Major General Luo Yuan said China’s development of carrier competition with the United States will do what is not
will become China’s first aircraft carrier Kuznetsov
ZHANG Jia Jun: Hello good afternoon! July 27th is a day worth remembering that day, the Defense Department for the first time for China to make a formal response to carrier-related issues, while, the Chinese carrier plans to attract world attention. Today, we are honored to have the executive director of China Society of Military Science and Deputy Secretary-General, Major General Luo Yuan, guest interviews between World Wide Web, and enthusiastic users on issues related to the Chinese carrier to do online communication!
Major General Luo Yuan: Hello good afternoon! Very pleased to World Wide Web on our common issues of concern about China’s aircraft carrier views. Although I came from the Army, but I have a deep “blue feelings.” I once remember a few hundred years ago, the famous Chinese navigator Zheng He once said: “For the country’s prosperity, can not set the expense of marine wealth taken from the sea, danger also comes from the sea.” I think this sentence is still far is wisdom.
ZHANG Jia Jun: the role of aircraft carriers in general have these aspects: training, evacuation, disaster relief, anti-piracy patrol, and more importantly, defending the country, territory, territorial waters and so protect the mission. July 28, the Indian media on China’s first aircraft carrier for experimental and training purposes only questioned, then the main role of the carrier in addition to testing and training, the conditions are ripe, the possibility of sea patrol? And even combat missions?
Major General Luo Yuan: We must first distinguish between the training ship, ships and warships test there is a significant difference between their task and mission is not the same, is mainly responsible for training ship-based aircraft carrier and crew pilot training mission. So much unnecessary equipment, shipboard weapons and equipment, in particular, is the training of ship fuel, fuel, ammunition to be much less than the combat ships, in order to avoid training in the event of an accident, causing unnecessary losses. Of course, our first aircraft carrier, although the training and test ship, but not silver wax-like head shots, when necessary, modified, also have a certain degree of operational capability. I emphasize here is that when necessary, a rabbit will bite emergency, when necessary, civilian vessels can be converted into warships, the carrier how we can not have special time with special functions!
Zhang plus Army: battle of the first aircraft carrier, World Wide Web on July 26 the military has done a survey on China’s carrier network, the results showed: that the deployment of the East China Sea should be accounted for 23.1%, that should be deployed in the South China Sea 67.9% If China’s first operational aircraft carriers into the military, then, will be deployed to where the East China Sea or the South China Sea?
Major General Luo Yuan: users reflect the opinions of some public opinion, the views from their tendency to look at now, once I have with the combat capabilities of aircraft carriers, should be used for the South China Sea. However, the situation is changing, the direction of the carrier’s use is a dynamic process. From now on, to the formation of a real aircraft carrier combat, may have five or six years time, when the situation may well change. So, we use the carrier’s direction is based on current defense needs to decide, as soon as possible now to conclude, perhaps premature.
ZHANG Jia Jun: As a general principle of maintaining an aircraft carrier at sea is not cooked in, at least three in-service, do you think China needs while several aircraft carrier? World Wide Web according to the survey, only one answer and only 0.4%, 9.2% 3 ,4-6 as high as 66.7%, and that like the United States should maintain a 10 accounted for about 23.7%. Will the General Law, the number of our aircraft carriers to be, while several appropriate? But also outside the coal that, in addition to Kuznetsov, and the new aircraft carrier in Shanghai, a shipyard, in addition to Kuznetsov, the we will continue to build aircraft carriers?
Major General Luo Yuan: From the theoretical point of view, generally three to form an effective combat aircraft, including a duty, a train, one in the dock repairs. View from our neighboring countries, India in 2014 will have three aircraft carriers; Japan in 2014 and there will be three “quasi carriers.” I think we should be able to effectively maintain our maritime rights and interests, at least not lower than this figure. Of course, we do not need the U.S. to “high-high and strong than the strong”, we still have to according to our national defense needs, according to “reasonable enough” principle, with a certain number of aircraft carrier on it. I was “a carrier” theory, but not “the only aircraft carrier” theory, in addition to the aircraft carrier, so we need to develop more formidable enemy asymmetric killer weapons.
