The success of the Soviet Union in 1954, China imitation Jacques -18 trainer (Figure)
Jacques -18 aircraft trial success is the history of Chinese aviation industry a event, which marks China’s aviation manufacturing industry from repair to have taken a decisive and historic step.
Jacques -18 aircraft design bureau designed the former Soviet Union 雅克福列夫 primary trainer aircraft, after the first test flight in late 1945, put into mass production. The aircraft is the frame fuselage, under the wing primary trainer for Air Force training base models used. The aircraft has a maximum level flight speed of 248 kilometers per hour, the maximum ceiling of 4,000 meters, the most economical fuel consumption, such as the speed of flight, maximum range of 1,000 km. Cockpit navigation instruments and equipment, can be used for night training. The aircraft stability, ease of operation, only 205 meters from the takeoff roll, retractable landing gear. Jacques -18 aircraft in addition to the prototype but also have seven kinds of modifications. To 1967 only, total production of all types of Jacques -18 aircraft 8000, 1240 and can carry passengers, including three transport aircraft modifications – Yak-18T.
China since 1950 has introduced Jacques -18 aircraft 276. In 1954, the Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Factory, a successful imitation of the model aircraft after it stopped imports.
Nanchang Aircraft Factory from 1951 began to assume the domestic Jacques -18 aircraft repair tasks. As the rapid development of China’s aviation industry, an urgent need to train new pilots to use the primary trainer. Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Factory all employees to carry forward the spirit of arduous struggle, in 1952 began trial Jacques -18 aircraft parts. In 1953, large parts of their trial, and installed successful test flight. April 1, 1954, the factory formally accepted the trial the whole machine Jacques-18 mission. Three months later, the first of Jacques -18 aircraft made the first successful test flight. At that time, the new machine was named “red special 501″, later renamed in 1964 CJ-5.
Nanchang Aircraft Factory as the efforts of all employees, 1 year and 2 months in advance of the first five-year plan to achieve the primary trainer for trial planning. To this end, Chairman Mao Zedong on August 1, 1954 letter encouragement Nanchang Aircraft Manufacturing Factory, all the workers, wrote: “Congratulations on the first prototype aircraft Yak -18 victory in the success of this in the establishment of China’s aircraft manufacturing industry and enhance the national defense forces are on a good start. “
Jacques -18 aircraft succeeded in the trial, the Chinese aviation industry a major event in the history, it marks China’s aviation industry from repairs to Manufacturing has taken a decisive and historic step.
Political Department of the Air Force Armament Department of the feed