South China Sea, strategically located around the country the opportunity to erode our national interests
Sea border officers is to maintain the sovereignty of the monument. CFP for map
Sun Ye Fei Wang Bin
some time, with the intensification of the international energy crisis, the South China Sea in the neighboring countries’ sovereignty over the South China Sea “on frequent moves, plus some ulterior motive power the spoiler, making the South China Sea, the situation became more turbulent kapa.
Chinese who first discovered and developed the South China Sea islands, reefs, history and jurisprudence from the dual perspective of China’s South China Sea Islands and adjacent waters, has indisputable sovereignty over
far away in the Han Dynasty, the Chinese ancestors had been sailing in the South China Sea fisheries trade and production activities. South China Sea islands have been included in the territory of China in the Tang Dynasty. Ming will also be included in the administrative jurisdiction of the South China Sea. World War II Japanese occupation of the South China Sea islands, the Chinese government to recover after the war, and fall under the jurisdiction of Guangdong Province.
both the Republic of China, Republic of China for the exercise of sovereignty over the South China Sea islands, the expression and action, or the general acceptance of the international community, China, and belongs to the South China Sea islands and reefs has indisputable sovereignty rights.
the 20th century, the world’s major countries, published nearly 200 Atlas and authoritative encyclopedia, all clearly marked or admitted, the Nansha Islands and adjacent waters in the South China Sea within the traditional territorial. Until now, many islands have confirmed the name of the history.
Geographically, the South China Sea is a semi-enclosed sea, the north near the Chinese mainland and Taiwan, east of the Philippine Islands, south to southwest Borneo to Sumatra to connect a line as the boundary, south-west from Malaysia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam border to the southern tip of the southern coast of Vietnam, with a total area of ??about 350 square kilometers. Most of the South China Sea islands small, the largest of which were for the East Sand Island, an area of ??about 12 square kilometers. Xisha largest Yongxing Island is about 1.85 square kilometers, the largest Pacific island of Nansha, also only 0.4 square kilometers.
China 1958 “territorial waters Statement”, 1992 “Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone,” and the “islands of the South China Sea and China has indisputable sovereignty over adjacent waters,” declared the South China Sea islands, the Foreign ownership provides a legal basis. In addition, China in 1982 as “United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea” party to enjoy the Kau-line along the territorial sea baseline and the eligible land of the island’s territorial waters to 200 nautical miles exclusive economic zone outside the baseline, and the maximum not more than 350 sea miles and the continental shelf sovereign rights exclusive jurisdiction.
called Kau line is our line in the South China Sea as a name for the country. In 1947, the then Chinese government published its compilation of “the South China Sea Islands location map”, the plot a discontinuous line formed by the 11 countries of the uncertain boundaries. After the founding of New China, published by the relevant government departments audited in the same position on the map are also plotted such a line, but only 11 lines to 9 intermittent intermittent lines. This line is often referred to as the traditional boundary line.
In fact, in 1968 the United Nations published the resource agencies of the oil-rich South China Sea before the report, the South China Sea situation can be very quiet, the countries also recognize the sovereignty of the South China Sea belongs to China. However, after the release of this report, the South China Sea around the country have made claim to sovereignty over the South China Sea islands, occupied the island and take action before the occurrence of territorial disputes with China. Obviously, the South China Sea disputes occur due to competition for resources.
even in this case, China is still the spirit of peace and friendship, take care of the overall principle that “the primary ownership of me, putting aside disputes and seeking common development” ideas, expectations through peaceful negotiations, joint development approach , and the countries concerned to resolve the South China Sea disputes.
but the situation is the South China Sea islands, the East Sand Island owned by China Taiwan Province under the jurisdiction of Kaohsiung, Taiwan’s armed forces stationed there. Islands and Paracel Islands in the sand under my jurisdiction, and the Spratly Islands has been plundered too fragmented, the waters were divided, the occupation of reefs, exploitation of resources.
the interests of the South China Sea with the resources is very important, but the ocean for the use of coastal and waterway country, the strategic space and strategic location is the importance of primitive
South China Sea Islands, Spratly Islands in particular, was aroused by the surrounding countries coveted, of course, is due to their economic and strategic importance.