ZHANG Jia Jun: We know a lot of aircraft construction is the need of funds, ranging from tens of million more than the billions, our survey is whether China has enough economic strength to build and support aircraft carrier? Replied, “China’s economic strength has been built aircraft carrier” of 44.8%, answered “Although the high cost carrier but also should be” occupied 53.4%, the answer “should continue to concentrate their efforts on construction, should not rush to build aircraft carrier” of 1.8%. So you think, if the construction of ships, aircraft carriers, China’s economic strength is to allow the formation of aircraft carrier battle groups, China’s economic development, whether it is a promotion? For example, stimulating investment or related industries?
Major General Luo Yuan: the basis for our development of aircraft carriers, the first is based on defense needs, and secondly, to consider the affordability of the national economy, but also take into account our scientific and technological level. Needless to say, the aircraft carrier is a “swallowing gold beast”, a Nimitz-class aircraft carrier cost U.S. $ 6 billion; Ford-class aircraft carrier under construction, according to the United States revealed that cost $ 8 billion. The carrier or means of combat platforms, if coupled with carrier-based aircraft and naval auxiliaries, a carrier battle group cost 140-160 billion dollars. This year’s defense spending is only $ 96 billion, what if the United States, what we build, we build up to eight aircraft carrier battle groups, the PLA eat or drink, the battle was not playing someone else caused the collapse. Why is the disintegration of the Soviet Union? In addition to significant deviation of the ideological and political line, the arms race is the United States, the lesson we should learn. However, the carrier is not just a simple “swallowing gold beast”, it will bring about the necessary economic, stimulating the development of high-tech industry chain, such as the United States, on the Manhattan Project led to a number of related industries. We look at defense spending, not just looking into this part, but also depends on its output, its output is to give us security, this is money that can not be exchanged, is priceless.
ZHANG Jia Jun: just saw a message saying that someone is willing to donate their one month’s wages to build China’s domestic carrier, asked the way there is no donation, this hope, please consult the public sector users. We are very moved by this feeling.
Major General Luo Yuan: fate of the nation, every man’s duty, if we have this patriotic people across the country, its power is immeasurable.
Zhang plus Army: China’s Ministry of Defense released the Chinese carrier’s news, Japan’s Chief Cabinet sticks wild Yukio said, expects China to further enhance military transparency, we see China a low-key behavior does not quell the China threat theory, General Luo how does this relationship, we see that the U.S. now have 11 aircraft carriers, rarely heard that the U.S. threat, it could be argued that when the more powerful China, the China threat theory would not be weakened, the Chinese threat, we should take what the correct attitude?
Major General Luo Yuan: I also want to ask Japan’s Chief Cabinet sticks wild Yukio, Japan will be a displacement of 13,000 tons of “Osumi” was said to be “large transport ships,” the 1.8 million tons of “day to” and “Ise” was called a “destroyer”, not to the world how transparent it? It is the “quasi carriers,” Why are you secretive? Transparent and there is no absolute transparency, China can not, the United States can not do otherwise, the United States set up the FBI doing? We Chinese have a very transparent, believe it or not. If you always with a “colored glasses” to see China, and then clear you will not believe the threat is not just a psychological feeling threatened, called the Chinese saying goes, “do not do good conscience, afraid of spirit shook the door.” If you do not do things a disgrace to China, even China has been used in combat aircraft carrier, you do not have to worry about; if you do not deserve the things in China, even if China does not have an aircraft carrier, the root is the hands of a “dog stick “, you have to be careful.
ZHANG Jia Jun: We see that the U.S. military bases around the world can say, supply base, docking base of many Japanese also set up their own Djibouti supply point. So if the Chinese Navy aircraft carrier fleet ocean sailing, tasks, how to solve the supply problem? The need for an overseas base?
