Official media said the Chinese government recognizes the KMT as the anti-Japanese martyrs
1944 September, the Chinese Expeditionary Army 20 Army 53 Army to attack western Yunnan Tengchong. Xinhua News Agency issued
This is the Chinese Expeditionary Force Myitkyina in Burma with the Japanese operations. Xinhua News Agency issued
Xinhua Beijing, March 30 (Xinhua reporter Li Yun, Zhang Mimi) Ching Ming Festival is approaching. A “Battle of Shanghai’s four lines of the warehouse,” Eight Hundred Heroes “remains overseas, no one is interested in” the net posts, the eve of the Ching Ming Festival, evokes thoughts of the martyrs.
dusty memories of being opened. “Eight Hundred Heroes” “Langya Five Heroes,” Qiu Shaoyun, Huang Jiguang, Zhang Zhizhong, Tong Linge, Zhao Dengyu, Wang Ming Zhang … … All these dip blood, familiar names, has inspired generations of Chinese people’s heroic pride, stand up a National unyielding backbone.
many loyal souls resting Abroad
in the end how many of the remains of Chinese soldiers, revive drift overseas? In the end how many heroes, their names together with the graves, buried by years of dust sealed?
only Sino-Japanese War, the National Revolutionary Army and the Communist-led Eighth Route Army, New Fourth Army Memorial, reached 1.5 million is huge. According to the Ministry of Civil Affairs statistics, in the revolutionary war at the expense of revolutionary martyrs, about 20 million people.
however, known to test, have been incorporated into all levels of government compiled the “List of British martyr” of the martyrs, only 176 million people.
In addition, in the last century, 100 years, the two parties also each led a large-scale overseas operations. And local operations is not the same, two soldiers sacrificed their lives fighting abroad, most of them stay in the exotic foreign land.
once Sino-Japanese War, the National Revolutionary Army soldiers deployed 200,000 composed of elite expeditionary force, went to Burma, India battlefield. From March 1942 to early August, Expeditionary Force in Burma, India and China, repeatedly frustrated the enemy front in western Yunnan Province, to the cost of more than 60,000 casualties, stopping on the Nu River, from Burma to the Japanese attempt to attack my rear southwest dashed.
martyred soldiers in the expeditionary force, in addition to more than 3,000 people buried in Tengchong County, Yunnan Province, outside the War cemetery, most of the soldiers bones, scattered in India, among the mountains in northern Myanmar.
This does not include the construction of the Burma Road, because of that malignant dysentery and died countless migrant workers.
War Memorial curator of western Yunnan section of students Kui said: “The Burma Road, and has also picked up the rusty helmets and bullet.”
another is the new China the early days of the Korean War. Including Mao’s son Anying, including tens of thousands of martyrs, buried on the Korean peninsula. Fortunately, the remains of martyrs has been the North Korean government’s proper care. Each year, the Chinese Embassy in the DPRK or the delegation from China will go to pay tribute.
In addition to these two operations abroad, there are those who are sent abroad POW status is a strong military. In particular, the initial resistance, a large number of captured soldiers were sent to Papua New Guinea, Japan, Korea and other places, as the so-called labor.
Dongbeikanglian in Japanese was “besieged” after losing back into the former Soviet Union the struggle, there are many soldiers to sacrifice the former Soviet Union. According to the Anti veterans recalled for fear of insulting the enemy corpses after burial of martyrs in almost without trace, the passage of time, are now looking difficult.
the Chinese nation at the expense of all the martyrs
2005, the 60th anniversary of the victory. Japanese veterans who have received the CPC Central Committee and the Chinese Government donated a special gift – a victory medal, including the battlefield in front of the Kuomintang against the Japanese military.
In fact, the KMT and the national government’s heroic sacrifice in the war hero, always get a new Chinese government’s recognition and praise.
carried out by the national government-led Battle of Shanghai, dates, etc. should battle, history and language in primary and secondary textbooks, has been fair presentation and evaluation. In Beijing, until today still retains Tong Linge Road, Zhaodengyu Road, Zhang Zhizhong and roads, to commemorate the Chinese nation in the war contributed to the KMT soldiers.
in a shot from China’s “bloody Taierzhuang” movie, the KMT soldiers against the common enemy, the heroic image of die generous incentives and encouraged a generation of Chinese people.
