Zhang Zhaozhong: Nansha issue is becoming a pressing force to recover the choice
Data for: People’s Liberation Army soldiers stationed in the Spratlys
Zhang Zhaozhong, 1952, was born in Hebei Enzan, enlisted in 1970. The current Department of Defense military technology and equipment director, professor, Ph.D. tutor of military strategy, military equipment discipline leader, Rear Admiral.
proficient in Arabic, English, etc., there have been eight military outcome of the State-level ministries and Technology Progress Award, 1993, the state’s special government allowances. Representative monograph “The future impact of ocean Century”, “network war”, “winning the information war,” “Who’s making war,” “China for the war go away” and so on.
US-North Korea nuclear issue by diplomatic or
Q: In order to peaceful resolution of Korean nuclear issue, the Chinese government actively mediation, labor trouble. Last June, North Korea blew up the Yongbyon cooling tower of regional nuclear facilities in the world a praise. Today, North Korea conducted two nuclear tests, touched a sensitive nerve in the world, North Korea’s real intent?
Zhang Zhaozhong (hereinafter referred to as “sheets”): North Korea’s military is still lagging behind in fact, only two nuclear tests in the initial pilot phase. The original six-party talks, China can play a role from the United States saw in North Korea to listen to China. Now North Korea launch satellites, missiles, nuclear testing, not by common sense out the card, its next move, can not be predicted. Can be expected, the main purpose of doing so is to be taken seriously, among the ranks of nuclear powers.
Q: I have noticed, China’s Foreign Ministry spokesman used the word “brazen” in, among old friends, with such fierce words, shows that the problem is very serious.
Zhang: North Korea tests nuclear weapons threaten the safety of neighboring countries, the situation in affected areas. You know, North Korea away from Tianjin, only three or four hundred kilometers. Population density areas in such a nuclear test, it is too dangerous. In the neighboring North Korea has no “friends” of the.
In fact, the six-party talks North Korea has not looked down on. The short term is difficult to restore the six-party talks, North Korea will continue along this direction. This confrontation may persist at least six months or more. United States Japan and South Korea, the North Korean nuclear issue is a good thing, they will take the opportunity to expand the development of military power, strengthening the US-Japan-ROK military coordination. In addition to the DPRK, and also to deal with China.
Q: U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made public statements force to protect Japan and South Korea, North Korea will take the U.S. action?
Zhang: The United States beat North Korea, the possibility of large-scale war broke out did not, the occurrence of small-scale conflict is not ruled out. However, I have a feeling, the ultimate solution to this matter may result to achieve the United States and North Korea established diplomatic relations.
, Iran is more dangerous. The main reason is that Iran has oil resources, Iran has insisted its nuclear technology. Its location is also important, along with military forces in the Middle East is currently the most powerful, but the attitude has always been tough for the United States, the United States is greater than the chance to fight Iran to fight North Korea.
complicate the situation surrounding China
Q: The DPRK nuclear weapons, the thorny issue of the South China Sea, the Chinese people more painful experience.
Zhang: South China Sea dispute is like a mess, it is difficult to sort. 2000 Over the years, our ancestors have been found, occupation and management of the Spratly Islands, no one dares to go around the occupied Asian countries. After 1940 years, only a short time occupied by the Japanese navy, in 1946 the Chinese navy fleet to the Nansha Islands by force. China’s South China Sea Islands and adjacent waters has indisputable sovereignty.
1974 年 Sea of ??war, I began to focus on the South China Sea. Diaoyu Islands, the Yellow Sea East China Sea dispute can be resolved through negotiations. Except the South China Sea, the simplest thing, and now has become the most complex problems.
Q: how to tell?
Zhang: From the perspective of international conventions, international law and respect for the principle of preemption-based, occupation and who should implement effective management, will have a larger initiative, will be respect for international law. China has more than 50 islands, Malaysia, Vietnam and Brunei for over 30 years. So far, Chinese fishermen near normal operations can not be in the Spratly Islands, China has not played in a sea of ??oil. If the other long-term occupation of the use of force and economic development and administration, acquiescence and over time will become a reality, customary international law that China will be the fact of this illegal occupation that no longer resist, so I tend to respect This occupation of reality.
