National Day military parade in 60 years: homemade weapons and equipment will become the biggest bright spot
a major highlight of this year’s parade, water is a child of the “National” weapons and equipment. Parade of Chinese self-developed a new type of helicopter gunships, in the original basis of tapping the potential transformation, fire control systems, air systems are more suitable for actual combat requirements
“Oriental Outlook Weekly” correspondent Mi Aini, freelance writer Qiaomin | Beijing reports
military parade in the village in the outskirts of Beijing, was selected out of layers of preparing for the October 1, 2009 National Day military parade of the brightest arms buildup is complete, in the hot weather, the extremely rigorous training.
the 60th anniversary of founding of new China’s military parade, which is China’s 14th, is the first military parade in the new century.
military parade in the village all the dynamic, in a highly confidential stage. The upcoming parade, it is particularly mysterious.
a water child, “National” weaponry
2009 In March, the CPPCC National Committee, former People’s Liberation Army Deputy Chief of Staff has said Zhang Li, Because the background of the financial crisis, this year’s parade will be frugal spending, “but will give the masses a surprise.”
for this “surprise”, a lot of speculation.
of the China People’s Revolution Military Museum Office of Jiang Tingyu Academic Committee of China Communist Party of the details of the previous parade to do a comparative study.
“he told Oriental Outlook Weekly”, this year’s National Day military parade to follow the main principles are: highlight system with Chinese characteristics, the results of the armed forces to the military strength-based, active main battle equipment to domestic-based.
Jiang Tingyu, said this year’s parade is a major bright spot, the water is a child of the “National” weapons and equipment. Parade of our self-developed a new type of helicopter gunships, in the original basis of tapping the potential transformation, fire control systems, air systems are more suitable for actual combat requirements, but also on behalf of the Army Aviation’s combat level.
In addition, the scale will be larger, the 50th anniversary parade out of 25 helicopters this year, there will be a substantial increase; formation will be more spectacular, the 50th anniversary of 5 helicopter compiled an equal number of formations , the formation will be more complex, more imposing, flight and organizations will be more difficult.
by reading in the arms, this year there is a particular concern of the group: empty the first female pilot fighter. “These 2005 from over 20 million high school female graduates were selected out of 16 female student pilots in the fighter, the youngest 21 years old, maximum 24 years old. Parade, they will be driving in a domestic trainer Tiananmen Square over. “
Since 1949, China has held 13 National Day military parade, the two most recent were the 35th anniversary parade in 1984 and 1999, the 50th anniversary parade.
13 times this parade, what an unforgettable moment?
Chiang Kai-shek sent “Salute”
1931 年 11 月 7, at dawn, six kilometers north of Ruijin, Jiangxi leaves Village to review games, a simple The grand “parade” is conducted in secret.
This is after the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party held its first parade. 6:30, Mao Zedong, Zhu De and others one after another admission. To avoid enemy bombing, specially arranged for the Red Army parade in the morning.
7 points, the parade began. Because the situation was dangerous, in order to confuse the Kuomintang forces, the Communist Party in Fujian Changting take a leave of reviewing stand, set up a false venue.
In fact, the leaf Village parade has just ended, the Kuomintang a few aircraft next to the bombing of some of Ruijin County, and later discovered they Changting “false venue”, so he is a burst of fire sky bombing.
enemy comes, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, who had entered the shelter, people have also been evacuated. The enemy was gone, out of Mao Zedong from the dugout, smiled and said: “Chiang Kai-shek really terrific to know we have to open the General Assembly, also sent aircraft over to us a few Salute Ming it!”
Jiangting Yu said, This is the first time the Communist Party parade is small, but many processes are accordingly parade formed shape, “such as the head of the subject to read the officers and men was that the comrades have worked hard, we answer, as the Soviet fighting in the end!”
Before the founding of New China, the other a parade, a March 1949 military parade in Beijing Xiyuan Airport.
participate in review of the aircraft with bullets
1949 年 10 月 1 日 founding ceremony on the parade, has symbolic significance. “Select the location where the parade, there was controversy.” Jiang Tingyu said.
at the command post provides two options: First, Tiananmen Square, one Xiyuan Airport. Xiyuan Airport because there is no reviewing stand, the final set at Tiananmen Square.
this end, Zhou Enlai and emergency instructions, quickly converted Tiananmen Square.
At the same time, by the reading unit stationed in Beijing suburbs, began to parade training. 67th Army 199 Army division is the only representative to participate in reviewing the troops, more than 10,000 people in more than 1,000 people to be elected. More than a month, the soldiers trained under the scorching sun, drying off the skin a lot of people, masticate the crotch.
