U.S. overseas military bases to adjust the layout of an attempt to prevent and control V-China
United States increased nuclear submarines deployed in the Asia Pacific region. Data Figure: U.S. Navy Los Angeles class attack submarines
“International Herald Tribune,” freelance writer from Beijing R & D in Khao Lak, Colombia and the United States recently reached a bilateral military agreement. Under the agreement, Colombia will allow U.S. troops to use bases within Costa Rica. The news came out that South American country has been fierce opposition. September 2, Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega is directly on the visiting commander of U.S. Southern Command said the United States to establish military bases in Colombia trying to act would threaten the security and stability in Latin America.
ability of the United States as the only lineup in the world, at any time anywhere in the country against the world, its military bases in almost emerge from time to time in people’s eyes. From a known terrorist suspects held at Guantanamo base, to the sci-fi blockbuster will appear in the mysterious “Area 51″, the U.S. military bases around the world. In recent years, cooperation with the U.S. global strategy, the base and making a new adjustment.
700 overseas bases over control of the world
To fully understand the U.S. military base in the world is a very difficult task, even in the U.S. within In addition to the Pentagon some professionals, very few people can figure out a long list.
to envision how this complex, we might look at the foreign experts named Gilman’s 2005 report on the Pentagon’s analysis: people can now be found in 156 countries, the U.S. military presence, United States in which 63 countries have established 737 military bases overseas troops 255,065 people daily. These bases, there are 845,441 military buildings and facilities. If you want to know the world’s largest landlord who told you, the U.S. Department of Defense, which owns real estate in the area of ??the world total of 2,202,735 ha!
large number of base makes it difficult to list them all, people will usually distributed by the United States in the global headquarters and 14 bases in six groups (see images and links) to classify the sort of troops of these bases deployment and strategic role.
can be seen, more than 700 U.S. military bases in the military formed a tight network, firmly in control of the whole world in your hand. Deployment of troops is focused on the continent transition zone and an area of ??strategic weapons capable of striking the heart of the whole range.
big “M” type layout is launched
U.S. military bases in the deployment and spread of the internal logic of its own military operations, that is the focus point to Eurasia core area, while strengthening the wings of the large African and Latin American “M” type layout. Specific view, the core area is a big “V”, extending to Africa and Latin America are two strategic pillars.
the United States “V”-type maneuver mainly focus on the important role of the Eurasian continent. There are challenges in China and Russia, the United States has the potential of two countries, but also in the “V” on the edge of the word distribution in Iraq, Iran, North Korea and other tough role, as well as Taiwan, the Middle East, Malacca, the Persian Gulf and other key areas.
late administration of President George W. Bush, the U.S. found that the “V” type of maneuver is too concentrated, so ignore Africa and Latin America. In 2007, the U.S. military set up the Africa Command, April 2008, the United States re-established Fourth Fleet in charge of Latin America, “M” type of maneuver “left, right leg” sticking out, respectively.
“V” type deployment reined in China, “neck”
“9.11″, war on terror after the incident, the U.S. military to proceed with the global base adjustments. This massive project includes both the base shut down, including the opening of a new base anti-terrorism front. Overall, the U.S. forward bases in Central Europe, Japan and South Korea’s base in the south. But for China, the U.S. military is increasingly close, “V” reined in China’s attempt to deploy the word “neck.”
since the war in Afghanistan, the U.S. military bases in Central Asia, arrived in front near the Chinese border. Guam, the further deployment of advanced weapons to China’s southeast coast to exert strategic pressure.
Currently, the deployment of U.S. military bases in Guam B-2 stealth bomber, F-22 “Raptor” fighter, “Los Angeles” class submarine South refers to the Taiwan Strait and South China Sea, the North refers to the Korean peninsula, the Asia-Pacific hotspots in deterrence area also has the ability to combat Chinese hinterland.
while stationed in the Afghan capital of Kabul, about 47 kilometers north of Bagram Air Base has been nearly ten thousand stationed themselves from China’s western border is only 700 kilometers, where more than 3000 meters long runway to take off any large U.S. aircraft, thus the formation of strategic bombing of China threat.
In addition, in Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, the U.S. military in large “V” type deployment point faintly threatening China’s marine transportation, resources, channels and other survival and development.