Tengchong County in Yunnan Province, west of the War cemetery was included in the national cultural heritage. Here buried with more than 3,000 Chinese Expeditionary Army soldiers and 19 coalition soldiers, is the largest and best preserved battlefields of the war front during the Memorial Memorial Cemetery. In 1997, the national army of Martyrs became a national patriotism education bases.
in Nanjing, the Nationalist government’s commemoration of the war martyrs Spirit Valley, Hope Valley tower as the current year, the KMT’s illustrious list of martyrs of their war on the Kuomintang’s badge, “the Prime Minister will” and “Things” The training words engraved on the arch. The annual Victory Day War, on both sides of the avenue filled with people cherish the memory of martyrs laid wreaths.
in Chengdu, south gate, stands a wearing sandals, carrying hats Sichuan army soldier sculpture. Since the beginning of 1937, 300 million man out of Sichuan Shu war, to pay the cost of 640,000 casualties. Chapter 122 Division Commander Joseph Wang Ming led the troops to hang on Tengxian absolute disadvantage, the division more than 5,000 people almost all the casualties, leaving the city with the enemy grenade wounded sounding die, no one captured.
1943 years into the most difficult stage of the war, the Nationalist government in Sichuan emergency requisition 45000 students and intellectuals went to India and Burma add Expeditionary Force. Less than a month, went to Sichuan, more than 40,000 young people on the front. Because the war situation worsened, and most of them who did not come back.
martyrs, Ci Hai defined like this: for a just cause at the expense of the people.
from 1937 to 1945, the National Revolutionary Army launched a large battle 22 times, 1117 times an important battle, the army killed, wounded, missing 3,211,419 people; Air Force, killed 4321 people, and destroying the machine 2468, naval losses exhausted. Only officers above major general killed 95 people.
sacrifice the interests of the Chinese nation, whether the KMT or the communists, they are martyrs.
attention martyrs funeral
Although the tragic hero and war with the smoke dispersed, but people should not forget the martyrs.
2007, the Luoyang mausoleums are partially dismantled to make way for commercial development, the latter after an uproar in the media. The Martyrs of commercial development has been done for 10 years, six only two protected areas, the rest into a commercial cemetery. In 2009, Henan Biyang People’s Congress, Commission for Discipline Inspection of land occupied by the county Martyrs fund raising to build luxury villas spread the message through the network wide.
in Chongqing, was diverted to the martyrs cemetery, transformation, face into laundry, BBQ garden, karaoke OK angle or vendors bazaar. In Nanjing, Wangjiang Angeles more than 80 Martyrs offspring without notice in the case of martyrs, all by unclaimed graves relocation, the ashes of martyrs “temporary” in the funeral home for several years. In Chengdu, Hongyan vehicle Yaoxian the former residence of the martyrs, have been forcibly relocated.
before the annual festival, there will be such a thing be revealed.
According to Ministry of Civil Affairs statistics, the Martyrs, Martyrs, Memorial, statues commemorating a total of 14,588 facilities. To strengthen the management, our current approach is a hierarchical management approach, which is divided into national, provincial, municipal and county-level key protection units. At present the annual reception facilities visited Martyrs Memorial, visited more than 80 million people reached the masses.
but funding issues, commemorating the martyrs has been troubled by the work of protecting major facilities problems. Ministry of Civil Affairs Bureau of martyrs praise and special care and placement the Director of Dai Aijiao preferential treatment introduced in 1992, to address the Martyrs Memorial facility protection unit construction, the difficulties of inadequate funding for the development, Ministry of Civil Affairs has proposed adherence to the “praise the martyrs, educating the masses” theme features the premise , to carry out business income-generating activities, “the Vice-up park” road. In this process, the use of Martyrs desolate in some places to start is different from the area died martyrs praise staff burial ground, and some local nurseries and other industrial development of horticulture.
Although the civil affairs departments at all levels have increased to the Martyrs Memorial facility protection efforts, but not enough to put the situation has not fundamentally changed. Some parts of the Martyrs Memorial has become a local dilapidated facilities, no funding to repair, like the pressure of public opinion has a great construction and demolition. There are 7000 National Martyrs Memorial facilities and many scattered on one million martyrs tomb, of which a considerable part of the worrying situation.
the special care and preferential treatment in terms of martyrs, although the state has to establish a sound system of martyrs survivor pension privileges, but there are still some difficulties and problems.
Ministry of Civil Affairs for the establishment of Martyrs Day and the many years of argument. 2008 People on the anniversary of the establishment of an online poll of martyrs, 70% of users expressed support. Poll survey conducted by the Xinhua, the support rate as high as 92.84%. Civil affairs departments at all levels are in accordance with national requirements, to invest in this year focused on the protection of key national martyrs memorial of transformation.
fact, we need not only protect the martyrs memorial facilities, the establishment of Martyrs Day, but more important is respect for the martyrs in the whole society to carry forward the tradition.