PLA Major General: Russian military exercise to counter-terrorism is not directed against third parties
before armed Chinese military attache in Russia, China Institute for International Strategic Senior Advisor, Major General Wang shipping. Wang Nannan photo
Xinhua news (Li Xuanliang, White Snow, Wang Nannan): July 17, before armed Chinese military attache in Russia, China Institute for International Strategic Senior Advisor, Major General Wang sea, accompanied by members of the outer Xuanju Guan, on the ” Peace Mission 2009 “joint anti-terror military exercise between China and Russia to answer a reporter’s question.
Wang Haiyun, before armed Chinese military attache in Russia, major general. Graduated from Shandong University, Beijing Foreign Studies University and National Defense University. China is currently senior advisor to the International Strategic Studies, China Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the National Research Council, Senior Consultant, study of the history of Sino-Russian relations, vice president of the China – Russia – Eastern Europe – Central Asia Institute, executive director of the National Defense University Distinguished Professor, Nanjing International Relations College part-time professor of the State Council Development Research Center of Euro-Asian Social Development Research Academic Committee, China Foundation for International Studies Director of the Centre-cum-Foreign Energy Center for Strategic Studies Executive Director, Research Center of Fudan University, Russia, Central Asia, special adviser, “the international oil economy.” Journal of Academic Advisors and other academic positions, the Russian foreign academician of Academy of national security law.
20 1970s and 1980s, Major General Wang is mainly engaged in marine research in military theory, since the 1990s is mainly engaged in Russia – Central Asia – the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Studies, national security strategy and foreign policy studies, strategic studies of energy diplomacy . Published “Yeltsin’s Russia” (five volumes), “Russian energy diplomacy” and many other monographs, published hundreds of papers, Russia – Central Asia energy diplomacy research studies and experts in the field.
the following order based on the text field:
King Shipping: and you are very happy to meet with reporters, hoping to the Sino-Russian joint anti-terror military exercise some problems and we explore together.
China Daily: as opposed to “Peace Mission 2005″ and “Peace Mission 2007″, the “Peace Mission 2009″ What features?
Wang Haiyun : “Peace Mission 2009″ China-Russia joint military exercises “Peace Mission” series of exercises, one of Russia held every two years, “peace mission” joint anti-terror exercise with the “Peace Mission 2005″, “Peace Mission 2007″ closely linked, the aim of fighting terrorism, combating the “three forces.”
the “Peace Mission 2009″ joint military exercises of the subjects set out different strength and size, which is determined according to specific tasks.
So, before the joint military exercises with both connections and different.
China Daily: What exercises significance?
Wang Haiyun : “Peace Mission” series of joint military exercises have long-term strategic significance.
terrorism is common threat we face is that all the SCO member states face a common problem, especially in Eurasia is the prominent problems in Central Asia. “Three evil forces” of regional peace, stability and a threat to peace, China and Russia are faced with this outstanding issue.
China and Russia as a permanent member of the United Nations, neighboring countries, as the two main SCO countries should play a leading role, to contribute more.
So I think that the joint anti-terror exercise both for the deepening of bilateral cooperation against terrorism, or within the framework of the SCO anti-terrorism cooperation, have an important role in promoting the regional peace, stability , peace will be a direct impact.
Xinhua News Agency: the foreign media that the choice of location and time of exercise is highly sensitive, how do you analyze?
King Shipping: I think this is the foreign media misunderstanding, misunderstanding and misjudgment.
exercise our location is already determined, though not far from the Korean Peninsula, and North Korea, but no specific contact. Our course is set up counter-terrorism, irrelevant content and the Korean peninsula. These forcibly linked is not responsible for some Western media’s usual practice.
Xinhua News Agency: China-Russia joint military exercises of the mechanism, the normalization of bilateral relations between states mean?
King Shipping: far-reaching.
The first is to enhance mutual understanding, although more frequent between the two countries armed forces, the two men together, not many training opportunities, both sides fought with the promotion of mutual understanding is important.
Second, learn, learn.
military strengths in the fight against terrorism has its own experience. Learn from each other to improve the level of military combat training of practical significance.