On the economic front, the South China Sea islands have a natural resources – mountains of guano, quite worthy of development. It is estimated that only one on the Pacific island bears more than 100,000 tons of guano, phosphate, they are very valuable natural high-quality fertilizer. In addition, the South China Sea fishery resources are very rich. Sea water temperature, and so tropical and cold water fish can survive in this area.
heritage hidden in a large number of South China Sea oil and gas resources are mainly distributed in 24 sedimentary basins with a total area of ??about 72 million square kilometers. Oil reserves at between 23 billion to 30 billion tons, and sulfur content of less good quality. More striking is the expedition staff in the South China Sea north of the delineation of 11 “combustible ice” ore body, forecast reserves of about 19.4 billion cubic meters. Experts say the “combustible ice” is the oil and natural gas the best alternative energy sources.
eroded and carved up the reason why the climax of the South China Sea in the 1970s, the reason is that in the 1960s, found a lot in the South China Sea Basin oil and gas resources to the South China Sea to become the world’s four storage One of the oil zone, which is caused by competition for the climax of the real cause of the South China Sea.
driven by huge profits, some of the South China Sea, neighboring countries, has no Gu Nanhai sovereign part of China historically has been the fact that, to the brutal occupation that has a logic of occupation of the South China Sea islands.
a strategic analysis of the South China Sea is located between the Pacific and Indian Ocean, its strategic importance, known as the “Asian Mediterranean” said. Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam and the Philippines, South China Sea, Subic Bay naval base between the two, between the Pacific and Indian Ocean maritime traffic arteries, is the gateway to East Asia, South Asia, Middle East, Africa, Europe must pass through a major international waterway. In China’s 39 leading foreign routes, there are 21 by the South China Sea, 60% of foreign trade through transport from the South China Sea.
the United States in the global control of the 16 sea traffic “choke point”, three are in the South China Sea in the vicinity. As the world’s second-largest shipping sea lanes, the South China Sea is the ASEAN countries, Europe, the United States, Japan, Russia, Australia and other major economies of the maritime shipping lifeline. After the waters of international trade accounted for about 80% of world trade; Japan, South Korea 90% of oil imports to go through the South China Sea transport; liquefied natural gas produced in the South China Sea to Japan 75%; U.S. imports from all major Asia-Pacific region raw materials, Jiucheng go South routes. Obviously, with the South China Sea islands, can effectively control this important waters and international routes.
in the “cyclical” in the sovereignty dispute over the South China Sea, the intervention of external forces, especially the United States so-called “neutral mediator” attitude and can not cover its attempt to try to profit from them
order to counterbalance China, some countries have taken extra-territorial power grab against China’s practice. The current South China Sea has become a big country has global interests of the frontier. From EP-3 reconnaissance year over the South China Sea to China’s intelligence and reconnaissance, maritime surveillance ship to the Phantom of the Opera is now frequent, many countries China, South China Sea has become the forefront of detecting and constraints.
important strategic position in the South China Sea, with neighboring countries deliberately very favorable conditions for cooperation of the many outside powers Larunanhai oil and gas projects, so they have a heavy interest in the South China Sea, outside the state South China Sea issue is becoming more deeply involved, the international orientation of the South China Sea and international attention, are increasing.
In recent years, ASEAN countries will internationalize the issue of the South China Sea claims, but also cater to the Western countries, especially the United States to contain China’s psychology. U.S. officials have repeatedly stated, the Chinese claim to sovereignty over the South China Sea was “the root of the Nansha disputes”, the United States in the South China Sea region can not allow China to achieve “strategic dominance” that the United States and ASEAN countries with “common to put pressure on China” to negotiations to resolve the South China Sea.
