PLA Navy’s previous fight was wounded more than 400 enemy ships captured
data for: 051C-class warships the Chinese navy will take part in the parade
six years at sea the wind and waves, the People’s Navy from the Yangtze River, the White Horse Temple proceed towards the blue coast of China, towards the deep blue sea, response a variety of security threats and accomplish diverse military tasks capacity was greatly improved.
six years of trials and hardships, the people have only mixed from old navy ships to the world’s most advanced nuclear submarines, from the semi-mechanized and mechanized to information, technology and equipment level with each passing day.
six eventful years, the People’s Navy has experienced in more than 1200 operations, with equipment behind the creation of numerous classic examples, to enhance the overall combat capability.
was born in April 23, 1949 until today, the PLA Navy has been passing through a 60-year voyage. 60 years, far from coastal waters to the sea, from blue to dark blue, navy day and night to defend the people of the motherland’s territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests of the motherland.
Today, the people building the Navy has developed into a force from the surface ship, submarine, air force, coastal defense forces and Marine units composed of five branches of the military strategic, comprehensive, international military services, as an effective implementation of defending national sovereignty, safeguard China’s maritime rights and interests of countering various security threats and accomplish diverse military tasks of the maritime great wall of steel.
People’s Navy, not what
from the beginning to create a mixed old ships, mainly merchant ships, to modern destroyers and now has a strategic deterrence of nuclear submarines, the Chinese navy shrunk.
1949 年 4 23, the first People’s Liberation Army Navy Marine — east china military area in Jiangsu Taizhou Miaoxiang Whitehorse Road crossing the Third Field Army Operations Command station was set up, people Navy was born. Soon after, the people of the East China Sea Fleet, the Navy have been established, the South China Sea Fleet and the North Sea Fleet.
the birth of the People’s Navy in the war, growing up in the fighting.
Since the formation of the People’s Navy with more than 1,200 domestic and foreign enemies of the second war, a total of sinking, and capture enemy ships and damaged more than 400 ships, shot down and injured more than 500 enemy aircraft, and create the “boat hit a large ship,” “close combat, night fighting” and “inferior equipment and equipment advantage over the enemy,” and many classic examples, and that all this was achieved under the equipment behind.
According to the Central Military Commission member, Navy Commander Wu Shengli introduction, the initial creation of the People’s Navy weapons and equipment, mainly from the KMT to receive a variety of Navy ships.
in the founding of New China’s first five-year development plan, the People’s Navy from abroad to buy a large number of combat ships, combat aircraft and coastal artillery equipment. In this group of equipment, including the first destroyer forces “Anshan” “Fushun” and other destroyers, the first submarine of the “new China 11″ and the submarine, the first torpedo boats PT boats and more troops.
the mid-1950s, the country’s strong support of the People’s Navy and spent huge sums of money from abroad to introduce advanced technology, materials, assembly of the ships, the frigate was the world’s advanced, further expanding the power of the People’s Navy .
the 1960s, Sino-Soviet split, the Chinese self-reliance and development of naval weapons and equipment needed, not only its own mass production of high-speed missile boats, corvettes, hunting submarines, conventional submarines and other conventional weapons, and the successful development of the guided missile frigate, guided missile destroyers, submarines, amphibious tanks, and other much-needed new equipment.
into the new era, naval weapons and equipment in increasing people’s self-innovation, but also pay attention to absorb the introduction of foreign advanced technology and equipment, a number of new destroyers, submarines, naval aircraft, the people one after another into the column, to speed up naval weapons and equipment construction pace of development.
“After 60 years of construction and development, the Navy completed the top five arms mechanized semi-mechanization to change, gradually transition to the information.” Wu Shengli said.
the same time, the People’s Navy has an open attitude, and actively carry out exchanges with other countries in maintaining peace on the stage of the world’s oceans play an increasingly important role.
Since 1985, the People’s Navy has sent 33 ships a total of 40 warships, visited 30 countries on five continents. Shanghai, Qingdao, Guangzhou, Zhanjiang military port have been opened, more than 30 countries received more than 100 ships visit.
modernization of the five branches of the military
Navy surface ships since the reform and opening forces, naval surface ship into the stage of rapid development. Second and third generation guided missile destroyers, frigates, missile boats of new, large landing craft, minesweepers, ocean-going supply ship have the troops. Currently, the Navy’s three fleet has dozens of branch destroyer detachment, boat detachment, landing craft and combat support ship detachment detachment. Three more combat ships hundreds of ships, tonnage was the 1980s more than 5 times. New warships comprehensive upgrading of the carrier-based weapons, gave birth to a large number of modern warships new training methods, tactics, each year hundreds of ships and surface ships to sail the ocean seas, complete hundreds of training courses, integrated training has increased annually .
