Experts say China’s space security threat facing the three areas (Figure)
air force unit of continuous organizational sea a strange environment, all elements of a complex system of electromagnetic environment against the exercise. Shenling She
■ special Introduction September 21, 1909, Feng Ru driving completely self-designed “Feng as One” plane, in Oakland, California, United States, the Chinese people to achieve the first flight, only this time than the American Wright brothers completed the first human flight six years later. Time came to a full one hundred years later, the same age with the Republic of China Air Force will also usher in 60 years of age birthday, the two countries, however, the gap in the sky, is also limited to six years that the distance? Knowledge gap, we need to first understand this piece of the sky overhead. Therefore, our commemoration of the sixtieth anniversary of the Air Force reported the opening, from the “space concept” to proceed to review a century and China’s space pioneer, to decrypt the Chinese air force’s strengths and weaknesses, and describes the air force played great in times of peace role.
empty heaven country’s first line of defense
Beijing News: “space view” of such a concept, from when we entered the discussion areas?
Ming-Liang Wang: China’s traditional culture is the “re-farming heavy soil.” After the reforms of the 1980s, the emergence of ocean heat, “Ocean View” is set up, concerned about the ocean, ocean to become the nation’s emphasis on consensus. However, until now we did not establish “space concept,” and even “space concept” was very rare. This phenomenon we call “the concept of balance”, which is very desirable. If you do a poll the newspaper, I guess, know, “Zheng He” and to be much more than people know, “Feng Ru,” the people!
Beijing News: true, “space concept” or space development role in the overall national interests of the What?
Ming-Liang Wang: space is the modern state’s first line of defense is the most important line of defense. Founder of the Air Force’s military thinking, the Italian Douhet back in the 1920s said: “The war in the air is equal to the failure to defeat.” Through the Gulf War and the Kosovo War, which has become a reality. In addition, a country can also use aerospace efficient access to information, to send troops and firepower, the implementation of combat and deter the enemy.
space development can bring economic benefits, improve the level of social security. Can also promote improving the quality of the national spirit. Yang Liwei successfully flying on the cultivation of China’s national pride, a hero complex and scientific spirit has played a subtle role.
18 years ago, the Gulf War, hopes “million” Army of Iraq, to ??prepare the ground by the “holy war” to the multinational force rivers of blood, but “enemy” did not give it any chance to show. Has spent more than 50 pieces of 12 types of military and commercial satellites constitute the strategic reconnaissance network, build a 2790 modern fixed-wing aircraft rotary-wing aircraft and more than 1,700 aircraft (including more than 600 attack helicopters), to win air supremacy in Iraq, so that The dominant number of the equipment could only parry without the strength to fight back.
face a new generation of Air Force equipment is poor
Beijing News: China’s space in the what the current security situation?
Ming-Liang Wang: and as the security situation in the country, are generally good and stable, but the potential long-term space threat exists, and is more severe. In particular, three aspects so alert:
The first is the information space exploration, surface, overhead the sky was calm, in fact, all the time, some countries in the sky for us to conduct reconnaissance . Satellite height to see the plane in the external view; second is the space containment, strategic bombers deployed “strategic cruise” in the deployment of potential adversaries around the Air Force, flying at opponents outside on a regular basis, the purpose is to show strength, extrusion opponent’s strategic space; third is competition from air and space equipment, the fourth-generation fighter has come out, which will developed and developing countries in the field of air and space power imbalance pattern has been formed to further widen.
Beijing News: Can you tell us about the current trends in space science and technology?
Ming-Liang Wang: four trends right, first, stealth, stealth of the F-22 already in service, F-35 is about service, Russia and India and other countries are also stepping up development of stealth aircraft. In addition, the stealth cruise missiles, stealth helicopters, stealth transport aircraft, are also under development. The second is long-range U.S. and Russia are developing the next generation of long-range strategic bombers to carry out global operations. Third, none of the recent United States on the use of unmanned attack aircraft killed in Pakistan, the Taliban leaders Massoud. Finally, air and space integration, with the space based weapons and aircraft development, the future of aviation and aerospace geospatial two will merge into a single battlefield.
NASA publicly announced, X-43A “air speed” has been a successful test flight in the U.S. west coast. This model can fly 8000 km per hour, creating a new world record, it is a polygon of 3.7-meter black unmanned aircraft. Start with B-52 bomber carrying, to 40,000 feet altitude separation. At the same time, bundled together with the X-43A’s “birds” that line the rocket fire, the X-43A and then accelerated to seven times the speed of sound, thus igniting the hydrogen for fuel ramjet. To 95,000 feet altitude after, X-43A separated from the rocket and can be independently flight of 8000 km per hour.
Indian concept of air and space Han
Beijing News: Russia as a military power, in April 2006 by a new concept of air and space defense, In the centralized management of all executive power of air and space defense missions, equipment and resources, based on the establishment and development of air and space defense system. This is a reference for China?
Ming-Liang Wang: Russian documents revealed this information is very important: they are the “empty” and “days” of the defense together, and this provides us with an important directional reference, We are currently studying with the “air and space” concept is the same.
Beijing News: In addition to Russia, other countries, but also ways to coordinate the air and space power?
Ming-Liang Wang: aerospace force with the vertical space is separated with a separate building or to build unity with the unity? This world is a big problem.
There are two models, one American “full integration” model, that the space was built on Air Force uniform with the uniform. 90% of the U.S. space resources, land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles are on the air. Second, Russia’s “half-integration” model, that is separate from the construction, uniform use. Russia’s space forces, and ICBMs on the strategic rocket forces, not on the air, but clear that the tasks carry out air and space defense, strategic rocket troops of missile defense forces, the unified command of the Air Force.
now India, a developing country like South Korea, also plans to set up in the Air Force space forces and command structure sky. It can be said, the Air Force as the main building of integrated air and space power mode is most of today’s large Air Force’s choice.
2007 年 3 25, Nellis Air Force Base, the U.S. military in the fourth secret, “Schriever” series of space combat simulation exercises, to verify the 21st century, the ability of the joint use of space forces, tactics and technology. It spent several exercises are “empty” and “days” of equipment, including various types of military and commercial satellites, anti-satellite weapons, space-based antiballistic missile weapons, manned spacecraft, space orbit fighter, ground-based laser weapons and electromagnetic weapons , land-based ballistic missiles.
century China Aviation Memorabilia
1909 年 9 月 21 日
Chinese people The first aircraft from the U.S. von, such as manufacturing and in the suburbs of Auckland City, the successful test flight.
1913 年 9 月
China’s first aviation school — Beijing Nanyuan Aviation School was established.
1930 年 3 月
Nationalist Air Force aircraft can plug Trek, landing in Henan, Anhui border region, was detained by local Red Guards; became the first aircraft owned by the Chinese Communist Party aircraft, named “Lenin” was.
1945 年 9 月
democratic forces surrender on the Kwantung Army in Northeast 4th excel flight team, a total of 300 people, Japanese aircraft 46. On this basis, the establishment of the Northeast Democratic coalition air forces.
1949 年 3 月 30 日
Military Aviation Authority was established in Beijing. Director-normal universe, any political commissar Wang Bi.
1949 年 10 月 1 日
PLA’s first squadron of 17 aircraft from Nanyuan Airport by over Tiananmen Square, the Party and state leaders of the review.
1949 年 11 月 11 日
People’s Liberation Army Air Force, leading authorities in Beijing. Liuyalou any commander.
1950 年 6 月 19 日
people in the Air Force’s first air force — 4 mixed brigades set up in Nanjing, Nie Fengzhi and Brigadier. Under the jurisdiction of two fighter regiment, a bomber regiment, an attack aircraft regiment.
1950 October to December
People’s Air Force 2, 3, 4 approved a total of 17 air forces around division has set up its pace of development in world aviation history is rare.
2007 年 7 月 27 日
some troops to Russia for the Air Force took part in the SCO joint anti-terrorism military exercise.
1999 年 12 月
F-11A aircraft made the first successful flight.
1998 年 3 月
J-10 aircraft made the first successful flight test pilot Ray Strong.
1995 年 4 月
China’s first unmanned aircraft, supersonic aircraft first flight success.
1988 年 10 月 31 日
modified Chinese Z-9 armed helicopters, type the first successful flight.
1979 年 12 月
new China’s self-developed high-altitude high-speed F-8 fighter design shape. Air delivery in December next year trial.
1972 年 1 月 7 日
Nanchang Aircraft Factory modified strong-5 nuclear weapon delivery machine, by the 5th Air Force conducted a successful nuclear division Yang Guoxiang try to vote.
1966 年 1 月 17 日
F-7 aircraft made a successful maiden flight on December 28, shape into batch production.
1959 年 9 月 30 日
manufactured by the Shenyang Aircraft Factory MiG -19 (F-6) fighter successful maiden flight.
1956 年 9 月 8 日
Shenyang Aircraft Factory successful trial of the first Chinese fighter jet MiG-17Ф type (F-5), and approved production.
1951 年 1 月 21 日
volunteers fighting for the first time the Air Force in the Korean War air combat with the U.S. plane, Captain Lee Han wounded U.S. F-84 aircraft 1. 29, Lee Han shot down or damaged in air combat F-84 aircraft each one. This is the first volunteer air force shot down U.S. aircraft.1 2 Next