Seven focus of Sino-Russian military exercises: start to finish reflects the nature of terrorism (Figure)
7 21, the Russian helicopter in cooperation with the Fang Bubing tank attack.
7 22, the Chinese appeared in armor and maintenance equipment. Xinhua News Agency reporters Cha Chun and Ming She
in “Peace Mission 2009″ joint military exercise between China and Russia officially began, the military correspondent Li Xuanliang Xinhua News Agency and well-known military expert, Major General Luo Yuan, National Defense University Professor Ouyang Wei colonel around the exercise The purpose of meaning, subject to set, exercise area and so the focus of concern in-depth dialogue on the full depth of the exercise was read. For the majority of Internet users how to fully observe and understand the exercise, providing a unique perspective.
following Lixuan Liang and Luo, Wei Ouyang full text of the dialogue.
Focus I: Sino-Russian military cooperation exercises demonstrate the depth and breadth of
[Li Xuanliang] “Peace Mission 2009″ joint military exercise between China and Russia was started 22 am. From a strategic military decision-makers to battle commanders, to fight the perpetrators will be the same account on the soldiers, fought side by side, Sino-Russian military cooperation can be seen that the depth and breadth. So, how two experts interpret the purpose of this exercise?
[Luo] I think the purpose of this exercise is to deepen the two countries and the international community practical cooperation in counter-terrorism, deter and combat international terrorism and safeguarding world and regional security and stability.
Since 2005, China and Russia on a bilateral or within the framework of the SCO held two joint military exercises are “anti-terrorism” as the theme of “peace mission” as a code. This fully demonstrates that the two peoples for peace and the pursuit of life and love, demonstrating the military cooperation against terrorism determination.
the significance of the joint military exercise: First, to further consolidate and promote the bilateral strategic partnership of cooperation; the second is to enhance confidence in the military field between China and Russia, to promote the further development of military relations; third show the joint military’s resolve and ability to combat terrorism and deter terrorism, extremism and separatism “three forces”; Fourth, learn from each other positive experiences of military training, particularly in terms of military to learn from Russia Army counter-terrorism has accumulated practical experience.
[Ouyang D] I would like to stress that the exercise of military significance. Both countries have sent a number of advanced weapons and equipment, using the air-ground two services, strategic planning exercises, battle command and tactical operation issues on several levels, it should be said on both sides to exercise command structures and forces are large. Russian troops entered the territory of northeast China and the Chinese army to scale joint military exercise is the first time in our history. 64 years ago, Taonan and the surrounding areas in 1945 to fight the Japanese in the Soviet Army attack Baikal lots, the new military power today, a new look and Russian joint military exercise in the region to address common threats has profound historical significance.
Focus 2: “mechanism” of military cooperation that the SCO has matured
[Li Xuanliang] from the “Peace Mission 2005″ to “peace Mission 2007 “, to this year’s” Peace Mission 2009 “, which marks the” Peace Mission “series of exercises have been” institutionalized “, marks the SCO anti-terror military cooperation has been” institutionalized. ” In the two experts, the “mechanism” What is the significance and role?
[Luo] the so-called mechanism has three meanings: one is relatively fixed, people will not, because the incident, and sometimes not easily change; the other is relatively institutionalized, a set of relatively mature modalities, procedures, methods and rules; The third is the relative serialization, there must be continuity, not a generation and eventually died. From three “peace mission” series of exercises of view, in line with these three elements, so that the Sino-Russian military cooperation is mature and reliable.
[Ouyang D] the mechanism of joint military exercises, indicating that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is a partnership between a stable, strategic interests are basically the same, the desire for military cooperation is also common. Especially between China and Russia held large-scale continuous cross-border joint military exercises, showing the military mutual trust between the two countries is growing, hope and stability through the mechanism of the way the military relations between the two countries. It also shows to security interests, military relations between China and Russia remain only in high-level visits, personnel training, weapons and trade exchanges and cooperation have been enough, also need to carry out joint military operations more pragmatic cooperation and jointly cope with security threats. In the new strategic situation, it seems that this trend is strengthening.
Focus 3: Sino-foreign joint military exercises reflect more self-confident, mature, standardization
[Li Xuanliang] the last two years, Sino-foreign joint military exercises, increasingly frequent joint training in 2007 alone, 2008, our army and the army more than 20 countries held joint military exercises or joint training exercises. This phenomenon shows that the joint exercise has become an important military cooperation and foreign ways and means to deepen the foreign military mutual trust plays an important role. The experts can analyze foreign military cooperation will also show what kind of new trend?
