Former Chinese ambassador in India and Pakistan: India-Pakistan war may be small
former ambassador to Malaysia, Pakistan, Indonesia, India, Ambassador Zhou Gang
China Daily AP: from November 26 to 29 took place in Mumbai, India has been a series of terrorist attacks in 10 days, with the gunman’s arrest, demanded stern punishment for terrorists in India down the voice higher and higher, with the Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh blamed the terrorist attack on Pakistan, and international parties have also turned to India and Pakistan along with concerns about the war again. December 6 at the China Foundation for International Studies, former Chinese Ambassador in India and Pakistan just weeks after the explosion on Mumbai India-Pakistan relations and the regional anti-terrorism, accept the reporter’s interview.
who has worked for his five years in India, former Ambassador Zhou Gang said: “After the terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India reacted strongly up and down, to thoroughly investigate the murderer, asked Pakistan to return the 20 terror suspects and suspicion in Pakistan related to the incident. Most people have this idea, it is understandable, but without clear conclusions too early before. “Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari condemned the explosions immediately and said to send Indian intelligence officials to assist in the investigation. It can be seen that Pakistan’s attitude of cooperation. Zardari urged anti-terrorism cooperation between India and Pakistan, want India to exercise restraint and not to overreact.
war between India and Pakistan is unlikely to
Ambassador Zhou Gang said that Pakistan’s internal and external problems do not want to make Pakistan and India in the Mumbai terror attacks issue on the dispute.
He said: “Zardari replaced Pervez Musharraf as president, also 3 months. Janata Party government came to power, but also eight months. Beleaguered Pakistani internal: internal security, terrorist attacks , the relationship between the ruling party and opposition parties, with the U.S. anti-terrorism and other issues to be solved. In general, President Zardari hopes to continue to push forward the peace process with India. This process has continued for nearly five years Papua New Guinea and leaders willing to work with India through peaceful means to improve and develop relations and expand economic and trade relations, the ultimate solution for both parties to pave the way, this is Pakistan’s basic policy towards India. “
same time, he said:” There is no According to Pakistani officials involved in that (the attack). These terrorists trained in Pakistan may be, but Pakistan itself harm by terrorists. “Zardari also stressed that terrorists are non-national. Zhougang Jiang emphasized that: “9.20 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing in Pakistan known as the September 11, directed at Pakistan’s senior leaders.” Zhou Gang said, “condemned, with the low-key” of Pakistan do not want to deterioration of relations between the incident and does not wish to be transferred Baa border troops to the border with Pakistan.
the other hand, from the Indian side, “facing the public, the media, the opposition’s pressure to condemn Pakistan can shift domestic attention. I see, the Indian National Congress government and do not want to war with Pakistan each other, this will affect India’s international image and economic development of India’s opposition Pakistan People’s Party does not want war, although the history of the Pakistan People’s Party on the attitude of tough, but once the war, the ruling party will benefit next year’s election, while People’s Party can take advantage of the present situation to keep the pressure on the ruling party, accusing it of anti-terrorism ineffective. “Meanwhile, the international community, including China, India and Pakistan wish to exercise restraint and cooperation against terrorism. In the U.S., India and Pakistan go to war is not conducive to its counter-terrorism strategy in South Asia. U.S. Secretary of State has visited India and Pakistan, called on both sides to exercise restraint, and cooperation against terrorism. Therefore, the possibility of armed conflict between India and Pakistan is relatively small. “
U.S. interests in South Asia
2001 年 October U.S. launched the war on terror in Afghanistan, has been seven years, but now the Taliban re more active in Afghanistan, terrorist attacks have been from the Arab east, spread south to the north, “Karzai can now control only the capital Kabul and a few cities.” seven years, the United States claimed that the anti-terrorism goals and did not reach, former Ambassador Zhou Gang said: “The United States now do is to overthrow the Taliban regime, the establishment of a pro-American government. United States maintained a military presence in Afghanistan, hoping to ease on the surrounding that it does not, there are potential challenges in countries such as China, Russia, India and Iran formed to contain, while expanding U.S. influence in the entire South Asian region. “
religious issues of the impact of terrorism in South Asia
Finally, Ambassador Zhou On the root causes of terrorism in South Asia, said that in recent years, the world’s occurrence of major terrorist attacks on the surface, seem to have some kind of religion and, like the United States, 9.11, Mumbai, India attacks Pakistan Marriott hotel blast in Islamabad, but terrorism can not be associated with a particular religion and state together. the roots of terrorism are complex. I remember a Pakistani leader to visit China when he said that terrorism is a tree, do not dig up the roots, only pruning branches is of no use if the anti-terrorism Name line interference, expansion, control of the real, it will only mess more anti-Iraq war in Afghanistan is a case in point. the implementation of foreign military occupation, to link terrorism with a religion, will only make the mood-increasing hatred of the United States. the United States to fight terrorism in Afghanistan, often harming innocent Arab people, even across the border into Pakistan to fight terrorism, Pakistan military and civilian casualties caused by Afghan and Pakistani government and people express strong dissatisfaction hegemony, power politics, poverty, civil strife, ethnic conflicts, religious conflicts, corruption, could lead to conflict, violence, some people will fight violence. Such examples are everywhere. Life is no way out and the despair of vulnerable groups likely to die Competing to terrorist means to express their demands. people fear death is very terrible.
Therefore, Ambassador Zhou Gang believes that to eliminate terrorism must solve the problem, not a double standard. The fundamental way to establish a fair and rational international political and economic order, to eliminate poor, the dialogue among civilizations, to strengthen international cooperation, and gradually resolve these contradictions.
Zhou Gang: former ambassador to Malaysia, Pakistan, Indonesia, the Indian ambassador, the current Ministry of Foreign Affairs Policy Advisory Committee, China – India Eminent Persons Forum Secretary General, China Foundation for International Studies Director, China-Africa Development Association adviser, senior adviser to the China International Strategic Studies, International Studies, China The special research fellow, director of the China Reform Forum. (Global Online: Homer static)