Zhang Aiping: take over the body to form a new Chinese Nationalist Navy Navy
1949 年 8 28, Chairman Mao Zedong met in Zhongnanhai, the People’s Navy start-up, ex left three of Zhang Aiping.
1950 years, Zhang Aiping naming ceremony in the East China Navy
1950 years, Zhang Aiping visited naval forces in East
original title: Yi-create the People’s Navy Author: Zhang Aiping
1949 年April 23, PLA Navy, east china military area was set up in Jiangsu Taizhou White Horse Temple. Since then, the sequence appear in the People’s Liberation Army, a new military branch – the People’s Navy. February 17, 1989, the CPC Central Military Commission approved the April 23, 1949 the date of the establishment of east china military area for the People’s Liberation Army Navy Navy established.
people to build a strong navy, the CPC Central Committee headed by Comrade Mao Zedong is a major decision. In early 1949, the Chinese people’s liberation war has entered into decisive stage, the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, made a timely manner “for a year or two along the coast form a navy to defend” decision. February 25, Nationalist cruiser “Chongqing” was captain after the uprising led the troops to the Central Committee with Comrade Deng Zhaoxiang call, Chairman Mao Zedong, Zhu De stressed in restoration: the Chinese people must build their own strong national defense, with the army, but also build their own air force and navy. With the Liaoning-Shenyang, Huai, Pingjin three successive victory in the battle, which basically eliminated the KMT elite troops launch counter-revolutionary war, the Kuomintang reactionary rule on the verge of collapse, the Chinese people to achieve national political power has been just around the corner, building a People’s Navy, the time has come. Meanwhile, the enemy and not willing to fail, they rely on existing strengths in the hands, with the Yangtze River and coastal islands natural moat, ditch, river and attempt to rule a comeback. In this situation, building a navy with the operational capability of the people, but also to obtain the liberation war was an objective need to complete victory. In late March, I attended the General Front Committee held in the town of Bengbu Sunjiawei crossing operations meeting formulated the “Implementation Outline for Beijing-Shanghai-Hangzhou campaign,” A million mighty Stagecoach natural moat, destroy the tiger’s den, the great sweep of South Battle of action is about to begin. After the long talk with me, Comrade Chen Yi, Toward international trend and looking forward to victory prospects. He conveyed to me the CPC Central Committee and Central Military Commission’s decision to liberate the whole of China, to prevent the imperialist aggression, and to meet the task to prepare for the liberation of Taiwan, decided to set up the Third Field Army Navy, I was appointed as the commander and political members. Comrade Chen Yi listened to convey, I am very excited, but also under immense pressure. Prior to this, the people of the CPC Central Committee and Central Military Commission to set up the Air Force assigned the task of the Fourth Field Army, and began to build in Jiamusi, has made a timely manner and now the Navy’s decision to set up, which makes the PLA’s military services into a single people’s armed forces fully armed services, military history of the building is undoubtedly a major event. However, to me to form the Navy, I have no mental preparation. Navy is a highly technical, ready armed characteristics of various arms of the modern armed services, for a moment, was unable to start. Scratch, the difficulty is great. I had to Chen Laozong said: “engage in the Navy, I have barely even swim, could not do.” Comrade Chen Yi stressed that this is history made us go off and do a good non-not, want you to do, the CPC Central Committee trust in you, you are a suitable candidate. In this way, I ordered at the time of the key, since the energy invested heavily in research and the formation of the Navy planned.
the eve of battle across the river, I came to the Third Field Army Command station in Jiangsu Taizhou White Horse Temple, met with Comrade Su Yu, the Navy established the preparation studied. April 28, crossing the battle to achieve a major victory, the liberation of Nanjing, East China set up three field immediately Navy (May 4, People’s Liberation Army Central Military Commission approved the east china military area known as the Navy). Third Field Front Committee decided: First, the division headquarters to deploy instructors to teach a group rate, wild and Northern Coastal Division reconnaissance battalion columns were prepared Navy. I led the 28th Army Chief of Staff Lee into 84 divisions, the military chief of the Department of Purchasing Zhang Weiqing, wild yellow triumph Division operations officer, administrator Wen Li Chi, and 13 comrades to begin formation. A new history of the PLA military services – the People’s Navy, was born in the war.
