About ten marshals new China: Zhu De
Zhu Zhu: 1886 December 1-year students, the word Yu-chieh. Sichuan Yilong people. Admitted to Yunnan Military Academy in 1909 and joined Chinese Alliance. Participated in the Revolution of 1911. 1913 after the Yunnan Renying Zhang, deputy head, head, Brigadier. Took part in protecting the country, law enforcement war. 1922 went to study in Germany, the same year joined the Chinese Communist Party. 1925 to study Soviet military, returned the following year. Founded in 1927 in Nanchang, the Third Army National Revolutionary Army officer education team, participate in leadership Bayi Nanchang Uprising, he was deputy commander of the rebel army Ninth Army. Shonan led uprising in 1928, the establishment of worker-peasant democratic regime, the same year in April, the rate of the rebels on the Jinggangshan, joined forces with Mao’s forces, the establishment of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants Revolutionary Army (later renamed the Red Army) Fourth Army.
the Agrarian Revolutionary War, he became the worker-peasant revolutionary army Fourth Army commander. 1930, he served as Army chief of Red Army First Corps, First Army commander, the Red Army commander in chief, the Central Revolutionary Military Commission. Command with the Red Army and Mao Zedong made the first, second and third against “encirclement and suppression” of victory. The spring of 1933 and Zhou Enlai made with the command of the Fourth Red Army against “encirclement and suppression” of victory. October 1934 to participate in the Long March. In January 1935, the CPC Central Committee held in the Zunyi Conference, sternly criticized the “leftist adventurism” error, resolutely support and support to Mao in the party leadership. During the Long March, the division of the Red Army and the rebels Chang Kuo-tao, to engage in a resolute struggle.
Sino-Japanese War, he served as Vice Chairman, commander of the Eighth Route Army (later renamed the 18th Group Army, he served as commander in chief). Fought in the Shanxi Province, Lu Yu, the establishment and expansion of anti-Japanese base areas. Winter of 1940, that “Nanniwan policy” for the development of large-scale production campaign, the Kuomintang reactionaries smash the blockade of the Shaanxi-Gansu border region, made a significant contribution.
liberation war, he served as Vice Chairman, People’s Liberation Army commander. Mao Zedong, directed the organization to assist Liaoning-Shenyang, Huai, Pingjin three major campaigns, and later and Mao Zedong issued with orders to enter the country, commanding the PLA crossed the Yangtze River, for the overthrow of the reactionary Kuomintang rule, a great victory to win the war of liberation has made great contributions .
after the founding, served as the Central People’s Government, vice chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Vice Chairman, People’s Liberation Army commander, Chinese Vice President, National Defense Commission Vice-Chairman. November 1949-May 1955 part-time secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.
the Sixth CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, member of the Seventh Central Committee Political Bureau, Central Committee, vice chairman of the Eighth, Ninth Central Committee Political Bureau, member of the Tenth Central Political Agency Standing Committee; April 1959 he was appointed the second, third, fourth chairman of the NPC Standing Committee; First Deputy Chairman of National Defense.
1955 the People’s Republic was awarded the rank of Marshal. Eighty-one won a medal, an independent Medal of Freedom, a Liberation Medal.
1976 年 7 June in Beijing, died 90 years old.
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