The former official said China’s South China Sea can be used before resorting to force drastic strategy
Data for: People’s Liberation Army troops stationed in Sha brothers units coordinated exercises ashore
this article as the “World Wide Web – the former ambassador and the South China Sea Workshop” series, one of the outcomes:
aside disputes with China in the South China Sea, practical considerations
Hua Liming (former Chinese ambassador to Iran): Why shelving it? From two point of view, one is determining the Third Plenum in 1978, the reform and opening up, the need for a peaceful surrounding environment, concentrate on developing our economy, China has more important things than to do the island, adjacent to China and a dozen state territorial waters, territorial disputes, if these disputes on the war, how we do economic development? Deng Xiaoping’s economic construction as the central design of this general principle there is no way to implement, so we try to think through a variety of ways to stabilize the situation around, and resolve disputes. Third, China is also out of reach in the strength of these South Sea islands, sovereignty belongs to me, but we can not afford to develop it, this is a fact. Oil resources around these islands is very rich, but are deep-sea resources, oil, China’s ocean exploration technology we have not reached, at least 80 years, 90 years has not to this level. So Vietnam, the Philippines in these countries, major Western oil companies it please come here to exploit. We employ major Western oil companies, they do not come, in fact it is for political reasons.
why I say that these islands, in the end we can not control, or control how much, or is very important to strengthen our own national strength, we have the ability to put these islands have developed, are accounted for, which is key.
Yangcheng Xu (China National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation, president, China Institute of International Research Fellow): The four oil exploration in Vietnam, there is a line in the Kau within us and it is controversial, there are three outside the field in nine out line. Of course, in nine out of the field lines within the output is more, but most are not mined in the Nansha Vietnam, nor is it the Philippines, Malaysia, if the action on the largest oil production in Malaysia. Vietnam is openly and our confrontation, the Philippines, not much action, but its highest tone, these different situations, the Philippines, the most powerful recent spin, it is not only submitted to the UN request for arbitration, board members and to the island to claim it its territory. I observe the ASEAN forum discussions, ten years ago, we set the code of conduct, declarations, the Philippines is the most demanding, requiring them to take a unified position to report the problem to the United Nations, but China has yet to go before the ASEAN harmonized within the the. Now we have adopted is a satisfactory, acceptable things.
Hua Liming: Now in this case, one is to maintain the status quo, it accounts for many islands, we say stop here, the other islands we have to protect those who live, this is a. Second, it’s not illegal occupation, and I have to recover these islands, what do? Use of force. Third, you have to mine, I can take some interference, recently we are taking this approach, we went to his cable cut off.
root of the problem, back away, before resorting to force
Health Wang Yu (China APEC senior officials in the former): Where is China’s bottom line, not a simple answer in one sentence, very complex. China prepare for the worst is not without, but we are restrained, why restrain it? Overall situation. Restraint is not a weakness. I say a few old saying in China, one root of the problem, why is the root of the problem then? U.S. fire last year, did not put out several fire up again this year in place, these countries would like to take the power of the United States trouble. Our overall harmony or around, the second overall, our friendly relations with the ASEAN countries as a whole, we do not want to damage the overall situation, do not want to fuss and head start. China’s “grand strategy”, the first is to build a harmonious surrounding. Our relations with ASEAN in general is quite good. Some people think we are very passive, in fact, we are not passive. We had good relations with ASEAN; Vietnam has two factions within, to know if by trouble with China by U.S. forces, it is double-edged sword, is also very dangerous. We are sincere, it is necessary to change the internal. The meeting of ASEAN’s attitude, it can fully explain the problem. We reached an agreement with ASEAN in general, there is a guiding principle, it is difficult to trouble up downtown. United States no matter how busy, can only be modest, it is also engaged in more fear get involved. President Hu’s visit, when Sino-US relations have a new location, consult the Asia-Pacific affairs, chief of staff two months immediately return visit, this is not much in the history of the United States it also has this need. This relationship is handled well, it can be said of a “drastic”, the individual countries would have to think twice. U.S. wants to set fire to, but not easily play with fire, and fear burned. We put these relationships are handled well, they want to borrow is also leveraging the.
another one, the history of China’s wisdom, that is “away, before resorting to force.” China’s drastic, back away, before resorting to force, the first is the overall situation, talk about “courtesy” and “truth” value with the neighbors. However, when you go too far when I’m sorry, if, as neighbors to our restraint as a sign of weakness, to see the United States, wink, it’s not like that. If you really want to aggression, then I’m sorry, Chinese human rights is very firm, at that time, not that words do not advance.
Hua Liming: I add two points, the South China Sea there are actually two aspects, one aspect of the oil and gas resources, in addition, we often tend to overlook is that the strategy itself, the South China Sea. South China Sea, South China Sea and the Malacca Strait, which is very important to the world of international channel, is especially important for the Chinese media on China was likened it to the Caribbean, southern gateway of China, China’s trade is 80% Here too, the latter is more important to us, is to maintain the stability of the South China Sea, making it into peace, security and stability of the international channel, especially for China, more importantly.
China for so many years in the South China Sea on the issue of putting aside disputes and jointly develop such a strategy, a very important objective is to seek around a stable, and stable surrounding environment, and the second is to maintain the stability of the South China Sea. South China Sea, a mess, we were stuck in the throat, the Middle East to 60% of the oil from the Strait of Malacca to China, China import and export 80% out from this place, this is too important for China is concerned.
second question, the relationship between China and ASEAN countries, in fact, Bi Nanhai more important. 1998 Asian financial crisis comes, China and ASEAN countries that what is the relationship.
Wang Yu Sheng: I was a senior APEC, ASEAN, China is really all about man, good friend, true friend, the financial crisis, is not to devalue the yuan, to help them big.
Hua Liming: I am afraid for the ASEAN countries, which is the more important issue, China and ASEAN economic and trade links in the future will become more and more closely, the sign at the ASEAN meeting on vision, is expected to 2015 China’s trade with ASEAN reached U.S. $ 500 billion is a big item.
there is a problem, it may not cause international attention. We vigorously develop Yunnan, Guangxi, Guizhou these areas, the region will be attached with the ASEAN countries, including Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Southeast Asia, even in the large region, that would make the whole ASEAN region’s economic connection with China’s southwestern provinces together. There would be one day, including Vietnam, the Philippines in these countries, to look back when the economic development of China’s deep dependence on the case, they will feel in trouble with the Chinese on the islands these differences is ridiculous, these things than since they benefit from China’s much smaller. Is precisely for this reason, the United States must do everything possible to squeeze it inside, Why? Into the 21st century, the world’s wealth to this region in the focus, to focus on China, to focus on Southeast Asia, the United States is most worried about the economy in Japan and South Korea’s gradual move toward integration of China and ASEAN economic integration gradually , where the interests of the United States? He do everything possible to find cracks in between Japan and Korea, between China and ASEAN countries to find cracks. So we can not be taken on this issue, we must focus our China trade and economic relations with ASEAN countries boost, focus primarily on the above, single-minded development of state relations, particularly China and ASEAN countries free trade agreement this last year just checked. On this basis, China and ASEAN economic and trade ties have great development in this major development on the basis of, I think the South China Sea dispute may be diluted.(edit: SN049)