Third, to strengthen anti-terrorism cooperation, especially within the framework of the SCO anti-terror cooperation, the two great powers played a leading role. This exercise, the SCO is a military delegation will come to observe, this is a drive, the “three forces” will serve as a deterrent to regional peace and stability play a useful role.
the same time, the military relations of bilateral relations is also very important. Military relations is the most sensitive bilateral relations, the most iconic relationship. Military relations tend to lag behind other political, economic relations, military relations damaged by the impact is often early in the political and economic relations. If the two countries to strengthen military cooperation, strategic cooperation relationship between the two countries far-reaching.
Russia have more than 4300 km common border, which is a very important geo-political reality, a neighbor is not selected, only friendly neighbor, only to be friendly to the common development of both countries.
21 century, China’s main economic activity may depend on the sea, should be a greater effort to develop the ocean. Therefore, the development of strategic partnership with Russia is very important.
course, there are many in the international affairs of common interests, common ideas, common needs. We have many common interests, we are emerging powers, to hegemony, unilateralism oppose it, hope the future world is a multi-polar world order. We all need a peaceful and stable international environment and surrounding environment. Therefore, cooperation between China and Russia more closely in the military joint exercise can also reflect on the development trend of bilateral relations.
Therefore, the two joint anti-terror military exercise is to deepen Sino-Russian relations are very important part.
Xinhua News Agency: how do we understand the nature of the anti-terrorism military exercise? Foreign media tend to have some other guesses.
King Shipping: to see the exercise is to look at the main subjects to set the exercise to be (vision). The exercise is very clear, subject to combat terrorist forces are set: an area subjected to violent terrorist activity, causing damage to the region to stabilize the situation, China and Russia on how to solve this problem together.
can be no doubt this place.
Xinhua News Agency: joint military exercises would have little substantive meaning?
King Shipping: real and very meaningful. Since 2005, the series of exercises on the stability of the region does play a substantial role in the “three forces” of the deterrent effect is obvious.
joint military exercises there is a further purpose is to enhance combat capability, interoperability, if there happens, we can quickly solve the problem, which is a response to terrorist activities, preparations for military struggle.
Therefore, the practical significance of anti-terrorist exercise held is still very prominent.
People’s Daily Overseas Edition: of the exercises, why the election in Jilin?
King Shipping: the choice of location to consider a variety of factors.
we will take turns as the exercise of military reception task, exercise field problems. Such a large army, to protect the problem of meals, lodging, and more training but also from the actual needs.
Xinhua News Agency: forces in the fight against terrorism, what is the function, what changes and trends?
King Shipping: in the armed forces in counter-terrorism operations to deter and backup role, when necessary, to be able to quickly dispatched. Without this capability, would not achieve the deterrent effect and the backing.
forces directly involved in this anti-terrorist action is necessary, if not so large-scale terrorist insurgency, you can rely on law enforcement and armed police to solve. But we must consider the possibility of expanding the situation. Preparations for military struggle had to consider the complexity.
Xinhua News Agency: force through what channels and means to enhance this capability?
King Shipping: is to increase joint anti-terror military exercise this ability in itself a very important way. Through joint military exercises, can study the methods of warfare against terrorism, the use of weapons, combat tactics to adjust to needs. This in itself is a practical exercise.
course, in order to effectively combat terrorist forces, the army’s preparations for military struggle to comprehensively strengthened, including people’s understanding of the forces of terror should be further strengthened.
China Daily Overseas Edition: How to treat Russia in the exercise?
King Shipping: Russian joint anti-terror military exercise on the very highly placed great expectations.
Russia is also facing the “three evil forces” of damage, while Russia is also a multi-ethnic country. Russia in the fight against “three forces” very positive, but also a great need for the exercise. Strengthen the armed forces from the military and security cooperation, and deepen the perspective of the strategic synergies, the exercise of Russia also has practical significance.
China Daily: you predict the Sino-Russian strategic military leadership content of the talks? Is it possible to extend to the entire joint military exercises of the SCO member states, including the Central European countries?
King Shipping: is the first phase of the exercise of strategic consultations, there are three aspects: consultation on major issues, the exercise opening ceremony and issued instructions. Consultation exercise is to further clarify the background and purpose of the directorate issued exercises command, officially entered the exercise.
new questions as to whether the talks, I think that in this session, involving major sensitive issues is unlikely.
