Experts said that China and South Asian countries are still far completely showdown time (Figure)
Data Figure: Diagram of the South China Sea islands
As of May 12 at midnight, the United Nations Commission on the Limits of Continental Shelf, 69 countries received the application materials submitted, which the States parties to submit individually or jointly with the submission of the Outer Continental Shelf 50 , and another 39 copies of materials submitted by the State party alone or in combination of the Outer Continental Shelf preliminary information.
the outer continental shelf in the country can claim jurisdiction on Earth last a regional, national application on the planet outside of the continental shelf is the last round blue enclosure. The face of the waters surrounding the enclosure China, China should do?
“has yet to completely showdown”
[author] Li Guoqiang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Borderland History and Geography Research Center Deputy Director, Research Fellow
International Herald Tribune article, Malaysia and Vietnam jointly proposed joint submission, does this mean that Southeast Asian countries on the issue of the South China Sea to China to challenge the tendency of the joint?
I do not agree, the reasons are the following: First, Asian countries in the South China Sea maritime rights and interests on each other differences, such as in some waters on the right of jurisdiction and the exploitation of resources; Second, their respective policy positions are also different, such as the introduction of forces outside the region, the Philippines, supportive, and Malaysia against it; Third, the closeness of their relations with China, the Chinese in the South China Sea has a considerable influence in some countries tend to that China is an opportunity, not a threat; In addition, the initiative on the infighting in the ASEAN countries. For these reasons, South Asian countries to form a joint system for China’s situation is not easy.
course, we can not ignore the possibility that they join forces against China, which depends on the development of the situation, largely depends on China’s policies in the South China Sea and strategies. Can not be exaggerated the differences between them, in the South China Sea, Asian countries are not more prominent reefs competition, countries have their own sphere of influence is relatively fixed, between the power reached a certain pattern, the dispute between more concentrated in the marine rights and interests of the economy, such as the division of marine economic zone agency, continental shelf, and resource development competition.
means South Asian countries invaded and occupied much the same way. Nothing more than a military occupation, resource exploitation, and other administrative jurisdiction, and claim sovereignty. But the attitude shown by all countries have some differences. Relatively high tone of the Philippines, by way of domestic legislation to determine the sovereignty of the radical, which is rare among Asian countries in the South China Sea, which involved the introduction of U.S. forces on the road, also went fairly far. In contrast, Vietnam adopted a gradual approach, on the one hand with me to strengthen the friendly relations between the two parties, the other to step up in the South China Sea to fish for benefits. Since 2000, Vietnam declared sovereignty, the action continued, but not particularly intense way. Such as the opening of tourist routes, dispatching administration officials. Malaysia is more low-key, which is its economic and military strength is relatively weak by the decision.
South Asian countries have a relatively clear act of usurpation process. The first is the implementation of effective occupation by military means, followed by continued declaration of sovereignty in different ways, and accelerate gain real benefits; third stage is the “cure sovereignty”, such as the adoption of national legislation, strengthening administrative jurisdiction, apply to the United Nations, and to create public opinion, to find a theoretical basis, and so on way to ultimately achieve the purpose of legitimized occupation.
South Asian countries present action, which is in curing their “sovereignty”, which presents a challenge to our country. Because the military occupation of their implementation, and China as well as military means to take the appropriate declaration of sovereignty in the form, you can still compete. But at this stage, their domestic public opinion has been formed a considerable foundation and legal basis. Then, in time, then the international community will be inclined to accept their demands and recognition.
However, despite the current situation is grim, but for China, but also far from South Asian countries to complete a showdown with the time. (Interview by our reporter Liang Hui)
“sea power is to maintain the strength of the fundamental”
[Author] Han-Ling of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Centre for International Law Ocean law and marine affairs research base director, researcher
International Herald Tribune article in the Commission on the Limits of the applications received, in addition to its land territory of the coastal natural extension of the outer continental shelf to make a claim, the United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, Norway and other countries also submitted Antarctic territorial claims in the Antarctic continental shelf outside the application. Norway and Russia submitted an application on the Arctic Outer Continental Shelf. Most of China’s maritime neighbors, have been submitted to the Commission on the Limits apply outside the continental shelf, but most of the blocks applied for a dispute with China.
according to “Rules of Procedure of the CLCS,” the relevant provisions, if there is land or maritime disputes, disputes the Commission should not consider any application made by the parties. The country is aware of this rule, but they are still presented with our controversial or clearly against the outer continental shelf of China’s application. This shows that the national sovereignty and the outer continental shelf in the islands on our stand to take a tough stance.
China is a maritime geographically disadvantaged countries. China’s Yellow Sea from North to South, the East China Sea and South China Sea are all under the jurisdiction of a foreign territory and surrounded by sea, which constitute the surrounding China’s first island chain. Taiwan is China’s only a springboard to the Pacific, like chess in the “air” like, but also a long period of non-uniform, or be troubled by the status of the Taiwan independence forces.
In addition, there are still surrounded by the Pacific China’s second and third island chain. All three waters with a foreign country adjacent or opposite, except in the more northern Gulf demarcation of maritime boundaries have been outside the country’s maritime boundaries with neighboring countries are in dispute, no one designated. Islands dispute over sovereignty, maritime delimitation disputes and marine resources severely restrict China’s maritime industry and the development of national economy and threatens our national security.
should be said that our country is facing more severe marine rights situation, need to carefully deal with.
Based on this, we must first firmly opposed the state’s violation of our sovereignty, sovereign rights and jurisdiction over the outer continental shelf claims. This should take full advantage of “United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea”, in particular, the CLCS to block the mechanism of the violation of our application, it can not enter the substance of the review process.
Second, China should fight for their own outside of the continental shelf. It is commendable that China has been submitted on May 11 on the East China Sea continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles of the initial information and statements submitted to retain the waters next to the other outer limits of continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles the right information. The Government has also reaffirmed the South China Sea Islands and adjacent waters of the sovereignty, sovereign rights and jurisdiction.
In addition, to fighting through negotiations and consultations with countries concerned to resolve the island’s sovereignty and maritime delimitation disputes. China to adhere to international law and maritime neighbors, based on the principle of equity, settlement of maritime disputes through peaceful negotiations and strive to achieve mutual benefit and win-win situation. In the islands and maritime delimitation dispute resolved before, we still continue to follow the “sovereignty rests with me, putting aside disputes and seeking common development” principle, for with the countries engaged in joint development in disputed waters and cooperation.
Finally, it should be noted that the right to rely on strength to achieve and maintain. China’s only economic development, enhance the comprehensive national strength, and enhance the strength of the sea, in order to safeguard the maritime interests.
recommended “International Herald Tribune” blog: http://blog.sina.com.cn/m/xqdb