China’s top prize two bombs fathers only $ 20 base personnel to drink water mosquitoes
1964 年 10 16, China’s first atomic bomb was successfully detonated in the Lop Nur.
1964 years of loud noise ripped through the strong binding of the Republic of the barriers, had a mysterious and barren Lop Nur became known history of the Republic “bombs and one satellite” in origin.
That many people will be called the Lop Nor nuclear explosion of flash, of course, because of the strong light when the atomic bomb radiation, but more persistent in the Republic is powerful flash. Strong from the beginning, we have “bombs and one satellite”, we achieve a manned space flight, we are still yearning for the moon, longing for the distant space.
“Well, then, engage in a little atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb”
for the atomic bomb, Mao told reporters the United States had an interview with Anna Louise Strong have a classic evaluation: “The atomic bomb is the U.S. reactionaries use to scare a paper tiger, It looks terrible, does not actually terrible.”
strategic defiance, but tactically adequate attention. In 1956, Mao Zedong in the Supreme State Conference, said: “We have to have the atomic bomb in today’s world, we are not bullied, they can not do without this thing.” In 1958, Mao Zedong’s official position: “Well, then, out that the atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, I see something entirely possible a decade. “
It is in the subsequent years since then, the Republic and nuclear-related scientists, experts began gathering the Lop Nur, hundreds of thousands Lop Nur began gathering force, all nuclear-related manufacturing plant will be eyeing the Lop Nur. A tower up to 100 meters have been gradually set up in the Lop Nur, representing China’s national defense force “of the Lop Nor flash” on the tower in this outbreak.
this moment the flash is behind the countless hardships and complex. Prospecting, mining, processing, extraction … … start with the southern mining began, and then through the rough and fine processing, finishing of semi-finished products to the north of the plant, processing plant and then to the north over the western plant extract. It can be said, the extraction of uranium-235 core material was removed than half of China, no one process less, any one process with strict technical standards. Early 1964, when the Nuclear Industry Minister Liu Jie in a meeting, said: “We report good news, uranium-235 nuclear material has been developed out.” When he was deputy director of the State Council of National Defense Industry Office Zhao land will say: ” good! Well! we have food, with food, we can cook. “
Lop Nur” mosquito water “to drink up loose honking
Lop Nor test site construction and subsequent operation are in a poverty-stricken achieved under difficult conditions. Corps of Engineers from building bases to carry out core research scientists, fighting everyone in the Lop Nur experienced starvation, the body swelling of hard phase.
some researchers did not eat in the cafeteria, on the red spots and yellow sweet soy soup, with pieces of candied Dingyi Ding. Many people jokingly say, drink a cup of soy sauce, soup or dessert, you can keep working one hour or more; eat a candied, you can keep working a half hour or more. At the time of the Lop Nur, troops stationed in the surrounding sand can eat, such as jujube seed, camel grass and other plants, have been used almost eat up.
Drainage General Chen was recalled later, when many people are drinking “water mosquitoes.” Because there is no water, the soldiers of some rain water collection, water the plot a long time a lot of mosquitoes. Cup with a thick layer of mosquitoes, and some have been cooked to the bottom to remove bad. And too many mosquitoes, if the mosquitoes are back again, also running out of water. Can not see, end up on the drink, drink up loose Huhu, do not enjoyably.
1985, the Yang to visit when Deng Jiaxian suffering from cancer, asked for the two rounds of national R & D staff of prizes for meritorious things. Deng Jiaxian said: “The bonus $ 20, the atomic bomb 10 yuan, 10 yuan a hydrogen bomb.” It turned out that country’s economic difficulties, given the “two bombs” research team total prize money only 1 million of money, reward the institutions themselves but also a portion of the money by 10 yuan, 5 yuan, down $ 3 level points. Deng Jiaxian was to get the highest award level, but each a “bomb” is only 10 dollars.
