China should build support for the Coast Guard regulatory waters of naval operations in wartime
Data Figure: China ocean surveillance ships maritime law enforcement
International Herald Tribune article Recently, China’s marine regulatory authorities for violations of China’s maritime rights and interests of the illegal activities carried out tit for tat struggle. However, this struggle involves maritime diplomacy, international law and the use of military force, we must protect our maritime interests, but also lead to armed conflicts not rush, not to violate norms of international law, in large part test of the wisdom of China’s marine management and ability. Formed with Chinese characteristics, “Coast Guard” may be an option.
the world’s use of “Coast Guard” of this model, regulatory its territorial sea and exclusive economic zone waters of the successful example, the U.S. Coast Guard is a must. U.S. Coast Guard by the U.S. government spending and management of the Ministry of Finance, does not belong to the U.S. Navy, is a maritime law enforcement rights of the paramilitary forces. But it has the size of ships and aircraft as well as the level of modernization in many developing countries far more than the Navy, “U.S. Navy second,” said.
Zhezhi irregulars come from the U.S. maritime rights and interests involving the event, does not give such a strong outbreak of armed conflict at sea the smell of gunpowder; gave diplomacy leaves room for both. This not only concentrate all the power of their efficient and uniform preservation of the marine rights and interests, but also directly involved in law enforcement by the Navy to avoid the “tough” embarrassing situation “smart power”, is the world’s oceans in many countries to imitate and emulate. The more successful examples of Mexico, Peru, Chile, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, South Korea’s Coast Guard and other countries, and Japan Coast Guard.
30 years since China’s reform and opening up, the construction of maritime law enforcement team has made great strides to effectively defend the country’s maritime rights and interests, to protect the coastal economic development of fruitful results. March 10, 311 Chinese fishery began for the first time the South China Sea cruise ship, is the best example.
However, it is undeniable, and open to the ever-changing ocean, the development of the situation compared to our current ocean management and efficiency has become outdated. The first is bull management, lack of focus, efficient use of a unified mechanism, border, maritime police, maritime surveillance, fishery and environmental protection departments of their respective law enforcement, the lack of horizontal linkages necessary, to respond to emergencies is difficult to achieve rapid response; the second is spread the use of resources, inability to concentrate financial and material resources, manpower acquisition of modern marine equipment. China currently lacks, like the U.S. Coast Guard, the Japan Coast Guard as a displacement of 3000 tons, equipped with medium and small caliber guns and helicopters and information technology equipment, ocean-going patrol vessels (boats), can not form dozens of ships, or even one hundred law enforcement fleet of scale; the last is the establishment of the system of maritime law enforcement agencies are not the same, the quality of personnel requirements are different, which is not conducive to a normalization of long-term development of marine law enforcement personnel.
China needs to embark on a sea of ??its own characteristics of the construction of the armed forces new ways of law enforcement, and foreign “Coast Guard” maritime management, law enforcement model in the following areas may be worth learning: The first is a national centralized and unified leadership, fast and efficient maritime law enforcement team; second is a regularization, the preparation of a unified regularization and funding of sea power; third is just a sea of ??a paramilitary nature of the Guard, you can boldly use less deposit scruples; fourth power of its preparation for the Navy and reliable, timely and effective support to war naval operations, added the Navy’s battle damage, complement each other.
In short, the current struggle against the sea in order to better adapt to new changes in the situation, new needs, to better safeguard the country’s maritime interests, and effectively defend the coastal economic development, reform and opening up new results, the formation of a with Chinese characteristics, “Coast Guard”, is to strengthen the maritime law enforcement forces, the reform of ocean management, improve the system of maritime management team a good option. Severe marine coastal motherland as soon as the situation requires the introduction of a viable reform program to. But there are still many policies and regulations, technical details of the problem to be solved. For example, this paramilitary nature of the position; Zhezhi the leading maritime power vested in the armed law enforcement, and so on. (Source: International Herald Tribune Writer “Contemporary Navy” magazine deputy editor)
recommended “International Herald Tribune” blog: http://blog.sina.com.cn/xqdb
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