Our military food ration standard not lower than in Western countries armed forces (Figure)
data for: grind the participating military exercise military -2008 meal
Wang Yanwei painted in the armed forces in food security, food standards are basic conditions. Nutritious food standards our military form, physical form and money form three forms, namely, food for the troops of nutrients, food and meals to the provisions of varieties. Full implementation of food standards, food units do a good job, health officers and men to achieve the prerequisite and guarantee.
nutrition patterns – nutrient supply standard
food nutrition standard form is the nutrient supply standards. As the supply of nutrients is directly related to military physical fitness, intelligence and response capabilities, the nutrient supply is considered to determine the force standard food nutrition and health the most fundamental standards.
the army’s supply of nutrients is the reference standard of residents’ dietary nutrient supply “developed, promulgated in 1998. The standards take into account most of our men aged 18 to 49-year-old adult male, metabolism, coupled with the work of military labor intensity, nutrition and energy consumption, so the various indicators are high. For example, according to the standard, soldiers engaged in the queue, training, target shooting and other training camps, are moderate labor, energy supplement for the 3000 to 3500 kcal; in training camp, tank repair, off-road ride and other tasks, are severe labor, energy supplement for the 3500 to 4000 kcal; engaged in exercise or fighting, weight-bearing cross-country blitz of construction, disaster relief and other tasks, are very severe labor, energy supplement for the 4000-4500 kcal. Comparison of urban residents, the adult male labor in the interior energy consumption is generally around 2600 kcal, 2300 kcal adult women, the elderly and children are less. National Bureau of Statistics according to the findings, the soldiers engaged in heavy labor and energy consumption of dietary supplement should be higher than the national average of 36.8% of urban residents.
with troops to protect the quality of food significantly improved the energy supply of essential nutrition and soldiers up to standard, well positioned to meet the training needs of the work. But there are a few units in the dietary advice to the deficiencies. For example, the standard military meal, the fat percentage of total energy should be 20% to 30%, some units heavier taste food, vegetable oil and animal fat content is too large, resulting in total fat than the high heat. Military daily intake of vitamin B1, B2 should be at 1.5 and 1.3 mg or more, some less coarse grain supply units, cooking and washing repeatedly used, high temperatures and prolonged heating, resulting in some of the officers and men of vitamin B1, B2 intake less than normal .
in everyday life, the officers and men should strengthen awareness of balanced nutrition, with the necessary supply of nutrients common sense, to develop good eating habits to ensure a reasonable energy and nutrient intake. Cooking grass-roots army officers and management personnel, but also supply nutrients to the mastery of standards, to understand the nutritional content of foods commonly used features, and active in food management, processing and transfers in use. Headquarters allotment of “military recipe system”, day Meal able to automatically calculate the nutrient content, and compared with the nutrient standards, can easily dietary assessment, thus ensuring a reasonable nutritional intake.
physical form – food ration standards
people eat every day, should be reasonable with a variety of meals. The standard daily food ration for soldiers to eat food should be provided the type and quantity, to ensure supply of nutrients to achieve food quality standards, raise the troops, the supply of staple foods, an important basis.
headquarters in May this year introduced a new standard military food ration. New standards to increase the supply of milk and fruit standards, improve the animal food supply, lowering the standard of food rations, food rations so that our military servicemen varieties richer, more structured, more adequate heat, hotter than more reasonable, the food quality has been significantly improved.
under the new standard, our men should eat every day can be divided into five main food groups: the first category of cereals, each day the officers and men should eat 500-700 grams; second category of vegetables and fruits, should be 1000 grams; third category of fish, poultry, meat, eggs and other animal food, should eat 400-680 grams; The fourth category is milk and soy foods, milk, 200-300 g, beans 80 g; fifth oil a day, 50-70 grams.
Chinese Nutrition Society and the development of a balanced diet chart compares the pagoda, the military in various types of quantitative standards are relatively high. For example, a balanced diet recommended amount of food pagoda figure is 300 to 500 grams of vegetables to 500-700 g, edible oil, only 25 grams. High standard military food ration, the supply of nutrients to meet the standards of the military needs of a soldier’s age structure, the nature of work and the labor intensity of the decision. From a global perspective, the current military standard military even compared with developed Western countries is not low.
perform quantitative food standards, first to similar exchange. Some studies show that daily intake of food types should be more than 30 as well. Should be nutritious and delicious combination, in accordance with similar exchange, the principles of deployment of a wide variety of meals. The second is to eat balanced. Used by the majority of our residents, three meals a day arrangements. Generally breakfast and dinner each 30%, lunch 40% is appropriate, for night missions more than 12 points should be arranged supper. Third, to local conditions. China has a vast, varied around the property, only the local conditions, full use of local resources to effectively achieve a balanced diet. Fourth, long-term adherence. Health effects of diet on long-term, balanced diet requires perseverance, in order to fully reflect the role of health promotion officers and men.
form of money – for food standards
for food standards officers and men of the most well-known food standards is to achieve food standards and nutrient supply of quantitative standards funding guarantee. Central Military Commission is very concerned about the lives and health of soldiers of reform and opening up, has increased 25 times to adjust for food standards, one from the kitchen area and one class of 0.47 yuan per person per day adjusted to 15 yuan, an increase of 31 times.
standard good job, with good meals, is a regular, detailed, complex work, both the fine tradition of our military, but also an important military leaders at all levels of responsibility. Army in the House rules, the clear at all levels of forces (units) of the basic duties of head of food administration. Good job, with good meals, one to rely on economic democracy. Second on the rules and regulations. Strict implementation of the General Logistics Department presented the “army food regulations” and other food regulations, adhere to a good set menus, daily consumption of registration supplies, food accounts published, diet and health food company manage five systems. Three plans to rely on transfers. “Eat not poor, do not wear study, not only suffer from poverty calculation.” To be based on each stage, each time the characteristics of the task force, environmental climatic conditions, material supplies and the unit family property market, the overall development of scientific and rational planning and regulating dietary program. Four to rely on cooking techniques.