the same time in the military liberation of Nanjing, the Kuomintang led by General Lin compliance Navy 2nd Fleet of 9 ships, l6 of the boat (① According to the revolt was participate in the original Navy 1 , 3,4,46 staff memories, the uprising of 106 ships have gunboats, patrol boats No. No. 1,3,4,46 other five ships) in Nanjing river Badoushan uprising. KMT in the history of the Yangtze River have had a defense as the “2nd Fleet,” Anti-Japanese War has been withdrawn. Early 1948, the KMT suffered heavy defeat on the battlefield, every attempt to keep South Banbiheshan, again set up the 2nd Fleet, commander of the appointment of Major General Lin compliance. Dubbed the coastal 2nd Fleet, in fact, defensive works, to carry east Jiangyin, Hukou of the river west to the defense. Army line up across the river, the hopeless situation, this fleet staff in a secret underground party planning, the by SUN Ke-ji, Yang Jin, comrades in Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Shanghai, secretly assisting forest compliance, held late at night uprising. 2nd Fleet in the two days before the uprising, on April 21, the KMT army fortress uprising Jiangyin success. In such a situation, I took dozens of comrades in the night of April 23, crossing the river from Jingjiang Bawei Hong Kong, arrived Jiangyin. Jiangyin waiting in the wild to teach my three mentors teachers Feng Wenhua, political commissar of the desert and the Chief of Staff Sungong Fei Wang comrades. Arriving along wild coastal Column Division reconnaissance battalion leaders and Fan Yu, deputy health instructor and other comrades, they introduced me to the strength of their forces and the cadres of the situation. April 26, convening the formation of the working meeting. Meeting decided to set up the Division, the government, after the three offices, headquarters of force was appointed by the Feng Wenhua, director of the public hall, SUN Ke Ji, Wang desert was appointed deputy director of General Political Department, General Director of the Department of Renhou Qin Zhang Yuanpei comrades to form a preparation of leading organs. Also set up a temporary committee Navy CPC east china military area, which I served as party secretary.
4 28, in Jiangyin fortress headquarters auditorium, gathered more than 800 new people sailors, the Navy announced that leading authorities in the east china military area and the list of appointments, announced the formation of the People’s Navy of 11 work steps. Greatly inspired the General Assembly, expressing the construction of the Navy’s determination and confidence in the people. Then, the Navy authorities stationed in Suzhou, the organization receiving the working group, to Zhenjiang, Nanjing, the KMT received around the 2nd Fleet and the first uprising in Zhenjiang 3 power boats around the former Kuomintang forces and naval institutions.
the liberation of Shanghai, my comrades and naval authorities stationed in Shanghai, Shanghai Military Control Commission by the Navy to take over my part-time minister, launched a full takeover. To mid-June, took over Shanghai as the center, west to Jiangyin, Zhenjiang, Nanjing, Wuhu, Hukou, Jiujiang, Lianyungang, north to Qingdao, south to Fuzhou, Guangzhou, including Jiangnan Shipyard (now Jiangnan Shipyard), Qingdao shipyard, including more than 30 former KMT naval institutions and facilities on land; receiving ships, including vessels, including some already used include 25 ships, boats 45.
in Nanjing took over when I saw the KMT 2nd Fleet commander, Major General Lin compliance. At that time, some of the former Navy personnel from the army of people to form the Navy quite objectionable. I will take over the KMT naval situation, Comrade Liu made the report and requested the meeting with Lin Shuai compliance and former KMT chief Jinsheng Navy Rear Admiral and others. Shuai in the interview conversation, requiring compliance with Lin, who together with us form the People’s Navy. Then follow the forest after the appointment of the first deputy commander of the navy east china military area.
shortly after we returned to Shanghai, Shandong Military Region Deputy Commander Yuan is also strong, political commissar of the 34th Army Zhaoqi Min, 21 army political commissar Kang Zhiqiang, it has transferred to the Navy work. When faced with the task of the liberation of the Zhoushan Islands, the Committee decided to front-line Communist east china military area, the Army’s 30th Army, 35th Army and military forces directly under the transfer go Navy. 30 Corps Rao Zijian, Li Xie whole political commissar, deputy commander Raoshou Kun, Liu Zhonghua, director of the Political Department, 35 Corps Huda Rong, Political Commissar Zhang Xiong, Fan Bin, director of political and other leaders led 11,600 cadres and soldiers, in February 1950 were arriving in . At this point, we formally set up a headquarters, political department, logistics and other leading institutions. In addition to compliance with the first deputy commander of the forest, the Yuan is also strong second vice commander and chief of staff appointed, Zhao Qimin deputy political commissar, political director Kang Zhiqiang Ren, Chan Yuk Sang Ren Houqin department commander. At this point, I east china military area the Navy has nearly 20,000 full lead agencies, has formed a formal establishment of combat troops. At that time, east china military area command center based in Nanjing, our leading authorities from the former Kuomintang government in Nanjing Shanghai moved to the Ministry of Building. After a period of work, the Navy leadership was an important port authorities should be near the coast, not far from home inland, then at the end of 1950, and back in Shanghai. Division executive authorities in Shanghai water circuit 522 of the original Japanese invasion of armored forces within the former barracks.
