China has reserves of nine aircraft carrier captain pilot training in foreign countries may
data for: the shipyard converted Kuznetsov aircraft carrier
data for: made F-10 aircraft carrier variant figure
idea some time ago, the Chinese Defense Minister Liang will be meeting with Japanese guests on “China can not never carrier” position, and the navy at the end of April 60 anniversary of the naval parade, have led the world to China and China’s civil aircraft carrier wave of a new round of attention, even with users through a computer to design a map of China’s future aircraft carrier imagination, but it was speculation and concern in China’s aircraft carrier when the service starts when! Although the Chinese military at home and abroad is not as expected, in this sea parade during the festival announced that the Chinese carrier of the situation, but many enthusiastic readers have begun to explore: China will build aircraft carriers, who will be to serve as captain?
the impressive qualifications of foreign aircraft captain
the real world, not many countries have aircraft carriers, which are the United States, Russia, Britain, France, India, Italy, Spain, Brazil, Thailand, a total of nine countries, if Japan and South Korea through the large deck amphibious ships are also considered, then these countries will increase to more than a dozen.
Navy aircraft carrier is currently in the tonnage of the largest and most powerful warships fierce, and the commander of the “Big Mac” is the supreme commander of the aircraft captain. He not only command of the ship’s operations and training, but also for maritime navigation safety and other management matters bear full responsibility. It can be said, the aircraft carrier captain both have superb command of art, but also have excellent political and management level, but also have a comprehensive knowledge of various theories, so the candidate aircraft captain must understand and master a wide range of knowledge. Given the core of an aircraft carrier fleet at sea and command center, so the aircraft need to have excellent command of captain and strong coordination ability. This ability to rely on the one hand, multi-level training institutions, on the other hand in the peacetime training and exercises in the exercise accumulation. Therefore, some experts conclude that training a qualified aircraft captain may take at least 20 years of military service.
U.S. Navy aircraft carrier the Navy pilots are generally born captain, but also to meet three basic conditions: First, they must be navy officers, pilots or naval crew came, and there are some landing on an aircraft carrier flight experience and flight time; second candidate was selected captain of an aircraft carrier or amphibious assault ship must be amphibious transport ship or cargo than any other large auxiliary board ship (boat) long, with operating ships, air defense, anti-ship and anti-submarine and management knowledge; three served as captain of an aircraft carrier two years ago must complete the training course and passing the examination, including basic military subjects, the basic theory of air, sea survival and self-help, etc., to have considerable strategic literacy and knowledge of international law.
U.S. Navy aircraft carrier captain to the rank of Colonel, vice captain to lieutenant colonel or colonel. U.S. Navy aircraft carrier captain and vice captain of the very strict requirements and regulations: only landing in the ship flew over 800-1200 times, have more than 3,000 hours of flight records, served as a flying squadron commander or aircraft carriers United captain duties to qualify as a good commanding officer and vice-captain of the aircraft captain.
are generally equipped with combat aircraft, aviation, navigation, weapons, marine, medical, supply, safety and aircraft intermediate maintenance and other 10 departments. Each department with department heads and assistant department heads of each one, consists of several units. Departments in order to combat, aviation and aircraft intermediate maintenance of these three departments is most important. Moreover, only served as a United Airlines captain, officers are eligible to become a candidate aircraft captain. The United States, “Ronald Reagan” nuclear-powered aircraft carrier captain Kraft colonel, for example, he had been a fighter pilot, flying squadron commander, the aircraft carrier mate, participated in several major U.S. military operations in the military. His Navy fighter squadron flying over 3700 hours, the number of takeoffs and landings on aircraft carrier more than 10 times, won the Navy flying gold medal, with a graduate degree in political science from Harvard University. Kraft was transferred to Colonel in 1992, the U.S. Pacific Command, November 17, 2005, was named “Reagan” aircraft carrier captain.
are serving as the British helicopter carrier now, so it is mostly from the Navy aircraft carrier captain has a ship-based helicopter flying experience in the selection of active destroyer captain, usually in accordance with the “three alternatively,” the percentage by test, after training produces. British aircraft carrier captain of growth and training is a very long and complex process that requires the senior naval officer in the British Institute of learning, learning content, including war and military or foreign affairs and international standards relating to the British armed forces overview, strategy and policy , war ethics, decision-making and military planning, command and leadership, the military and the media, etc. courses. According to statistics, the United Kingdom ‘Invincible’ class aircraft carrier captain of the final selection of the figure is surprisingly low, about all the candidates from the destroyer, frigate captain in order to select the ratio of 1 to 30.