In fact, the United States before 1995, the South China Sea in the basic policy is “neutral” and “intervention” that “even if no obligation Nansha conflict directly involved in the war,” to remind the country not to act rashly . “United Nations Convention” enters into force, the United States by the beginning of the South China Sea policy “not to intervene” to “intervention, but not caught.” Besides the U.S., Russia is also South China Sea some action. Whether Russia or the Russian arms sales to Vietnam’s Cam Ranh Bay military base in trying to return, have shown reluctance to abandon Russia’s vital interests in the region. Japan out of its own forecast of the future security environment, maintaining that only “pet”, the South China Sea regional security, it may not be a control of China, Japan’s lifeline will not hold in China’s hands. South China Sea, and even India, said, “the South China Sea from the Arabian Sea in the north to India’s scope of interest is.” In recent years, India’s “east Pacific strategy,” is trying to expand the voice of the South China Sea.
“peaceful rise” should not and will not become China’s maritime rights and interests of safeguarding national constraints, neighboring countries not to make China’s “peaceful rise” is the opportunity to erode China’s strategic interests misjudgment
marine waters of the dispute is mainly due to the exclusive economic zone or continental shelf delimitation disputes arising. The so-called “South China Sea”, is a guide sea around the “six seven-party”, that China and Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei and the Philippines, South China Sea islands and reefs in the ownership and division of the waters there are differences and disputes.
from the 1970s, Vietnam and other countries claim of sovereignty over the Nansha Islands, and some military occupation of the Spratly Islands reefs. So far, 29 Vietnamese occupation of the Nansha islands and reefs, is basically controlled the western waters of Nansha. Filipinos likened the Spratly Islands, “arrived in the Philippines waist a dagger.” Currently, the Philippines, the Chinese invaded and occupied 10 islands and reefs of the Nansha Islands. Among them, the second largest island in the industry, the island has been set to the Nansha Islands of the Philippines Command Center.
In addition, Malaysia has occupied three islands and reefs, islands and reefs in the share of troops and easy on the runway. “Six seven-party” in Brunei, although not to send troops to occupy, but the Nansha oil and gas resources exploitation unwilling people. 9 has been for oil extraction, gas 5. Indonesia announced plans for over 80,000 square kilometers of territorial waters to enjoy the traditional Chinese “sovereignty.” However, there are only 9 actual control reefs, of which mainland China 8, Taiwan 1.
Nansha disputes as early as 1984, Comrade Deng Xiaoping put forward two options: “One way is to use force to recover all these islands; a way to put aside the issue of sovereignty, to develop . “
based on good-neighborly and friendly policy of peace, China has designated the South China Sea by peaceful means to resolve the dispute option. However, this does not mean that China does not use force to recover the power of the occupied islands and reefs. At present, China’s road of peaceful rise and its subjective appeal is to avoid walking on the history of the rise of great powers to engage in military expansion led the old global war, but afraid of rational choice does not mean that China tried to impose on China’s external conflict.
a long time, from the overall interests of world peace and development, regional stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific regional interests, China has always insisted on “the primary ownership of me, putting aside disputes and seeking common development” principle, the current majority of the island reefs occupied by the countries, oil and gas resources have been plundered to maintain a high degree of restraint status, and to explore the use of bilateral consultations to gradually solve the reefs and maritime delimitation disputes, this is the situation in the South China Sea remained relatively stable after the foundation of lies.
However, the past two years, Vietnam, Philippines, China and other countries will again rational, generous, patient adhere to the peaceful rise of China as the only alternative, the impact of China’s interest to keep the bottom line.
South China Sea a long time, can be solved overnight, really need all parties in a cooperative attitude, through communication and consultation to properly handle. Only parties are truly committed to safeguarding regional peace and stability in the South China Sea, in order to build a true sense of the South China Sea a sea of ??peace.(edit: SN049)
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