10 月 1 日 凌晨 5, responsible for staff security square suddenly saw the figure Zhou Enlai.
guards along the route looked Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong to go through all or a place to stay, are all he say. He saw the Golden Water Bridge erected two new behind the rostrum, immediately asked the entourage, with or without the test? Prison is not solid? Staff said that to ensure a solid, after setting up a camp guard division to pull, each board reviewing stand, to do up and down a 10-minute test, there is no little problem.
parade in accordance with the program was developed by the Air Force not to participate in the parade. Because the Air Force to participate in the ceremony is very difficult to review, at a time when aircraft and pilots are extremely limited, mostly from the KMT army in revolt over the lack of equipment and technology, infrastructure is weak.
1949 In early September the Central Military parade held meetings to convey orders by reading the flight squadron, flying squadron deployed 17 aircraft, good performance, compiled six air units to prepare for the founding ceremony.
10 月 1 日 3:00 am, the pilot came to Nanyuan Airport. 15:00 pm, at the founding ceremony. Pilots prior to departure, facing the flag vowed: I attended the review, once the malfunctions of the aircraft, rather laid down their lives, not let air out in the square and nearby buildings.
“Zhezhi the air by the reading unit and a secret is the implementation of air defense alert missions at four fighters also participated in the review, the above is also equipped with anti-intrusion of enemy bullets, because the battle was not to fight After the event of the enemy, must be requested by the reading unit into combat immediately. “Jiang Tingyu said.
in the parade where there are many similar “strategy to prepare,” Nie once under a very strict orders: the official parade that day, in case of enemy air attack, to stay put move to maintain formation.
Since then, the annual National Day Parade to be held in Beijing, to the 10 anniversary of the parade’s size and weaponry have reached an unprecedented scale.
the parade, the abolition of cavalry, three-wheeled motorcycle and the caliber of 100 mm below ground artillery, antiaircraft artillery side team; horizontal surface square foot teams increased from 20 and 24; Air Force by read by the fifth anniversary of the formation time of 3 to 5 machine machine; total number of 111 aircraft to 155; by reading the lower altitude 100-150 meters.
“The parade has a very characteristic, is to participate in review of the weapons greatly increased the degree of localization.” Fifty-nine ‘crawler tractor and 99 giant tanks, the first generation of Chinese-made main battle tanks; artillery in six models, five species are our self-developed. “
year, the annual military parade was held as scheduled, but stopped short.
parade village birth
1960 In September, the CPC Central Committee, State Council, the spirit of austerity, the principle of diligence and thrift, decided to reform the system of the National Day ceremony, the implementation of “Five-a small celebration, in ten years Daqing, Daqing every parade.”
and as the “Cultural Revolution”, in the following 24 years, did not hold a National Day military parade.
1981 年 9 27, the Xinhua News Agency released a sudden a message to the world — September 14 to 18, somewhere in North China People’s Liberation Army will hold military exercises and a grand parade.
this exercise, code-named “802″, behind the proponents of Deng Xiaoping.
it is a right the wrong era, Deng Xiaoping was reported in the listening exercise program, said: To do a good job that the military drums should look like a military army training should look like. He suggested that in the exercise, go for a parade, “said the parade is not formalism, its forces to train educational style.”
9 14, in the north end of the day after the exercise, the body of Deng Xiaoping in uniform, Mount Hood’s “Red Flag” parade car, reviewed the armed forces consisting of 53 ground-side teams and seven air echelon.
he said: “The army must be built into a powerful, modernized, regularized and revolutionary army.”
“exercise, in fact, is the 1984 12th National Day parade rehearsal. “Jiang Tingyu said.
1983 In November, the CPC Central Committee held a special meeting to study the layout of the 35th anniversary of National Day parade preparations. After that, the birth has continued to present a special training base — parade village.
“1984 years of the parade than ever before, motorized, mechanized units, quantity, and arms more, complex technical equipment, materials and technical support requirements are higher, so in the past that the dispersion encamping approach has been unable to adapt to requirements. “
parade headquarters decided, respectively, in Shahe, Beijing, Datong, Nanyuan airport to build three temporary training area, centralized encamping.
just two months, more than 50 kilometers of road construction is completed, 900,000 square meters fully completed the training ground, supporting a variety of basic living facilities in place.
airport ground of weeds, grass is green tents and thousands of the top blocks of silver instead of the barrack, there officers and men supporting service centers, solar room, library and convenient water supply equipment.
So far, the village in the end what it was like the parade, the soldiers how the training is still a mystery. ■