Chinese-made technology required for modern aircraft to support the country to rely on
are transforming the carrier platform, the transformation is complete, will be used for research testing and training.
the reporter Feng Chunmei
7 27, the Defense Ministry spokesman Colonel Geng Yansheng said China is now using an aircraft carrier platform used to transform, for research experiments and training.
around China’s first aircraft carrier, some of the issues of concern for the reader, the reporter interviewed the Navy military academic researcher Li Jie.
1, the main purpose is to transform what carrier
transform waste carrier is determined by the conditions, after the transformation is mainly used for scientific testing and training
correspondent: the ship was originally called the “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier number of the specific situation? Why waste carrier by the transformation of our country instead of building new aircraft carriers? The carrier’s main purpose?
Li Jie: aboard the aircraft carrier formerly known as waste, “Kuznetsov” was in complete transformation, will become the Chinese navy’s training ship and a pilot.
transformation of the “Kuznetsov” was a conventionally powered aircraft carrier, the Soviet Union in the 1980s began building. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the construction was forced to dismount. 1998, used the “Kuznetsov” was purchased by China, March 2002, arrived in Dalian, China, Hong Kong.
After the transformation, the aircraft carrier will be mainly used for scientific testing and training. China to build aircraft carriers to master the entire process must start from the scientific research and experiments, active force, pipeline design, materials, electronics and other equipment a well-equipped to solve a technical problem.
In addition, the carrier will also be a platform for training personnel. For example, the aircraft carrier pilot training, previously only on land, next to the aircraft can take off and land on the train.
transformation of a waste of China’s aircraft carrier platform from the beginning, choose a introduction, digestion, absorption, re-innovation on the road, is a Chinese characteristics, carrier development. In addition, the transformation of the aircraft carrier is also an important factor in saving time. This is according to China’s national conditions and make decisions.
2, why should we have aircraft carriers
have aircraft carriers will help to defend our country’s maritime security, naval modernization is an important step in the process
Reporter: What has a sense of China’s aircraft carrier, to enhance combat effectiveness of the Chinese navy do?
Li Jie: aircraft carrier is the human grasp and use the most advanced military platforms at sea, was regarded as a country’s comprehensive national strength and a symbol of naval power.
world trend has emerged in recent years, some countries in the construction of larger, more advanced aircraft carrier, there are some countries in the design or construction of small aircraft carriers meet their own needs, is to study and reform of China’s aircraft carrier latecomers.
China is a land power, is a maritime country, about 300 million square kilometers of “Blue Land” and the long coastline.
good to defend this piece of “Blue Land”, not able to arrive at the scene, defending territorial waters of the large vessels is not enough. Especially the development of increasingly large ships in the world of historical conditions, China’s armed forces to defend national security, territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests, to fulfill their sacred duty of responsible, no aircraft carriers such equipment is not enough.
Therefore, the aircraft carrier converted to defend national maritime security benefit, with the aircraft carrier is the dream of several generations of Chinese people! Meanwhile, the Navy is an important step in the process of modernization.
Reporter: Why popular national carrier favored it in the end what kind of deterrent?
Li Jie: the construction of the Western powers and the use of naval aircraft carrier more than a century. The family still in the ship is a large new ship class of warships through the baptism of two world wars, has been ranked as “sea supremacy” throne, yet there is a weapons fundamentally shake their status.
simply, the reason why an aircraft carrier is widely favored countries, is that the carrier battle group has tremendous power and protection against power, almost invincible in naval warfare, and its increasingly prominent role.
3, how to look at the “China threat”
five permanent members China is not the only carrier in the country, the “China threat theory” untenable
Reporters: how do you view as China’s aircraft carrier platform conversion of waste re-emergence of the “China threat theory”?
Li: China’s aircraft carrier research and development, in order to increase national security and the ability to maintain peace, based on improving defense capabilities, not to threaten other countries.