Xinhua News Agency: Armed Police Force has formed anti-terror force system, system construction is very mature, you predict the future level of troops involved in counter-terrorism?
King Shipping: In my opinion, large-scale use of force against terrorism is very unlikely, but can not have this ability, this ability may serve as a deterrent. Have a strong military force, not only for “play” is also used for “anti.” Strong military power to avoid war, deterrence is an important means to avoid war. “Playing” can not solve the problem, the best way to prevent war.
Xinhua News Agency: based on your years of observation, through the Sino-Russian joint anti-terror military exercise held in China and other countries as well as joint military exercises, the Chinese army in what has been improved ?
King Shipping: In my opinion, and many have improved.
our little army in the past joint military exercises from 2003 to the present, a total of 20 number of joint military exercises.
international perspective on the Chinese armed forces to enhance the military situation on the international understanding of the importance of international cooperation, understanding is growing. We are a big country, the strength and international influence is increasing, international interest is increasing, to fulfill international obligations increases. We have to consider the resolutions necessary to fulfill responsibilities under the United Nations, to combat piracy, for peacekeeping. Especially in times of peace there can be large-scale war situation, the army should give more consideration to international responsibility.
Xinhua News Agency: In general, the mechanism, regular exercise is a sign of the military alliance, but the Sino-Russian joint military exercise against terrorism is not a military alliance. How do we understand the Sino-Russian military ties with the traditional distinction between military alliance?
King Shipping: why the Sino-Russian joint military exercise against terrorism alliance does not mean it? This is indeed the international community, some of the media, some politicians have misunderstood. But we have nothing to do with the military alliance.
First, the SCO Charter explicitly states that “three noes” principle: the non-aligned, non-confrontational and not directed against third parties. This is the building of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a fundamental idea is to expand the SCO effect, dynamic reasons.
Second, China has always been a non-aligned policy. After the Cold War, China would change this policy, our international environment will bring more problems, not conducive to our peace and development.
our military cooperation is now a mechanism for co-operation, not a military alliance. In the post-Cold War era, to give up against the Group, to replace confrontation with cooperation of thinking is a thinking trend.
we can not take the road alignment, which does not meet the times, does not conform to relevant national interests. Moreover, within the framework of the SCO, formed a military alliance nor the objective conditions.
the prospect of an alliance, I think it is basically non-existent. Of course, if some military groups who dare to threaten our core security interests, then say it, what tools can be used. But today’s conditions, we can not take the path of an alliance, Sino-Russian joint military exercise against terrorism and the alliance is not detached.
Xinhua News Agency: recently some of the media to form an argument, claiming that Russian military exercise held every two years, but Russia and the U.S. recently announced that by December 2009 to be held not less than 20 military exercises. In volume terms, was that military cooperation between China and Russia is shrinking, what do you think?
King Shipping: I do not think so. I think that the military cooperation is of practical significance is not how many times held joint military exercises, but depends on the purpose of exercises and drills to be set.
joint military exercises have different purposes, some to learn from each other, learn from each other and improve together, have a strong sense of cooperation; others in order to ease relations.
tense situation between Russia and detrimental to both countries, are reluctant to confront a long time, but there are contradictions between the two countries strategic interests, and sometimes difficult to solve. Obama came to power by Russia to ease the release of the signal, Obama also expressed a willingness now to improve the atmosphere and relationships. Under these conditions, several joint military exercises held on ease this tension has a positive meaning.
I personally think that this has no real meaning, but the ease of Russian-US relations, or played a certain positive role, I think that is a good thing.
Xinhua News Agency: our understanding of terrorism is a dynamic process of development, this process what changes and trends?
Wang Haiyun : “three forces” is the real threat we face is we have to first be a high degree of concern.
our national security problems facing all aspects, including the territorial security. I think that in a long, predictable period of time, large-scale war against China is unlikely to occur. But terrorism can not be completely avoided.
considerable risk of terrorist activity, stability and economic development of countries has a significant impact. So the fight against terrorism as a major issue we face, a real threat to be a high priority, it is inevitable and we are prepared for military struggle and to the tilt in this respect an important reason for concern.