Major General Luo Yuan: China even with the aircraft carrier, with the ability to offshore operations, but our naval coastal defense strategy will not change. We do not fight global hegemony, not like the United States’ global reach “,” forward deployment. ” We develop their own navy, mainly to housekeeping escort. If we perform overseas missions, but also the requirements of the United Nations and the countries of the request away. Therefore, they should provide us with the necessary supplies from overseas, our troops overseas, the policy will not change.
ZHANG Jia Jun: There are many online friends asked, Kuznetsov aircraft carrier will sail this day in Bayi Army trials?
Major General Luo Yuan: such a major military activities, can only be authorized by a Defense Department spokesman released.
ZHANG Jia Jun: Let’s talk about Kuznetsov aircraft carrier some technical details and the details of future aircraft carriers. The first is the power system, we know Kuznetsov aircraft carrier came to China, its power system have been removed, when our aircraft carrier trials of the power system used for? Whether it is Chinese-made? Or whether the need to outsource? In addition, many users asked about China’s future nuclear-powered aircraft carrier the possibility of using?
Major General Luo Yuan: As far as I know, the training ship by the eight steam boilers and four steam turbine-powered or conventionally-powered carriers. As for the future will not have nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, or according to the needs of national defense at the time and our economic strength and technological level may be. From the present point of view, nuclear aircraft carrier is a development trend, it is life long, to the space reserved for carrier-based aircraft, therefore, more combat potential. We now use the Varyag as a test ship, but also in testing the waters, feeling the stones, as we lay the foundation for future aircraft carriers, and explore the road.
ZHANG Jia Jun: In addition to power systems, the Chinese carrier subsystem domestic issues, there were reports that China can not produce its own block on the deck of the steel cable used, this can only rely on steel imports . This involves basic industries, materials science, if not in this regard, the carrier’s life will be shorter, then the key parts of our domestic production of key materials or how to solve? If you remain outsourcing, whether it is a drawbacks?
Major General Luo Yuan: The friends raised the issue very professional, very important, which is why we need to Kuznetsov imported goods above this test is an important reason to do, is to explore the domestic carrier of issues, including the carrier’s technical design and material technology and other issues.
ZHANG Jia Jun: We know now the carrier has been using is called the original Kuznetsov, many users concerns, carrier name, we see a lot of destroyers, frigates, with the name of the city named, with the lake supply ship named the U.S. aircraft carrier named by the President. A lot of friends that use the name of Zheng Chenggong, is a historical figure, there are users that use historical figures, that is, Zhongshan aircraft carrier, what kind of name for it?
Major General Luo Yuan: I think the problem we can engage in a prize quiz, we express their views, but as far as I know, this problem has been considered within that time will give us a satisfactory answer.
ZHANG Jia Jun: The following is the key issue of supporting the carrier, carrier-based aircraft problems, the network had already appeared to be friends called the F-15 carrier aircraft flight photos, whether to keep up the progress of the carrier trials, when trials are capable of carrying our carrier-based fighter. We see Kuznetsov aircraft carrier to fly using a sliding leaps deck, what the pros and cons, our carrier will use the steam catapult, U.S. Ford-class aircraft carrier will be equipped with electromagnetic catapults, our aircraft are not equipped with electromagnetic catapult possibility?
Major General Luo Yuan: we all know, is actually an aircraft carrier landing platform, strictly speaking, no carrier-based aircraft carrier is not a complete sea trials sea trials. So, I think the real significance of the aircraft carrier trials will have to carry our carrier-based aircraft. The slide carrier aircraft flying leaps off the ejection means and methods are different, should have their pros and cons. Now only the U.S. and world aircraft carrier catapult style is to take off in France, other countries are sliding hop. This simple and practical way to take off, but there are technical defects, mainly refers to the aircraft carrier take-off weight not too heavy. For example, the AWACS would be difficult to take off Ski Jump mode. So far, only an American, is reportedly developing electromagnetic catapult, this might be the latest and most advanced ejection way, it can give a different aircraft type and weight of the applied force. Therefore, more practical and more economical. Chinese people have enough wisdom, there is something that all other countries, we will have in the near future.