Navy’s submarine force as a major underwater assault force, the People’s Navy submarine force today, the ability to significantly increase water penetration. Navy submarine force and the total amount of tonnage of the early days of growth than a few times, including conventionally powered submarines and nuclear-powered submarines, including a powerful underwater assault force to achieve from quantity to quality and efficiency changes. New submarines equipped with long-wave communication systems, data link systems, tactics and command software and intelligent automation systems and precision-guided missiles, torpedoes, a new generation of quiet submarines, underwater self-sustainability and survival markedly improved water penetration ability significantly enhanced. Submarine underwater high-speed, long-endurance, penetration, deep mines and other training and operational methods to be tested.
Naval Aviation Naval Aviation combat missions can be responsible for all cross-motorized combat missions. In the 1990s, “Flying Leopard” fighter-bombers, electronic reconnaissance, anti-submarine aircraft, early warning patrol aircraft, tanker aircraft fielded forces, naval aviation expanded the scope of activities. With the third generation of fighters fielded forces, air force emergency mobile, ship-machine collaboration, air combat, low-altitude penetration, long-range attack, precision strike capability significantly increased, all the fighting groups can undertake cross-mobile operations, and perform combat duty All of the pilots conducted missile firing training.
naval coastal defense force now, naval coastal defense force has the full realization of missiles. The 1960s, coastal missile units gradually replaced artillery units. The early 1980s, various types of shore-ship missile propelled gradually updated to shore-ship missiles. With the ability to penetrate more, smarter, longer range, anti-interference ability of the new generation of comprehensive shore-ship missile troops, naval coastal defense force has gradually become not only have to air defense, coastal defense ability they can effectively support the implementation of other branches of the military’s new offensive arms.
Marines with the new Marine Corps amphibious tanks, armored vehicles and special equipment round out equipment, combat overall. Highly trained Marines, not only to operate various types of infantry automatic weapons, amphibious tanks, amphibious armored vehicles, a variety of caliber self-propelled artillery, anti-tank missiles and other equipment, but also a variety of special operations warfare weapons experts. Carry out the Sichuan earthquake rescue and relief missions in the People’s Navy for the first time to send special operations forces to rely on themselves to protect thousands of miles into the institution to achieve mobility.
People’s Navy, dark blue
2008 年 12 26, the South China Sea Fleet Yulin base terminal, the first escort fleet went to the Gulf of Aden off the Somali coast execution escort mission, there is a dark blue sailor’s most desirable ocean. During this period, the People’s Navy to create a mobile 100 days at sea by the port does not supply a new record.
perform ocean escort mission, military experts believe to be heading for the Chinese Navy “Deep Blue” is an important leap.
reform and opening up, the People’s Navy has sent ships more than 300,000 trips to complete the fishing protection escort and protect offshore oil platforms, marine research, maritime transportation and marine engineering support to construction, to marine surveying and marine atmospheric measurements, building radio-navigation system, laid beacon, the laying of submarine cables and other tasks for the expansion of China’s maritime interests to provide strategic support.
At the same time, 5,000 naval officers and men directly involved in a number of national and local key projects, participate in disaster relief 15000 times, rescue workers more than 10 million people, aid vessels in distress at home and abroad more than 85 vessels. The 1998 flood in 1999, Yantai large salvage, the fight against SARS in 2003, 2008, against the South snow and ice and earthquake disaster relief and other major task, five times by the Central Military Commission’s recognition of orders.
countering various security threats and accomplish diverse military tasks, it is the people’s navy, the topic of the times. And all this without technology to enhance the level of naval equipment, and integrated combat capability.
Navy has achieved the third-generation weapons and equipment of information technology level of China’s reform and opening up to the rapid increases in naval weapons and equipment into the missile, electronic, automation of the new phase of ships anti-submarine, ship, air defense, electronic warfare and a series of technical problems to be overcome. The new century, information technology and equipment the Navy to achieve leapfrog development. A group of high level of information of the third-generation guided missile destroyers, frigates, submarines, combat aircraft delivered one after another, instead of matching a series of new equipment to play in the military exercise performance; command automation systems, satellite navigation and tactical software step by step in various types of warships, submarines and aircraft have been applied.