U.S. global expansion increased resistance
Currently, the U.S. military base in the world is in adjustment, much less than the number heyday, but of terrorism and proliferation of the “arc of instability” increasingly enhanced control in the big “M” disposition form, the potential for large countries such as China and Russia came close to prevent continued to strengthen.
but the pace of the U.S. military was the way forward on the country’s strong opposition. In African countries strongly opposed, the U.S. Africa Command since its inception, has been unable to justifiably entered Africa, only in the remote command and base in Stuttgart, Germany. In Eastern Europe, the U.S. military prepared new forward bases in Poland and the Czech Republic, the future here if the missile defense system to intercept Iranian missiles, nominally, in fact, can offset Russia’s strategic missile deterrent. To this end, Russia’s threat to use electronic warfare to sabotage the U.S. missile defense operations in Eastern Europe, and pledged to deploy in the vicinity of the high penetration power of the “伊斯坎尔德” missile, the Russian military bases exposed to advanced tactical missile target next.
in Japan, Korea and other EU country, due to disorderly conduct over the years the United States, the local people’s rising nationalism, the U.S. occasionally appear anti-American demonstrations against the public events and activities are so used for many years traditional base revealed a “mass base is not strong,” the dilemma. U.S. military bases to adjust the current to leave the contradiction is reflected in the concentration area, both to the big “M” around the close, and ease the conflict with the intention of their host countries.
U.S. military base in the Asia Pacific Overview
“International Herald Tribune” article in the new round of Base Realignment and before the end of the war on terrorism, the main U.S. military base in the world framework of the group remained 14 bases in the trend. Base in the Asia Pacific region which is increasingly valued by the U.S. military, they are:
1, Alaska base group
here is mainly used for guarding the northeast corner of the Eurasian continent, is Russia, North Korea , the direction of China’s defense hub. Conventional forces are mainly Elmendorf and Eielson Air Force Base, base: presence of F-15, E-3 and other aircraft, about 10,000 military personnel. Alaska 格里利堡基 to also land-based anti-missile interceptor missiles deployed is an important national missile defense system operational area.
2, subunits in the Northeast group
distributed in Japan, Korea, the “island chain” attitude brief control China, Russia, the direction of the military power to a Pacific influence. U.S. bases in Korea more than 40, the famous Yongsan, Osan, Kunsan, Zhenhai base. In Japan, about 45 bases, leading the Sasebo, Okinawa, Misawa, etc. U.S. troops in Japan and Korea about 70,000. From “George Washington” nuclear-powered aircraft carrier as the main force of the Seventh Fleet to cooperate with Japan’s theater missile defense systems, both subunits in the Northeast is very prominent group of combat power.
3, Southeast Asian base group
the U.S. military through the “visiting Agreement” and return to the Philippines disguised anti-terrorist operations in Southeast Asia. In addition, the United States established a naval base at Singapore Changi can Zhubo carrier.
4, the Indian Ocean base
island of Diego Garcia is currently only about 1,500 officers and men of the garrison. And Gulf of Aden, Malacca, echoing U.S. and other places of convergence, the U.S. military foothold in the Indian Ocean and the cornerstone of future expansion of military presence.
Guam in the Western Pacific is the largest U.S. naval and air bases. The main strategy of Andersen Air Force Base is the Air Force Base. Serving the world’s most advanced F-22 fighter coming, is a deterrent to China and Russia to Guam the country to control the situation in the forefront of the Asia-Pacific hot spots. Guam’s Apra naval strategic nuclear submarine base for the “Los Angeles” class nuclear attack submarine activities in the Western Pacific to provide protection.
6, the Australian base group
in Australia and New Zealand, mainly naval communications station, navigation station, space tracking station for monitoring in Russia and other countries of nuclear testing and rocket, missile activities, and for the U.S. aerospace industry to provide electronic support.
7, base of the Hawaiian Islands group
Here is where the U.S. Pacific Command, the U.S. military stationed there about 40 007 thousand. There are well-known base Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hickam Air Force base. As large as the center of the Pacific Fleet has six nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the area covering the entire Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean.
8, Central Asian bases
here is located in Russia, between the United States in the war on terror started after the newly developed site. In addition to battlefield combat troops in Afghanistan, the daily presence of the current size of the countries around Afghanistan, more than about 10 bases, more than 10,000 troops.
recommended “International Herald Tribune” blog: http://blog.sina.com.cn/m/xqdb