above analysis, military experts concluded that the foreign carrier to develop a captain, not only through primary, intermediate and even advanced command training and learning institutions, have a very strong air and sea training, qualifications, and have a large military ship captain command experience, ie, the aircraft carrier captain not only to multiple layers of high-level military educational process, but also both the aviation, marine (including anti-submarine), the joint command and logistics organizations, experience, and is the outstanding senior composite command personnel.
talent on the domestic carriers to prepare
1987 年 3 31, at the time, General Liu Huaqing, commander of the Navy and the National Defense General Staff reported on the Navy’s core strength – aircraft carriers and nuclear submarines equipped with planning. System was equipped with the Navy’s aviation, marine and other relevant industries through repeated research, the development of future Chinese aircraft carrier made a preliminary planning assumptions.
1987 in May by the Central Military Commission, the Navy decided to set up the first Naval Academy in Guangzhou also has the only term “pilot captain course”, the selection of naval air force pilots switched to excellent command of professional surface ships to train a number of high-quality compound captain talents, and future Chinese aircraft carrier to the initial command personnel reserve. The fall of 1987, nearly a thousand from the naval air force pilots in the cream of the crop after a rigorous assessment, carefully selected out of 10 ships to the Navy Academy in Guangzhou. School students for one month after returning troops can not keep learning, the actual “pilot captain course” number nine. After last three and a half years after professional learning system, the nine students successfully obtain Bachelor’s degree in naval command, assigned to the destroyer force as vice captain of the flight office, was promoted to captain after or higher positions, so they become the first generation of “both flew to heaven, but the rate ship break the sea,” the high-quality composite military commanders.
these people themselves came from the top pilots, and after a high-level specialized training, after graduating from ships sailing through the training, has become China’s first generation of the Navy aircraft carrier captain of the best candidates. Now these students after nearly 20 years of comprehensive training, has basically become a force in charge of Navy surface ships and backbone. Among them, such as Bo Yaoping students have become the army of heroes, in the country are well-known, others to varying degrees, become a fully trained naval captain. Most of these people are now less than 50 years old, is the prime of life, experienced the occasion, the rank of colonel or colonel, mostly, mostly as a base position (division level) military supervisor or deputy supervisor, is also in line with the requirements of an aircraft carrier captain.
Similarly, according to Liberation Army Daily reported in September 2008, Dalian Naval Academy will receive the first batch of 50 trainees Navy aircraft carrier flight school education. The first pilot to receive flight in the Dalian Naval Academy students, is the Navy’s new era of party committees and agencies to implement the strategic transformation of the Navy made a major decision, marking the Navy to explore the new flight training toward a new path. The first flight of students to receive, will rely on automation Dalian Naval Academy, completed four years of aircraft carrier flight professional education. In the meantime, these students in addition to professional courses to learn automation, control automation system will be the theoretical foundation and skills methods, participants will also focus on surface ships and learn the basic theory of flight knowledge. Undoubtedly, this 50 carrier aircraft flying students will be China’s first aircraft carrier on a Navy carrier pilots.
British “Jane’s Defense Weekly,” presumably, “50 student pilots to fly aircraft carrier for four years professional training in order to develop the first carrier to drive fixed-wing aircraft in the Chinese Navy pilots. “The Journal reports that more than 20 years, the Chinese army has been in the selection and training of future aircraft operators.
expected at home and abroad, China’s first aircraft carrier is likely to enter active duty in 2012, when China’s first generation of independent training flight captain trainees the basic division-level positions are being , the rank of Major General or Colonel level, and has 20 years of naval vessels and carrier aircraft command experience, which makes them the ideal candidate to command the aircraft carrier. As the captain of our ship of similar rank higher than the U.S. in general, therefore, estimated that China’s first aircraft carrier of the rank of captain level will be higher than the United States, and these early flight captain class students, as it currently is a golden age of post! And is now training in the 50 new students, will undoubtedly be a new aircraft carrier after 2020, China’s talent pool team captain.