Naval training as increasing normalization of the People’s Navy combat-oriented training efforts, pay close attention to battle training, operational missions will be broken down into training topics, methods of training the new reforms give frequent, sea training to become the norm. Organize training troops to the ocean sea, surface ships, thousands of miles day and night navigation training, submarine hidden long to stand a few months, Air Force long-range attacks can face complex weather conditions, coastal defense and marine forces thousands of miles maneuver, maneuver the sea shore training, thousands of vessels (frame) time machine in the Pacific Ocean to ship more than subjects synthetic training. “15″, after a fully trained combat vessels of more than three long, air force pilots were more than four kinds of weather “during the” increased by 20% and 10%.
military exercises by the Navy to enhance the overall operational capacity of nearly 10 years, the Navy has organized a “sacred”, “divinity” and 30 times the battle group at sea combat exercises, surface ships against the “enemy” large battle ships group, and covert mine-laying submarine deep attacks, Air Force fleet of long-range attacks and night sea-skimming attack, the joint anti-submarine vessels and planes, and fight for combined blockade, armed-day complex electromagnetic environment of confrontation and counter-attack and a number of tactics to get test.
transformation of the construction of the People’s Navy
China has great strategic interests in the ocean, the current major threat to our national security but also from the sea. To this end, the Navy according to the requirements of military reform with Chinese characteristics, promote the construction of the overall transformation of the Navy, under the conditions of the information to improve the Navy’s defense capability.
“transformation in the building of the Navy Navy all arms, all systems in all areas is the development of ideas, institutional mechanisms and policies of the comprehensive reform of the innovation system.” CMC members, Navy Commander Wu Shengli said.
First, the overall transformation of naval construction, focus and structure of facing restructuring, force structure optimization, the layout of the battlefield of new situations and new issues, deepen strategic theory, build a naval system features advanced military theory, the transformation construction to provide strong theoretical guidance.
The second is to accelerate the pace of development of a new generation of weapons and equipment, and increase scientific co-ordination efforts and the military a leading role, always put the development of new equipment as an important project to promote the transformation of the construction.
third is to further promote a higher level of military training to a higher level of development, and explore the formation of joint training and operational grouping mechanism to transform military training as an important starting point to promote the transformation of the construction.
fourth is to further improve the training and use of mechanisms to give prominence to the joint operations command personnel, information technology and professional and technical personnel development, creating a large number of qualified military personnel, to promote the transformation of building strong pool of talent.
Fifth, to further improve the construction and transformation to adapt to the rules and regulations, and strengthening the regularization, to promote the transition to lay a solid foundation.
Currently, the Navy captain, Dr., Master of the pilot, the size of undergraduate training non-commissioned officers than five years ago, an increase of nearly 10-fold; special commitment to the Navy four institutions serving officers and soldiers training, training more than 5,000 people each year , officers, noncommissioned officers serving job training, job training has formed a system of exchange; send to foreign military academies to study the number of officers and noncommissioned officers has increased year by year; sent to local colleges and universities, research institutes, to accept new knowledge, new technologies, new equipment, training of officers and men an average of more than 20,000 people; year from the introduction of key national institutions to absorb all kinds of specialized personnel thousand, high-quality talent pool to become the pillars of modernization of the Navy.
“CPC Central Committee and require the Navy to make preparations for military struggle on national maritime security strategy and military strategy in a prominent position, and gradually build up and maintain the interests of national maritime security and development meet the requirements of the maritime defense system.” Wu Shengli said. To this end, the Navy must continue to improve the response to a variety of security threats and accomplish diverse military tasks, the ability to reinforce the information technology system as the starting point of the combat capability of naval construction.
Wu Shengli, we must accelerate the pace of key weapons and equipment construction, development of large surface combat ships, underwater self-sustainability and good performance of new submarine stealth, supersonic cruise combat aircraft, precision penetration ability strong long-range missiles, torpedoes, deep high-speed intelligent, universal compatibility and other next-generation electronic warfare equipment, better weapons and equipment.
At the same time, the People’s Navy also accelerate the construction of a new generation of weapons and equipment, greatly enhance the overall logistics and equipment support capabilities. Around large-scale naval battle equipment, multi-model development and deployment of troops of the new requirements in the strategic direction of the gradual formation of a strategic homeport at the core of the shore-based support forces. Increase maritime repair, sea delivery, large rescue equipment and supplies such as construction, actively explore the establishment of civil-military integration, integrating the armed forces of the equipment maintenance support system. Further enhance maritime mobility support capabilities, to strengthen the focus of a large auxiliary vessels for the marine transportation and supply power to the hospital ship, the helicopter ambulance medical care with a focus on evacuation efforts, the use of civilian capacity development strategy for the delivery of maritime forces.
60 years set the wind and waves, transformation of the People’s Navy will be able to assume the defense of our blue coastline and difficult task. (Zhang Qiang Wang Xiaoyu)
related topics: navy 60 years