Shenzhou VII astronauts to live isolated, “Red House”
reform and opening up, with the rapid economic development, China’s research and training environment a lot better, especially the Shenzhou series of astronauts, but also by a “meticulous” in its scope, insiders of such care as “devil training.”
the Shenzhou VII astronauts, for example, they are isolated in China, Beijing space city center astronauts living in the mysterious “Red House” in. The reason is called “Red House”, first because the house is really red, and second, because red means that China’s space industry, development of core strength from here. Live here, “God seven” astronauts are not allowed to eat out, not allowed out without permission, smoking and drinking are not allowed, not allowed to reveal their identity … …
Chinese astronauts trained eight categories 58 Professional, which is the astronauts as “beyond the bounds of the 58 steps.” In the specific training equipment in the most horrible thing centrifuges, “God seven” astronauts are using a manned centrifuge known as Asia’s largest, closed oval pod is connected up to 8 meters on the swivel arm. Really turn up, the astronauts inside left behind was “facial deformation, tears flying” is very normal. It is understood that the machine can simulate a manned spacecraft continued to rise and return of the overweight state.
order to adapt to weightlessness of space a long time, “God seven” astronauts have to accept the head-down bed training, up to 5 days and nights, also known as “backwards to sleep.” In this state, the astronauts to normal eating, drinking water, clean personal hygiene, but also for video and other operations training, “head swelling,” the negative effects must be overcome.
the eldest son of Qian Qian Yonggang:
Shenzhou spacecraft members to visit Qianlao into practice
Reporters: Your father once said that China’s space industry development can be a little faster, I ask for what consideration?
money Yonggang: father that era, the national economic strength, not up, often to officers do to succeed, but no money. Older people feel the development of aerospace industry aerospace difficult and important national economic strength.
example, in 1970, China successfully launched the first artificial satellite “Dongfanghong.” Production requirements of the mission statement and reliable operation of the satellite in space, 1 million hours. But to run 10,000 hours in space, it is necessary first to run 10,000 hours on the ground. But at that time China’s space funding, just to maintain the satellite in the ground running for 200 hours, no money ah.
not be enough in this experimental situation, one dare not sign the satellite factory. When the staff to find his father, his father said: “I put the materials here, I think two days.” A few days later, his father signed on the material, “I think that this satellite can be shipped” to the group. That is, if failed, Qian responsible.
to today, this would not appear. Have the backing of economic strength, overall national strength increased, a new generation of astronauts lucky, but also the development of space industry can be a little faster cause.
Reporter: I heard that every time the astronauts have successfully completed the task to see money old, is that true?
money Yonggang: although his father at home, but is very concerned about China’s space industry. Shenzhou, Shenzhou VI launch, the state has organized Yang Liwei, Nie Haisheng, Fei Junlong QianLao to come visit, and this seems to have become a tradition and practice. After the successful launch of Shenzhou VII, the parties concerned have been experienced to let the astronauts walk in space to see money old, but considering the money old’s body and “God seven” astronauts return after a variety of arrangements, has not found a suitable opportunities. But this plan did not cancel.
space history expert Liu Dengrui:
spacecraft select the “spaceship” no detours
Correspondent : China’s manned space development later in the reference case have our spacecraft Why not choose the U.S. space shuttle?
Liu Dengrui: Russia uses spacecraft technology, the United States space shuttle. China’s situation at that time, the shuttle does have advantages, but disadvantages are also obvious, big investment, high risk, lack of relevant technology-based, so the development of the space shuttle is not the best choice for China.
proved, we have developed the spacecraft without detours, it is precisely the space shuttle take a detour. According to information disclosed in the United States, 2010, the current U.S. space shuttle will be retired, the shuttle will gradually leave the world stage manned space flight.
Guangdong pilot conveyance of an atomic bomb
a dry air in Guangzhou off by, there lived a man named Li Xianfeng retired pilot, he came from the old revolutionary base Nanxiong. This looks like an ordinary old man who led the unit 45 years ago, completed a series of before and after the atomic bombing mission. So far, his body still retained traces of a minor radiation.
At the time, accepted as a top-secret mission Li Xianfeng IL -14 aircraft (pictured) the captain is responsible for shipping and transportation of the atomic bomb mushroom cloud and associated equipment in the back of the sample, and later he also a temporary flight mission brigade commander, branch secretary.
Pro explosion before the atomic bomb by Li Xianfeng of the unit responsible for the decomposition of the atomic bomb, delivered to the forward base for assembly. This task is top secret, not tell anyone. During the flight, the aircraft using terrain, taking cover low-flying, communication must maintain radio silence on. All this aircraft fly continuously for several smooth operation of the atomic bomb to the destination. The arrival of the atomic bomb, the airport does not have any unusual reactions, confidentiality very good.
atomic bomb, but also sent samples of the unit led by Li Xianfeng fly to Beijing, along the way to overcome bad weather, after repeated refueling, after dinner, after 8 hours and 8 minutes long flight in the middle of the night 2:16 points, and finally the samples safely to Beijing. The Central leaders and experts, the sample to reach the airport in the South Garden. Feature author: reporter Xu Lin