Japanese invasion of China in Shanghai, foreigners recorded historical atrocities appeared (Figure)
data Figure: Japanese invasion of China branch
the reporter intern wearing Yuan Zhou Chen
“Then see what I’ve seen the most terrible scene. It was then that I saw 9 Chinese were brought on deck, they were ropes tied together, his hands were tied behind his back. 10 formed an executive team of Japanese soldiers, officers issued Order, executioners shot the Chinese people, Chinese people stood quietly, do nothing in their own fate, the Japanese soldier cocking shouted, waving the sword, with a revolver (bullets) and bayonets, the poor Chinese people across the chest, and do our best to sadistic. “
This is a new record of Shanghai in 1937, translated “August III” Incident, the Japanese invasion of China in Shanghai, China slaughtered innocent civilians in the historical period. In commemoration of 72 anniversary of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, the records of foreigners in English was translated into Chinese in Nanjing. Author of the record on July 1, 1937 to leave Nanjing to the United States for two months, California-degree false. Soon, he heard that Beijing Marco Polo Bridge Incident took place. At that time he “felt that the event is not very important, so continue to journey”, but when he reached California, the war has become very severe, and he had to hurry back by boat, the ship’s radio broadcast about the situation in Shanghai (” eight hundred and thirteen “Incident) news. He said in the record, “‘Marco Polo Bridge Incident” is the formal cause the fuse of war, “” We heard on August 14 (day machine) bombed the Chinese. ”
Shanghai Pier “gentle” sword
the author of this record transfer through Japan, the Japanese ship when he was riding near Shanghai dock, the author saw the beginning of that scene. He wrote: “Executive issuing the order, and each executioner standing at a soon to be executed in front of the Chinese people. Executive Order No. loud released another executioner any mercy the Chinese imagination. The first is the Chinese people to the pier to pick the edge of the bayonet , leisurely sword to the executioner the poor Chinese people beheaded, the head fell to the river. executioner pushed the body to the terminal side, the body hanging in the air, blood spray a few feet under the executioner with a sword in the hands of ‘soft’ to stab to the Chinese people, Chinese people fell to the deck and then, the executioner tied to the Chinese people who untied the rope, as a butcher, his indifference to seize the victim’s arm, to only cut off the arm from the shoulder the same ‘surgery’ has been implemented to the other arm. executioner is still not satisfied this massacre model, the Japanese pushed him into the river to see not the arm, the people still be able to march. Several other victims were also implemented a penalty, each with their own executioner developed the most cruel way to kill them. who was pushed into the water is still living, became a revolver hand their prey. “
He continues the narrative that “in this terrible massacre, the other Japanese soldiers and civilians, and our silence, looking at all foreigners, we try to control the inner indignation, to keep the surface calm, and we are fortunate to have a We realized that if we protest against this crime will lead to trouble Japan’s brutal executioner such heinous penalty would be regarded as a heroic Japanese audiences have been praised. “
He added, “then I get reliable information that before the war, the nine Chinese workers are employed by terminal when they try to go to Shanghai International Settlement, they blocked the process, had to hide in a room, may eventually be found. they do not have chance to defend himself, was identified as the sniper. After a short stay, I found that nine workers are not a special case, because the other thousands of names of dock workers also suffered the same fate. failed to reach the Shanghai International Settlement, due to dock around the battle. “
” Sincere “becomes a tragic world
The record also described the invasion of the Japanese air force bombing of Shanghai to the civilian population of the disaster: “August 23, I and some of my friends standing on the square, saw a Japanese plane in the center of Shanghai over the concession for aerobatics. … … probably 1:00 pm, in front of us, a few blocks away from the emergence of a large column of mixed smoke rose hundreds of feet in the air. … (We) … rushed to the scene of the explosion, … … one thousand pound bomb hit the mall first applied and this super-powerful bomb, not only destroyed the Sincere department store, and blew up the Wing On department store, killing nearly 200 people dead and double the number of injuries the victims were in the majority of two mall salesgirl and some foreigners were killed or injured. “
the next few paragraphs is that the narrative:
-” to witness for later that provide a vivid scene exploding almost impossible and I and other soldiers with the careful search of the injured Sincere department store, we started looking for the Ministry of the furniture upstairs, but the injury is not heavy people have left, so we start checking the dead and dying, to see if they could get help. I saw under the sofa with an arm sticking out, I imagine living here if I remove the sofa to see only arm in there. the next level We found that many were killed at work clerk In addition, there are many customers to buy things when killed. a Chinese woman’s corpse, has two children died, a typical picture of this sudden explosion of this woman hands still clutching money, the other side of the business in hand ready to miss the old woman’s shopping bag. “
