull Mu Pusi helicopters, 207 SM-1 missile, and so on.
which, in September 1992, the sales plan profile, 150 F-16 fighters, worth $ 6 billion. No matter from which side it is a violation of “Shanghai Communique” gradually reduce arms sales to Taiwan’s commitment. The first F-16 fighters delivered in April 1997 in Taiwan, Taiwan’s Air Force, the main model.
1993 In January, the U.S. agreed to sell 200 “Patriot” missiles and their equipment, worth $ 10 billion; March, the U.S. agreed to sell four E-2T airborne early warning aircraft type, the value of 9 billion; June, the U.S. agreed to sell military aircraft parts, radar and navigation equipment, valued at $ 156 million; 11 months, the U.S. agreed to sell 150 Mk46Mod5 submarine torpedo type RC and related logistics support component, the value of 54 million dollars.
1993, Clinton frequently arms sales to Taiwan, a total value of $ 11,061,400,000. And his predecessor, Bill Clinton not only sell weapons to Taiwan, but also to participate in Taiwan military command systems, the transformation of being. In 1995 Taiwan Strait crisis triggered by Lee Teng-hui visited the United States, the United States more willing to sell arms to Taiwan in the software.
1999, the United States to sell Taiwan the data connection system, as the Taiwan authorities to improve the command, communication, critical intelligence, and to help Taiwan to complete the entire combat system of command and communication systems integration, strengthen the fight when the anti-strike capability.
more important thing is that the data link can connect directly the U.S. Pacific Command, the U.S. military in wartime even if not war, but also to provide information or instruction in Taiwan.
Bush and Obama,
arms sales to Taiwan continues unabated
2001 years after taking office, Bush announced the development of arms sales to Taiwan and the number and size far more than his father. This year, he announced that more than 18 billion arms sale of weaponry, including four Kidd-class destroyers, the sea area of ??Taiwan after the move the “Hengshan command post.”
in October, the U.S. announced the sale of 40 sets of Taiwan, “Javelin” anti-tank missile systems and missile 360. The following year, the United States once again to sell Taiwan missiles, including 182 “Sidewinder” air to air missiles, 440 “Hellfire” II-ground anti-armor missiles.
2004 April, selling two sets of early-warning radar and related equipment. In 2007, the announced value of $ 3.7 billion sale of 66 F-16C/D fighter aircraft.
step down on the eve of George W. Bush, the U.S. announced the sale of Taiwan 12 P-3C anti-submarine machine, 144 “standard” two missiles to the Navy’s new development the mainland.
Obama took office two years, the amount of arms sales plan has been close to eight years of George W. Bush 80% of tenure. In 2010, just concluded visit to China, Obama announced the sale to Taiwan, “Black Hawk” helicopters “Apache” helicopter, “Patriot” three anti-missile systems, a total of nearly $ 6.4 billion in weapons and equipment.
2011 年 9 21, the U.S. government announced a $ 5.852 billion of new arms sales to Taiwan, mainly F-16A/B aircraft upgrade. This will greatly enhance the Taiwan Air Force’s air combat capability.
although did not able to do so to obtain F-16C/D fighter’s arms sales, but Taiwan’s military immediately responded with warm thanks. In fact, overwhelmed by the content of arms sales as early as 10 years ago, the Bush administration has proposed, and then check out the opposition Kuomintang Chen Shui-bian authorities, through the budget.
Today, Taiwan’s equipment from vehicles to aircraft, nearly 80% of U.S. manufacturing. Since 2008, Taiwan leader Ma Ying-jeou took office three years, has received more than 18.3 billion U.S. dollars of arms sales plan, far more than 12 years of Lee Teng-hui and Chen Shui-bian’s eight-year reign.(edit: SN049) to share: