Military expert: military-range delivery capability needs of civil transport power
data for : rail tank
data for: air-dropped supplies in the implementation of transport aircraft loaded and ready to drop
11 am with more than 700 wheeled vehicles by the composition of the motorized force a crossing pass through the Yellow River erected on the pontoon, the PLA Army soldiers since the first large-scale cross-examination of the real exercise “beyond 2009″ kicked off. In this unprecedented scale of the exercise, the PLA can meet the conditions of modern warfare, the strategic shift to become the next focus of attention of the outside world.
participate in “Beyond 2009″ military exercises, including Shenyang, Lanzhou, Jinan, Guangzhou Military Region 4 four major divisions formed nearly 5 million people; in addition to the Air Force and Army Aviation to participate in a variety of models . Participating units will go to the Shenyang Military Region Taonan training base, training base Qingtongxia Lanzhou Military Region, Jinan Military Region Queshan training base and training base to start the Guangzhou Military Region Luzhai exercises. While such a large scale military forces to organize the four cross-training exercise in military history, the first time.
such a large-scale mobilization has become a topic of common concern to the outside world, the Associated Press reported that the 11′s, participating in the exercise of four army divisions will be deployed away from the station at least 1,200 kilometers away . Taiwan’s “United Daily News” will also be attention on 12 “with civil aircraft transporting troops and EMU,” the history of the PLA and other “first.” “Beyond 2009″ exercise is the PLA’s strategic projection of a comprehensive testing and training. Strategic delivery capability is a country’s comprehensive national strength and military strength of the basic symbol of a national strategic deterrent important basis for the military implementation of information and joint operations under the condition of non-war military forces support. Army has sufficient strategic deterrent, is not to scale much, how many troops, but rather at a critical moment, the number of troops at key locations to invest. Strategic projection is the military foundation for building a core military capability, but also the People’s Liberation Army “goes far,” “go faster” imperative. Due to historical reasons, a long time, the PLA is focusing on the “garrison stationed themselves”, emphasizing the “forces were divided into the mouth, selves,” Remote delivery of strategic mobility and inadequate attention, resulting in strategic delivery forces the PLA has lagged far behind. So mobility is of great concern in recent years, the PLA exercise, subjects, and with particular emphasis on cross maneuvers. Liberation Army in September 2006 organized the first cross maneuvers; August 2007, the PLA has long-distance maneuver to Russia to attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organization “Peace Mission 2007″ joint military exercises. Wenchuan earthquake, although the PLA mobilized to the affected areas in a short time more than 100,000 troops, to show initial strategic projection. But with different combat missions, disaster relief operations such as non-war military forces did not carry heavy equipment. And to participate in “cross-2009″ exercise four Qi full member of a large number of combat divisions to carry heavy equipment, and with the Air Force, Air Force units for large-scale maneuver, so troops can be transported to the exercise scheduled to place in time, is the PLA long-range strategic transport a full range of test capabilities. At the same time so many remote mobile units, not only to consider the issue of people’s meals, lodging, and vehicle equipment, fuel, ammunition, maintenance, troops left the original theater, also left the existing logistics system, to achieve such The theater is also a new security issues for the PLA.
how to improve the long-range strategic projection capabilities, but also the world’s military attention. Currently, common practice abroad is to take full advantage of the power for civilian transport. Even the United States that has a strong strategic transport capacity of the country since the Gulf War, four large-scale war, but also have the power to mobilize a large number of civilian transportation. Britain in the 1982 Falklands war, it is only relying on a large number of civilian vessels to protect British troops from thousands of miles away in time to battle into the island. The first large-scale mobilization of civil transport PLA forces, air force transport aircraft in addition to riding, but also the airline’s acquisition of passenger and cargo aviation, ground transportation is no longer rely on the traditional “closed pot ‘flat car, transport of personnel all use passenger cars, flat cars with large weapons, and even speed of 200 km above the EMU will also be used for lightly armed troops transport. Have friends that civil transport equipment easily damaged during the war, so heavily dependent on their lack of practicality. However, in wartime, whether the airport, port, or railway line, are under military control, and conduct the necessary protection and protection. Because these areas are the enemy in wartime focus target. In addition, these areas were once the enemy attacks, but also to organize forces to make timely repairs to protect mobile combat units. So this is based on wartime conditions set exercise contents with a strong practical. In addition, today’s military response to the “diversity of threats and accomplish diverse tasks,” the need, in the implementation of anti-terrorism, disaster relief and other non-traditional combat missions, but more extensive use of civilian transportation facilities and equipment. ▲ (The writer is the National Defense University Colonel)