Constrained by the British Admiral that the four Chinese-made aircraft technical problems
Data Figure: China’s aircraft carrier making friends imagined Figure
newspaper correspondent/Zhang Zhuo
recently, with the PLA Navy’s 60th anniversary celebration kicked off China’s naval power development has led to public attention at home and abroad, especially self-built aircraft carrier around the topic of China become the biggest focus. Many foreign media claimed that China would start building aircraft carriers this year. Associated Press April 20, entitled “China’s aircraft carrier’s long wait about to end,” the article, that China will embark on the construction of aircraft carriers’ control of the seas, “an important step in the strategy, and developed for the Chinese have an aircraft carrier in 2020 schedule.
aircraft carrier built outside China in addition to deduce the time, there are other four kinds of speculation and assumptions, including whether China should be built aircraft carrier, the ability to build aircraft carriers, which built the aircraft carrier, what kind of carrier-based aircraft.
Changxing Island shipyard carrier surface?
whether China will be the 60th anniversary celebration of the Navy announced during the construction of aircraft carriers of the message, the media has been the focus of widespread concern. 21, Navy Commander Wu Shengli, Chinese in particular that this will not be announced or not officially declared China to build aircraft carriers. Admiral Wu Shengli, a few days earlier in an interview, he mentioned, China’s future will focus on the construction of large surface combat ships, which is generally interpreted as the foreign media to build aircraft carriers.
21, the Japanese “Asahi Shimbun,” said China will begin in Shanghai in 2009 to build aircraft carriers, and by 2015 to build two aircraft carriers. “Asahi Shimbun” quoted the 20 also reported that Shanghai Oriental Television, the first ship to bear the PLA’s domestic carrier, general manager of Shanghai Changxing Island shipyard, said: “As the construction of the Chinese Navy aircraft carrier to accept the task, the factory is ready, with a the necessary capacity. “This is the first public statement to confirm that the unit’s aircraft carrier construction related news.
latest edition of Canada, “Chinese Defense Review,” the article also reported that China would start building aircraft carriers in this year, has now reached the final stages of preparation. Report also published Changxing Island shipyard’s third military dock photos. Photo shows Chinese armed police have stepped up to the third military Changxing Island shipyard job alert. All entrances and exits leading to the third dock have been guarded by the armed police. The third military dock completely enclosed, wall height of 2.5 meters. “Chinese Defense Review,” that in order to build aircraft carrier, the third number Changxing Island shipyard for infrastructure, for a total investment of RMB 35 billion yuan. Some European experts believe, can be seen from the picture, shipyard, dock their construction activity has been completed, ready to keel was laid.
Associated Press, also 20 and 22 have published an article on China to build aircraft carriers, except that China has a carrier in 2020, also cited the Navy chief of operations Rawhide will be saying that China’s future aircraft to neighboring countries worry about, because China did not specify the use of aircraft carriers. If the purpose is unclear, countries in the region will cause the Navy’s attention.
build and not build the remaining questions
In recent years, China’s problems are almost always outside the aircraft carrier built up hype. Chinese military officials issue statements on any carrier will be foreign media track, play, excessive elaboration. Some experts joke, the media interpretation has replaced the Chinese government made a decision on the aircraft carrier issue. Issues surrounding the Chinese aircraft carrier outside the speculation and assumptions,
In fact, the U.S. defense industry, on whether China really want to build an aircraft carrier, there are also controversial. Some experts believe that the construction of aircraft carriers and the Chinese navy’s current strategy does not match, the Chinese navy to pursue for other maritime power of the “asymmetric advantage” to the Taiwan issue to prevent the great powers of military intervention, the Chinese Navy submarine needs to be far much larger than the carrier. This is also the Chinese navy in recent years the development and fielding a new generation of nuclear attack submarines and strategic nuclear submarine of the important reasons. The other faction argue that, as China’s comprehensive national strength and international influence on the rise, the Chinese Navy to bear to protect China’s sea lanes in the world of energy, resources and trade mission. This task requires the carrier is clearly not the submarine.
Thus, whether the construction of aircraft carriers is a very complex issue, with China’s national interests, threats and challenges facing the priorities are closely related. As the former deputy director of National Defense Sun Yan said, all factors relevant departments will be consolidated in order to make the right decisions whether to build aircraft carriers. Chinese Navy Commander Wu Shengli, 21, is also specifically mentioned, but also to continue to listen to the views of all parties, including people.
Major said the British aircraft carrier built a bottleneck
Although the Chinese government has not decided whether to build aircraft carrier, but outside the eyes of the media, the Chinese navy and military enterprises have start active preparation for the aircraft carrier construction. China imported from Russia for offshore entertainment “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier, was widely interpreted as being modified. The future, “Kuznetsov” was to be used to train aircraft carrier pilots and crew. Foreign media are generally referred to the outskirts of Shanghai Changxing Island has built the world’s largest shipbuilding base, four large dock in a special carrier for manufacturing.
However, some foreign media have questioned whether China can overcome the technical problems of aircraft construction. British “Jane’s Navy International,” U.S. magazine quoted the April to a government report said China’s ambition to build aircraft carrier in 2015, can not become a reality. “Jane’s International Ship” Edit, retired before the British Royal Navy Rear Admiral Steven Sanders also pointed out, special steel, aircraft technology to master, lacking maturity and carrier-based aircraft carrier docks, etc., into China to build aircraft carrier “four major bottleneck. ” Sanders believes that there were no “conclusive evidence” that China has built its own production of special steel needed aircraft carriers, while the United States, Britain, France and Japan in the special steel procurement and technically blockade against China, Russia special steel products output and technology transfer are also bargain with China, which have increased the difficulty of Chinese-built aircraft carrier.
Although China already has a strong shipbuilding industry, able to produce 300,000 tons of the tanker, but the construction of aircraft carriers need special techniques, such as steam catapults, and large block cable lifts, which will be constrained by China aircraft carrier construction of technical problems. If there is no steam catapult, relying solely on technology Ski Jump off the deck, combat aircraft may be difficult to take off at full capacity, lack of ammunition to mount a serious limitation to carrier-based aircraft fleet’s combat capability. But more critical is that fixed-wing aircraft, early warning can not take off without catapult to rely on helicopters, AWACS, which greatly weakened the ability of the carrier battle group and carrier-based aircraft security and defense of the air combat capability. Because the helicopter can detect early warning aircraft, aerial targets 110-150 km, while the fixed-wing aircraft, early warning detection range up to 550 km.
In addition, China’s advanced electronic warfare and radar technology also needs to be improved, out of the current imports.
larger carrier aircraft kept the suspense
Japanese media reported that “how to master the technology and the development of the construction of aircraft carrier pilots will be China’s aircraft carrier construction important issues facing China’s number of 60 aircraft equipped with the following. “According to” Kommersant “reported that China will order 50 Russian Su-33 carrier-based fighter with a carrier. Russia’s “ties” network and Canada, “Chinese Defense Review,” is that China has successfully developed the F-11B two-seater derivative models – the F-11BS, and possibly as a future aircraft carriers. In addition, the outside world that China-made F-10 fighter was changed to twin-engine Navy used the possibility of relatively large carrier.
In addition, the use of aircraft from abroad situation, combat aircraft to form, there must be a corresponding destroyers, frigates, submarines and other vessels to provide security escort, have formed a for air, water and underwater targets, “Trinity” to combat the formation and protection capabilities. Thus, the construction of aircraft carriers does not mean simply have to use the carrier’s capacity. Chinese aircraft carrier combat capability to achieve, but also after several years of training and other naval vessels of running.
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