China’s female pilots have been flying the new fighter aircraft Higher machine (Figure)
The first military flight trainees are female fighters exchange study aircraft flying in formation
women fighter pilots accept the assessment, each female student pilot 70 seconds in 20 laps around the rotation
2009 年 4 2 April, while the overseas news agency Xinhua News Agency and broadcast a “China produces first female pilots in combat aircraft,” the news, claiming that China has the world following the United States, Britain, Germany, Russia, Japan and other countries, the female pilots of the fighter has one of the countries immediately drew people’s attention. So, our first batch of 16 fighters is how women pilots, “refining” into it?
a year ago, the Chinese Air Force to make a major decision
4 月 2 am, one of the first female pilots in combat aircraft flying in the third graduation ceremony Institute.
“They are a let people rest assured that the new air power!” Air Force Command, Vice Minister Zhao Jingbo introduction of military training, the end of March, the Air Force assessment team from the political, ideological, military theory, flight technology, leadership, management, physical, psychological six areas, the flight of 16 fighter female students conducted a comprehensive assessment, concluded that: they are flying ambition, and actively seeking to fly high, fly with the quality of high-intensity continuous basis, to continue to develop the potential of further studies are large.
from the “female flight students” to “female pilot”, 16 girls have three colleges in the Air Force has experienced 44 months of hard temper. June 2008 transferred to the Air Force Institute for Higher machine third flight training since the successful completion of the traffic pattern, navigation, special effects, instruments and solo training formation and other subjects, the current average of 135 hours flying.
growing female pilot in the 16 fighters, is the eighth installment of female cadets in the lucky ones. In September 2005, the Air Force from 12 provinces and 200 000 female high school graduates in the fresh selection of the 35 eighth female student pilot, but after 28 months, the Air Force Air University based education and training, the beginning of the first flight academy 6 teaching machine and the third flight training colleges Higher machine training 10 months, 19 has been grounded.
since 1951 began to recruit female cadets, the Chinese Air Force has trained a total of more than 300 transport plane female pilots, but never had fighters train women pilots. In the eighth installment in the selection and training of female fighters flying female pilot trainees, the party in May 2008 the Air Force to make major strategic decisions. “Foreign can do, we Chinese can do that too!” Air Force commander Xu Qiliang said.
Chinese Air Force’s decision was immediately aroused many suspect: Chinese girl can not be “refining” them?
many challenges facing women to fly jets
“People guess and right to worry, many challenges facing women to fly jets!” Carry 16 fighter training female pilot of the Air Force, Dean of the third flight, super pilot Wu Huiming the author said.
military manned aircraft are generally divided into three categories. One is the mainframe, such as bombers, transports, etc.; second is rotary-wing aircraft, such as helicopters, etc.; third category is fighters, attack planes, etc., such as the Su-27, -10, which we usually say that the fighter.
transport aircraft flying relatively stable, similar to aircraft cabin environment, more crew members. In contrast, the fighter, high-speed, high load, high mobility, and alone and so on.
performance from combat aircraft needs. In fact, women fully capable fighter driving duties, but the experience of some countries, they are engaged in this work to be faced with more challenges:
women’s muscle strength, especially upper limb muscle strength was significantly weak, high-speed flight in the fighter, the manipulation of women for a number of devices would be difficult.
women’s respiratory muscles, a smaller neck muscle strength, breathing and the pressure overload, ejection, the women’s own breathing and the poor protection of the cervical spine; women’s bone strength less strenuous exercise , leg muscle, bone injuries, especially stress fractures at higher risk.
modern aircraft can exceed the maximum load is generally 9G, flying high strength, which women’s physical strength, endurance is a big test.
women tend to have psychological dependence; bold enough, not enough air movement and sometimes pungent; more emotional; mental capacity is weak.
“Of course, women have many advantages to fly jets!” Wu Huiming said that women have a careful, careful, sensitive, etc., in the modern military has played a growing role. From the United States, Russia, South Korea, Pakistan and other countries have been experiences of female pilots in combat aircraft, fighter female pilots in the use of arms control and precision instruments, terrain recognition and other areas, have more than male performance.
flying fighter flying transport aircraft to bear the load is much greater than
Air Force Flying School is the third astronaut Zhai Zhigang, Liu Boming alma mater. Most of China’s fighter pilots, all of which have graduated from 60 years of flight school.
“female students to fly fighter jets flying transport aircraft to withstand much greater loads than!” School of Political Commissar, Wang Bao-Qun, said fighter supersonic flight, motor performance, the technique is difficult, especially diving jump, rapid emergency turn, slow circling, the maximum load Heda 6 to 9G, unimaginable.
good health is a fighter female flight students must cross a bridge. Sichuan girl He Xiaoli said that to exercise the muscle power, they are four days a week physical education, the main task is 50 meters, 100 meters, 800 meters, 3,000 meters full throttle, varied pace and so on parallel bars and other single conversion exercises and physical training equipment, most They are afraid of is 50 meters, 100 meters full throttle and the varied pace, each time training staff are pinch table, who ran in the final who incurs a penalty. To strengthen the arm strength, they practice the horizontal bar, at the beginning who do not increase, but the teacher let down, a crane is a minute or so, down the whole body aches.
their most memorable is the “push car” training. For the exercise arm, they both match, one his hands, leaned forward, grabbed the back of another person in their legs, pushing on the ground crawling, crawling to practice a one or two laps around the basketball court, and sometimes do not pay attention a little hand it was rough stone tablets Ge and bleeding. Lower extremity strength for the practice, they have to squat to go fast around the basketball court circle, one is 3 to 4 laps, practicing a back leg had to be acid for several days, the legs should be straight down the stairs to go in the classroom after class was escorted to a table stand up. To this end, the girls said that physical education as a “black physical education.”
