I Nansha deterioration of the formation of territorial military occupation of five parties, the pattern of the four countries
border police escort fishing boats for the South China Sea. Territorial disputes because fishermen often become military targets.
Author: freelance writer Yu Jiang
in the South China Sea, Vietnam has occupied islands and reefs of the island chain formed 230 sea miles, the Philippines stationed in the occupied islands and reefs on the 1000 Navy Marine group of soldiers, Malaysia has a 600-meter-long runway simple.
in 2002, China and ASEAN signed the “Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea,” clear the parties to refrain from unilateral actions, the Philippines has recently passed a bill that will be part of China’s Nansha Islands and included in the “territorial sea baseline” .
a military expert said, “Peace is not an agreement by the thousands of times and vowed to achieve.”
tide like a drum, the South China Sea islands of dark clouds.
2 17, the Philippine Congress passed the part of the Nansha Islands, China Huangyan Island reefs and islands included in the Philippine territorial sea baselines bill.
similar story has played out year after year. June 15, 1995, the Philippine navy commandos sent to blow up a military occupied the Philippines from the Island 6 nautical miles in the industry, China set up on islands in the relevant cement sovereignty flag. In 1999, the Philippines, specifically the elimination of the warship “BRP Benquet” stranded in the Huangyan Island, China’s strong protests, the Philippines before the boat towed the Huangyan Island. In 2002, there have been more than 50 Ming Hainan fishermen fishing in the waters of the Huangyan Island, the Philippine military to trespass were the territorial sea of ??the Philippines have detained … …
not just the Philippines, in fact, actual military occupation or verbal claim to have sovereignty over the South China Sea islands, including Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia.
which the occupation of the islands and reefs, the waters continue to adhere to China? Military preparations and diplomatic game, how to coordinate the attack China? Joint development, tough fight and solve the South China Sea to the problem lie?
“Four five-party” military occupation
lower right corner of the map of China, South China Sea islands are small with a map, marked off 9 continued national boundaries, people who work in marine regarded it as “Kau-line.”
neighboring countries for the South China Sea islands and seas, most of them in the “Kau line” within.
present, China’s Nansha Islands in addition to the control of seven reefs and stationed in the Pacific island of Taiwan (the largest of the Nansha Islands in the island), the 42 islands and reefs occupied by other countries. Has formed a “five-party four countries’ military occupation of the armed separatist pattern, this division and control tends to spread.
fight Nansha, Vietnam, more active, well-planned.
after Vietnam invaded and occupied part of the island over the Nansha Islands, the Nansha sea area will be divided into hundreds of oil and gas tender areas in the region quickly tender, in recent years, Vietnam with the United States, Russia, France, Britain, Germany, continue to enter into exploration and exploitation of oil and gas contracts in an attempt to strengthen the actual possession of the Spratly Islands.
only the first half of 2006, Vietnam Oil and Gas Corporation Oil and gas output reached 12.37 million tons, of crude oil of 860 million tons, 3.765 billion cubic meters of natural gas, crude oil exports of about 8.2 million tons, exports up to $ 4.14 billion.
2004, as part of “competing with China, Nansha is another important step”, the Vietnamese military repair the Nansha Islands on an old military airport, the airport can be reduced to stop mid-sized aircraft, airport and claimed for repair tourism purposes, the Vietnamese tourists ‘attack’ Ru Nansha.
fact, Vietnam is the only full sovereignty over the Nansha Islands made the country, is the largest of the Nansha disputes vested interests, most ambitious expansion of China’s greatest threat. In the western Nansha, a battalion stationed in Vietnam 600 troops, and set up headquarters in the South Island. Vietnamese occupation in the Nansha area has formed a sub-island from south to safety po sandbar island chain about 230 nautical miles zone.
In addition, the Philippines stationed in the occupied islands and reefs on the 1,000 or so Marines and 1,300 meters long with a simple runway; Malaysian troops stationed in the occupied islands and reefs on the 100, 600 meters long and has a simple runway.
1500 km away from the mainland outside the Nansha Islands, the Nansha Islands is small, it is difficult a lot of troops, logistical difficulties, is not conducive to a long stick. Over the years, the Chinese Navy long-range delivery capability, and it can guard the seven small size of the reefs.
to guard these reefs, the Chinese navy set up a “Nansha patrol area” to regular rotation means stationed. Taiwan Coast Guard Administration set up the Nansha Islands in the Pacific Command, the total strength of about 110 people.
Nansha issue as a “nuclear reactor”
Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Chinese fishermen for many years lived in the Spratly Islands and to engage in fishing, planting and other production activities, the Chinese government’s permission and support, until the mid-20th century, no country of China has sovereignty over the Nansha any challenge.
1969, the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia Marine Geological Survey, found buried in the Nansha Islands area is extremely rich in oil resources. Nansha which more than 20 billion tons of oil and gas reserves, also known as the second Gulf.
Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, China and other countries have claimed sovereignty over the Nansha own territory.
Spratly Islands dispute, the nature of oil resources around the start of the dispute, is a veritable “oil politics” issues. Nansha issue behind the bewildering power struggle, a cause concern throughout the Asia Pacific region and the world’s potential hotspots, like a nuclear reactor.
from a geographical point of view, is located in the Nansha Islands and the Philippines, Vietnam, Cam Ranh Bay naval base in Subic Bay, between the two, of great strategic importance. South China Sea is the world’s most important international sea lines of communication, one of the route to the United States, Japan and Russia who are tremendous and strategic significance. Coupled with some countries to prevent, contain, and contain China’s strategic considerations, which makes the South China Sea more complicated.
