Major General military aircraft can effectively safeguard our lawful rights and interests at sea
will become China’s first aircraft carrier Kuznetsov
” Outlook “article: China’s sea power constraints of war
Chinese aircraft carrier will be China’s national security Dinghaishenzhen the Asia-Pacific region is an important stabilizing force for peace and restraining war power
as a large modern integrated combat platform, the aircraft carrier is a national level of economic development linked to the military tool, is a manifestation of a comprehensive national strength, but also a symbol of great power status.
start with the implementation of the Chinese aircraft carrier project, maritime defense forces to fill the construction gap, but also with China’s international status is commensurate. China’s response to a greater contribution to mankind, the Chinese applied the most advanced technological achievements of human arm themselves. As China’s “Shenzhou” moon, “dragon” into the water, as generations of Chinese aircraft carrier carrying the wealthy and powerful Chinese military glory and the dream.
national strength of the rise and fall, often landing in the sea rather than in
both land and sea as a large country, China, although very early development and utilization of ocean, But, as Hegel has pointed out, China “does not share the ocean given civilization.” For a long time, subject to various objective and subjective factors, and attach great importance to the land of comparison, the relatively weak sense of our oceans, sea defense force is lagging behind.
Sun Yat-sen once said, “the world situation changes, the rise and fall of national strength, often in the sea rather than in the land, the winners of its maritime power, often accounting for its superior strength.” Recent history, the world powers on the overwhelming majority of China’s armed invasion was launched from the sea. In 1840, the British “relies on its ships and armament, rampant sea” and open the closed door of China sea. Invasion from the sea again and again, has brought great disaster to the Chinese nation.
current, ocean has become a hot international strategic competition. Maritime rights and interests around the world fight has heated up. Most coastal countries will develop naval forces, as the focus of national defense, increase the construction of naval equipment, improve naval power.
In the United States, which has 11 modern nuclear-powered aircraft carrier composed of the world’s largest aircraft carrier battle groups. If something happens, the first time the U.S. President’s first reaction is “where our aircraft carriers?” Aircraft carrier battle groups as the “tip of American politics,” is to achieve an important tool for the U.S. national will, is a symbol of the political totem U.S. superpower status , the U.S. superpower psychological support.
the face of increasingly complex marine situation, the construction of China’s naval forces are still not fully effective coverage “United Nations Law of the Sea,” placed under the jurisdiction of China’s millions of square kilometers area, still can not meet the reality of safeguarding national maritime rights and interests needs. China is not only the UN Security Council, the only permanent member of an aircraft carrier, is the only original BRIC countries is not an aircraft carrier.
China in recent years the occupation of reefs, the waters were divided, the case of marine resources plundered day upon day, has not effectively stopped. Chinese aircraft carrier to test the water to defend the country will increase China’s maritime security and safeguard its maritime rights and interests of ability. Including aircraft carriers, including the growth of China’s sea power, China will undoubtedly help to stop further deterioration of security situation at sea, help maintain our peace and stability in the relevant area, is conducive to safeguarding our legitimate maritime interests, facilitates the norms of international law basis, through equal consultation, win-win approach, reasonably peaceful settlement of differences between the sea between the countries.
In this sense, the construction of aircraft carriers is a necessary requirement for the development of contemporary China. No aircraft carrier or carrier does not have the same effect as the platform for mobile operations at sea, we can not effectively protect marine rights and interests, not in major foreign events have a substantial say, it can not for the legitimate interests of overseas Chinese to provide a strong force to protect .
the growth of Chinese sea power is the power of peace and growth
Navy aircraft carrier is to promote the deepening of China the focus of military reform, the Chinese Navy is leading the implementation of information into the core of the historical transformation and leading by leaps and bounds.
contemporary military contest, is not a single unit or several confrontations between combat forces, combat system, but a confrontation with another combat system, relying on information fusion is under the guidance of the combat elements of integration. Aircraft carrier is the use of information systems to a variety of combat forces, combat units, combat elements of fusion integrated into the overall combat capability of modern combat systems. As an integrated maritime operations platform, a high degree of synthetic aircraft carrier battle group troops and weapons, both offensive and defensive, the sea air from the two-dimensional to three-dimensional space as well as multi-dimensional expansion, with persistent long-range mobile combat capability, can respond to a variety of security threats, perform a variety of combat missions . Either the implementation of strategic deterrence, you can launch a high-intensity offensive operations; both traditional security field to perform combat missions, you can also perform non-traditional security fields of combat missions.
to build aircraft carrier battle groups as a leader, will lead China’s naval strategic thinking, operational theory, force composition, construction mode, the full range of management changes, will greatly accelerate our Navy from mechanization and semi-mechanization to information transition to become an operational capability with a strong, highly synthesized new army of national defense information. The significance of the development of a more than two carriers already own.
However, it should be noted that the aircraft carrier has been a century in developed countries in Europe and America, the evolution of several generations, from conventional to nuclear power development, carrier-based aircraft from the catapult, flying leaps developed to smooth the electromagnetic catapult. Needless to say, compared with European maritime powers, that is, with some neighboring countries, in China many years late in getting started. We converted to form a strong fighting power, there is a long way to go. Even into the military, the Chinese aircraft carrier is different from some countries to pursue global strategic aircraft carrier battle groups. Chinese aircraft carrier with a completely different nature. Chinese aircraft carrier is a lot of China to safeguard national sovereignty and security means. Military weapons and equipment the nature of the strategic decisions, rather than weapons decide the nature of military strategy. Like other weapons with China, the Chinese aircraft carrier, without exception, obedience and service to China’s defensive national military strategy and naval strategy. The Chinese Navy has aircraft carriers will continue to pursue offshore defense strategy.
course, with the increasing expansion of China’s foreign economic activities, close ties between China and the world, China should have the protection of the interests of overseas Chinese sea lines of communication and the ability of China’s ocean must have the ability to maneuver and offshore operations. However, the focus of China’s marine interests in the offshore, coastal defense will remain the core of China’s marine strategy and the basic point.
the future, China’s aircraft carrier most likely to fulfill the mission and most often is its powerful capability to effectively deter the external forces of China’s maritime security and maritime rights and interests may be infringed, maintain lasting peace in Chinese waters and stability, essential to ensure the development of China’s valuable strategic opportunity is not interference.
In addition, the future Chinese aircraft carrier will be more and more often used to perform the task of non-traditional security fields. For example, the fight against international terrorism, ethnic separatism and religious extremism activities in combating transnational crime, escort fishing protection, anti-drug, anti-smuggling, anti-piracy, disaster relief, maritime rescue, evacuation care overseas, humanitarian aid, and so on. This is an important aspect of maintaining order at sea.
the growth of Chinese sea power is the power of peace and growth. China will not, as some countries as easily start the sea giant, four cruise, swagger, robbery; not as arbitrary as some countries, the implementation of someone else’s doorstep carrier blackmail.
600 years ago, the Chinese Ming Dynasty, Zheng He’s seven voyages, each up to 2 million people, ships more than 200 vessels. Its size as much as today’s four carrier battle group. Zheng He led the world at that time without a strong fleet to unmatched Kaijiangtuotu, seizing colonies, but put on porcelain, silk, tea, to carry out peace and friendship tour. Today, the Chinese will not by virtue of a two aircraft carriers, to aggression and expansion, lord, the world has long been cast aside by the competition for maritime supremacy. □
(The author is a Chinese expert on military strategy, strategic science PhD supervisor, Major General)
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