China and Russia develop its own GPS satellite positioning system to resist the U.S. concerns
China Compass satellite navigation system diagram
newspaper freelance writer working stone macro
According to the Russian “Kommersant” reported on September 3, Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov recently said that the Russian government will import GPS (Global Positioning System) receiver equipment at least 25% tariff increase, to support the country’s GLONASS (“GLONASS”) satellite navigation system. Some analysts said China will also made “Compass” satellite navigation system with GPS to create a fair competitive environment.
China and Russia want to tie the “fences”?
GLONASS system performance, although less than the American GPS, but marketing is not enough, lead to waste of money to set up the system in addition to Russian parties themselves, almost nobody cares. Russian space experts 伊里奇阿赫罗 Meiye Fu said that the Russian domestic market completely civilian GPS navigation monopoly, “now has a completely open market for GPS equipment, does not levy any tariffs, which in the GPS and GLONASS, the competition in the possession absolute advantage. “” Kommersant “also warned, GLONASS system would have faced the dilemma of aging, a strong U.S. products if allowed to squeeze the market, or a few years, GLONASS fear will cease to exist.
GPS to avoid becoming a “colony”, the Russian government in addition to greatly increasing the tariff GPS receiver, but also ready to launch in the next two years, six GLONASS navigation satellites, the satellite total to 24, achieve global coverage. According to Russian Space Agency, introduced the Secretary Perminov, the Russian GLONASS is also preparing to improve the positioning accuracy (up to 10 meter-scale), similar to GPS in order to enable users to enjoy high-quality service.
British “Guardian” reported earlier this year, like Russia, China is also working to reduce dependence on the GPS, to develop their own “Compass” navigation satellite system. Currently, a new generation of “Compass” No. 2 networking system smoothly, is expected to continue in the coming years as GPS, GLONASS, after the world’s third largest satellite navigation system. For the purpose of protecting the domestic market, China “may take similar measures with Russia.”
GPS has become a pillar of U.S. hegemony
satellite navigation technology to the defense of the importance of the self-evident. United States, “Military Review” magazine has put it bluntly: “Who can grasp the advantages of satellite navigation, grasps the initiative in war.” Over the past 10 years, the United States have been able to win more than the minimum cost of local wars, GPS support of the combat platform and guided weapons played a significant role, no wonder some U.S. military commanders issued a “no GPS, we can not fight” emotion.
advantage of this first-mover advantage, in the United States tried to maintain their monopoly in the field of satellite navigation. Code GPS signal is divided into fine and coarse code two, the U.S. civilian market is the supply of precision greater than 20 meters thick yards, accuracy of 1 meter or 0.3 meters for precise code navigation information to enjoy their own army, even if the NATO allies can only get accuracy of 10 meters above the signal. In addition, the United States also frequently threatened to shut down GPS to “disobedient” countries.
Obviously, this “GPS hegemony” on his country constituted a potential threat to security. Like Russia, China and other countries in space technology must be strong to build their own satellite navigation system to break the U.S. monopoly. Even the European Union are building “Galileo” system, so as not to become the United States “GPS hegemony” of the client.
Some analysts said the United States and Russia fear rejection GPS, might take counter-measures. Thus, for China to break the monopoly of the world of GPS is not easy but at least should be to establish a dominant position in the domestic market, so that the outside world see the “Compass” system potential. In this regard, Hong Kong “Oriental Daily” has commented that 1.3 billion people, China’s domestic market is very broad, if the majority of domestic users to support the “Compass” system, then the GPS will not only eclipsed in China, in the international market monopoly foundation will be shaken.