In my opinion, the “China threat” theory is untenable. The five permanent members of the United Nations, China is the only country without a carrier. China has around half a dozen countries have or are about to have aircraft carriers or quasi carriers, including India, Thailand, Japan, Korea, Russia, the United States and Australia.
China’s navy will not have to change aircraft carrier offshore defense strategy, China’s defensive national defense policy will not change.
4, which required the construction of aircraft carrier technology
carrier is the crystallization of modern technology, is a complex ‘giant system “, the construction of aircraft carriers can enhance the comprehensive national capacity
Correspondent: What are the key to build aircraft carriers need to have technology?
Li Jie: aircraft carrier is the crystallization of modern technology, is a complex ‘giant system “needs a lot of key technologies, such as design technology, ship-machine adaptation technology, carrier-based aircraft technology, ejection technology , block technology, weapons technology, power technology, steel manufacturing and welding technology, and other supporting facilities protection technology.
Among the many techniques, technology and ship-based aircraft machine adaptation technologies is critical. Large U.S. aircraft carriers usually have seven or ten with a variety of aircraft during the war up to one hundred. How do these aircraft and hangar deck of the aircraft carrier equipped and layout, how to successfully take off and landing, how to ship in other sectors and is in cooperation with the effective implementation of the various tasks, you need a full range of technologies.
for the aircraft carrier itself, we must have good technical performance of operations, but also to adapt to the carrier carrying and landing for convergence with other national carriers, transition. In short, the aircraft carrier-based aircraft, weapons, equipment and facilities is very high, requires a lot of technical means to solve.
Reporters: build or retrofit aircraft carriers, for promoting the country’s industrial production and technological innovation do?
Li Jie: from technical progress term, high-tech and advanced weapons on aircraft demand will stimulate related research and innovation in the field. Carrier as a country of industrial, technological, organizational, institutional power of expression, will guide the reform and development in related fields.
carrier involved in the production of hundreds of thousands of parts, require large quantities of plants, the Institute for its development and production. These parts of the development, production, transportation, assembly, involves many domestic manufacturers, in large part to stimulate domestic demand.
In addition, the strategy of building its home port, airport construction, testing and other test bases, all with sea-related industries and the construction sector, almost all involve. For aircraft carrier in the promotion of national industries, increase employment benefits are recognized at home and abroad. Therefore, the construction of aircraft carriers on the one hand dependent on the country’s overall capacity, it also enhance the country’s overall capacity.
5, the difficulties in transforming aircraft carrier which
transform our full range of aircraft face technical challenges, with the most advanced aircraft carrier with a big gap between
Reporter: China’s aircraft carrier in the reconstruction and what technical hurdles to overcome?
Li: This is the first for reconstruction and construction of aircraft carriers, the technical challenge is comprehensive.
modern aircraft carrier is a large variety of high-tech and advanced weapons and equipment in a sea “giant.” It requires a lot of new knowledge, new technologies, new materials, such as: integrated design technology, power technology, adaptive technology, vessels and planes, radar and information technology, carrier-based aircraft technology, and block the ejection technologies. The technical capacity to rely on to support the entire country.
China is still in transition from mechanization to information process, the difficulties are many. There are a lot of work to start from scratch, from scratch, but through the efforts of many problems to be cracked, some of the proven advanced technology to be applied.
Of course, compared to today’s most advanced aircraft carrier, we have a gap. To get an advanced carrier to adapt to modern warfare, technological innovation in the still have a long way to go.
Reporters: an aircraft carrier after the completion of reconstruction, how long before formal entry into the service?
Li Jie: In this regard, not as obvious. Mainly depends on the solution stability, reliability and speed of coordination and other issues.
the situation from abroad, is mixed. To dynamic, even in the harsh marine environment assessment of all systems, verification, should usually not found on some new problems to be addressed, the need for coordination of ship dynamic testing machine, etc., which is bound to the emergence of new difficulties to overcome these difficulties will take time.
Therefore, we must respect the laws of science, we must seize the moment and can not be hurried.(edit: SN049)