-” … … the water thrown into the fire extinguisher on the blood of the dead, and soon became red red, and soon form a thin stream, flow down the stairs. all very confusing, because the need to quickly carried the victim downstairs to the ambulance on the street. Next, our search and rescue teams need to transfer the body. body of a with a heap, piled high, on the ventilation of the van, transported to the city crematorium to be cremated. Then, we need to seriously do a grim and terrible work: collection of body parts. There is a head, where there is an arm, hanging next to the telephone line or even the intestines, fragmented debris hanging. the streets were covered by a layer of blood, when you find just left in (with) the blood on the body temperature, you will have a kind of the feeling of nausea. “
battlefield with gas, acid bomb
records also disclosed in the Battle of Shanghai in 1937, the Japanese use of chemical weapons on the battlefield situation. About mid-September 1937, records were to become the British “Daily Telegraph” war correspondent Pembroke Stephens drivers. “Every time I return, we have a task is to try to bring back wounded soldiers. … We brought back many of the wounded were seriously injured, were gas bombs and acid bombs. The Japanese always use these shells, but even so Chinese people will not change its position. acid bomb will burn people’s clothes, skin, people you’d rather die. gas shells more cruel, instant release, enters the lungs can lead to death in a radius of 500 feet within the , gas production of these materials will cause a blind person, so in many cases, gas bombs, the side of hundreds of soldiers will flee while screaming in pain. “
record who said his country as “neutral Denmark.” The Danes in the Japanese bombing Sincere, Wing On Company, the concession has to “protect the 40 spinning machine has been in the care of Japanese civilians,” “The next day, because the stupid Japanese civilians refused to protect the full means of which a civilian possession of pocket revolver, when two Chinese police to search his weapon, the Japanese shot and killed a policeman and injured another policeman cause. injured police counterattack, killing the assailants, and to the Japanese companions were injured, so before we arrived, the scene in two deaths and two injuries and we quickly call to the ambulance, trying to be injured to hospitals in China two, but the Japanese refused . This need to bring the wounded to the Hongkou Japan Japanese hospitals, the Japanese guards prevented ambulances further ahead, the Chinese people that the wounded and the driver and his assistant to lift the Japanese casualties down, face down in front Shimoji Sentinel. sentinel Japan saw the wounded, the driver can plead the injured taken to hospital … … “
” ostrich attitude “is insufficient to prevent war and crime
this digital recorder is a Danish citizen when the 伯恩哈尔阿 Delp Snyder Berg. In April 2006, December 2007, Snyder visited Berg family in Nanjing, both with a copy of this historical data to the China Youth Daily reporter to show off. According to them, Snyder Berg in the United States after the death of their relatives will be donated to the historical American university, now preserved in the historical archives of the school. Sources said the 10-page historical data, will soon choose to disclose the full text of journals or books.
According to China Youth Daily reporter collected the end of December 1937 in Denmark, “Aarhus Parish Times”, “Snyder in Berg (1937) arrived in Shanghai on August 19,” which shows Snyder Berger witnessed the bloody massacre of the Japanese army in Shanghai terminal time; Snyder Berg on August 23, 1937 Japanese bombing of Shanghai resulted in numerous civilian casualties recorded, compared with other historical data are confirmed. Retrieve historical data show that there had not seen this reported in the literature. Ph.D. Department of History, Nanjing University, Nanjing Massacre, deputy director of the Institute Professor Zhang Sheng also said that this is not seen a new historical data, “information from reliable sources, of course trustworthy.”
7 April, Professor Zhang Sheng received on the matter in Hefei, China Youth Daily reporter, said that from the historical perspective, the Japanese captured Chinese soldiers and civilians for the killing started early, aggressors against the cruel means of slaughter with a special hobby. Japanese use of chemical weapons records, then the start of the war aggressor blatant violation of international law. He said that the historical data shows that the occurrence of the Nanjing Massacre (with this) there are some internal consistency factors, namely, the Japanese army of bloodthirsty and criminal tendencies are not temporary. The historical discovery also shows that the Nanjing Massacre and the Japanese war crimes to be further studied.
in answer to commemorate the ‘Marco Polo Bridge Incident “72 anniversary of the disclosure of what the historical significance, Zhang said Professor back at history, we can always see a human devoid of facts and bloody. Japan’s military war fever, and the status of the entire Japanese society at that time to determine the existence of the link. Prevent a similar situation, it requires the transformation of society as a whole and positive attitude. Era of peace (Japan) (some) people tend to lose face (facts) of the courage, let alone a summary of lessons learned. On the facts of the “ostrich attitude”, not enough to prevent the recurrence of war and crime.
newspaper in Nanjing on July 6 Xinhua