Q: break these looming problems, the test of wisdom.
Zhang: Yes. If the line from the traditional territorial principle, based on back, may ultimately overturn the principles of traditional territorial lines, the sovereignty of Nansha Islands and the occupation of the country will start with equal negotiation between countries, the owner and the robber may equal the result of negotiations in accordance with the division of archipelagic waters the principle of demarcation. This continues, the Nansha may never come back.
Comrade Deng Xiaoping in the 1980s and creatively put forward the “shelving disputes and seeking common development” idea in line with the interests of the South China Sea. If good things to say, negotiations also refused to return, then it should be, it must be recovered by force!
a lot of people think it is a peacefulness. In fact, the international situation is not optimistic about the China situation is getting worse around. Only the original maritime disputes. Now the situation in Afghanistan, Pakistan’s nuclear risks and so affect China’s security. The Japanese threat is more discounted. March 18 in Japan a number of new ships on the official service, performance and displacement estimates according to warships, it is certainly an aircraft carrier. Japan’s economic development, as long as conditions allow, it can quickly build a multi-carriers. Many nuclear reactors in Japan, the transformation of war is very easy. Now, another new North Korean nuclear issue, which is a big threat to China.
island chain blockade endanger China’s security
Q: easing the situation in the Taiwan Strait, stability, and ease the U.S. military intervention in the pressure of cross-strait relations. However, the U.S. military has troops in Okinawa, Guam massive construction projects. “More obvious”, how to evaluate?
Zhang: past U.S. strategic center of gravity in Europe, the Soviet Union gradually shifting to Asia, mainly against China. United States based on Okinawa, the U.S. military expansion in the Far East to China’s strategic reach and depth, that is, from the Far East region of China’s “island chain blockade” into a wider range of “strategic repression.”
first island chain is to prevent China’s entry into the Pacific, threatening the United States, Japan’s security. China’s submarine on several occasions by the United States, Japan, discover and track, the aircraft can not fly outside the scope of the first island chain. At present, Xinjiang range extends only to protect the sea hundreds of kilometers, far from the safe range of 2,000 km.
now stepped up the U.S. nuclear submarines in Guam, bombers, joint Japan, Australia, China on the second island chain blockade. Considering India is China’s neighbors, to be of value, can China play a role in the checks and balances. Since 2001, the United States intends to win over India, acquiesced in the development of nuclear weapons.
China has always been peace-loving, non-invasion of other countries, it is peaceful development. The Pearl River Delta, Shanghai, Tianjin, China’s most economically developed areas in coastal areas. The real war should break out, this situation is very dangerous.
Q: So the Great Wall built maritime security, such as the construction of aircraft carriers, to defend their territorial waters just how urgent. Not long ago, around the Chinese-built aircraft carrier to do a hot topic, many users want to contribute to build aircraft carriers.
Zhang: do not build aircraft carriers made, not a question of money. This strategy involves the entire country in the arrangement. I have two years away from retirement, retirement estimates to see it.
I advocate political, economic, and military research must be tied together. Just ended in London, leaders of the Group of 20 financial summit in the second, the world economic crisis, China stood out. With China’s gradual prosperity will gradually go from a big powerful country, the United States worry about their own interests.
the U.S. intends to exalt China, is intended to allow China to continue to buy large amounts of their bonds. 1981, China held U.S. Treasury $ 1 billion to one trillion U.S. dollars in 2006, holding the world leader. The total GDP in 2008 U.S. $ 14.3 trillion in foreign debt accounted for 95%.
Chinese people are used to save money, Americans are used to advance consumer. China is like a man, earns no flowers. U.S. money spent on printing money, let the yuan appreciate. For China, sell or hold U.S. government bonds, it is a dilemma. As a game both sides, Sino-US relations will be very good not too bad, the two can not fight. (Sports Network (AFP) have written: Reporters Zhou Jie Geng Lin)