[Luo] Sino-foreign joint military exercises, joint training has come a long way, from absent to observe, from participating, “excerpts” to star in “the whole play,” by the troops without actually the authority figure on the job to heavily armed military exercise by exercise, “non-sensitive topics” to exercise “sensitive issues”, the progressive deepening. This process is basically the process of reform and opening to adapt, match, reflects the military is more confident, more mature, more formalized. I believe this system will be normalized.
military training, the starting point and destination point are to fight, how to fight, soldiers on how to train, operational needs are the driving force behind military training. With the diversification of security threats, countries carry out military has diversified operations, and respond to diverse security challenges, as the focus of military construction. China’s military is no exception, we exercise the traditional military subjects, we must also exercise with the countries of interest to both non-traditional security subjects. For example, since June this year, our military has and Gabon, Singapore, Mongolia and other countries were carried out humanitarian medical aid to deal with nuclear and biological terrorist attacks, peacekeeping in the context of goods transport and alert defense and other subjects of the exercise. Joint military exercises that cover the country and cover the subjects showed an increasing trend in.
[Ouyang D] the future of China and foreign joint military exercises will be more focus on practical cooperation, focus on solving the need for a joint response to the reality of security issues. For a common response to terrorism and separatism, should be subject of the exercise, the use of force, the use of tactics, organization and command and actions aimed at protection and so the actual needs of the organization of joint exercises. Such as the common response to pirate attacks, anti-piracy operations should demand traction to command coordination, communication, joint relief and ways of action for the issues the organization of joint exercises. Only continue to improve the relevance of joint military exercises, can really improve the level of foreign military and pragmatic cooperation, more conducive to national security interests.
Focus 4: how to observe the exercise six Aspect
[Li Xuanliang] As the saying goes, “experts subtle, lay watch the fun.” For the “Peace Mission 2009″ such a complex organizational procedures, long duration, involving a vast territory, to send troops and more joint military exercises, video and pictures from the point of view just is not enough, but also can be seen to be analyzed to determine “flavor” to. We asked the two experts to analyze what “Peace Mission 2009″ What to look forward to Aspect and highlights?
[Luo] General visited military exercise has six points: a look at an imaginary enemy, to understand the exercise background; second look at the tactics, understanding of response measures; three to see the weapons, about coping; four officers and men to see quality, understanding of combat; five visits coordination, understanding of joint operational capabilities; six to see protection of continued combat capability.
the named “Peace Mission 2009″ joint anti-terrorism military exercise, the exercise of that imaginary enemy is terrorists, not against a third country. The exercise is focused on training in the subject, “joint sealed, three-dimensional breakthrough mobile anti-, in-depth siege,” the four elements, indicating that the main anti-terrorism tactics is closed, control, Wai, blocking, F. The two sides participating in the exercise of the main equipment, the Chinese side, including 99 tanks, 86A infantry fighting vehicles, 122 howitzers and the Army Aviation and Air Force; Russia, including T-80 tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, 152 howitzers, “Arrow 10″ air defense missile, Su-24, Su-25, Su-27 aircraft, Mi-8 helicopters, Il-76 transport aircraft. These weapons are military active main battle equipment fitted out, we will drill in to see these weapons of war, technical performance. As for the overall quality and combat troops, only to wait until after the end of the exercise to be evaluated.
[Ouyang D] I think this exercise can be observed from the four areas:
First, look at how to determine the exercise task. How to determine the organizers of the exercise task can reflect the strategic level exercises and military qualities. Exercise to determine the topics should reflect the times, reflecting the concerns of national security, targeted also strong. Relevant topics and exercises, as well as exercise time, place and the determination of the participating troops, these are the need to carefully planned and repeated thoughts. These factors will tend to reflect the larger strategic issues.
second is to look at the content of the exercise. The exercise often reflect the concerns and the organizers of the exercise training focus also reflects the difficulty of organizing the implementation of the exercise. If in the exercise, strategic consultations and battle ready is a static exercise, the outside world is through with anything, but it is an object for the exercise is critical. Commanders and staff officers at this stage of the mind in a high state of tension, they have to analyze and judge the situation, is to determine the determined and resolute disposition. The campaign is the implementation of joint exercise of real soldiers stage, the stage is relatively lively, concerted action plan of the services and arms, which is the outside world can see through the media, focusing on the participating units and accurate completion of tactical action.
three is to look together. This is the core of joint military exercises. Between countries or between the organization’s collaboration and coordination in their very different internal organization of the army, a lot of problems. Mainly different languages, different operational principles, the performance of different equipment, command in different ways, different from other means of communication. Organization and coordination of the focus often lies in how the command center and tactical grouping, how to provide for operational tasks, how to battle with and friendly recognition. These are usually in the Allied relatively easy to do, and in the non-allied forces in the more difficult.
four is to look at security. In a joint operation between the two countries, self-protection is easier, but the joint protection is more difficult. In the joint protection, the general equipment support is relatively easy, but special equipment protection more difficult. Such as food, fuel protection is relatively easy, but the protection of equipment spare parts and ammunition on the more difficult. If the joint military exercises to solve some problems, is a great harvest.