South China Sea would also channel American security interests are directly linked with the United States. In 2000, the U.S. and countries around the South China Sea up to 16 joint military exercises. One of five ships, one submarine and several supply ships of the Indian Navy task forces, marched once mighty South China Sea, the so-called “training voyage.”
According to reports, the upcoming US-Philippine “shoulder to shoulder” exercises, participating in the U.S. 2,500 people, 46 of the fighters, and the Philippines armed forces to send more than 5,000 people participated.
huge oil interests, geographical position, and the use of Nansha, Taiwan, Diaoyu Islands and so form the first island chain, which controls China’s strategic attempt to actively intervene in the Spratly Islands is a true national cause.
from the defense point of view, China from coastal defense to defend the defensive changes, the use of Chinese in the islands of the sea “island chain defense” has a very important role.
Thus, we need according to their rising economic strength of the coastal defense capabilities in order to play the initiative.
the Philippines to determine the legislative practice of the territorial sea baseline, but also alert China should speed up the work.
military preparations in the Southeast Asian countries, but also a quiet place equipment “revolution.”
It is reported that the Philippines was officially opened a new “maritime border control system”, by the United States and Australia, “donation”, the United States, Australia is also responsible for training Navy personnel related. Although the Philippine public claims that its mainly used for monitoring the pirates, smugglers, terrorists, religious extremists and the infiltration of action. However, the essence of the response to “The Philippines faces a potential threat to the sea, especially in the South China Sea islands of external threats.”
Philippine-US joint exercises in the hidden “to defend the South China Sea Islands” subjects, and the formation of “rapid response naval fleet” to deal with “any type of national security threat.”
Vietnam eager to introduce advanced warships from Russia to build a modern navy. In addition to Russia to purchase the maximum speed exceeding 40 knots, equipped with 3M-95 “Uranus” anti-ship missile systems and eight anti-ship missiles, four-mounted “needle” anti-aircraft missile systems and 24 air defense missiles, “Lightning” boats, Russia is also building two in Vietnam, “Cheetah” type frigate, totaling $ 350 million, now it has begun construction of two ships. “Cheetah” is mainly used for anti-submarine frigates, combat surface ships and air targets.
According to reports, the Vietnamese Navy is building “30 to 40 ships, while prepared to invest $ 3.8 billion, in the northeast of Vietnam, the construction of large naval port, and replace a number of far Cheng Duihai surveillance radar, in order to strengthen South China Sea waters monitoring efforts.
In addition, Russia to Vietnam, “Jewels” (SS-N-26) supersonic anti-ship missile production technical details. “gem” supersonic anti-ship missiles Russia’s most advanced anti-ship missiles.
recent years, although China has purchased and built some of the new main battle equipment, but there are still a small number of new low proportion of inadequate equipment, and thus control the ocean combat capability and there is a large distance.
China does not threaten other countries by force, but to safeguard its maritime rights and interests, should take appropriate measures to strengthen naval modernization, China needs to enhance military training, modern weapons and equipment to improve the Chinese military researchers said some of the strategies, the Chinese armed forces must also be at the right time to demonstrate their military power at sea, to safeguard China’s maritime sovereignty.
“lack of strength to support the political ideals as if nothing exists. “American geopolitics home Sibaikeman words might be worth thinking about.
” shelving disputes and seeking common development “
Han Yang Fu,” Chi foreign “yes” Kawasaki head up the sea, shallow and multi-magnet, “the record, that is the South China Sea islands. Qing Dynasty, the Chinese government plotted the Nansha Islands on the map in authority, the exercise of administrative jurisdiction over the Nansha Islands.
1970 and 1971, the Philippines sent troops to occupy the three Nansha Islands, 1975 to six, now stands at eight Vietnamese troops seize 29 Nansha islands. Malaysia in 1983 and 1986 occupation of the projectile reef, reef and Sing Sea reef, has a total share of five islands and reefs. Brunei, Indonesia, although no troops occupied, but announced that over 80,000 square kilometers of territorial waters for the traditional Chinese “sovereignty” of all.
to defend the sovereignty of China and Vietnam, the Philippines and other countries after 30 years in the 20th century, occurred in the military friction.
China since 1990, formally proposed to the Nansha Islands dispute, “shelving disputes and seeking common development” policy.
However, in 1994, ASEAN declared “the collective name of the future will be outside rather than to receive it on behalf of bilateral negotiations”, do not accept the results of any unilateral or bilateral negotiations, so that our address the issue of Nansha become very complex.
2002 In November, the Chinese government in Phnom Penh and the ASEAN signed the “Declaration on Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea.” clear to the South China Sea by peaceful means to resolve the dispute the premise, common development and common prosperity, mutual understanding This solution to the problem for the South China Sea provides the framework of the “Declaration” expressly requires the parties to refrain from unilateral action.
However, the situation is still deteriorating Nansha territory, controlled by various countries around the islands and reefs continued to accelerate the pace of development, is making China in an awkward position.
As a military expert said, “peace does not depend on the protocol million times vowed to achieve”.