ZHANG Jia Jun: We know that in addition to carrier-based aircraft carrier battle group, but also the need for destroyers, frigates, submarines, escort, whether with China in this regard for the conditions of escort aircraft carrier battle groups?
Major General Luo Yuan: precisely in this regard, we are forward-looking considerations, it should be said before we have destroyers, frigates and submarines, another aircraft carrier, can be said that everything is in place, only a strong wind . With the aircraft carrier, we go through a period of running, it will form a combat aircraft carrier battle group. However, this is the future, not the present tense.
ZHANG Jia Jun: There are users that can quickly make the Chinese aircraft carrier, this eagerness we feel the message from users, please talk about the General Law, we are pursuing the construction of aircraft speed and maintain the soundness of the relationship between the two.
Major General Luo Yuan: in this respect, better and faster we go the road of scientific development, Eat hot buns, but could not get a good bun, everything haste makes waste. We still have to act in accordance with scientific laws, step by step, steadily to achieve our goals. Now, while other countries see us later than one hundred years, but after the hair after the hair has the advantage, we can avoid detours others, but also the most advanced technology into our aircraft up. Aircraft carrier, although a product of the era of mechanization, but as long as we embed information elements, is still winning the information war in the vanguard weapon.
ZHANG Jia Jun: There are friends that we ship Kuznetsov aircraft carrier out of a few decades ago, and even friends called “Polan Huo,” Some netizens said the carrier’s hull is will be aging, we modified after the carrier, what will become a carrier?
Major General Luo Yuan: We can look at the Kuznetsov aircraft carrier, the predecessor of future generations, it is now the only service of the Russian aircraft carrier “Kuznetsov” sister ship. The former project in 1983, the latter project in 1982, the same should be said that level of combat ships. Moreover, the Kuznetsov in the mid-1980s to the ship-borne radar and other equipment has been improved, from the design level, even better than “Kuznetsov.” 1991, Kuznetsov completion rate has reached 60%, but because of the Soviet Union, ready to Kuznetsov’s desire to service in 1993 become a bubble. Russia and Ukraine Prime Minister visits the Black Sea shipyard, the shipyard director once asked: “What do I need to make Kuznetsov completed?” Shipyard director replied: “the Soviet Union, Central Committee, the National Planning Commission, nine military-industrial sector work together. ” He said: “The construction of aircraft carriers must be a power, but now the power has gone.” From this, Kuznetsov was the last auction is the sorrow of the Soviet Union, but also a symbol of the decline of great powers. Finally, Kuznetsov to flowers in China, but also a sign of revival of China’s rise. Kuznetsov break through the layers of obstruction of some hegemonic countries, a new life in China, so that we can to lower prices and better cost-effective than the advantage gained. Although he is not one of the most advanced aircraft carrier, but better than nothing. From zero to one, both the amount of change, but also a qualitative change, from one to two, it is only a quantitative change. With one, we can have two, three, have a relatively good, we can have better.
ZHANG Jia Jun: General Law, today in view of time, the last question, the majority of fans made military equipment, a high degree of concern, but also do everything possible to get new equipment all aspects of the picture, and even went to the equipment R & D units in the vicinity, shooting scene pictures, such as the F -20 flight time, in order to capture high quality pictures, some, or climb the wall or a tree, is called “Climbing the party”, please think about this for the general phenomenon of Law, you would like to on “Climbing the party” who said what?
Major General Luo Yuan: First of all I like to “climb the wall party” called the military enthusiasts or military fans, I think the fans have a positive side to the military, they enhance the awareness of national defense, in a some aspects of universal knowledge of national defense. I would get from those military enthusiasts a lot of lessons, whether it is to encourage, or criticism, I am very moved, I should thank them. But I still hope to have overall awareness of military enthusiasts and security concepts, after all, “soldiers were affairs of state”, the Conservative Party and the state secrets must be cautious.
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