Chinese aircraft carrier captain eligibility requirements
large modern surface ships, especially aircraft carrier is a national cutting-edge technology of the synthesizer, in addition to fulfilling the traditional sense of the political , military, diplomatic and other functions, also serves as a national strategic deterrent role. Corresponding, a qualified domestic carrier’s captain, should have a comprehensive, integrated high-level quality. As a tactical commander, he should know ourselves, good at making decisions, brave, fighting for victory; as a navigation expert, he should be familiar with astronomy, geography and marine meteorological knowledge with skillful manipulation skills and good ability to judge; as a management , he should master the more comprehensive high-tech knowledge, familiar with the ship all the equipment’s performance and main armament of the methods of operation, familiar with modern scientific management, good employment, the officers and men to enjoy a high prestige; as a large and powerful comprehensive combat capability of the aircraft carrier commander, he should have a vision of a strategist, familiar with military history, naval history, diplomatic history, to a deep understanding of national policy, master and apply international law, bearing in mind the overall situation; country’s image as a representative, He should have a diplomat’s demeanor, learned, rational and restrained, and always pursue the principle of supremacy of national interests only. Thus, in a certain sense, only with the overall quality of the more comprehensive, and has a wealth of ships and aircraft carrier flight command experience, to become China’s first generation of aircraft carrier captain of suitable candidates.
the huge aircraft carrier combat capability of different functions from the various uses carrier-based aircraft carrier-based aircraft is the core of its combat effectiveness, it can be responsible for air defense, anti-submarine, ship, early warning, ground (sea) attack, electronic support, maritime search and rescue and other combat missions. However, to play the best performance out of ship-borne aircraft, carrier aircraft largely depend on the major performance and pilot proficiency training, therefore, have great attention to the carrier’s Navy carrier pilots to enhance training intensity .
ship due to take off or landing and taking off and landing on land vary considerably, and carrier-based aircraft and more diverse mission, so the training of carrier pilots and ground-based pilot training is far more complex much more. In general, the taking off and landing training carrier pilots mostly from the land began to simulate the deck, and then to enter the carrier-based trainer to practice landing on aircraft carrier deck. Currently aircraft carrier take-off in two ways, one is American and French-based catapult take-off, one that is based on Russia’s Ski Jump off the British-based approach, the former is dependent on the aircraft catapult ejected, a smaller degree of difficulty , which rely mainly on carrier-based aircraft excellent performance and superb technical pilot took off, a larger degree of difficulty. But most important is the carrier-based aircraft landing technology, which are similar in countries around the world, the fighters are basically a very large decline in the curve down to help align the device on the aircraft carrier, landed at high speed (30-35 sections) run aircraft carrier deck, and in a very short distance to live with the tail hook block claim, the difficulty is self-evident.
As China’s first aircraft carrier may be, which is converted in the “Kuznetsov” was, no doubt, as the first Chinese carrier to enter a training active duty, therefore, the Chinese Navy carrier pilots are may now exercise Ski Jump off the main way. Because China is now abroad in the rumors with the help of Ukraine, the Crimean peninsula in Ukraine, “Nitka” aircraft carrier flight simulator platform to train China’s first carrier-based aircraft test pilot. According to Han and defense sources, China has introduced four aircraft carriers and landing aids cable hook block, in addition, the PLA is also building its own aircraft carrier training base, so the center of China’s Nitka flight simulation equipment, training software management procedures, and related technologies with a strong interest. These carrier-based aircraft test pilots are now being built in imitation of Chinese simulated aircraft carrier deck, the use of the earlier purchase of the prototype T-10K (Su-33 carrier aircraft in the early improved), as well as to improve China’s L-15 advanced trainer machine and the F-10 carrier-based, frequent landing training. Barring unforeseen circumstances, these pass through Ukraine to help train and has been in the simulated aircraft carrier deck landing trials on the pilot, which is China’s first aircraft carrier pilot landing on the implementation will be recruited in China China’s Dalian Naval Academy The first generation of aircraft carrier flight instructor trainees. And if in the future Chinese military aircraft and disclose their own experiences developed carrier aircraft, many of them will no doubt become a national hero, in particular, is the first carrier to achieve the first pilot to take off and landing of the first (which is may not be a person), will become like that kind of space hero Yang Liwei national idol!
judge according to Western military experts as well as China’s traditional past, China will take off and land on the carrier will not be limited to one model, and will certainly try to at least two take-off mode. Traditionally, China and most European countries, while the “EU arms embargo”, where blocking military cooperation between the two sides, but the old Chinese and European military ties between the major powers is not hindered. China may have diplomatic relations through political and military, to obtain in France, “de Gaulle” aircraft carrier catapult take-off and landing flight regular opportunities to get in the UK on a light aircraft carrier takeoff and landing Ski Jump opportunity, as the relationship with Russia and Thailand , it is not to say. Therefore, China’s first carrier-based pilots landing on aircraft carrier, it may not be realized on the domestic carriers, probably in secret in a foreign country to achieve. However, China will vigorously promote the first carrier-based aircraft test pilot, will be implemented on the aircraft carrier landing that several. (Guang-Wen Chen special chair Sun Xiaowei)