the early days of the Navy, who are mainly of two parts. Most of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army from transferring to the officers and men. These war exercises of the Revolutionary War officers and men, loyal to the party’s cause, with a hard, heroic tradition, the People’s Navy is the backbone of the construction of political and organizational basis. But they are generally low educational level, do not understand the Navy’s knowledge and technology. They came to build the people’s navy new position, are faced with hard to learn, quick to master the knowledge and skills of the Navy a severe test. Otherwise, they will be a cripple. Another part is the original KMT naval officer, 2nd Fleet uprising nearly 2,000 officers and men, in addition to major general commander of the forest compliance, but on the Uprising made important contributions such as staff Ouyang Jin Dai Hee Yu, chief engineer Que Xiaozhong and “Hoi”-ship Long Wu Jianan, “Yong-sui” ship captain Shao Lun, “Jiang rhino” Chang Po-ship captain, “Legg Mason” ship captain Yi Fang Yuan, “Joint Light” ship captain Guobing Heng, “Chu with the”-ship long Baoying, “Taiyuan” ship captain Wu-Du, “Gian” ship captain Song Jihong, “Anton” ship captain Hanting Feng, the first motor boat captain Ru habitat, etc., came to the ranks of the People’s Navy, from the an important role in the technical backbone. However, the construction of the Navy, which alone is not enough, must also be broad strokes and skills. It is understood that there are many Nationalist navy navy knowledge, there are sailing experience of professional and technical personnel, they do not want to follow the Chiang Kai-shek, fled to Taiwan Gui Yongqing, and stay on the mainland. Obviously, most of them have some knowledge of the Communist Party’s, or wait and see attitude. They have some patriotism. We have to recruit them to work with us to contribute to the People’s Navy construction talent. Therefore, party committees and Chen Laozong by the East China Bureau agreed, in June 1949, with my name in the “Ta Kung Pao” published notice, the main contents are: to create the People’s Navy, Luo Zhihai military personnel, Navy personnel have been set up registration offices Kuomintang, Where have all the work in the Nationalist navy, and future commitment to the cause of democratic revolution dedication, volunteer naval service for the people who can report to the registration department, was hired to prepare the amount. Shanghai office is located in Chongqing Road 182. Then he sent to Qingdao, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Xiamen and other places to set up registration offices, the press announced the registration procedure and methods, and stressed that: “Where was the KMT naval service, regardless
out sooner or later, regardless of deputies, soldiers, or class level, regardless of sailing, marine, manufacturing, guns, communications, measurement, military, medical, or other administrative staff, can come to register. ” This effect is very large, just a few months, to register the people She has reached 1100, including the Nationalist Navy veteran, as will once Ding, Zhou Ying Cong Major General, Tsang Sheng, Liu Xi Luo, Marui Xi, Lvmei Hua, Yang Cang live, Jinsheng Jiang Weiheng and comrades of the Nationalist Navy Command Deputy Chief of Staff (Acting Director) Xu Fu, when the former Navy personnel. To the former Navy officer arrived, we held a welcome reception. I welcome the meeting, said: “This welcome will be in the future we need to continue to go on, has been open to Taiwan!” In this regard, the famous singer Zhu Chongmao specially spectrum of the song “will open the Welcome to Taiwan to “strongly encourage people to participate in a former naval officer naval ranks. This, together with the 2nd Fleet and other naval personnel after another uprising of the KMT to join the Navy to the people has reached more than 4,000 people, formed a considerable technical team. However, the force of the Communist Party of China, People’s Liberation Army is also a lack of understanding of the purpose of our military, army building principles, work style, etc. are in positions of knowledge and a wide gap. If we do not unite these people for serious reform of education and work, they are also a cripple.
into how to unite the two lame, the health of people fighting together the Navy fighter, in front of us is a major issue. Comrades from morning till evening, live and work together, first encounter of these uprisings, surrender, to the comrades of the title registration issues. If these comrades are still with the “Nationalist” or “Old Navy officers” to refer to, it is easy to create distance in terms of ideology, have emotional barriers. From my conversations with these contacts can be seen comrades, most of them are patriotic enthusiasm, to join the Nationalist navy, its original purpose in view of the past century maritime defense of the tragic history of the Navy is committed to the construction of the motherland. Now they are transferred to the People’s Navy building, so they took a pay ambition, ability of the vast arena facilities, most of them are happy. Therefore, we decided to call on them to avoid the KMT, “or” old “words, all known former Navy comrades.” This will help mobilize the enthusiasm of these comrades, help unite all the comrades, to complement each other, fight together. Thus, we have established a basic founding principle that under the leadership of the Communist Party, the People’s Liberation Army, based on unity of the original naval personnel, to build the People’s Navy. This principle, the East China Bureau of the CPC Central Committee approval has also been endorsed by Chairman Mao Zedong and recognition. August 28, 1949, Comrade Mao Zedong and Lin met with my former Navy compliance and other senior officials, compliance and other comrades on the lam, he said: You know how scientific knowledge, technology. We want you to learn new comrades. The PLA’s political work and a good fighting style, you have to learn a new navy. New Old Navy to unity, mutual learning and to build a powerful navy to fight the people. (Son of Zhang Aiping Zhang Sheng exclusive license reproduced without permission prohibited military Sina reproduced)
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