one minute to get up, two minutes away from the house, lined up three minutes finished
female pilots and training is different transport aircraft, fighter aircraft flying training in the main higher education purpose is to enable students to master jet landing, two-plane formation simple and complex special effects master the simple weather flying at night, single target level for a straight flight maneuvering target attacks and attacks on the flight technology.
first driving the new fighter flew sky Sichuan Higher machine girl Tao Jiali said that the aircraft from the outside to recognize familiar with each piece into the cockpit instruments; from the first test to the first time you start taxiing; experience from the first flight to the instructor for the first time with fly overhead, and every step of the female student pilots to fly fighters felt difficult.
fighter cockpit of various instrument parameters, function and location must be thoroughly cooked in the heart; each flight control movements and hundreds of procedures, must be no less to remember; airports all around the landmarks, terrain, nearly one hundred air, disposal of special circumstances, must be memorized. Time, questions are being captain cockpit week internship in Nanjing handsome girl: “the engine temperature limit is?” Zhou Shuai one second before Dayton Dachu. Unexpectedly, the captain sternly asked: “ready to also remember so many days, the air who is waiting for you?” Suddenly, Zhou Shuai tears like a broken string of beads off the hook. Experience like this freak in the group of girls who are basically happened.
collection stand in the morning, girls feel that “we fast enough,” but teacher told them, air combat victory in the second. Today, the girls walk by the “maid-step” to “wind” to get up to a minute, two minutes away from the house, lined up to complete the required three minutes.
Air Force Academy is located in the northeast of the third flight, flight training the most intense in December, the airport frosty, female students are trained here every day more than 8 hours. “Used to teach -8 pull Jindou, pilots are generally required to bear the load more than 5G.” College Political Commissar, Wang Bao-Qun, said, “men can do pilots, female pilots have done; foreign female pilots do, the same Chinese female pilots can to do. “
real solo, the rear did not look back a teacher, my heart really makes tense
2008 年 4 27, August 23, for a lifetime of girls, they are beginning to teach the first driving machine, fighter Higher machine kissing the blue sky.
“How much hard what to fear, the courage and heaven in stature.” Teach the first driving machine take to the skies early Sichuan girl He Xiaoli, there is no shy admitted: take flight, the total faculty in the rear shouted, “Note course, pay attention to speed …” left a note, right a note that once did not notice, we must Aixun. I was looking forward to an early solo. When can really solo, looked back and rear no teacher, and my heart really makes nervous. One from behind, the psychological tension disappeared. Second blue sky, overlooking the earth, to feel how “great.”
the girl from Shandong ZHANG Xiao CJ first flight has encountered an unexpected danger. On that day she flew into a turn, the sudden failure of the aircraft horizon. First solo on the case of special circumstances, so ZHANG Xiao heart suddenly speed up. Her hands firmly holding the steering column, while maintaining flight, while reporting to the commander. Under the command of the commander right, she calmly correct route, and finally flew landed safely. Off the plane, the face of leadership in recognition, tears of excitement accompanied by her face covered with sweat.
If so ZHANG Xiao CJ first flight test of the feeling of adventure, that special training courses Higher machine Xi’an girl is so exciting, Sun felt the United States. In mid-September last year, teachers with special courses to fly back to her farm, suddenly encountered smoke, visibility is poor. Look down from the airplane windows, a white, can not find landmarks. At that time she felt very nervous, afraid to let go to seize the steering column. In the teaching faculty encouragement, after her emotional stability, a river seen through the cloud seam, and then refer to the reflective, safe to fly back to the airport, and a successful landing.
challenges an aerial danger, accumulated flight experience. October 23, is to make history, never forget the day, driving the Sichuan girl Tao Jiali first new fighter Higher first flight, blue sky. Fighters took off her driving speed, as if the thunder bursts; turn dive, like swallows passing. Especially instrument flying in the cloud subjects, when no landmark features in the light, whether it is done circling, rising, falling action, jump or dive, up turn, are free to turn the heart, smooth and natural. Subsequently, the girls leapt to turn blue.
Currently, 16 girls in accordance with the provisions of the outline, driving machine-made subsonic fighter Higher Education – Education-8, to complete a level hover, roll, Jindou, diving stunt jump, etc., rely on instrument flying cloud, long-range attacks and other strange subjects airspace, but also increases the difficulty of training a highly dense formation of 4 machines flying in formation.
struggling to help the fly, so that female pilots to fly fighters more lofty
relevant person in charge of the Chinese Air Force, the first female pilots in fighter aircraft will soon turn training into the National Day parade, the first female pilot on behalf of the Chinese Air Force fighter aircraft flying on domestic driving by the reading.
Air Force will recruit female cadets in the future, continue to train fighter female pilots, and training content and training modules for new exploration, so that our team of female pilots of fighter aircraft to maintain a certain number and size. Meanwhile, according to Air Force units to expand the types of pilot training, so that all women need to have a pilot’s job shadow.
“to ‘refining’ the fighter into a more female pilots, the Air Force to continue feeling the stones up and down.” Air Force officials said the parties concerned, since May of 2008, the Air Force authorities quickly launched associated with the pilot installation and project life-saving equipment research, development and improved measures to protect women pilots Hangwei way. Bearing training unit from scratch, female pilots in fighter training, daily management, aviation physiology, psychology to explore a new path protection, etc., collected a first-hand data over ten thousand.
mission to play, a scientific attitude, enough to make us believe: the near future, there will be more and more shadows driving a fighter, flying in the blue sky of the motherland. (Shen Jinke Wang Dongming Dai Jingtao)