Focus Five: exercises from beginning to end reflects the “anti-terrorist” in nature
[Li Xuanliang] This is a joint military exercise against terrorism, “terrorism” in nature can perspective from which to observe and understand?
[Luo] we can attempt to exercise the joint filing, the background setting, the exercise subjects, the use of war, participating in weapons, can know the nature of the exercise. For example, from the set of several subjects the exercise of view, obviously not offensive and defensive combat training positions, nor is it warfare exercise, but exercise is on weak footing, or rush into the defense of the surround and annihilate the terrorist operations.
[Ouyang Wei] exercise to highlight the first in the subject to determine the nature of counter-terrorism; second in command of the organization reflects the strategic level decision-making, operational-level command and tactical levels of the anti-terrorism action features; third in use of force reflects the anti-terrorism requirements, such as the combatants on both sides have compiled in the special operations forces are prepared; the fourth is set in the case reflects the characteristics of counter-terrorism operations, such as exercise area set up a special anti-terrorism military exercise site; fifth is equipment adapted to the fight against terrorism, such as the use of helicopters and ground attack aircraft, equipment and a variety of close-assault reconnaissance, observation equipment.
Focus VI: China’s anti-terrorism situation is more severe and complex
[Li Xuanliang] With the development of the situation changes, China is faced with the threat of terrorism is showing increasingly complex and serious trend. In this case, the Chinese armed forces should assume more responsibilities to fight terrorism?
[Luo] At present, China’s anti-terror even more severe, more complex. It showed the following characteristics: hostile forces inside and outside of collusion, terrorism and ethnic and religious problems with infiltration, terrorism and social unrest intersect. This requires that we distinguish between the enemy and the contradictions to deal with the contradictions of highly intelligent enemy, but also to have in people’s lives and property threatened by the terrorists, determination and ability to categorically shot. Respond to the threat of terrorism, to solve the problem in a comprehensive way, the military alone is not enough, the military is not a panacea, but no army is totally unacceptable! To defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity is the bounden duty of our army, to defend the people’s peaceful life and socialist construction is the sacred mission of our military.
[Ouyang D] With the continuous deepening of China’s reform and opening up, the rising international status, to world peace and stability in the region bear increasing responsibility, and thus have the possibility of international and domestic terrorism threat of the greater. Thus, counter-terrorism is undoubtedly the duty of the Chinese armed forces an important task. People’s Liberation Army and reserve forces and the militia is an important force in national counter-terrorism should be in the struggle against terrorism for the police, armed police and other security forces to form a strong support.
focus of Seven: the military need to further improve anti-terrorism capabilities
[Li Xuanliang] It should be said, in the fight against terrorism, China and the SCO member states have a common understanding of and commitment. Back in the “9.11″ before the incident, the SCO will be the fight against terrorism as one of the organization’s goals, and has conducted fruitful cooperation. At the same time, the PLA is also improving operational capability in counter-terrorism preparations were positive. Do you think the Chinese army in what areas need to continue to strengthen?
[Luo] army has been under anti-terrorism needs of the situation, develop a contingency plan to adjust the deployment of rapid reaction forces to improve the ability to allot the appropriate weapons, conduct anti-terrorism training Once the terrorists who dare to defy the law, will be a fatal blow.
military should further improve the anti-terrorism mechanism to enhance international cooperation against terrorism, improve access to timely intelligence, effective and rapid mobility force capabilities, ability to respond.
[Ouyang D] According to the historical mission of the new century, our military requirements of the Chinese armed forces will continue to improve the response to a variety of security threats and the ability to carry out diverse tasks, including improving the military’s counter-terrorism capacity. In this regard, the People’s Liberation Army has done a lot of effective work. Mainly to strengthen the surveillance intelligence, to grasp the movement of terrorist activities and threats to national security; to strengthen the relevant specialized units of special construction, and security for large contributed to the work; improve the integration of military and civil-military integration relations and actively implement the emergency response and inter-agency cooperation, coordination mechanism, enhance the speed of the military emergency response; strengthening border and coastal control and construction, improve the ability to prevent the infiltration of hostile forces; promote international cooperation against terrorism, the establishment of effective international military cooperation mechanisms.
future military needs to further clarify the anti-terrorism task force to strengthen the construction and targeted training to improve the strategic projection capabilities, enhance the response of the actual performance of a variety of security threats.
related topics: Peace Mission 2009 Sino-Russian anti-terror military exercise